LING1006 The Making of Modern English
The module looks at the development of the English language, and examines its relationship with other, potentially rival, languages that have been spoken in the British Isles. It examines the effect of successive waves of conquest on the sociolinguistic situation which led to a situation of of diglossia or even triglossia, with English one of a number of varieties used in a set of socially determined domains. Using Haugen’s standardization model, we examine the factors which led first to selection and later acceptance of English as the dominant variety, and consider the associated linguistic processes of codification and elaboration of function. Working with short texts from different time periods, the module then introduces how and why grammatical changes occurred in Anglo-Saxon, Old and Middle English (e.g. loss of case marking, gender, weakening of the verbal paradigm) and their consequences for the modern language. We will also consider phonological changes (e.g. the Great English Vowel Shift) and their consequences for dialect differentiation. Throughout the module we make parallels with contemporary English by exploring ongoing change, including dialect loss and dialect levelling.
Aims and Objectives
The module will broaden and deepen your interest in the English language from a historical and sociolinguistic perspective and stimulate and develop your existing interest in language change and (socio)linguistic phenomena.
Knowledge and Understanding
Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
- Have gained essential knowledge and skills to evaluate primary sources in linguistics.
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Have knowledge of the external sociolinguistic history of British English, including the social factors which led to its dominance in the British Isles.
- Have an understanding of the internal history of British English, showing how dialectal divisions emerged.
- Understand a case study of linguistic standardization.
- Have a good understanding of sociolinguistic phenomena which play a crucial role in the processes of linguistic variation and change;
- Have gained essential skills in analysing linguistic data, including sociolinguistic
- Understand methodology for academic practice applied to the study of language and society.
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
Teaching methods include • Interactive Lectures; • Seminar group presentations; • Group discussion in seminars. Learning activities include • Organisation of material and own ideas for oral presentation; • Developing own interpretation of theoretical texts and concepts; • Debating ideas in class • Independent study. Innovative or special features of this module: you will be asked to join a topic group to discuss and present individual research and you will need to provide a group introduction to the topic under discussion. Guidance will be provided by the teachers. The lectures will serve to introduce, analyse and investigate key aspects of language change with respect to English. The weekly seminar will be mostly student-led and will offer an opportunity to discuss key themes through discussion of various activities prepared individually and in groups. Collaborative research on chosen topics to lead to production of a study-notes style document which will be peer-reviewed and tutor-reviewed (using the discussion board on Blackboard). See further details below.
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||70|
|Completion of assessment task||26|
|Wider reading or practice||10|
|Total study time||150|
Resources & Reading list
Hughes, A., Trudgill, P., & Watt, D. (2013). English accents and dialects: an introduction to social and regional varieties of English in the British Isles.
Aitchison, J. (2013). Language change: progress or decay?.
Burnley, D (1992). The History of the English Language: A Source Book.
M Bragg (2003). The Adventure of English.
Jeffries, L. (2006). Discovering Language. The Structure of Modern English.
Smith, J. (2007). Sound Change and the History of English.
Beal, J. C. (2010). An introduction to regional Englishes: dialect variation in England.
Culpeper, J. (2005). History of English.
McMahon, A (1994). Understanding Language Change.
Fennell, B. A (2008). A History of English: a Sociolinguistic Approach.
Horobin, S. (2010). Studying the History of Early English.
Milroy, J. and Milroy, L. (1993). Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles.
|Assignment (1400 words)||50%|
|Critical Reflection (600 words)||10%|
|Group presentation (10 minutes)||15%|
|Text analysis (1000 words)||25%|
|Reflective essay (2500 words)||100%|
Repeat type: Internal & External