The University of Southampton
Courses

MEDI2046 Nervous & Locomotor 2

Module Overview

This module will offer an insight into the complexities of the brain and central nervous system. Building from single synapses through to higher cortical functions the module will demonstrate how the structure of the brain relates to normal neurological function. Common neurological and psychological disorders will be studied in order for students to develop an understanding of pathophysiological processes that may occur in the brain, and how changes in normal brain function can lead to specific neurological signs and symptoms. Students will also consider the sociological and psychological impact of neurological diseases. The module will also build on students’ learning of the locomotor system from Year 1 through consideration of the regulation of movement, and the impact of disease on the bones and joints. Finally, the module will continue their study of immunology, with a focus on the processes underlying autoimmune disease

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• further develop students’ knowledge of the normal structure and function of the central nervous system • develop an understanding of the potential physical and social impact of disease within the central nervous system. • integrate learning from previous modules (Foundations of Medicine, Nervous and Locomotor Systems 1, Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Renal 1, Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Renal 2). . The learning outcomes below map directly to one or more of the Programme learning outcomes [as indicated in square brackets] which in turn are taken from the GMC’s Tomorrow’s Doctors (2009).

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Describe the normal biological structure and function of the central nervous system [1.1a]
  • Describe methods for encouraging health conscious behaviour modification in individuals [1.2d, 1.2e]
  • Identify determinants of health, health inequalities and variations in health care delivery [1.3d, 1.4a, 1.4j]
  • Apply findings from the literature to answer questions raised by a clinical problem [1.5c]
  • Demonstrate appropriate numeracy skills in the calculation and interpretation of quantitative scientific and clinical data [1.1f, 1.1g]
  • Explain the principles of simple tests of neurological function and interpret the results [1.1g, 2.2d, 2.6a]
  • Access information sources and communicate the findings effectively [2.3a, 2.3c, 2.7b]
  • Manage your time and recognise your personal limits, seeking help when necessary [3.2d, 3.2e]
  • Building on the content of Nervous and Locomotor 1, discuss the nature and interrelationship of factors controlling the actions of the locomotor system [1.1a, 1.1 b]
  • Identify pathophysiological mechanisms underlying neurological and mental health disorders and describe the scientific bases of common diseases of these systems [1.1b, 1.1g, 1.5c]
  • Describe the basic principles underlying management options for neurological diseases [1.1e] , 2.5b, 2.5h]
  • Describe the mechanism of action of drugs used to treat diseases of the nervous system [1.1f]
  • Explain the basis of neurological examination and investigation of patients [1.1c, 1.1d]
  • Recognise psychological and sociological consequences of neurological diseases [1.2b, 1.2d, 1.3b, 1.3d]
  • Discuss the epidemiology of common conditions of the nervous and locomotor systems [1.4a, 1.4f]
  • Describe strategies for preventing diseases of the nervous system [1.1e, 1.2d. 1,2e, 1.3e, 1.3g]

Syllabus

This module will offer an insight into the complexities of the brain and central nervous system. Building from single synapses through to higher cortical functions the module will demonstrate how the structure of the brain relates to normal neurological function. Common neurological and psychological disorders will be studied in order for students to develop an understanding of pathophysiological processes that may occur in the brain, and how changes in normal brain function can lead to specific neurological signs and symptoms. Students will also consider the sociological and psychological impact of neurological diseases. The module will also build on students’ learning of the locomotor system from Year 1 through consideration of the regulation of movement, and the impact of disease on the bones and joints. Finally, the module will continue their study of immunology, with a focus on the processes underlying autoimmune disease. The major topics covered will include: Normal Structure and Function This element of the course will cover the structures of the head and neck as well as the brain and spinal cord including: • Development of the central nervous system • Bones of the skull, face and neck • Muscles of the head and neck including those involved in movement of the eyes, mastication and the tongue • Macroscopic and microscopic structures of the brain including meninges • Topographical mapping of function • Structure of the spine and spinal cord including myotomes and dermatomes • Blood supply to head and neck • Cranial nerve anatomy and function linking to cranial nerve testing as part of a neurological examination • Major sensory and motor pathways • Anatomy and function of sensory modalities including vision, hearing and olfaction • Structure of synapses and neural networks This module will offer an insight into the complexities of the brain and central nervous system. Building from single synapses through to higher cortical functions the module will demonstrate how the structure of the brain relates to normal neurological function. Common neurological and psychological disorders will be studied in order for students to develop an understanding of pathophysiological processes that may occur in the brain, and how changes in normal brain function can lead to specific neurological signs and symptoms. Students will also consider the sociological and psychological impact of neurological diseases. The module will also build on students’ learning of the locomotor system from Year 1 through consideration of the regulation of movement, and the impact of disease on the bones and joints. Finally, the module will continue their study of immunology, with a focus on the processes underlying autoimmune disease. The major topics covered will include: Normal Structure and Function This element of the course will cover the structures of the head and neck as well as the brain and spinal cord including: • Development of the central nervous system • Bones of the skull, face and neck • Muscles of the head and neck including those involved in movement of the eyes, mastication and the tongue • Macroscopic and microscopic structures of the brain including meninges • Topographical mapping of function • Structure of the spine and spinal cord including myotomes and dermatomes • Blood supply to head and neck • Cranial nerve anatomy and function linking to cranial nerve testing as part of a neurological examination • Major sensory and motor pathways • Anatomy and function of sensory modalities including vision, hearing and olfaction • Structure of synapses and neural networks • Localisation and structure of higher cortical function including speech and language, sleep, memory and executive functions • Control of motor function including the role of the cerebellum and proprioception • Perception of pain • Immunology of autoimmune disease Pathophysiology and dysfunction of the CNS The mechanisms underlying a number of diseases and conditions of the nervous and locomotors systems will be investigated from both physiological/anatomical and clinical perspectives. Pharmacological and clinical management of a range of conditions/diseases will be considered. In addition, the psychological and sociological impact of conditions affecting the nervous system will be discussed. Clinical topics to be addressed will include • Chronic Pain • Stroke • Traumatic Brain Injury • Spinal Injury • Parkinsons Disease • Alzheimers Disease & Dementia • CNS Infections • Depression • Psychosis • Addiction

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: • Lectures • Tutor led tutorials • Practical sessions • Guided self-study • Problem solving scenarios • Group work • eLearning • Patient based learning

TypeHours
Preparation for scheduled sessions100
Tutorial10
Revision60
Lecture119
Wider reading or practice76
Practical classes and workshops10
Total study time375

Resources & Reading list

The key elearning materials for the course.

Faculty of Medicine. Anatomy theme website. Anatomy and histology interactive materials.

The standard textbooks on the BM5 Recommended Reading List.

Faculty of Medicine. Pathology interactive practicals (PiPs):.

Bear MF, Connors BW, Paradiso MA. (2007). Neuroscience: Exploring the brain.. 

Snell RS. (2009). Clinical Neuroanatomy. 

Siegel A, Sapru HN. (2011). Essential Neuroscience.. 

Crossman AR, Neary D. Neuranatomy (2010). An Illustrated Colour Text.. 

Fitzgerald MJT, Hruener G, Estomih M. (2007). Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience. 

Assessment

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Practical paper  (30 minutes) 20%
Written paper  (2 hours) 80%

Referral

MethodPercentage contribution
Practical paper %
Written paper %

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal

Share this module Facebook Google+ Twitter Weibo

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×