MEDI1030 Respiratory, Cardiovascular & Renal 1
Aims and Objectives
To develop students’ understanding of three integrated systems vital for maintenance of health: the respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems, and to provide opportunities to explore the physical, psychological, social and public health impact of disease and disability affecting these systems. The learning will be integrated with both previous modules (Foundations of Medicine; Nervous & Locomotor Systems 1). By the end of this module students should have developed an understanding of the anatomy and physiology of each organ, the pathology of major diseases of these systems, the pharmacological basis of therapeutics used to treat these diseases and the impact of these on the person and population. The learning outcomes below map directly to one or more of the Programme learning outcomes [as indicated in square brackets] that in turn are taken from the GMC’s Tomorrow’s Doctors (2009).
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- Explain the structure and function of the normal respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems [1.1a]
- Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data [1.1f, 1.1g]
- Explain the principles of tests of respiratory and cardiovascular function (e.g. spirometry, ECG) [2.1g, 2.6a]
- Explain the principles of effective communication [2.3a, 2.3b]
- Interpret blood gases, radiographs, ECGs and clinical pathology reports [2.2d]
- Recognise the impact of disease and dysfunction of the respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems on patients and their families and the scope of treatment and management options available within healthcare [3.2c, 3.3b, 3.4a]
- Further develop professional skills, including group and independent study, team working and communication skills, formatively assessed in laboratory practical classes and tutorials [3.1c, 3.2a, 3.2b, 3.2d, 3.3a, 3.3b]
- Discuss the nature and interrelationship of factors controlling the function of the respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems [1.1a, 1.1 b]
- Recognise ways in which structure and function of the respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems are disturbed during disease processes and describe the scientific bases of common diseases of these systems [1.1b]
- Explain methods available to study respiratory and cardiovascular disease in individual patients (such as spirometry, ECG) [1.1c, 1.1d]
- Discuss the basic principles underlying management options for diseases of these systems [1.1e]
- Describe the basic mechanisms of action and use of drugs to modify the function of the respiratory, cardiovascular and renal systems, and identify ways in which these drugs may be used to treat diseases [1.1e, 1.1f]
- Discuss strategies for preventing respiratory, cardiovascular and renal diseases [1.1e, 1.2d. 1,2e, 1.3e, 1.3g]
- Describe methods for encouraging health conscious behaviour modification in individuals [1.2d, 1.2e]
- Identify determinants of health, health inequalities and variations in health care delivery [1.3d, 1.4a, 1.4j]
In order to meet the learning outcomes, the syllabus will contain teaching in the following areas: Anatomy Clinically relevant anatomy of the thorax, lung, heart, blood vessels, abdomen, pelvis, kidney, bladder, urethra Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics Airway modulators, anti-hypertensive, anti-arrhythmics, anti-coagulants and anti-platelets, diuretics Human Genetics Mendelian and non-Mendelian, chromosomal abnormalities, types of mutations Histology Lungs and airways, heart and blood vessels, kidney and urinary system Molecular Cell Biology/Nutrition Pathways of cellular respiration, transport and metabolism of lipids Pathology and Microbiology & Infectious Disease Airway inflammation, asthma, COPD, respiratory pathogens, thrombosis and embolism, ischemia and infarction, endocarditis, glomerular and tubular pathologies and urinary tract infections Physiology Lung mechanics and control of ventilation, carriage of gases and acid base balance, cardiac cycle and ECG, blood pressure control and vascular control, cardiorespiratory adaptation to exercise, glomerular filtration and electrolyte balance in the renal tubules Public Health Global health and health inequalities, primary and secondary prevention in cardiorespiratory disease Sociology (as applied to Medicine) Health inequalities Clinical Skills (and physiology practicals) CPR and first aid, measurement of blood pressure, recording an ECG, performing spirometry
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: • Lectures • Tutor led tutorials • Practical sessions • Guided self-study • Problem solving scenarios • eLearning • Patient based learning
|Practical classes and workshops||32|
|Preparation for scheduled sessions||145|
|Total study time||375|
Resources & Reading list
O'Callaghan CA. (2009). The renal system at a glance.
West JB. (2001). Pulmonary Physiology and Pathophysiology: an integrated, case-based approach.
Specific resources including anatomy and histology interactive materials, Pathology Interactive practicals (PiPs), the eDrug electronic formulary, and the Virtual Patient with Pompe’s disease are available on the RCR1 elearning page.
Mitchell B, Peel S. (2009). Histology.
Mitchell B, Sharma R. (2009). Embryology: An Illustrated Colour Text.
Noble A, Johnson RA, Thomas A, Bass P. (2010). The Cardiovascular System.
As compensation applies across assessment components in this module, a fail in any of the components will require a supplementary exam to be undertaken in all of the components of the assessment to progress. Students will not normally be permitted to repeat the year.
Online numeracy questions
|Practical (20 minutes)||20%|
|Online numeracy questions||%|
|Online Written paper||%|
|Practice practical paper||%|
Costs associated with this module
Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.
In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:
Books and Stationery equipment
The module coordinators recommend the core programme set texts, which would be expected to be purchased by the students. All other costs are met by the Faculty.
Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at www.calendar.soton.ac.uk.