We have a thriving research culture covering all aspects of engineering and environmental science, from understanding and developing fundamental theories to creating products for commercial exploitation. Funding for research is obtained from a diverse range of sources, including research councils, industry, the EU and government agencies in the UK.
Filter projects :
- 2 ears are better than 1
What benefit do hearing impaired people get from using two auditory prostheses, one in each ear?
- 2Seas Project
- 3D audio technologies for virtual reality
- 3D gel dosimetry in radiotherapy using ultrasonic methods
- 3D Imaging Of The Tensile Failure Mechanisms Of Carbon Fibre Composites
- 3D printing of PEEK and HA/beta-TCP tissue engineering (TE) scaffolds
- 3D printing small implants
The project will develop the technology to produce rapid manufactured prostheses, for small joint and dental implant applications.
- A brief history of transport studies
- A comparison of EquiTest and Nintendo Wii for assessment of sensory integration for postural control
- A holistic approach for the design and assessment of railway tracks
This project targets to develop a holistic approach to assess the behaviour of railway tracks from both civil and mechanical engineering points of view, i.e. considering tracks stresses, settlement, stability, ride quality, maintenance cycles, ground borne noise and vibration. The project will consider the behaviour of tracks under quasi-static loading beside the dynamic loads arising from roughness, trackbed profile irregularity, rail joints, etc.
- A Mixed Finite Element-Smoothing Particle method for Nonlinear FSI Problems, with Applications to Maritime Engineering
- A new tool to identify defects in adhesively bonded joints
- A study of clicking sounds in the coastal waters
- A study of the causes and mechanisms of coccydynia
- Ab initio hydrodynamic rough surface characterisation with applications
- Abrasion-corrosion of cast CoCrMo alloy in simulated hip joint environments
- Abrasion-corrosion of cast cocrmo in simulated hip joint environment
- Abrasion-corrosion of downhole drill tool components
- Accelerated convergence methods for the control of periodic noise and vibration disturbances
- Accurate Cartesian-grid modeling of unsteady and separating flows
A novel Cartesian-grid approach is developed to accurate model forces and separation on complex moving geometries such as swimming animals.
- Acoustic calibration of a high-speed wind tunnel
- Acoustic fatigue
- Acoustic imaging inside aircraft engine ducts to help design quieter engines
- Acoustic landmark detection and speech perception in difficult listening conditions
- Acoustic simulations of cochlear implants
- Acoustic source arrays for the generation of private sound zones with mobile devices
- Acoustic source strength reconstruction in reverberant environments
- Acoustics of high performance transmission-line loudspeakers
- Acoustics of turbofan duct systems
Investigating the propagation and radiation of sound from turbofan aircraft engines.
- Active control by the receptance method
- Active control in piezo-laminate structures
- Active Control of Engine and Road Noise for a Green City Car
The use of active noise control in cars may allow manufacturers to remove traditional passive acoustic treatments and thus reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency.
- Active control of human induced vibration in civil engineering structures
- Active Control of Sound and Vibration
- Active Control of Sound and Vibration on a Luxury Yacht
Traditional passive noise and vibration techniques can be complemented by active control systems and improve the acoustic environment in luxury yachts.
- Active Control of Structure-Borne and Air-Borne Sound Transmission Through Double Walls
- Active Control of Vibration Transmission
- Active control of viscoelastic metamaterials
- Active Position Control of Flexible Structures
- Active Sound Transmission Control
- Active Structural Acoustic Control
- Active vibration control of a doubly-curved panel under pressurisation
- Active vibration control of an Agusta-Westland W30 helicopter
- Active vibration control of parametrically excited systems.
- Active vibration control using synchrophasing
- Activity signature detection from personalised ambient monitoring
- Actran shell code development and refinement
- Adaptive active vibration control in continuous structures
- Adaptive and smart materials and structures for more efficient vessels (Adam4eve)
- Adaptive numeric modelling in the production of gas cylinders
- Adaptive vibration absorbers
- Advanced modelling for two-phase reacting flow
- Advanced Multi-scale Strain Based Non-Destructive Evaluation (AMUSED)
- Advanced nanostructured coatings for aluminium alloys
Aluminium has a high affinity for oxygen to form rapidly an oxide layer when exposed to air or water which weakens the adhesion of coating and Al substrate. The zincating process is considered as the most practical and economical surface pre-treatment process for aluminium alloys. However, the zincating process encountered with some problems, such as dissolution of aluminum substrates in a concentrated alkaline solution and non-uniform zinc deposition due to non-uniform dissolution of the substrate during the process. The project will work on the double process of Cu and Zincating to produce the uniform and adhesive coatings on Al alloys.
- Advanced non-volatile memories based on resistive switching
- Advanced Waste Gasification/Pyrolysis for Bio-energy (Bio-syngas or Bio-oil) Production
This project aims to develop a thermal technology to convert municipal solid waste (MSW) to bioenergy through advanced gasification and pyrolysis technology. Furthermore, the economics and efficiency of developed technology for bio-oil/syngas production from MSW are investigated to evaluate its feasibility in the practice.
- Aeostat Power Generation
Transmitting power from an aerostat flying above the clouds.
- Aeroacoustics and Non-linear Acoustics
- Aeroacoustics of viscous flows
- Aerobic granular sludge- formation mechanism, application and its scaling up
Aerobic granular sludge is a novel technology for biological wastewater treatment. This project studies the formation mechanism of aerobic granules, application of aerobic granular sludge for treating different types of wastewaters and scaling up this technology for commercialization.
- Aerodynamic noise from trains
- Aerofoil noise
- Aerofoil separation bubbles
- Aerospace composite materials damage assessment by High Resolution Computed Tomography
- Aesthetic consideration in ship design
- Agile underwater vehicles for long range ocean exploration
- Air entrainment in the wake of a transom stern
The complex, three-dimensional flow field in the wake of a surface ship contains a highly mixed air-water turbulent region that results in a detectable wake signature.
- Aircraft noise sound quality
- Airport noise management
- Algorithms for active vibration control
- Algorithms for Scientific Computing
- ALICIA: All Condition Operations and Innovative Cockpit Infrastructure
In his ALICIA project funded by the EU, Professor Neville Stanton and his team are working with 41 European partners to develop the aircraft technology and tasks necessary to reduce delays in Europe associated with poor weather by at least 20%.
- All-Gas: Industrial scale demonstration of sustainable algae cultures for biofuel production
This project, led by Aqualia SA, is a large scale demonstration of the sustainable production of bio-fuels based on low-cost microalgae cultures.
- Aluminium-air battery: study of three dimensional aluminium anode and air cathode for the development of high energy density battery for micro-UAVs
The project focusses on the electrochemical properties and energy capability of the aluminium – air battery system. This comprises the separate half-cells, including the aluminium anode and its alloys as well as the cathode materials for oxygen reduction and the electrolytes with and without additives. The project propose the construction of a structural three dimensional battery and it is based on a PhD project currently in the final stages.
- AmbiGas - Biogas production from high volume industrial effluents at ambient temperatures
This is a collaborative project funded by ERA-Net which aims to maximise the energy gain from anaerobic biological treatment of high-volume low strength industrial wastewaters at ambient temperatures.
- An evaluation of cohesive zone models for adhesive failure in bonded joints
- An Integrated Appraisal Tool For Local Railway Stations
There is a common perception (even amongst some transport professionals) that the rail network is in a state of decline, but in fact nothing could be further from the truth. UK passenger rail use is currently at record levels and, despite the recent economic downturn, growth in rail travel seems likely to continue. This growth will be accentuated by the need to reduce carbon emissions to meet government targets, which will necessitate considerable mode shift from private to public transport. Expansion in capacity will be required to accommodate these additional rail passengers, and there are a large number of schemes proposed for new railway services, stations and lines. However, only limited funds are available to implement such schemes, and it is therefore important to ensure that this money goes to the projects which will deliver the greatest benefits to passengers in the most cost-effective way. In order to achieve this, a range of work has taken place at the University of Southampton Transportation Research Group to develop modelling and appraisal procedures for assessing the likely performance of schemes to improve rail services.
- An interdisciplinary approach for the conservation of Brown hyena (Hyaena Brunnea)
Conservationists and ecologists have long used camera trapping techniques to monitor species populations. Establishing independent estimates has proved challenging where individuals cannot be easily distinguished from one another. Furthermore, ensuring that an appropriate model is applied to the collected data is key to generating accurate estimates of population size and density, and therefore instrumental in the design of realistic management plans for threatened species. It has recently come to light that many of the estimates produced for large, cryptic predators may in fact be biased - as the methodologies used have been poorly designed or applied, or models have been inappropriately fitted to the data - reducing the accuracy of the estimates produced. This research aims to produce an up-to-date population status for a threatened African predator, the Brown hyena, throughout their range in Namibia. This will be achieved through the generation of spatially-explicit capture-recapture models, which specifically account for the unique social behaviours that this predator exhibits, using data from known individuals. In doing so, the models will provide accurate, unbiased estimates that have the capacity to play a pivotal role in safeguarding this iconic and flagship Namibian species. Furthermore, this project aims to illuminate the impact of model choice through comparative studies and highlight the effectiveness of various novel tools and strategies in conservation research, such as the use of ‘Citizen Science Networks’ as a mechanism of data collection.
- An investigation into the face sheet debonding of glass balsa sandwich composites
- An investigation into the fatiguing characteristics of the stabilising muscles of the lumbar region and their role in back pain
- An opportunity for MgB2 superconducting magnetic energy storage
- Anaconda - Wave Energy Converter
- Anaerobic degradation of renewable plastics
This study for the National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) aimed to determine whether anaerobic digestion (AD) is an effective treatment for a mixed food waste stream containing renewable plastics.
- Anaesthesia and awareness
Occasionally people wake up during surgery, which is highly distressing. It is a particular problem when a muscle relaxant is given as people are unable to move to tell people that they are awake. We hope to develop methods that can tell if people are awake in operations using either the brain response to sound, or the patterns of connection in the brain.
- Analysis of a Composite Materials using Multi-Scale Computed Tomography Techniques
- Analysis of adhesively-bonded composite joints
- Analysis of heart-rate variability in Bolivian mountain dwellers
- Analysis of interstage liners for turbofan engines
- Analysis of MEG recordings from children with ADHD and controls using single channel ICA
- Analysis of PM Machines
- Analysis of skin blood flow
- Analysis of stump tissue mechanics of lower limb amputees
- Anthropodynamic dummies
- Antifouling coatings for warships
- Apparent mass of the human body
- Application of compressed sensing to acoustical engineering
- Application of contemporary systems-based methods to reduce trauma at rail level crossings
The project will be conducted over four years. It aims to develop a systems-based model of railway level crossing performance. It will take account of road user behaviour and influences (such as signage, protection provided, the sighting distance on the crossing) and other factors known to lead to incidents. The knowledge developed during the project will include a world-first model of the level crossing system and will support the development of countermeasures that will improve safety.
- Application of Data Fusion techniques in identification of sub-clinical Polysomnographic events in children with Sleep Disordered Breathing
In collaboration with the Welcome Trust Children hospital in Southampton and the School of Medicine at Southampton University, we aim to study the effects of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) ins children and develop/improve methods for automatic detection of such abnormality.
- Application of novel acoustic trapping perfusion bioreactor to generate 3-D co-culture system for modelling tumour microenvironment interactions
- Application of ultrasound standing wave fields for augmentation of cartilage bioengineering strategies
- Applications of artificial neural networks (ANNs) in materials property correlations exploration
- Applications of Bio-feedback to muscle models
- Applications of the Perceptual Cycle Model and Schema Theory to aeronautical decision making
Gaining a causal understanding of why operators make particular decisions is essential to advance our knowledge on aeronautical decision making and its potential impact on errors.
- Applications of thermography for material and structures monitoring and assessment
- Are Automatic Cars Safer and more Efficient
- Array signal processing for test cell acoustic measurements
- Aspects of Reduced Order Modelling in Nonlinear Systems
The objective is the development and assessment of reduction techniques to drastically reduce the computational cost of simulations for engineering problems.
- Assesment of short-term knee arthroplasty function using clinical measure, motion analysis and musculoskeletal modelling
- Assessing the Carbon Footprint of Wales' Municipal Solid Waste Management
- Assessment of advanced nickel based turbine materials
The purpose of this project is to establish a broad based understanding of the microstructural factors controlling the high temperature properties (including creep and fatigue life) of turbine blade and disc alloys of interest to QinetiQ.
- Assessment of ankle arthrodesis with internal fixation using finite element analysis
- Assessment of complex electron beam textured rough surfaces
- Assessment of how landfilling could affect the ecology of the far-field aquatic environment
- Assessment the effectiveness of fuel cell as an alternative technology for marine propulsion systems
- ASSETS: Attaining sustainable services from ecosystems
- Attenuation of contaminants in landfill liners
The WRMG has carried out research into the sorption of HOCs by mineral landfill liners; this research was funded by the Environment Agency of England and Wales.
- Attitudes to noise from aviation sources in England study
- BAFFLES - A Study of Practical Abatement Techniques for Exhaust Jets from Commercial Aircraft
- Ballasted Rail Track
Several aspects of railway geotechnical engineering are being investigated at the University of Southampton, with the financial support of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Network Rail through a Strategic Research Partnership on Future Infrastructure Systems, and HS2 Ltd. Some examples are described on this page. In addition to those three, funders and collaborators include Arup, GeoObservations, London Underground Limited, Mott MacDonald and RSSB.
- Battery Characterisation and Management - the key to Smart Grids and the Integration of Electric Vehicles
This project is supported by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and has five UK academic partners and three Chinese partners. It will study lithium battery cell development and Vehicle to Grid (V2G) operation to investigate grid scale energy storage, from a battery perspective ‘upwards’ and not from a network level 'downwards'.
- Bayesian modelling of subthalamic activity in offline motor control
- Benefits of electroacoustic hearing
- Better methods to measure wear of hip implants
To understand how hip implants fail, we must better understand how they wear.
- BG Chairs of Environmental Technology
- Binaural/spatial hearing and learning related to hearing aids and cochlear implants
- Bio Energy Technology Assessment - Environmental Burden Minimisation (BETA-EBM)
- Biocycle - Research, Monitoring and Evaluation of the South Shropshire Digester
This project involved research, monitoring and evaluation of the Biocycle digester, a plant treating kitchen and green waste from 19,000 households in South Shropshire. The plant is funded by Defra's New Technologies demonstrator programme and Advantage West Midlands, and has been operating since January 2006.
- Biodynamic Responses
- Biodynamics and Biometrics
- Bioganix Demonstrator Project - Research, Monitoring and Evaluation
The Bioganix Demonstration Project was funded under Defra's New Technologies programme. The University of Southampton was responsible for research monitoring and evaluation, including energy footprinting of the process.
- Biological basis of hearing preservation
- Biomedical and High Power Ultrasonics
- Biomedical Signal Processing
- Biosonar inspired acoustic modelling for target localisation and characterisation
- Blast location in mines and tunnels.
- Bleed valve assessment and prediction (SYMPHONY)
- Bleed valve noise assessment and prediction
- Blocking blood supply to starve cancerous tumours
Microfluidic technology can potentially provide a platform for evaluation of clinical and patient-specific features for cancer therapy, while as an alternative to animal models to reduce the amount of animal tests.
- Body Non Linear 3D Hydroelasticity
- Brain connectivity modelling in cochlear implants
- Brain inspired speech enhancer
- Bubble detectors invented for the USA's Oak Ridge National Laboratory $1.4 billion Spallation Neutron Source
- "Buzz-saw" noise and nonlinear acoustics
Prediction of noise generated by supersonic fans in turbofan aircraft engines
- BV Dairies KTP
The purpose of the Knowledge Transfer Partnership between BV Dairy and Southampton is to apply the University's research-based knowledge of process optimisation and integration techniques to the introduction of AD as a treatment process for high-volume, low-strength dairy wastes.
- Bypass liner optimization and parametric study
- Can we maintain efficient energy supplies? Adaptation and Resilience of Coastal Energy Supply (ARCoES)
- Carbon Footprinting for maritime organisations
- Carbon Nano Tube (CNT) Composite Surfaces for Electrical Contact Interfaces
- Cavitation erosion-corrosion of ship propeller materials
Cavitation erosion-corrosion phenomenon is inevitable in marine propulsion system and has adverse effects on the life and functioning of the propellers. The intensity of the cavitation wear and the exact location of its occurrence have been found to be difficult to predict.The main aim of this PhD project is to identify cavitation wear-corrosion mechanism of marine materials used in propellers and rudders in order to characterize the materials based on their behaviour to cavitation erosion simulated by a vibratory probe device. Several tests will be conducted, with and without cavitation protection, using both direct and indirect methods of cavitation erosion tests along with incorporation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of the experiment.This research is sponsored by the university research groups National Centre of Advanced Tribology at Southampton (nCATS) and Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI), along with Lloyd’s Register.
- Census 2022: Transforming Small Area Socio-Economic Indicators through 'Big Data'
The potentially imminent demise of the decennial UK Census presents social, policy and commercial researchers with both a challenge and an opportunity. The challenge is to transform ‘census-taking’ by finding robust alternative methods for creating traditional (‘census-like’ indicators) small area socio-economic indicators over time.
- Centre for Sustainable Travel Choices
- Characterisation and computational modelling of acrylic bone cement polymerisation
- Characterising the low-frequency performance of loudspeakers
- Characterizing leak noise
- Chemical modification of silicon surfaces for solar cell applications
- Chinese triplets telephone hearing tests
- CityMobil2: Cities Demonstrating Cybernetic Mobility
- CLIMSAVE - Climate change integrated assessment methodology for cross-sectoral adaptation and vulnerability in Europe
- Closed-loop resource use in valuable electronic products: innovative recovery and recycling of mobile phones
This project was sponsored by Nokia to investigate innovative takeback, reuse and recycling of high volume, resource-rich portable electronic devices. Using mobile phones as a case study, the study assessed the use and disposal of mobile phones among young people, innovative collection hubs for end-of-life phones and their resource value.
- Cochlear implant device failures
Helen followed up cochlear implant users who experienced a certain type of device failure.
- Cochlear implantation on both sides of the age spectrum: in the very young and in the ageing population
- Cochlear modelling of distortion product otoacoustic emissions
- Coding strategies in cochlear implants for improved pitch and music perception
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to treat tinnitus in Cochlear Implant Users
- Combined effects of noise and vibration on drivers and passengers
- Combined musculoskeletal and finite element modelling of total hip replacement to account for surgical and patient related factors
- Community Based Inititatives in Energy Saving
- Comparative evaluation of mesophilic and thermophilic digestion of source segregated domestic food waste
The research looked at the suitability of using anaerobic digestion as a method of processing domestic kitchen waste and was carried out in conjunction with Greenfinch Ltd, specialists in Biogas Technology R & D.
- Comparing parameters for assessing autoregulation
- Compensation filters for feedback control units with proof-mass electrodynamic actuators
- Compositions for cochlear implantees
- Compression Driver Phase Plugs
- Computational benchmarks for micromagnetic simulations
- Computational electromagnetic modelling of 3D photonic structures
- Computational Micromagnetics
- Computational simulation of engine noise radiation using Discontinuous Galerkin Methods
- computational simulation of long term cement mantle failure in total hip replacement
- Condition monitoring
- Condition monitoring to predict component wear
- Co-Ni-P Electrodeposits for Hard Chrome Replacement
- Conservation farming
- COntinuous, Mobile Patient Assessment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMPARA)
- Control of non-linear vibration using an iterative Sherman-Morrison receptance method
- Control strategies for active headsets
- Coronary Artery Stent Design for Challenging Disease
In treating coronary artery disease with percutaneous coronary intervention, stent malapposition is to be avoided. The focus here is to design stents that minimise malapposition in challenging disease.
- Corrosion Control for Naval Ships
Coating innovations for marine structures
- Corrosion detection in small diameter buried steel gas pipes
The aim of this work is to investigate the feasibility of torsional guided waves to inspect buried pipes with small diameters. MATLAB scripts have been produced to find the phase and group velocity dispersion curves for lossless plates and pipes of varying sizes and thicknesses. Upon finding the theoretical guided wave characteristics, real world analyses are conducted to determine whether the aim could be achieved in an experimental setup.
- Cortical response to coded speech sound
- COSMA (Community Oriented Solutions to Minimise Aircraft noise Annoyance) EU FP7 Project
- Crack detection of rotating machinery by order tracking analysis using particle filtering
- Creation of a network of scientists and engineers for sustainable management of the water resources of the Aral basin
The project brought together engineers, scientists and policy makers to identify research needs and propose solutions for the Aral basin.
- CROPGEN - Renewable Energy from Crops and Agro-wastes
CROPGEN was a research project funded by the EU's 6th Framework Programme, involving 11 partners in 6 European countries. The overall objective of the research was to produce from biomass a sustainable fuel source that can be integrated into the existing energy infrastructure in the medium term, and in the longer term provide a safe and economical means of supplying the needs of a developing renewable fuel economy.
- Cubesat on-board processing
The development of techniques to improve the capability of very small satellites to store and transmit data.
What is the best way detect cheating in sporting events for deaf people?
- Debonding surface accretions using structureborne ultrasonic waves
- Decentralised control units for vibration control in cars
- DECODE: Decision Environments for Complex Designs
- Defining equity in the context of ecosystem services
- Delivery of fluoride and antimicrobial agents into dental plaque biofilms
- Delphin2: an over actuated autonomous underwater vehicle for manoeuvring research
- DEMAND: Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand
The Centre has four main research themes: Trends and patterns of energy demand How end use practices change Managing infrastructures of supply and demand Normality, need and entitlement
- DEMAND: Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand
DEMAND: Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand is one of 5 RCUK End User Energy Demand Research Centres and is sponsored by EPSRC/ESRC with support from partners EDF-Energy, Transport for London and the International Energy Agency.
- Deployable and Multifunctional Structures for Space Applications
- Description and modelling of fractures developed in association with discontinuities in the Earth’s crust
- Design and development of cost effective surface mounted water turbines for rural electricity production
- Design of acoustic metamaterials
- Designing biomaterials for tissue engineering and tissue regeneration
Constitutive modelling of biodegradable polymers for cardiovascular tissue engineering applications.
- Designing sensors to detect corrosion in hidden places
Designing sensors to detect corrosion in hidden places
- Detecting leaks from undersea gas pipelines, seabed methane reserves, and carbon capture and storage facilities
- Detection and identification of difficult maritime targets
- Detection of leaks in buried water-filled pipes
- Detection of passive sonar signals using non-linear systems
- Determining aircraft engine combustion noise from acoustic imaging measurements.
- Determining the optimal mechanical requirements for early intervention devices in the knee
- Developing behavioural guidance technologies for European eel (Anguilla anguilla)
- Developing Hip Replacements: Simulations and Experimental Methods
- Development and assesment of embedded acousitc emission technology of non-descructive assessment of cemented hip replacement constructs
- Development and evaluation of a new device for the clinical measurement of tissue blood flow and tissue oxygenation
Understanding the state of health of body tissue is essential to assessing its viability or recovery from injury. This project investigates a new non-invasive devise for detecting blood flow and oxygen delivery to superficial tissue.
- Development of 3-channel OPSODIS 3D sound reproduction system
- Development of a Hover Capable Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
Delphin2 is a hover capable torpedo style AUV, developed at the University of Southampton to provide a test bed for research in marine robotics
- Development of a new knee replacement
- Development of a novel Navier-Stokes solver
- Development of an antifouling system using environmentally acceptable and naturally occuring products
- Development of an improved fatigue model for composite materials
- Development of automated condition monitoring using AI tools
- Development of borohydride fuel cells
The direct borohydride fuel cell is a promising alternative for electrical power generation in large-scale and for portable equipment, such as laptop computers or mobile phones. Its predicted maximum energy density compared with other cells or batteries is higher but several drawbacks need to be overcome to reach that energy.
- Development of cost-effective methods for minimising risk from heavy metal pollution in industrial cities: A case study of mercury pollution in Pavlodar (TOXICMANAGEMENT)
This programme of research was undertaken to assess the environmental impact and level of risk associated with a major case of mercury pollution at a derelict chlor-alkali plant in Pavlodar, Northern Kazakhstan. The main aim was to investigate environmental management options for the remediation/mitigation of the pollution and to identify affordable clean-up options.
- Development of low-cost methods for treatment and reuse of drainage and urban wastewater by adaptation of waste stabilisation ponds for extreme continental climates
If properly operated, cold climate waste stabilisation ponds (WSP) offer an extremely efficient means of treating raw sewage to provide a high-quality effluent at low cost, which can be used for irrigation purposes or returned to the rivers. Because of the desperate shortage of water resources in many regions, the country's vast land area and difficulties with the provision of effective conventional wastewater treatment in many cities, waste stabilisation ponds are of particular relevance to Kazakhstan and Central Asia. This EU-funded project aimed at improving our knowledge of such systems in order to optimise their design and performance
- Development of models for the prediction of fan broadband noise
- Development of novel high strain rate tests
- Development of options for damage limitation and environmental restoration of mercury-contaminated areas in north-central Kazakhstan
This project is one of a series carried out on aspects of mercury pollution in the River Nura in Temirtau in central Kazakhstan.
- Development of software for monitoring the control of bloodflow in the brain
- Diagnosis of rotating machinery using order tracking analysis with chirplet transform and particle filter
- Dielectric Electro-Active Polymers: Vibration Control Application
DEAP actuators manufactured by Danfoss PolyPower A/S have been applied to an active vibration isolation problem. Watch the video!
- Digital image correlation for high strain rate behaviour investigation on glass fibre reinforced polymers
- Directive Warning Sounds for Electric Vehicles
The generation of independent listening zones in a car cabin would allow each occupant to listen to a different audio programme without the constraints of headphones.
- Discomfort caused by horizontal (fore-and-aft and lateral) and rotational (roll and pitch) vibration
- Discomfort caused by low frequency translational and rotation oscillation
- Discomfort of standing persons exposed to vibration
- Dispersion of localised releases in a street network (DIPLOS)
- Distribution and activity patterns of brown trout in a chalk river
- Diversity in blood flow control to the brain
- Do dolphins think nonlinearly?
- Dolphin-inspired radar for finding bombs, bugs and catastrophe victims
Consideration of how dolphins hunt with bubble nets, has led to a new radar to detect hidden bugging/surveillance equipment and covert explosives. In particular it allows a buried target to be distinguished from buried trash (drinks cans, nails etc.). Moreover it allows the manufacture of small, lightweight and inexpensive personal identification tags that do not require batteries, for animal tagging, or to allow the location and identification of buried personnel who opt to carry them (rescue workers, skiers in avalanche areas). Buried catastrophe victims not carrying such tags might still be located by scattering this radar from their mobile phones.
- Dynamic characteristics of ocean platform with mooring system
- Dynamic modelling of the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control in people with type 1 diabetes
Lifestyle has a significant influence on the control of blood sugars in Type 1 diabetes. Here we investigate how physical fitness and levels of activity affects blood glucose control.
- Dynamic performance of car seats
- Dynamic performance of suspension seats
- Dynamics of automotive suspension systems
- Dynamics of laminates, sandwich panels, cylinders and constrained layer treatments using finite element analysis
- Dynamics of miscible interfaces
We describe thermo- and hydro-dynamic evolution of a multiphase system that undergoes a phase transition. This can be a fluid system undergoing dissolution/nucleation, or polymerization/de-polymerization, or evaporation/condensation, or melting/solidification. In our current work, we deal with non-equilibrium binary mixtures. Equilibration of such a mixture involves interfacial mass transfer through an interface with evolving shape, thickness, and surface tension. In addition, such transition to thermodynamically equilibrium state is frequently accompanied by self-induced hydrodynamic flows. An everyday example is dissolution of a honey droplet in a tea cup.
- (E4D) Replication of Rural Decentralised off-grid Electricity Generation through Technology and Business Innovation
- EarBot - A binaural sound source localisation robot
- Early crack initiation processes in steel arc welds
- Ecological and Behavioural Aspects of Flora and Fauna in Relation to the Conservation Grade Approach in Agriculture
- Effect of inflammatory proteins on age-related hearing loss
- Effect of surface defects on rolling contact fatigue of wheel/rail steels
The mechanism of rolling contact fatigue is complex and many factors have to be considered. Surface roughness and the presence of surface defects are known to be important factors. The aim of this project is to investigate the effect of surface defects on rolling contact fatigue of wheel/rail steels by finite element analysis and using a twin-disc rolling-sliding test machine.
- Effect of total knee replacement design and surgical technique on patello-femoral joint performance: an explicit finite element study
- Effects of amplification and reverberation on sound localization
- Effects of gloves on the transmission of vibration to the hand
- Effects of hard patch in turbofan ducts
- Effects of noise on housing preference
- Effects of the inclination of seat backrests on vibration discomfort
- Effects of trailing edge elasticity on trailing edge noise
- Effects of vitamin E and natural lubricants on wear and oxidation of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)
Understanding the effects of natural lubricants in artificial joints to improve implants.
- Efficient dynamics stress calculations for fatigue testing using component mode synthesis
- Electroacoustical inverse problems
- Electroacoustics, Virtual Acoustics, Imaging, and Inverse Methods
- Electron Beam Melting of Biomedical Alloys
- Embedding intelligence & knowledge in CAD
Traditionally computer aided design (CAD) models represent only geometric information, however, by embedding intelligence and knowledge within the CAD environment the process of design can be streamlined and accelerated.
- Emotional processing: A framework for tinnitus therapy
- Encouraging eco-driving with multisensory feed-forward and feedback information
- EnDuRE: Hip Resurfacing Implants for Durability and Biocompatibility
- Energy dissipation in non-linear systems
- Energy Harvesting
The objective of this research is to introduce nonlinear damping to a harvester device to achieve better performance.
- Energy Harvesting for Active Aeroelastic Control
In addition to traditional control, the project will investigate the use of inverse simulation as a tool to bypass control system design.The objectives of the project are two-fold. The first is to investigate novel control strategies to control highly non-linear aero-servo-elastic systems by using the appropriate level of fidelity. The second objective is to investigate, design, test, and manufacture a mechanism to harvest energy from ambient sources and structural vibrations.
- Energy harvesting from vibration
- Energy harvesting utilising the gyroscopic effect
- Energy methods and SEA
- Engine mounting strategies
- Engineering of surfaces for drag reduction in water with validation using computational and experimental methods
- Enhanced iterative learning control for dynamic testing
- Enhanced Performance of Sandwich Structures by Improved Damage Tolerance (SANTIGUE2)
- Enhanced pre-clinical assesment of total knee replacement using computational modelling with experimental corroboration and probabili
- Enhancement of speech landmarks for cochlear implants
- Enhancing Mercury Capture by wet FGD Systems
The emission of gaseous mercury from the stacks of coal-fired power stations is a major source of environmental mercury pollution. In many parts of the world, deposition of atmospheric mercury has led to the bioaccumulation of mercury in the aquatic food chain to levels where the Government has issued health advisory messages on fish consumption. It is therefore essential that mercury is removed from the waste gas.
- Environmental Optimisation of the Production of Bricks and Tiles at Honey Lane, Selborne
This project identified improvements in the thermal and emissions efficiency of brick production and developed plans to implement them.
- EPSRC-Shaping Capacity Award: “Novel energy flow based dynamic topology optimizations for light-weight marine structures to suppress vibration and noise radiation"
- Erosion-corrosion modelling
- ESPA Deltas
- Estimation of structural dynamic parameters at higher frequencies using Bayesian methods
- EU - China Cooperation for Liquid Fuels
ECOFUEL is building an international partnership for new second generation biofuel processes: the research will set the foundation stones for the technologies being developed, and make further contributions to overcoming barriers to commercialisation. The ECOFUEL project will effectively integrate respective regional programmes for better allocation and utilisation of resources, in particular to achieve the critical mass required to move the second generation of biofuels forward.
- European CS19 Validation And Normative Data Collection
- Evaluate telemedicine in the follow-up of cochlear implant users.
- Evaluating homogeneity in AZ91 magnesium alloy processed by high-pressure torsion and equal-channel angular pressing
- Evaluation of a reticulated foam bioreactor
The MERDER treatment system was tested on a site owned and operated by Mayglothling Waste Disposal Ltd where the machines remained for a period of 9 months. A major part of the business of Mayglothling’s is the emptying and tankering of septic tank contents to their own privately-owned and Environment Agency licenced wastewater treatment plant.
- Evaluation of CFD Methods on Slender Missile Configurations
The project will focus on two configurations from the experimental database, both based on the same axisymmetric body with and without wings at M=2.5 and AoA=14. The project will look at different meshing strategies, numerical schemes and turbulence models.
- Evaluation of Vortex Shedding of Slender Structures using LES Techniques (EPSRC/Arup)
- Examining long-term degradation of LiFePO4 batteries for Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Energy Storage
This project will use the neutron instruments at ISIS at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory to investigate the degradation of batteries as a result of operation under Vehicle to Grid (V2G) condition.
- Experimental and analytical techniques for the assessment of in vitro implant migration in polymer foam models
- Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Lymphatic Fluid Flows and Immunology
- Experimental investigation of jet wing interaction effects (SYMPHONY)
- Exploring the experiences of adolescents with cochlear implants
- Externalisation of auditory images with in-ear transducers
- Fabrication of MEMS components using ultrafine-grained aluminium alloys
This is an EPSRC supported project (EP/D00313X/1), which is to study the feasibility of fabricating a MEMS component by embossing using ultra-fine grained (UFG) aluminium alloys. The current study is the first attempt to produce metallic foils with features at the scale of 5–50 μm by embossing using UFG aluminium alloys produced by ECAP.
- Fast escape underwater vehicle inspired by the octopus jetting
Burst speed underwater vehicle inspired by the shape changing of cephalopods, which are the fastest marine invertebrates.
- Feasibility Study of the Impacts of Proposed Tidal Array Installations in Channel Islands
- Feature extraction in clinical data
Data mining techniques commonly used in engineering are being applied to continuously monitored human bio-indicators to predict health state.
- Filling in the gaps: compressed sensing for x-ray computed tomography
- Finding a sense of balance
Balance disorders and falls in the elderly are very common. However methods to test the balance system of the inner ear are relatively limited. We hope to improve methods to test balance function using sound and vibration. Ultimately this should lead to better diagnosis and management for balance disorders
- Finite element analysis of a cementless proximal femoral stem in relation to early stem stability and interface bone strain
- Finite element analysis of the proximal implanted tibia in relation to implant lossening
- Finite element methods for aircraft noise prediction
- Finite element modelling of biological connective soft tissue - application to the ligaments of the human knee
- Finite element modelling of fatigue crack growth in multi-layered systems under large scale yielding conditions
- Finite element simulation of surface wear in total knee joint replacement
- Fish passage upstream over gauging structures
- Fit for duty
How can the impact of hearing impairment on the capabilities of military personnel be assessed?
- Flow in low-pressure turbines
- Fluid loads and motions of damaged ships
- Fluid Structure Interactions projects summary
- Fluid-structure interactions for yacht sails
- Fluorescent solar collectors
- FOUL-X-SPEL (Environmentally friendly antifouling technology to optimise the energy efficiency of ships)
Marine antifouling coatings - stopping seaweed, barnacles and bacteria.
- Foundations as an energy source
How to access the heat beneath our feet by using building foundations to harvest thermal energy.
- Fractional Calculus modelling of non-Gaussian noisy signals
An important class of non-Gaussian signals that is often encountered in practice is characterized by its impulsive nature. In contrast to normally distributed signals, these signals are more likely to exhibit sharp spikes or occasional bursts that result in having density functions with very slow decaying tails. The stable law is a direct generalization of the Gaussian distribution and in fact includes the Gaussian as a limiting case. The main feature of the non-Gaussian stable distribution is its heavy tails making it suitable for modelling signals and noise of impulsive nature. The heaviness of stable distribution tails is controlled by the characteristic exponent a (0<a≤2). A small positive value of a indicates severe impulsiveness, while a value of a close to 2 indicates a more Gaussian type of behaviour. When a = 2, the stable distribution is reduced to the Gaussian distribution. In cases where both Gaussian and non-Gaussian distribution noises simultaneously exist, the conventional filtering methods based on Gaussian model assumption, such as Least Mean Square (LMS) method, will obviously degrade in performance.asset to underpin continuing growth in this sector.
- Fractionated satellites
A new way of implementing space systems.
- Full-field data-rich experimental approaches to explain composite material and structural performance and its damage tolerance (DAMTOL)
- Functional plasticity in bilateral cochlear implants
- FUSE (Floodplain Underground Sensor) Network - UK Natural Environmental Research Council funded Project
- Generalized sampling theorem with Sperhical Harmonics
- Generating a Personal Listening Zone from a Mobile Device
Mobile audio devices are widely used in public spaces and reducing the noise nuisance that the pose can be achieved using loudspeaker arrays.
- Generation of Multiple Independent Listening Zones in a Vehicle Cabin
The generation of independent listening zones in a car cabin would allow each occupant to listen to a different audio programme without the constraints of headphones.
- Glove testing to ISO 10819
- GOAL: Growing Older - Staying Mobile
- Gothenburg 2010: rans simulations of the multiphase flow around the kcs hullform
- Graphene reinforced lead-free solder composites
There is a need to develop new solder materials that can mitigate or completely remove tin whiskers formation. New soldering materials must possess excellent mechanical, electrical and thermal properties in order to fulfil the ever increasing service demands. A possible solution to improve performance is to form a composite solder by introducing a second phase to the basic alloy in order to control material properties. This Project aims to investigate tin-graphene composites as new solder materials. Graphene is the second phase component. Improved properties can be judged based on criteria such as the strength of the solder and the required stress to cause deformation plus whiskers formation. The important characteristics that can be looked at may include melting point, density, wettability, microstructural analysis, micro and nano-hardness testing, scratch testing, tensile testing, corrosion, surface tension and electrical conductivity.
- Green Tribology
Tribology is the study of friction, lubrication and wear. Decreasing friction by any means always leads to welcome reductions in fuel and energy consumption, with a corresponding decrease in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
Researching bio-derived solutions for marine composite structures is vital to the sustainability of UK boatbuilding.
- Ground-borne vibration from trains
- Health Effects
- Health monitoring of new generation aircraft bearings
- Hearing prostheses
- Hearing Prosthesis: Sparse stimuli for cochlear implants
- HF-AUTO: Human Factors of Highly automated Driving
Before highly automated driving can be safely deployed on public roads we have to deal with imminent human-error and legal consequences. HFAuto will answer crucial human-factors questions, such as: how should human-machine-interfaces (HMI) be designed to support transitions between automated and manual control?, how can the automation understand the driver’s state and intentions?, what are the effects of HAD on accident risk and transport efficiency?, and who is legally responsible for accidents?
- High efficiency low cost solar cells
- High efficiency low cost solar cells II
- High efficiency low-cost photosensitised crystalline silicon solar cells
- High strain impact and erosion resistant materials
Multilayer chemical and physical vapour deposition structures have been investigated, along with multilayer composite sandwich structures.
- High-frequency sound transmission in flow ducts
- High-Hydrogen Content Alternative Fuel Burning
- How do we hear size? Object-size discrimination in the auditory system
- How do we reduce the length of landfill aftercare?
- How does the stiffness of a wound affect how it heals?
The healing of a skin wound is a highly co-ordinated series of events involving both biochemical and biomechanical signalling. We are trying to understanding how the mechanical properties of a healing wound affects how it heals.
- How important are defects in marine structural composites?
- How to design better artificial knee joints
The aim of this research is to gain a better understanding of the physics of wear of surgical polymer components used in knee replacement systems so that predictive computational mechanistic models can be developed to simulate in-vivo operating conditions.
- Human factors in the design of traffic managements systems
- Humpback whale song analysis
- HVLab and Services
- HVLab diagnostic systems
- Hybrid active and passive structural noise control
In this project the feasibility of using active and passive means of vibration control in aerospace structures is investigated. In particular, attention has been focused on controlling vibration transmission through light weight satellite structures at medium frequencies. The structure under test is a 4.5 meter long satellite boom consisting of 10 identical bays with equilateral triangular cross sections. This structure is typical of those that might be used in space telescopes, space stations or synthetic aperture radar systems. Such a structure is typically used to support sensitive instruments in precise alignments spaced tens of metres apart. While a great deal of work has been done on this problem at low frequencies, relatively little has been achieved to date at medium frequencies (here taken to be between 150 Hz and 250 Hz). Nonetheless, this is of importance to new space missions.
- Hybrid Energy Storage System
- Hybrid RANS/LES methods
- Hydrogen and methane production from wastewater with microbial granular sludge
Hydrogen is a kind of clean energy carrier which is preferred and demanded in many areas especially with the rapid development of fuel cell for electricity generation. Utilizing wastewater as organic feedstock for hydrogen production through biological route is gaining importance due to the benefits of simultaneous wastewater purification and renewable energy production in view of sustainable development. This project aims to develop a two-stage hydrogen and methane production process with microbial granular sludge.
- ICA and source analysis of AEP for assessment of CI users
- iCOASST - integrating coastal sediment systems
- iConnect (Impact of Constructing Non-Motorised Networks and Evaluating Changes in Travel)
- ICS Research Projects
- Identification and control of nonlinear behavious in proof-mass actuators.
- Ignorability and noticeability of aircraft sounds
- Imaging and modelling of the interference fit in cementless joint replacement
- Imaging materials deforming really fast
New ultra-high speed cameras enable to record a great number of images at very high frame rates.
- Imaging the mechanical properties of welds
Welding is a very important industrial joining technique.
- Impact and erosion resistant materials
Protective surfaces for impact tolerance
- Impact of Aerodynamic and Structural Nonlinearities on Gust Loads Prediction
The objective is to provide a robust and efficient numerical framework for the aero-servo-elastic assessment of highly flexible aircraft which can be adopted to design next-generation aircraft. This would allow to bridge the gap between present capabilities and those required to develop future aircraft concepts.
- Impacts of low-head hydropower on freshwater fish migration
- Improved Liner Impedance Prediction - VU20
- Improved models for jet wing installation effects prediction (SYMPHONY)
- Improved optimisation of liner in intake ducts
- Improved Testing Methodologies for Evaluating the Performance of Paint Systems and Materials
It's more than just watching paint dry!
- Improvements to experimental approach for application of optical methods to high-speed testing of composites
- Improving fish passage at low-head river barriers
- Improving fish passage design in China
- Improving recycling in high-density housing
This EPSRC-funded project formed part of the Sustainable Urban Environment (SUE) Waste Consortium (GR/S79626/01).
- Improving single channel noise reduction using sparse coding strategies
- Improving the acquisition of Auditory Evoked Potentials for clinical diagnosis
- Improving the environmental performance of business and industry
This EPSRC-funded project formed part of the Sustainable Urban Environment (SUE) Waste Consortium.
- Increasing the performance of heat recovery systems using high pressure ratio Organic Rankine Cycle Turbines
- Independent component analysis in the automated detection of evoked potentials from multichannel recording
- Indigenous fruit products and their derivatives: preserving safety and nutritional content
- Industrial Collaboration for Promoting Sustainability
This Knowledge Transfer (KT) project focused on the following key areas: Bioenergy (especially methane production through anaerobic digestion, but also with potential for involvement in other areas e.g. other biofuels, production of pellets for local heat and co-firing in power stations, and pyrolysis of residual municipal wastes for syngas production) Energy footprinting for process optimisation, both in industry and in the waste management sector Energy efficiency studies within companies Urban Sustainability studies (including participation in the Thameside Gateway Institute for Sustainability)
- Influence of Aerodynamic Models on Flight Simulation
The work will be developed around the CEASIOM software which is a very extensive package for aircraft conceptual design. The objective of this project is to integrate, develop, and validate the aerodynamic module which is the core of the entire software.
- Influence of ultimate strength on aged and corroded ships
Modelling the destructive power of corrosion
- Information theoretic methods in the analysis of locust limb-control
- Infrastructure monitoring using passive remote imagery
- Infrastructure Resilience Due to Hydraulic Scour Effects
- Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC)
- Innovative microphone arrays with an unconventional geometry
- Innovative smart magnetic materials and smart structures with hybrid vibration energy control for marine application
- In-situ calibration of cohesive zone models for composite damage
- In-situ calibration of cohesive zone models for composite damage
- In-situ characterization of microstructure and fatigue performance of Al-Si piston alloys
- Installed open rotor noise
Predicting installation acoustics effects for novel open rotor aircraft engines
- Intake liner optimization
- Integrated study of tonal noise from Advanced Open Rotor Powered Aircraft
- Integrated Systems for Farm Diversification into Energy Production by Anaerobic Digestion: Implications for Rural Development, Land Use & Environment
The research examined the potential for development of anaerobic digestion (AD) on farms, and the contribution that this could make to rural development and diversification of agricultural practice by enhanced land use planning for bioenergy production. The research is set in the context of a rapidly developing European agenda aimed at both strengthening the rural economy and protecting the environment.
- Interface characteristics in composite sprayed concrete lined tunnels
A testing programme of short and long-term compression, tension and direct shear tests has been carried out on samples cut from SCL panels built up with a primary layer, sprayed waterproofing membrane and sprayed secondary layer. These tests have demonstrated the mechanical properties of the concrete-membrane-concrete interface for different surface roughness and membrane thickness. The degree of composite action available between the primary and secondary linings through the membrane interface has been validated through further laboratory tests on beam samples, the results of which have been used to calibrate a numerical model of the composite shell lining. This modelling approach has in turn been applied to typical full-scale tunnel geometry to examine the influence of the composite action between the lining layers on the behaviour of the tunnel as a whole. Parametric studies have been carried out with variation of interface parameters and secondary lining thickness, and preliminary results show it should be possible to achieve savings in overall lining thickness.The research is supported by Mott MacDonald, international consulting engineers, and by Normet (UK), construction (mining and tunnelling) products manufacturer.
- Interfacial sensors for lower limb prosthetic applications
- International Centre for Infrastructure Futures (ICIF)
A key challenge involves taking into account the ways in which infrastructure systems in one sector increasingly rely on other infrastructure systems in other sectors in order to operate. These interdependencies mean failures in one system can cause follow-on failures in other systems. For example, failures in the water system might knock out electricity supplies, which disrupt communications, and therefore transportation, which prevent engineers getting to the original problem in the water infrastructure. These problems now generate major economic and social costs. Unfortunately they are difficult to manage because the UK infrastructure system has historically been built, and is currently operated and managed, around individual infrastructure sectors.
- Invention outperforms clinicians monitoring kidney treatment in patients
- Investigating effects of estrogen on trabecular bone mineralisation
- Investigating the functional role of slow waves in EEG brain signal recordings during rest and task conditions
- Investigation and development of a new effective nonlinear energy harvester
- Investigation into loudspeaker cabinet vibration using reciprocity
- Investigation into the Switching Characteristics of Gold Coated Carbon Nanotubes under Low Current Conditions
- Investigation into the use of numerical methods to create a virtual sound environment
- Investigation into the use of statistics for analysing listening test data
- Investigation of acoustic radiation forces in microfluidic devices
- Investigation of gold splutter coated vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes for RF MEMS contact surfaces
- Investigation of Wave Impact on Permeable Structures for Coastal Defences
- Investigations of Nonlinear Fluid-Solid Interaction Dynamic Systems for Wave Energy Harvesting
- Investigations on power flow analysis of nonlinear dynamic systems and applications
- Investigations on Structure-Isolator Interaction System for Particular Vibration Isolation Performance
- Is there a causal relationship between the use of mid-frequency naval sonar and the mass-stranding of beaked whale species displaying injuries similar to those observed in human cases of decompression sickness.
- I-VISION: Immersive Semantics-based Virtual Environments for the Design and Validation of Human-centred Aircraft Cockpits
Current design practices used for flight deck design, test and evaluation, involve expensive physical mock-ups with little or no room for reconfiguration and without the flexibility to accommodate multi-disciplinary simulation experiments and scenarios. New tools are needed for designing cockpits with a high level of flexibility and low cost, allowing the industry to reduce the development costs and time-to-market. The cockpits of the future need to be designed based on the conditions in which they will operate. For example, the ALICIA project is focused on the conceptualization of the modern cockpit by taking into account the new demands imposed by the current and future operating conditions of airliners. Virtual Reality (VR) provides designers and engineers with the means of evaluating products and processes at the early stages of the design phase. Knowledge-based tools incorporated with VR technology can provide a platform for designing and validating cockpits using advanced modelling and simulation tools and methods. i-VISION aims to develop a multidisciplinary immersive platform supporting the early phases of the aircraft life-cycle using advanced virtual environments that facilitate the knowledge existing in a real prototype.
- JAYHUN - Interstate water resource risk management: Towards a sustainable future for the Aral Basin
The overall aim of the project was to contribute to ensuring a sustainable future for the Aral basin that takes account of the rapid glacier melt taking place in the upper catchment and the rapid decline in reservoir storage capacity caused by siltation. These aspects have been widely neglected in past studies, and unless they are taken into account in the water planning process, will cause further environmental degradation in the basin and significant economic disruption as water resources become scarcer.
- Jet noise
- Jet noise from instability mode interactions
- Jet noise mechanisms
- Joule Heating in Nanowires
- Landfill hydraulics
- Landmine detection using acoustic waves
- Large scale population based finite analysis of cementless tibial tray fixation
- Large scale, multi femur computational stress analysis using a statistical shape and intensity model
- Laser-Induced Forward Transfer (LIFT) nano-printing process: multiscale modelling, experimental validation and optimization
Despite the extensive and expensive experiments carried out by researchers around the world, fundamental understanding of the phenomena involved in LIFT is lacking. This is attributed to the limited spatial and temporal resolutions in experiments and to the fact that many quantities/properties are not directly measurable especially at nanoscales. Crucially, the causal relationships among the various parameters are difficult to establish without an exhaustive number of expensive experiments. Therefore, it is highly desirable to develop theoretical and/or numerical models to capture the essential physics in LIFT so that trends can be predicted more easily and LIFT design more grounded on fundamental physics. Success here will revolutionise key industries that have photonics, plasmonics and microelectronics as their cornerstone.
- Leachate recirculation and collection systems
Leachate recirculation, leachate drainage layers and clogging
- Lessons from nature for engineering
- Life assessment methods for industrial steam and gas turbines
- Light harvesting for high-efficiency low-cost solar cells
The operation of a solar cell bears a remarkable similarity with the most ancient solar energy converter on Earth: the photosynthetic apparatus of plants, algae and photosynthetic bacteria.
- Lightweight ceramic nanotubes reinforced polymer composite coatings and nanofibres with improved impact resistance and responsive functions
- Lightweight composite and sandwich structures
- Line sampling
- Linear interaction between compressibility and a gravity field for barotropic fluids
- Liner and geometry effects at low frequencies in intakes
- Liner technology
- (Liveable Cities)Transforming the Engineering of Cities to Deliver Societal and Planetary Wellbeing
- Local Control of Sound
- Local strain and microdamage assessment during micromechanical testing of single bovine trabeculae and cortical bone tissue
- Localization of transient acoustic signals in urban environments
- Locally resonant sonic materials
- Lockerley Water Farm - intermittent loading algal pond system
The project concerns the provision of a sustainable and cost-effective wastewater treatment system at Lockerley Water Farm, situated north of Romsey in Hampshire, UK
- Locust Biomechanics modelling
- Looking after our skin
- Low carbon and hazardous emissions shipping
- Low Cost Support System for Stroke Rehabilitation
- Low-frequency unsteadiness of a shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction
- LR/MoD Centre of Excellence for Marine Structures
- Luminescent Monitoring for Tribological Coatings
The coating will be developed by electrodeposition with a high degree of controllability and relatively low cost. The monitoring utilises that phosphorescent / fluorescent particles emit a constant glow under an ultraviolet light, thus such a coating can act as an interlayer that can be revealed when a top tribological coating is worn away or corroded. The project aims for reducing the friction coefficient of steel contact by at least 10 times (as low as 0.07) and for in-situ monitoring the progress of wear or corrosion on coatings to set up an early warning system to prevent any such catastrophic failure.
- Make like a bat
How can humans use echoes to detect and locate objects?
- Managing community responses to aircraft noise
- Mapping the Underworld
Mapping the Underworld (MTU) is an on-going 12-year multi-disciplinary and multi-university research programme largely funded by the EPSRC, bringing together experienced researchers with a range of different expertise.
- Measurement of anthropogenic noise from marine aggregate extraction
- Measurement of materials under ocean conditions
- Measurement of rotational vibration
- Measurement of scapular (shoulder blade) movements (kinematics)
- Measurement protocols for the Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential
- Measuring stability of digestates from AD of source-segregated biodegradable waste and manures
Funded by the Waste Resources Action Programme (WRAP), the Bioenergy and Organic Resources Group led a consortium of 3 institutions, including The Open University and WRc, to develop the test which has now become part of PAS110 and confirms that a digestate is sufficient in terms of biological stability to ensure environmentally sound land application.
- Mechanics of landslides
Large-scale landslides can seriously threaten human life and infrastructure over extensive areas, by rapidly moving substantial volumes of material and even by causing catastrophic tsunamis. Better understanding their mechanics is key for predicting such events and protecting ourselves from their consequences.
- Medical ultrasound exposure estimation in finite-amplitude beams
- MEMS components formed from nanostructural metals
- Meshfree Particle Methods for Fluid Structure Interaction Problems, with Applications to Aerospace Engineering
- Methodology for assessing the life extension of high performance marine craft
- Methods for automatically classifying humpback whale calls
- Methods of measuring and predicting seat transmissibility
- Metrology to assess the durability and function of engineered surfaces
- Microfluidic devices for structural health monitoring and integrity
- Micromechanical aspects of fatigue failure in conventional and carbon nanotube-reinforced acrylic bone cement
- Micromechanistic analysis of damage evolution in aerospace and automotive materials
- Microstructure and precipitation in Al-V-N microalloyed steels
High-strength low-alloy structural (HSLA) steels are very important metallic materials with various applications. The aim of this project is to study the microstructures and precipitates in controlled rolled and tempered Al-V-N steels, and the thermodynamic models for estimating the equilibrium compositions of the austenite and carbonitride phases.
- Microstructure, Microtexture and Properties of Ultrafine-Grained Metals and Alloys Processes by Severe Plastic Deformation
- Mid-to-High Frequency Modelling of Vehicle Noise and Vibration
Funded by the European Commission under the Marie Curie Action: Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways, this project aims for the creation of a software that can model the vibration of a "Body-in-Blue" car in the mid- and high-frequency ranges.
- Minimally Actuated Flapping Foil Energy Extractors
Animals use flapping foils for efficient locomotion. This project uses the same idea to extract energy from ocean currents and tidal flows.
- Minimising the environmental impact of advanced aircraft designs
- Mixing cheap and expensive simulations in an optimisation
Traditionally automated design optimisation methods use the results from computational simulations to drive an improvement in a design. However, the expense of such simulations can considerably restrict the scope of an optimisation. An alternative is to mix expensive and cheap simulations within a single design optimisation to improve performance.
- Modal and multichannel feedback control of road noise in a car
- Model based analysis of locust hind-limb control
- Modelling and control of high speed craft
- Modelling and prediction of residual stress
- Modelling atmospheric pollution emissions from the UK’s recreational and small commercial shipping sector
- Modelling cochlear dynamics
- Modelling cruise noise of Advanced Open Rotor Power Aircraft (NINHA)
- Modelling next generation CROR aircraft
- Modelling of auditory pathway in cochlear implants
- Modelling of cabin-seat-driver dynamic systems of off-road vehicles
- Modelling of the neuronal responses of identified motor neurons across animals
- Modelling Of Train Induced Vibration (MOTIV)
MOTIV is a project funded by EPSRC and it aims to develop a better understanding about key issues regarding the generation and propagation of railway vibration, namely the non-linear behaviour of tracks’ elements and the dynamic soil-tunnel-pile interaction for a single as well as a twin tunnels. This will lead to improved models for the prediction of ground-borne vibration and noise from railways in order to reduce prediction uncertainty.
- Modelling of wheel/rail interaction in the time domain
- Modelling our tiny uninvited guests
Image-based modelling of biofilms.
- Modelling the dynamic properties of filled rubber using finite elements
- Modelling the dynamic response of the human body
- Modelling the dynamic responses of seats
- Modelling the effects of material microstructure
Although their effect is largely ignored in the theoretical framework that underpins every-day practice, the microstructural details (e.g. grain size) of a soil or rock may come to dominate its mechanical response. Our research develops theoretical and numerical tools for including such information when predicting material behaviour.
- Modelling the Lymphatic System
- Modelling the mechanical behaviour of the interface between prosthesis and bone
- Modelling the micromechanics of the cochlea
- Modelling the voltage distribution due to a cochlear implant
- Modelling wind flow, turbulence and dispersion in urban environments
- Mode-matching for duct acoustics
We have developed a method to predict how sound is attenuated in ducts and waveguides with complex distribution of acoustic treatments.
- Motion Sickness
- Motion sickness caused by low frequency translational and rotational oscillation
- Motion sickness in tilting trains
- Mouse control and arm movement co-ordination
- Multimodal computation in neural networks
- Multinodal computation in neuronal networks
- Multi-parameter computational and experimental investigations into the robustness of cementless total hip replacements
- Multiple femur finite element analysis of the resurfaced femoral head
- Muscles models with applications
How can we improve existing muscle models and use these to detect the effect of therapies, medicines, and any other external factor on muscle performances?
- Music perception assessment
- Music rehabilitation for cochlear implant users
- MXL project – Improving Joint Surgery
- Nanoimprint lithography process development
- Nanoparticles for energy saving glazing
Nanoparticle based coating is a step towards energy saving glazing.
- Nanoscale strengthening and deformation of Al-based alloys
- Nanowear and Nanofretting of Biomedical Materials
- National audit of bilateral cochlear implants
This project is a national audit of children receiving bilateral cochlear implants in the UK.
- Natural products as marine antifoulants
- Near field calibration techniques for large transducers
- NEARCTIS: A Network of Excellence for Advanced Road Co-operative traffic management in the Information Society
- NECOBAUT: iron-air redox flow battery
Normally iron corrodes when exposed to air and humidity and has to be protected by painting it, using corrosion inhibitors or by passing a cathodic current through it (cathodic protection). These methods avoid the oxidation of iron into a rusty iron oxide. However, in this project, a novel investigation of the oxidation of iron, combined with the reduction of oxygen is used to generate energy.
- Neural decoding of movement in the human brain
- Neural Engineering
- Neuronal responses in the auditory brainstem
- New methods for assessing the control of blood flow in the brain
- New methods for model-based assessment of cardiovascular control
- No-flow rig tests of turbofan ducts in ISVR no-flow facility
- Noise from ducted underwater turbines
- Noise issues associated with wind energy
- Non-Ideal Blast Effects Modelling of Complex Structures
- Nonlinear and Adaptive Control with Applications to Electromechanical Systems.
- Nonlinear Power Flow Active Control of Aeroelastic Flutter of Flappled Airfoils
- Nonlinear sources in air
- Non-linear vibration absorbers
- Nonlinear vibration control
- Non-linear vibration isolators
- Non-linearity in subjective and biodynamic responses to vertical vibration
- Novel co-blended polymer matrix systems for fire resistant structural marine composites
- Novel flow simulation methodologies for improved accuracy in unsteady CFD simulations
- Numerical investigations of the true sources of jet noise
- Numerical investigations on fluid-structure interactions using particle based methods for marine applications
- Numerical simulation of interfacial fluid flows by an anti-diffusive VOF method
- Numerical study of turbulent manoeuvering-body wakes
- Objective characterisation of coccydnia
- Objective measures of hearing aid benefit
- Objective method for the detection of evoked responses
- Objective prediction of the perceived quality of music processed by adaptive feedback cancellation in hearing aids
- Ocean Survey and Autonomous Sampling Using Multi-Agent Systems
Autonomous marine robots are used to survey and take water samples from unsteady coastal environments.
- On the measurement of physiological similarity between independent components: time-structure versus frequency-based methods
- OPENAIR - Design study for landing gear noise control
- Optical measurement of high amplitude medical ultrasound fields
- Optimal materials selection and design of MEMS actuators
- Optimisation of a fleet of AUVs to minimise energy dissipation
- Optimisation of Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies
- Optimisation of nacelle liners for reducing fan noise in aero-engines
- Optimising Inputs and Outputs from Anaerobic Digestion Processes
The aim of the work was to better understand the factors influencing the stabilisation of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the anaerobic digestion process. In particular the research addressed whether stabilisation, as judged by volumetric gas production, solids destruction and bio-stability of the residues, could be improved by co-digestion with other organic wastes from industry, commerce and agriculture.
- Optimising plant P use for arable farming
- Optimising processes for the stable operation of food waste digestion
This work identified a key cause of process instability in anaerobic digestion of food waste, and suggested technical solutions
- Optimized athlete body sensor networks for simulation-based performance analysis
We have developed a system of wearable sensors that gather information about the movement of athletes so that we can then simulate what their muscles are doing, their aerodynamic drag, etc. This will allow us to optimize the athlete's technique in much the same way as an aircraft's shape is optimized.
- Order to chaos and back again
- Organic nanoparticles for drug delivery – size matters
Making drug-loaded nanoparticles in a controllable way with uniform size or a narrow size range is crucial for their use as nanomedicine.
- P4GES: Can paying for global ecosystem services reduce poverty?
- Parameterisation and optimisation of impact and post-impact performance of composites for airframe light weighting
- Particle analysis
Most hip and knee implants fail due to the effects of wear particles created by the implant.
- Passive vibration isolation using nonlinear characteristics
- PC keyboard emitted noise
- Perception of a virtual 3D acoustic space over headphones
- Perception of movie dialogue loudness in different rooms
- Perception of phase differences between the seat, the feet, and the hands
- Perceptual models for sound field analysis and synthesis
- Performance analysis of a P300 BCI speller through single channel ICA
- Performance of buildings subjected to blast
- Person recognition from measurements of footfall
- Phosphorus in the perennial headwaters of chalk streams
- Physics and control of turbulent wall-flows
- POINTER/ Support action for evaluation and monitoring of CIVITAS plus
POINTER is the Support Action of CIVITAS Plus programme which comprises 5 Demonstration Projects (ARCHIMEDES, ELAN, MIMOSA, MODERN and RENAISSANCE) involving 25 cities across Europe to implement over 300 measures.
- Postural stability of walking persons exposed to lateral vibration
- Potential for evaluating residual stress using thermoelastic stress analysis
- Power Management of a Stand-Alone, Small-Scale Compressed Air Energy Storage System
- Power modelling for cochlear implants
- Predicting tidal turbine noise for environmental impact assessment
- Prediction of Aircraft Exhaust Noise
The jet that emanates from a turbo-fan engine is a major contributor to aircraft noise. This project seeks to understand how such is produced and develop tools to predict it.
- Prediction of hydrodynamics characteristics of naval vessels
- Prediction of ultrasonic wave propagation in aircraft structures for crack monitoring
- Prediction, optimisation and measurement of liner performance in fan ducts
- Preliminary investigations into assisted reverberation
- Preparation of section properties for 2d anti-symmetric analysis of ship with structural discontinuities
- Probabilistic finite-element analysis of the uncemented total hip replacement
- Processes, mechanics and management of wastes
- Processing and perception of low frequency speech cues for hearing impairment
- Processing of a two phase alloy by severe plastic deformation
- Processing of nanostructured materials for medical applications
The aim of this project is to investigate microstructural evolution, biocompatibility and corrosion behaviour of nanostructured Ti alloys, processed by SPD for medical applications. The overall objectives of the project are three-fold: (1) To optimise the processing techniques of Ti alloys through Equal Channel Processing (ECAP) and High Pressure Torsion (HPT); (2) To obtain a detailed understanding of the microstructural changes and the influence of these changes on the corrosion properties; (3) To explore potential medical applications of SPD-processed materials.
- Processing of nanostructured titanium for use in medical implants
Commercial purity (CP) titanium alloys such as Ti-6% Al-4% V are in wide use for medical implants from hip and knee replacements to dental implants for crowns and orthodontal purposes. These materials are effective but the applications are limited by the overall strength of the alloy. An increase in strength would permit the use of smaller parts and less invasive surgery.
- Prolonging the life of machine parts in nuclear applications
Wear modelling of Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC) coatings.
- Promoting corporate environmental improvement and sustainable investment
The Clear INFO Project
- Quality of life measures for patients with bilateral cochlear implants
- Quantifying projected impacts under 2°C warming (IMPACT2C)
- Quantifying projected impacts under high end climate change (RISES-AM-)
- Quantitative measurements of impairment and how they relate to activity in the upper limb of the older adult post-stroke
- Questionnaire study on the musical activities of young listeners
- Rail Capacity and Demand
- Railway damping technologies
- RANS based prediction methods for jet noise (SYMPHONY)
- Rare earth effect on tribological bronze coatings
This project aims to develop a novel self - lubricating and self - sensing Tribocorrosion resistant coatings. The combination of the functional and indicator layer provides the desired hardness, wear and corrosion resistance properties. Such coatings will benefit a range of application, such as in moulding applications where the adhesion problem, which causes scratches on the surface of the product, can be alleviated by self-lubricating property of the aluminium bronze.
- Ray methods for propagation of jet noise
- Reactive multiphase granular flow
Granular systems are ubiquitous across the industrial and environmental sectors so it is essential to develop methods that not only capture the granular behaviours accurately but also can be used to enhance industrial processes.
- Reading between the lines: Signal Processing for faster fMRI acquisition
- Real time sonographic characteristics of the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles in subjects with sacroiliac dysfunction during respiratory, postural and voluntary manoeuvres
- Redox flow cells batteries: zinc - cerium
The project focusses on the electrochemical properties and energy capability of the zinc–cerium system, initially developed by Plurion Inc., which has a theoretical energy density of 463 kJ mol-1. This is larger than other redox flow systems such as the vanadium and iron-chromium systems and has one of the highest thermodynamic open-circuit cell voltages.
- Reducing the cost of crystalline silicon solar cells by using fluorescent collectors
- Reducing the Costs of Marine Renewables via Advanced Structural Materials
- Reduction of downhole friction by electrochemical methods
- Reliability based life-time prediction and assessment of composite sandwich structures
- Remote sensing of turbulence
Research is currently underway developing the necessary algorithms which would relate visible surface signatures (detected using satellite-mounted synthetic aperture radars) to their sub-surface turbulent phenomena. This project thus needs to consider both remote sensing technology available on satellites and issues relating to fluid dynamics.
- REsidual Stress and structural Integrity Studies using Thermography (RESIST)
- Reuse and recycling of bulky wastes
This EPSRC-funded project formed part of the Sustainable Urban Environment (SUE) Waste Consortium (GR/S79626/01).
- RNLI Advanced Technology Partnership
- Road and soil acoustic characterisation from surface measurements
The aim of this project is to develop methods both for predicting and measuring relevant road/soil properties in order to assess their condition.
- Road Traffic Monitoring
- Robust control algorithms
- Robust pole placement of structures
- Robust transducer selection
- Rolls Royce SAMULET
- Rolls-Royce SILOET (Strategic Investment in Low-carbon Engine Technology) Project
- SASICE - Safety and Sustainability in Civil Engineering
- Satellite image processing techniques for effective management of land use and irrigation demand in the Aral basin - INTAS Aral
It is estimated that effective management of irrigated agriculture in the Aral basin could save up to 10% of the region’s water, doubling the flow to the severely degraded lower reaches and contributing significantly to the preservation of the region’s biodiversity and its human and natural ecosystems. This research aimed to provide a scientifically-proven methodology by which agricultural land use can be determined from multi-spectral satellite imagery. The method was then applied, in conjunction with an existing water resource management model for the Syr Darya river, to provide up-to-date information for calculation of crop water demand. The result is a cost-effective system that is capable of identifying the extent and location of wasted irrigation water, and of examining the effects of alternative management options. The overall goal was to provide practical tools that will allow rational planning and utilisation of the Aral basin's land and water resources.
- Satellite Microwave Calibration
Calibration of satellite instruments is vital. Meteorological applications require absolute measurement to a fraction of a degree and this cannot be achieved without a sophisticated calibration system.
- Scalar mixing and turbulent intermittency
- Scale up photoelectrochemical reactor using nanocatalytic material for environmental remediation
The purpose of this work is to manufacture self-organized oxide semiconductor nanotubes on a titanium alloy by electrochemical means. The anodised titanium is used as an anode in the degradation of organic pollutants in a photocatalytic reactor.
- Scattering of turbine tones
Analysis of frequency scattering of turbine tones radiated from turbofan aircraft engines
- Scuffing in piston assembly and liner of fired combustion engines
Scuffing in automotive engines has increased in both frequency and severity which has led industry to undertake development of a new heavy duty (HD) engine test that will assess the scuff resistance of lubricants. This is planned to be part of a scuffing test standard to be introduced in January 2016. This program of work aims to understand the fundamental causes and events leading to piston ring and liner scuffing by developing new and novel bench test capabilities that will contribute to the set of tests developed for the scuffing test standard.
- Seat testing to ISO 7096, ISO 10326-2, and other standards
- Security of boat moorings and harvesting their energy
- Seeing the deformations inside solids
While most of the deformation imaging techniques deal with surface information, some new methods enable to provide deformation inside solids.
- Self-tuning control algorithm for decentralised active damping control units
- Self-tuning control systems of decentralised velocity feedback
- Sensing Skin Health
This research aims to investigate a system of skin health monitoring that is suitable for long term use by patients at risk of undetected skin damage. In particular this research will focus on problems associated with diabetic foot ulceration.
- Sensor actuated smart interfaces incorporating bio-hybrid materials (biofilm sensing)
- Shipping in changing climates
- Shock calculator for multiple shock and expansion waves
Shock and expansion waves exist in regions where flow is supersonic, such as the flow around flight vehicles, engine intakes and high speed wind tunnels. Traditionally shock waves are calculated using tables, which can be time consuming and inaccurate. Some computational tools exist but these are currently limited to a single shock wave at a time, meaning for multiple shocks the results from each stage need to be manually chained together.
- Shock propagation
- Short crack growth and propagation in steels under creep-fatigue cycling
Failure by low-cycle fatigue is one important consideration in the design of structures used at elevated temperatures. The aim of this project is to investigate the failure mechanisms of 316 stainless steel during creep-fatigue cycling. A programme of tests was conducted to examine short crack growth behaviour in reversed-bending, high strain fatigue cycle that contained a tensile hold- period.
- Signal processing for underwater acoustics
- Signal processing of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs)
- Simulating high performance craft for design and training
- Simulating sensineural hearing loss using Gammachirp filter banks
- Simulating the friction encountered in oilfield operations
This is a two year project aiming to design and build a novel friction simulation device at the National Centre for Advanced Tribology. The project will allow us to re-create in the laboratory the conditions that occur during oilfield exploration. This will allow better understanding as to the conditions and effects that arise from friction when exploring for hydro-carbon reservoirs or to reach geothermal energy sources.
- Simulation of sensorineural hearing loss using Wavelet filter banks
- Simulation of tactical yacht racing: a human-psychological-physical AI-system in a dynamically changing yacht racing environment
- Simulation of the passive and active motions of the replaced knee-effect of mal-alignment and ligament strains
- Simulation of tissue differentiation in uncemented hip implants based on a mechanoregulatory hypothesis
- Sixth Sense Transport
- Size matters: x-ray computed tomography for dimensional metrology
- Smart MRE Materials and Structures for Adaptive Vibration Control
- Smart spring marine machinery vibration isolation system
- Smart Structures and Active Vibration Control
- Smart surface: nanoactuators for advanced tribological applications
This project is aimed at fabricating complex multilayered coatings with the interposition of a superelastic or functional interlayer for tribological applications.
- Smart vibration control using magnetorheological elastomers in hybrid shear-compressive modes with application to maritime engineering
- Sound field reproduction with non-uniform source distributions
- Sound Quality of Exterior Aeroplane Sound
- Sound radiation from jet exhausts
Engineering models predicting how sound radiates from jet exhausts has been developed and used extensively for the acoustic design of liners on turbofan engines.
- Sound radiation from orthotropic plates with curvature
- Sound transmission in lightweight structures
- Sound transmission through inhomogeneous partitions
- SPD processing of various metallic alloys
- Spectral analysis of interrupted laser doppler flowmetry signals
- Spectral leading-edge serrations for the reduction of aerofoil-turbulence interaction noise
The EPSRC-funded research project aims to develop and investigate new aerofoil LE designs for the reduction of the broadband noise, whilst minimising its impact on aerodynamic performance.
- Spectro-temporal information delivered through cochlear implant systems
- Speech coding by entropy
- Speech enhancement based on wavelet transform
- Speech Technology Lab
Speech enhancement systems today (for example in mobile phones, hearing aids or automatic speech recognition systems) are not working very well. Many people often struggle to understand speech, especially in a noisy background. Devices like hearing aids can improve speech quality and audibility, but they usually not help much when it comes to understanding speech. Here at the Speech Technology Lab in the Hearing and Balance Centre, we provide an inspiring environment in which interdisciplinary research at the boundary between physiology and engineering happens. We develop real world applications that can help hearing impaired and normal hearing people.
- Split-injection diesel engine modelling
- Spring ponds - algal biomass systems
The research considers a range of factors affecting algal revival and growth, focusing particularly on phenomena in the unsteady state period occurring between the end of winter and the onset of summer conditions.
- StarStream - Cleaning with low volumes of cold water
- Stochastic control
- Stochastic methods for computational aero-acoustics
- Stochastic noise source for broadband noise simulations
A technique to generate a tailored random sound field in a numerical simulation has been developed and is used to simulate the propagation of broadband fan noise from turbofan engines.
- STRAIGHTSOL (Strategies and measures for smarter urban freight solutions)
The project is being led by the Institute of Transport Economics at the Norwegian Centre for Transport Research and involves 15 partners. The University of Southampton is working with Oxfam to investigate how remote monitoring technology could be used to better optimise collection schedules from textile donation banks.
- Strain through the looking glass
This projects aims at using an unusual but very powerful technique to image the surface deformation of mirror-like structures.
- Stratified Combustion Physics and Modelling
- Strength assessment of damaged ship structures
- Strengthening of alloys by nanosized clusters
One of the main discoveries in metals research in the last 20 years involves the strengthening due to nanosized clusters. In many metal alloys with two or more alloying elements strengthening is predominantly caused by so-called co-clusters. Research in Southampton on these co-clusters through a series of projects has been led by Professor Marco J Starink.
- Strengthening of alloys by refining grains to the nanometer scale
Processing of metallic alloys through severe plastic deformation (SPD) creates materials with ultra-high formability, high strength and high toughness. This research provides models that predict structural refinement and defect densities, resulting in predictions of the mechanical properties.
- Structronics research
- Structural dynamics and blast effects on structures
- Structural Dynamics and Vibroacoustics
- Structural integrity assessment of novel polymer based knee implants
- Structural modelling of damaged steel structures
- Structural monitoring
The use of navigational satellite systems ship structural monitoring.
- Structured Surfaces for Tribological Applications
Using structured surface rather than smooth surface to decrease friction is at variance with the classical tribology theories. However, it really happened and has been proved by worldwide researchers.
- Structured Surfaces to Trap Bubbles and Reduce Drag and Friction
This project uses a novel method to structure a metal surface with dimples from the micro to nano scale, after which it can be chemically modified to make it hydrophobic.
- Structure-Performance relationship in organic electronic devices
- Study of the equilibrium and kinetics of mercury sorption and desorption by power station fly ash and assessment of the role of ash in limiting the bio-availability of mercury
This project aimed to provide detailed knowledge of the processes by which power station ash acts as a sorbent for mercury, allowing it to be considered as a potential remediation material.
- Study of the mercury of the River Nura
This project is one of a series carried out on aspects of mercury pollution in the River Nura in Temirtau in central Kazakhstan. In particular it aimed to study the chemical fate of mercury in the river in an attempt to identify conditions of water flow and quality that will reduce its transport downstream; and the distribution, transport and behaviour of the mercury contaminated silts, in order to define economic containment techniques.
- Study of the parameters for optimisation of the design and performance of waste stabilisation ponds in extreme continental climates
Waste stabilisation ponds in continental climates operate in very different modes in different seasons. This research was carried out in conjunction with an EU FP4 project to establish the parameters affecting design and operation.
- Study of trailing edge serrations for low airfoil noise
- Subjective Acoustics: Environmental and Community Noise
- Subjective Responses
- SUE Waste Project 3 - Appropriate scales and technologies for bioprocessing of organic urban wastes including energy production from anaerobic digestion
This was one part of an EPSRC-funded project looking at waste management in the context of a sustainable urban environment. The research involved assessment of appropriate scales and technologies for urban bioprocessing plant, and experimental studies on anaerobic digestion as a technique for management of source-separated kitchen and catering wastes
This collaborative project is aimed at developing a beneficial synergy between anaerobic digestion (AD) and pyrolysis for the processing of non-source segregated organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW).
- Supersonic axisymmetric wakes
- Suspension sprayed surface coatings for specialised applications
- Sustainable resource management in households
This ongoing work includes research projects that focus on the development of infrastructure, service provision and improving public participation, including: civic amenity sites; waste management in medium-and high-density housing; carbon footprinting of recyclable materials; evaluating new recycling services; and collection of biodegradable waste.
- Swirl-Stabilised Turbulent Combustion
- SYMPHONY - Parametric study of low noise landing gears
- Synthesis and transport of nanoparticles in plasma spray coating
A numerical model of nanophase plasma spray coating was developed.
- Synthetic turbulence for broadband fan noise simulations
Efficient computational methods have been developed for simulating the noise generated by turbulence impinging on an airfoil, which is one of the main fan noise sources on a modern aircraft engine.
- System for aircraft noise prediction
- System requirements for low-cost energy-efficient algal biomass cultivation for biofuel production
This research was funded by the Carbon Trust's Algal Biofuels Challenge programme, and aimed to provide the basis for design and engineering of cost-effective mass culture systems for algal production
- Tackling combustion instability in low-emission energy systems: mathematical modelling, numerical simulations and control algorithms
- Tactile channels mediating the perception of supra-threshold vibration
- Tailored composites for deformation control in unsteady fluid-structure interactions
- Targeting stem cells with nanoparticles
Promoting tissue regeneration by carrying drugs and molecules directly to stem cells.
- Teardrop cracking: mechanism and design criteria
- Technologies for bioprocessing organic urban wastes
Strategies and Technologies for Sustainable Urban Waste Management: Project 3
- Telemedicine in cochlear implants
This project is exploring different ways of providing long term follow up to cochlear implant users.
- Temporal information in cochlear implants
- The advanced contra-rotating open rotor (CROR)
- The application of probabilistic methods for the assessment of hip implant performance
- The application of the dynamic stiffness method in determining the response of aerospace structures to acoustic excitation
- The character of rough-wall boundary layers
- The computational assesment of mechanical fixation faliure in cemented total hip arthroplasty
- The distribution and dynamics of UK citizens' environmental attitudes, behaviours and actions
The distribution and dynamics of UK citizens’ environmental attitudes, behaviours and actions is a project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council under the Secondary Data Analysis Initiative and runs from January 2013 to June 2014.
- The effect of active noise control on the sound quality in cars
- The effect of flexibility on the design and performance of inflatable boats, plus environmental considerations
- The effect of structural-acoustic coupling on the active control of sound in cars
- The effectiveness of lung sounds to detect lung tissue changes in the early stages of smoking
- The effects of ageing on hearing and auditory processing
- The effects of high speed flows on transonic turbine tip heat transfer and efficiency
- The effects of substrate mechanics on keratinocytes and epidermal stem cell behaviour at wound sites
- The evidence-base for different auditory processing management strategies, programmes and software
- The Hearing Brain
It is possible to measure the electrical response of the brain to sound. However the signals are very small and can be swamped by electrical activity from rest of the body. In this project we are developing better methods to measure the tiny signals and exploring their clinical applications.
- The hydrodynamics of deformable flexible fabric structures for wave energy conversion
Both laboratory experiments and numerical modelling will help to determine whether the concept of variable geometry can be usefully applied to the difficult problem of converting wave energy into electricity.
- The impact of tide gates on fish migration
- The influence of surface waves on the added resistance of merchant ships
- The influence of surfactants on the mechanisms of ocean bubble formation
It is known that bubbles are important for the fluxes of gas and particles across the air-sea interface, as well as for the acoustical properties of the upper ocean and on ocean optics. Currently, very little is known about the effect of natural surfactants on ocean bubble production, and the consequences of these surfactants for gas and particle fluxes. The aim of this project is to understand the effects of surfactants on the detailed physics of bubble formation, and then to make measurements at sea to compare with the predicted physical changes. The lab experiment is a tank built to watch bubbles fragment in turbulence. The water properties (temperature, salinity, surfactant content and particulate content) can be varied to study bubble formation in different environment. Acoustical and photographic data are used to follow many fragmentation events (usually 500-1000 for each set of conditions), and overall result is a set of fragmentation statistics. This includes the frequency of fragmentation events, the number and size of bubbles produced in each event and some information about the dynamics of the events. Comparing these will allow predictions for how bubble production under breaking waves will be affected by differing conditions, and this will lead to predictions for how gas and particle fluxes will also change.
- The measurement of Pelvic Floor Muscle (PFM) function in women using 2D dynamic ultrasound
- The modelling of hearing impairment and the design of an array-based hearing aid
- The network in your head: discovering data highways in the human brain
- The new Neurelec binaural hearing implant
- The research of wave motion in coupled system by using finite element method
- The Role of Arterial Pulsations in Perivascular Drainage and its Implications for Alzheimer's Disease
Perivascular drainage is an important process for the elimination of metabolic solutes from the brain. The failure of this process has important medical implications and the subsequent accumulation of the protein Aβ leads to the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). This project aims at resolving the driving forces for perivascular drainage via modelling techniques in order to inspire novel medication that might help reduce the impact of AD.
- The Royal Academy of Engineering Research Exchanges with China Major Award 2010
- The science and engineering of shape-shifters
Tunable shape-shifting structures
- The sounds of voices and waterfalls on other planets
- The sources of underwater click sounds of biological origin in UK shallow waters
- The Temporal Processing and Dichotic Listening of Musicians versus Non-Musicians
- The use of optical techniques to assess the performance of composite materials under high velocity deformations
- The validity of the Life Shirt for monitoring breathing retraining therapy
- The Virtual Fields Method
The Virtual Fields Method (VFM) is a method to extract mechanical parameters from full-field deformation maps obtained by imaging.
- Thermal degradation of foam cored sandwich structures
- Thermotactile perception thresholds
- THESEUS: Innovative technologies for safe European coasts in a changing climate
- Thick-Film Underground Sensors
- Through life performance of sustainable composites
- TIDE – Transport Innovation Deployment in Europe
- Time-structure based reconstruction of physiological sources extracted from noisy absominal phonograms
- Tongue movement as new way of communication for rehabilitation systems
- Top-down processes and auditory processing
- Towards biologically-inspired active-compliant-wing micro-air-vehicles
- Towards insitu monitoring of tapestry degradation using strain based optical techniques
- Towards Prediction of Paravalvular Leakage and Leaflet Stress Following Deployment of a Balloon-Expandable Transcutaneous Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Device in Critical Aortic Stenosis: A Computer Simulation Model
To construct a computer model of a state of the art TAVI device to simulate deployment in a diseased native valve in order to assess the factors associated with paravalvular leakage (PL) and the stresses in the implant leaflets, with a view to formulating beneficial modification.
- Track 21 - Railway Track for the 21st Century
- Tracking sperm whales with particle filters
- Traffic lights that learn
- Transforming Energy Demand through Digital Innovation - Intelligent Agents for Home Energy Management
- Transition and turbulence in breaking gravity waves
- Transport Noise and Vibration
- Treatment, Extraction and Reuse of Chemically Complex Alkaline Leachates from Landfills
The disposal of Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) to landfill produces leachates with extreme properties of high pH and ionic species concentrations. The research has investigated a number of issues including: the properties of CKD, methods for the extraction of CKD rich leachate from landfills, the interaction of CKD with municipal solid waste and the anaerobic treatment of leachates with a high sulphate concentration.
- Tribological behaviour of nano-structured alloys processed by Severe Plastic Deformation
- Tribological behaviour of ultrafine-grained alloys formed by severe plastic deformation
Materials with submicron- or nano-scaled grains produced by severe plastic deformation (SPD) offer new structural and functional properties for innovative products in a wide range of applications. The aims of this study are to understand the effect of SPD processing on wear behaviour of materials, to seek a way to use SPD processing to improve the mechanical properties of materials and their wear resistance.
- TRIF Auto - Evaluating the effect of autoclaving on the rate of bioprocessing of waste
The principal aims of this research were: to determine whether autoclaving changes the rate of biodegradation in composting and anaerobic digestion and to what extent; to determine whether the product from bioprocessing meets PAS 100 requirements for heavy metal concentration; to examine potential effects of thermal pre-treatment on gaseous emissions during subsequent bioprocessing
- TRIF MBR - Anaerobic membrane reactor technology for biodegradable waste stabilisation
This was a collaborative project funded under Defra's TRIF programme to look at the development of two-stage membrane bioreactors for anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste
- TRIF PS - Particle size requirements for effective bioprocessing of biodegradable municipal waste
This was a collaborative project funded under Defra's TRIF programme to look at the effects of particle size on the aerobic and anaerobic degradation of organic wastes
- Tuneable vibration absorbers
'Smart' technologies can be applied to create variable stiffness element and maintain tuned conditions of a tuned vibration absorber (TVA). Stractural modification, shape memory alloys and viscoelastic polymers have been employed.
- Turbulent Exchange: Aerosols, Bubbles and Gases
This project is a collaboration between the University of Southampton and the University of Leeds.
- Turbulent spots in high-speed boundary layers
- TWINBAS - Twinning European and third countries river basins for development of integrated water resources management methods
The central objective of TWINBAS was to fill gaps in knowledge and methods in order to enable the implementation of a harmonised IWRM approach that addresses the European Water Initiative. By twinning five river basins, two in Europe and three in Africa, Central Asia and Latin America and tying together water researchers with key expertise on these rivers, a critical mass of experience and knowledge will be mobilised. An important part of the objective was to develop the capacity to carry out IWRM in all five river basins, building on European approaches to water resources management with the Water Framework Directive in focus, as well as on third countries expertise and experience.
- Two ears are better than one
- Tyre noise and vibration
- Ultra Low Frequency Vibration Isolation
- Ultrasonic Removal of Surface Accretions
- Ultrasonics and Underwater Acoustics
- Uncertainty in joints
- Understanding landfill processes
Waste mechanics and causes of landfill settlement, degradation and gas generation
- Understanding the physics of wet shaving
The apparently simple act of shaving with a razor and a shave preparation involves complex multi-physics interactions. Notably, it involves the flow of a non-Newtonian, shear-thinning fluid (shave preparation) around the cartridge mechanism on top of a complex highly non-linear structural material (the skin).
- Underwater noise of dredging vessels during aggregate extraction operations
- Universality of fine-scale turbulence
- Unmanned vehicles
- Upgrade and validate simulator
To understand how hip implants fail, we must better understand how they wear.
- Use of cryogenic buoyancy systems for controlled removal of heavy objects from the seabed
- Use of Flat-Panel Loudspeakers for Assisted Reverberation
- Use of multibeam sonar for geological mapping of the seabed
- Using photonics to improve the capture of solar radiation
This project aims to enhance the operation of solar cells by trapping fluorescent light in the waveguiding modes of dielectric structures – or directly in solar cells.
- Validation of a spatial-temporal soil water movement and plant water uptake model
- VALORGAS - Valorisation of food waste to biogas
AD is not a new technology, but its application for energy recovery in the field of municipal waste treatment is only just becoming established in Europe, and only for mixed wastes. The use of source segregated food wastes as substrate is not yet widespread, possibly because of technical challenges linked with collection, handling, pre-treatment and digestion of this material. The research includes a number of closely related components with a common underlying goal: to evaluate and where possible improve the energy production process from the perspective of the overall net energy gain achieved within defined system boundaries that include collection, sorting, processing, and beneficial use of recovered material
- Variability and uncertainty in vibroacoustics
- Vascular responses to hand-transmitted vibration
- Vehicle To Grid (V2G) Implementation for Integrated Bi-Directional Chargers
As Electric Vehicle (EV) technologies begin to reshape the automotive industry the question of how this will affect the already over-burdened energy distribution network is becoming ever more important. Vehicle To Grid (V2G) Technologies aim to lessen this burden by allowing vehicles equipped with high capacity bi-directional charging systems to facilitate ancillary services such as frequency regulation and load balancing through the use of their on board energy storage units (Batteries) as shown in Image 1.
- Vibration attenuation using remotely located control systems
- Vibration in railway bridges
- Vibration of automotive hoses
- Vibration of turbochargers
- Vibrotactile perception thresholds on the sole of the foot
- Virtual acoustics imaging system for multiple listeners using an auditory process model for sound localization
- Virtual certification of acoustic performance for freight and passenger trains
- Voids in carbon fibre reinforced epoxy composite
- Vortex-induced vibration and structural integrity of deep water flexible risers
This project is focused on flexible risers, whose response is likely to be more complex than that of the vertical tension risers that we have studied before. Numerical modelling is proceeding in parallel with dedicated laboratory experiments taking place in a large recirculating water channel in France.
- Wake Detection Ability and Self-Induced Motion Suppression of Whisker-like Geometries
Harbour seal whiskers have a unique geometry, optimizing their ability to sense upstream disturbances while minimizing their own self induced motions.
- Water Availability and the Production of Biofuels - An Integrated Assessment
The project involved joint workshops between the Universities of Southampton and Bath in the UK and the University of California at Irvine, to address these issues and to look at potential research approaches and areas for collaboration.
- Wave and Finite Element Modelling
Vibrations can be described in terms of waves propagating through a structure. This interpretation is particularly appealing at higher frequencies, when the size of the structure, or a component substructure, is large compared to the wavelength.
- Wave making drag prediction for improved design of marine crafts
- Wave motion in beams and strings
- Wave trapping by moving bodies
In this project we are comparing measurements of waves radiated by various body motions with analytical predictions. Some interesting differences emerge.
- Wave-based numerical methods for aero-acoustics
- Waves in loudspeaker cones
- Wear Assessment and Forensic Analysis of Failed Hip Replacements
- Wear associated with slurry flows with application in oil and gas directional drilling
- Whales hunt with wall of sound
- What are hearing aids up to?
Developing methods to measure the performance of advanced features in hearing aids/cochlear implants and to predict how much they will benefit patients.
- What are the benefits of multichannel recording of Auditory Evoked Responses
- Wheel/rail rolling and impact noise
- When greed is good: greedy algorithms for Signal Processing and Compressed Sensing
- Whole Aircraft Noise Prediction and Assessment (SYMPHONY)
- Why Do Wings Make Engines Noisier?
- Wideband sound absorbers for room acoustic control
- Wind Farm Noise
- Wireless vehicle detection for traffic control
- Working with Network Rail to develop sensors to determine embankment stability
A project is currently underway to establish whether there is a connection between soil quality measurements made with low cost (screen printed) sensor arrays and the stability of railway embankments.
- Working with the UK Environment Agency on water quality monitoring
This project has the eventual goal of developing water quality sensors for deployment across entire water catchment areas.
- Zero waste in industrial networks – the ZeroWIN Project
The ZeroWIN-project will examine and develop new and innovative approaches and effective strategies for the prevention of waste in industries and industrial symbiosis, using the waste from one industry as a raw material for another.
- Zinc cerium redox flow battery