The University of Southampton
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MEDI2043 Endocrinology and the Life Cycle

Module Overview

This is an eight week course which begins with basic endocrinology, moving on to how this is relevant in understanding adult reproductive function. Following this, the module moves on to the establishment of new life - pregnancy and birth - then child development and adolescence. The last weeks of the module focus on getting older, including diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The module therefore reflects a continuum of human development from conception, embryonic and fetal life, through childhood and puberty, to adult life and ageing and death. Each week uses patient-based learning with access to an online interactive or discursive virtual patient. Students will be able to draw on their experience of seeing the birth of a baby in Year 1. There is a week clear of teaching sessions for students to revise, prior to the examination week

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• introduce the biological, social and psychological sciences of endocrinology and the life cycle • build upon teaching in previous modules to consider more complex chronic conditions affecting multiple systems, as well as the natural course of human growth, development and ageing • provide essential scientific information that is enhanced by patient-based learning, in order to contextualise the information as well as improve understanding of the experience of patients and their families • integrate learning from previous modules (Foundations of Medicine; Nervous and Locomotor Systems 1, Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Renal 1, Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Renal 2, Nervous and Locomotor 2 and Gastrointestinal systems). The learning outcomes below map directly to one or more of the Programme learning outcomes [as indicated in square brackets] which in turn are taken from the GMC’s Tomorrow’s Doctors (2009).

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe the structure and function of the major endocrine and reproductive organs [1.1a]
  • Interpret the results of, and explain the principles underlying, tests for diseases of the endocrine and reproductive systems, pregnancy and growth and development [2.1g, 2.2d, 2.6a]
  • Apply scientific knowledge from this and earlier modules to explain clinical features, the results of tests and the effects of treatment in case-based scenarios [1.1a, 1.1b, 1.1c, 1.1d, 1.1e, 1.1f, 1.1g, 1.2c, 1.2d, 1.2e, 1.2f, 1.3c, 1.3d, 1.3e]
  • Recognise environmental factors, nutrition and occupational hazards contributing to disease [1.4g, 1.4h]
  • Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data [1.1f, 1.1g]
  • Recognise the normal anatomical and physiological changes of pregnancy for mother and fetus [1.1a, 1.1b]
  • Explain and demonstrate the principles of effective communication [2.3a, 2.3b]
  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of childhood growth and development [1.1 a, 1.1b]
  • Recognise the impact of disease and dysfunction of the endocrine and reproductive systems, including pregnancy, on patients and their families, and the scope of care available to them [3.2c, 3.3b, 3.4a]
  • Identify the physiological abnormalities and pathological changes that occur in endocrine and reproductive disorders and use them to interpret clinical features [1.1b]
  • Further develop professional skills, including independent study, time management, team working and communication [3.1c, 3.2a, 3.2b, 3.2d, 3.3a, 3.3b]
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles underlying tests of endocrine and reproductive function [1.1d]
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles underlying tests of growth and development [1.1a,1.1b]
  • Explain the treatment of endocrine and reproductive disorders and describe management options [1.1e, 1.1f]
  • Recognise the processes of ageing and describe psychological and social consequences [1.1a, 1,1b, 1.2b, 1.3b]
  • Identify and describe the pathophysiology and treatment of disorders of pregnancy, childhood growth, adolescence and ageing [1.1b, 1.1c, 1.1d, 1.1e, 1.1f]

Syllabus

This is an eight week course which begins with basic endocrinology, moving on to how this is relevant in understanding adult reproductive function. Following this, the module moves on to the establishment of new life - pregnancy and birth - then child development and adolescence. The last weeks of the module focus on getting older, including diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The module therefore reflects a continuum of human development from conception, embryonic and fetal life, through childhood and puberty, to adult life and ageing and death. Each week uses patient-based learning with access to an online interactive or discursive virtual patient. Students will be able to draw on their experience of seeing the birth of a baby in Year 1. There is a week clear of teaching sessions for students to revise, prior to the examination week. More specifically the module focuses on: • Endocrinology (week 1): basic endocrinology, pituitary and adrenal function, renal and thyroid health and disease, calcium metabolism, endocrine hypertension. • Adult body in reproduction (week 2): structure and function of male and female genital tracts, contraception, infertility. • Early pregnancy (week 3): implantation, embryogenesis, placental development, immunology of pregnancy, familial genetic testing, infective complications during pregnancy. • Fetal growth (week 4): maternal adaptations to pregnancy, fetal maturation, labour, intra-uterine growth restriction, clinical problems of pregnancy. • Child growth and development (week 5): implications of pre-term birth, lactation, measuring growth, childhood nutrition and obesity, puberty, developmental psychology, sexuality. • Diabetes Mellitus (weeks 6 and 7): glucose homeostasis in health and disease, scientific basis of diabetes, treatment and practical management, diet, short and long term complications, psychosocial elements, Metabolic Syndrome, obesity and physical exercise. • Ageing (week 8): processes of ageing, menopause, cancer, coping with dying.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: • Lectures • Practical sessions • Guided self-study • Independent reflection • Problem solving scenarios • Study packs • eLearning • Patient-based learning • Multi-disciplinary symposia

TypeHours
Revision60
Lecture119
Preparation for scheduled sessions100
Tutorial10
Practical classes and workshops16
Wider reading or practice70
Total study time375

Resources & Reading list

The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List.

Diabetes on the net. Insulin eLearning.

Faculty of Medicine. Pathology Interactive practicals (PiPs).

Diabetes UK website.

Faculty of Medicine. Endocrinology and the Life Cycle Module on Blackboard. Food diary for students to complete.

Faculty of Medicine. Endocrinology and the Life Cycle Module on BLackboard. Patient led learning (with links to Virtual Patients):.

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

ELC assessments will be in the semester 2 exam period. The practical will be in the same session as the GI practical. In addition, there will be formative assessment during tutorials and eLearning activities. Zapper sessions in lectures also provide formative assessment.

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Practical paper  (20 minutes) 20%
Written paper  (2 hours) 80%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Practical paper %
Written paper %

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal

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