GEOG2008 Researching Human Geography
Aims and Objectives
• To introduce students to the range of approaches to human geography (positivism, Marxism, humanism, feminism, post-structuralism etc.), their strengths and weaknesses, and examples of research using these approaches. • To introduce students to the range of data sources and methods used in human geographical research (secondary data, archives, questionnaire surveys, interviews, focus groups, participant observation), their strengths and weaknesses, and examples of research using these data sources and methods. • To introduce students to some associated concerns of research design (sampling, reliability, validity etc.). • To introduce students to the range of research undertaken by human geographers based at the University of Southampton.
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Become familiar with the range of available approaches to human geography, including their relevant strengths and weaknesses.
- Become familiar with the range of data sources and methods available to human geographers, including their relative strengths and weaknesses, and some related research-design concerns
- Become experienced in discussing these approaches, data sources, methods, strengths, weaknesses, and concerns in talk with fellow students and in writing for assessment
Part 1: Introduction • Module overview • What is human geography? • Premodern and modern geography • Ontology, epistemology, normativity... or, what questions do we ask and how do we answer them? • Competing paradigms or complementary research programmes? Part 2: Approaches to human geography • Spatial science: describing and explaining spatial patterns • Marxist geography: describing and explaining uneven development • Humanistic geography: understanding places and landscapes • Post-structuralist geography: describing and explaining spatial order and disorder • Feminist geography: describing, explaining, and understanding gendered spaces • Research design: From approach to method Part 3: Data sources and methods • Secondary data sources: statistics and archives • Surveys and questionnaires • Interviews and focus groups • Ethnography and participant observation • Validity, reliability, sampling • Module summary
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
lectures, in-class exercises, seminars
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
Daniels et al. An Introduction to Human Geography.
Livingstone. The Geographical Tradition.
Kitchin and Thrift. The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography.
Davies et al. Researching Human Geography.
Johnston and Sidaway. Geography and Geographers.
Peet. Modern Geographical Thought.
Gregory et al. The Dictionary of Human Geography.
Cloke et al. Approaching Human Geography.
Hay. Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography.
Cloke et al. Practising Human Geography.
Kitchin and Tate. Conducting Research in Human Geography.
Aitkin and Valentine. Approaches to Human Geography.
Flowerdew and Martin. Methods in Human Geography.
Clifford et al. Key Methods in Human Geography.
Cloke et al. Introducing Human Geography.
Cook and Crang. Doing Ethnographies.
|Essay (2000 words)||60%|
|Exam (2 hours)||40%|
Repeat type: Internal & External
To study this module, you will need to have studied the following module(s):
|GEOG1004||A Global World|