MEDI3041 Primary Medical Care and Long Term Conditions
This module provides the students with the opportunity to gain experience of history taking and clinical examination in the primary care environment
Aims and Objectives
• Give students experience and insight into working in the primary care environment • Continue to develop students’ history taking and examination skills and adapt them to a primary care context • Gain insight and awareness of the roles of members of the primary care team and how they interact with each other and with secondary care • Continue to develop an understanding of the impact of illness on patients and their families and how this affects the way they present in primary care • Improve students’ communication skills with patients and colleagues • Look at some common long term conditions or disabilities and consider, holistically, the effect these have on individual patients and those close to them.
Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:
- To recognise symptoms and signs of common diseases seen in primary care [1.1a, 1.1b]
- Assess and recognise the severity of a clinical presentation and a need to immediate emergency care [2.4]
- Explain the use of clinical investigations and their impact on the patient and health services [1.1c, 2.2c, 3.1b, 3.4g]
- Understand the concept of the primary care team and have an awareness of the roles of its members [3.3a, 3.3b]
- Demonstrate respect for patients and colleagues [3.1d, 3.3a
- Show an understanding of the duties of confidentiality in your contact with colleagues and patients [2.7c, 3.1c, 3.4c]
- Interact with patients and colleagues whose cultural backgrounds, beliefs and values may differ from your own in a sensitive and non-judgmental manner [2.3b, 3.1d, 3.1e]
- Take responsibility for your own learning and your continuing professional development [3.2b]
- Demonstrate an ability to reflect and use appropriate resources including IT to support your own learning and aid patients’ understanding [3.2c, 2.2h, 2.7b, 2.7d]
- Develop insight into your learning needs in the professional workplace and recognise the need for support and guidance in managing challenging situations; and reflect on your own learning style and how it may need to be adapted to the clinical environment [3.2a, 3.2b, 3.2e, 3.4a, 3.4i]
- Show awareness of a wide variety of ways in which you learn in the workplace, often not defined by the curriculum, and which includes role models [3.3a, 2.3h]
- Demonstrate understanding of the diversity and complexity of presentations in primary care and the factors that influence how patients present [1.2a, 1.2b, 1.2c, 1.2d, 1.3c, 1.4b]
- Demonstrate awareness of professional responsibility both to patients and to members of the multi-professional team and to student colleagues and reflect on how poor performance or poor professional behaviour should be addressed [3.1d, 3.1f, 3.3c, 3.3d, 3.4j]
- Understand and have experience of the principles and methods of improvement including audit, and how to use the results of audit to improve practice [3.4e]
- Have gained understanding regarding the presentation and impact of some common long term conditions/ disabilities which are often managed in primary care [1.1b]
- Establish a relationship with a patient, explore and acknowledge their concerns [2.3a, 2.1b]
- Take a focused history in order to reach a differential diagnosis [2.1a]
- Take a medication history, including details of any complementary or alternative therapies the patient is using, and begin to consider the role of medication on the presentation and management of patients [2.5a, 2.5g, 2.5h
- Conduct an appropriate examination and communicate with the patient including patients and relatives of those who have a cognitive or sensory impairment. [2.1c, 2.3a, 2.3b]
- Understand the use of time as a diagnostic tool [2.2f]
- Demonstrate competency in the clinical skills as per the student portfolio requirements [2.6a, 2.6b, 2.6c]
Students will spend 3 days each week in a general practice and a half day a week within the university. A lot of the learning will be informed by the patients that present during the students’ time in primary care and they will be expected to identify their knowledge gaps and be self-directed in their learning to fill these The broad areas that are covered will be: • Communication skills • Focused history taking • Examination skills • Use and interpretation of investigations • Common diseases seen in general practice • Long Term conditions – including pathology, psychology, sociology, management and public health • Prescribing of common treatments • Role of primary care in the NHS • Use of health information • Risk management • Coping with uncertainty • Multidisciplinary team working within primary care and with secondary care • The use of reflection Suggested topics to cover a breadth of long term conditions are: • Diabetes • COPD • Hypertension and heart failure • Osteoarthritis • Dementia • Stroke • Childhood atopic disease • Cancer In the BM(EU) Programme, some clinical sessions will be with community specialists to enable students to gain an equivalent experience of clinical scenarios in a different healthcare system
Learning and Teaching
Teaching and learning methods
The module will be taught through a range of learning and teaching strategies which will include: • One to one teaching with GP and other members of the primary care team • Patient based learning • Small group learning • Symposia • Reflection • Case based learning • Personal learning logbooks • Peer discussion groups • Online learning including SCRIPT and virtual patients
|Total study time||375|
Resources & Reading list
Peter Tate Radcliffe (2003). The Doctor’s Communication Handbook.
Kumar PJ, Clark M. Editors (2005). Kumar & Clark Clinical Medicine.
Storr E et al (2008). Clinical Cases Uncovered.
(2013). Patients with long-term condtions, their carers, and advocates. Review McEvoy P.BJGP. ,63 , pp. 148-149.
Fraser RC. (1999). Clinical Method: a General Practice approach.
YouTube has a lot of useful teaching material, including listening to heart murmurs, how to do the Epley Manoeuvre, and home nasal irrigation. It is a medium many students are happy with and can be used really productively.
C Heneghan, P Glasziou, M Thompson, P Rose, J Balla, D Lasserson, C Scott, R Perera (2009). Diagnosis in General Practice: Diagnostic strategies used in primary care. BMJ. ,338 , pp. 946.
Neighbour R (1989). The inner consultation: how to develop an effective and intuitive consulting style.
Stephenson A.. A textbook of General Practice.
Intelligent Kindness: Reforming the culture of Healthcare.
Simon C et al (2002). Oxford handbook of General Practice.
Managing Long-Term Conditions and Chronic illness in Primary Care: A guide to good practice.
Students will need to refer in a module if they do not meet the learning outcomes either due to unsatisfactory attendance, failing the assessments or both. If a student fails the module they will be required to refer in the summer period immediately following the summer examination in years 3 and 4. The amount of time required at referral will normally be determined by the module lead. Unsatisfactory attendance or performance in the supplementary period will mean the module is failed and the student cannot progress.
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Repeat type: Internal
Costs associated with this module
Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.
In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:
Travel Costs for placements
The students pay £100 per year to cover the cost of travel throughout the academic year
Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at www.calendar.soton.ac.uk.