Medicine

George Lewith

MA DM FRCP MRCGP

Primary position:
Professor of Health Research

Background

The University of Southampton

Professor Lewith knew from the age of 7 that he wanted to become a doctor, a vocation about which he has never had any regrets. Later, when he considered to which medical school he should apply, he became fascinated by molecular biology so deliberately applied to Cambridge to allow him to complete a part II in Natural Sciences. His career has allowed him to combine his scientific interests, including over 150 primary research papers, with a busy clinical practice over the last 30 years.  He now works at the University of Southampton where he leads an internationally respected Integrated Medicine research group within the medical school's department of primary medical care. The department is part of the NIHR national school for primary care research.  His research is focused on differentiating the specific from the non specific effects of treatment and developing models that will help to explain the patient perceived benefits of a variety of complementary medical interventions. He is currently interested in Pain, Arthritis and Cancer as illness models investigating the effects of acupuncture, healing, homeopathy and herbal medicines.

Qualifications

MB BChir, Medicine, University of Cambridge, 1974
MRCP (UK), Medicine, RCP London, 1977
MRCGP (UK), Medicine, RCGP London, 1980
DM, Medicine, University of Southampton, 1994
FRCP (UK), Medicine, RCP London, 1999
FFHom, Homeopathy, Honorary, Faculty of Homeopathy, 2010
Honours/Distinctions
Joan Dawkins (BMA), 1996

Previous Key Appointments

1980-2010 Partner, The Centre for Complementary and Integrated Medicine

2005-2008 Reader, School of Medicine, University of Southampton

1998-2005 Senior Research Fellow, University of Southampton

1995-1998 Hon Visiting Clinical Senior Lecturer, School of Medicine, University of Southampton

Professor George Lewith's photo

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Bishop, Felicity L., Yardley, Lucy, Prescott, P., Cooper, C., Little, Paul and Lewith, George T. (2014) Psychological covariates of longitudinal changes in back-related disability in patients undergoing acupuncture. Clinical Journal of Pain (In Press).
Bishop, Felicity L., Howick, Jeremy, Heneghan, Carl, Stevens, Sarah, Hobbs, F.D. Richard and Lewith, George (2014) Placebo use in the United Kingdom: a qualitative study exploring GPs’ views on placebo effects in clinical practice. Family Practice (In Press).
Watts, S., Leydon, G., Birch, B., Prescott, P., Lai, L., Eardley, S. and Lewith, G. (2014) Depression and anxiety in prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence rates. BMJ Open, 4, (3), e003901. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003901). (PMID:24625637).
Bradbury, Katherine, Watts, Sam, Arden-Close, Emily, Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George (2014) Developing digital interventions: a methodological guide. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014, (561320), 1-7. (doi:10.1155/2014/561320). (PMID:24648848).
Jadotte, Y.T., Santer, M., Vakirlis, E., Schwartz, R.A., Bauer, A., Gundersen, D.A., Mossman, K. and Lewith, G. (2014) Complementary and alternative medicine treatments for atopic eczema (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014, (1), 1-15. (doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010938).
Brough, N., Stewart-Brown, S., Lindenmeyer, A., Thistlethwaite, J. and Lewith, G. (2013) Exploring clients' experiences of craniosacral therapy: a qualitative study (2012). European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 5, (6), 575-575. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2013.08.012).
MacPherson, H., Maschino, A.C., Lewith, G., Foster, N.E., Witt, C. and Vickers, A.J. on behalf of the Acupuncture Trialists' Collaboration (2013) Characteristics of acupuncture treatment associated with outcome: an individual patient meta-analysis of 17,922 patients with chronic pain in randomised controlled trials. PLoS ONE, 8, (10), e77438. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077438).
Bradbury, K.J., Bishop, Felicity L., Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George T. (2013) Patients’ appraisals of public and private healthcare: a qualitative study of physiotherapy and osteopathy. Journal of Health Psychology, 18, (10), 1307-1318. (doi:10.1177/1359105312465101). (PMID:23180877).
White, A., Boon, H., Alraek, T., Lewith, G., Liu, J-P., Norheim, A-J., Steinsbekk, A., Yamashita, H. and Fonnebo, V. (2013) Reducing the risk of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): challenges and priorities. [in special issue: Ensuring and Improving Patients' Safety in Integrative Health Care] European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 1-5. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2013.09.006).
Dima, Alexandra, Lewith, George T., Little, Paul S., Moss-Morris, Rona, Foster, Nadine E. and Bishop, Felicity L. (2013) Identifying patients’ beliefs about treatments for chronic low back pain in primary care: a focus group study. British Journal of General Practice, 63, (612), e490-e498. (http://dx.doi.org/10.3399/bjgp13X669211).
Bishop, Felicity L. and Lewith, George T. (2013) Patients' preconceptions of acupuncture: a qualitative study exploring the decisions patients make when seeking acupuncture. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 13, (102), 1-10. (doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-102). (PMID:23664032).
Walach, H., Lewith, G. and Jonas, W. (2013) Can you kill your enemy by giving homeopathy? lack of rigour and lack of logic in the systematic review by Edzard Ernst and colleagues on adverse effects of homeopathy. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 67, (4), 385-386. (doi:10.1111/ijcp.12111). (PMID:23521332).
Lewith, George and Bishop, Felicity (2013) 'Most family doctors' have given a patient a placebo drug. BBC News Health 21 March 2013
Howick, J., Bishop, F.L, Heneghan, C., Wolstenholme, J., Stevens, Sarah, Hobbs, F.D.R. and Lewith, George T. (2013) Placebo use in the United Kingdom: results from a national survey of primary care practitioners. PLoS ONE, 8, (3), e58247. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058247).
Thomas, D.M. and Lewith, G.T. (2013) Alternative therapies for asthma: are patients at risk? Clinical Medicine, 13, (1), 113. (doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.13-1-113). (PMID:23472511).
Bishop, Felicity L., Bradbury, K.J., Hj Jeludin, Nur Nadiah, Massey, Y. and Lewith, George T. (2013) How patients choose osteopaths: a mixed methods study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 21, 50-57.
Witt, C.M., Chesney, M., Gliklich, R., Green, L., Lewith, G., Luce, B., McCaffey, A., Withers, Shelly Rafferty, Sox, Harold C., Tunis, Sean and Berman, Brian M. (2012) Building a strategic framework for comparative effectiveness research in complementary and integrative medicine. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (doi:10.1155/2012/531096). (PMID:23346206).
Eardley, S., Bishop, F.L., Cardini, F., Santos-Rey, K., Jong, M.C., Ursoniu, S., Dragan, S., Hegyi, G., Uehleke, B., Vas, J., Jupaneant, O., Citro, M.C., Fønnebø, V., Quandt, S.A. and Lewith, G. (2012) A pilot feasibility study of a questionnaire to determine European Union-wide CAM use. Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, (6), 302-310. (doi:10.1159/000345839). (PMID:23343585).
Asghar, Aziz U. R., Johnson, Robyn L., Woods, William, Green, Gary G. R., Lewith, George and Macpherson, Hugh (2012) Oscillatory neuronal dynamics associated with manual acupuncture: a magnetoencephalography study using beamforming analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, (303) (doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00303).
Eardley, S., Bishop, F.L., Prescott, P., Cardini, F., Brinkhaus, B., Santos-Rey, K., Vas, J., von Ammon, K., Hegyi, G., Dragan, S., Uehleke, B., Fonnebo, V. and Lewith, G. (2012) A systematic literature review of complementary and alternative medicine prevalence in EU. [in special issue: Insights into the Current Situation of CAM in Europe: Major Findings of the EU Project CAMbrella] Forschende Komplementarmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, supplement 2, 18-28. (doi:10.1159/000342708).
Hok, J., Lewith, G., Weidenhammer, W., Fonnebo, V., Wiesener, S. and Falkenberg, T. (2012) International development of traditional medicine / complementary and alternative medicine research - what can Europe learn? [in special issue: Insights into the Current Situation of CAM in Europe: Major Findings of the EU Project CAMbrella] Forschende Komplementarmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, supplement 2, 44-50. (doi:10.1159/000342724).
Falkenberg, T., Lewith , G., Roberti di Sarsina, P., von Ammon, K., Santos-Rey, K., Hok, J., Frei-Erb, M., Vas, J., Saller, R. and Uehleke, B. (2012) Towards a pan-European definition of complementary and alternative medicine - a realistic ambition? [in special issue: Insights into the Current Situation of CAM in Europe: Major Findings of the EU Project CAMbrella] Forschende Komplementarmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, supplement 2, 6-8. (doi:10.1159/000343812).
Fischer, H.F., Junne, F., Witt, C., von Ammon, K., Cardini, F., Fonnebo, V., Johannessen, H., Lewith, G., Uehleke, B., Weidenhammer, W. and Brinkhaus, B. (2012) Key issues in clinical and epidemiological research in complementary and alternative medicine - a systematic literature review. [in special issue: Insights into the Current Situation of CAM in Europe: Major Findings of the EU Project CAMbrella] Forschende Komplementarmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, supplement 2, 51-60. (doi:10.1159/000343126).
von Ammon, K, Frei-Erb, M, Cardini, K, Daig, U, Dragan, S, Hegyi, G, Roberti di Sarsina, P, Sorensen, J and Lewith, G. (2012) Complementary and alternative medicine provision in Europe - first results approaching reality in an unclear field of practices. [in special issue: Insights into the Current Situation of CAM in Europe: Major Findings of the EU Project CAMbrella] Forschende Komplementarmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine, 19, supplement 2, 37-43. (doi:10.1159/000343129).
Lai, Lily, Flower, Andrew, Moore, Michael and Lewith, George (2012) Developing clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome with Chinese herbal medicine: a mixed-method modified Delphi study. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 4, (1), 48. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2012.07.586).
Vickers, Andrew J., Cronin , Angel M., Maschino, Alexandra C., Lewith, George, MacPherson, Hugh, Foster, Nadine E., Sherman, Karen J., Witt, Claudia M. and Linde, Klaus, for the Acupuncture Trialists' Collaboration (ed.) (2012) Acupuncture for chronic pain: an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomized trials. Archives of Internal Medicine, E1-E10. (doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2012.3654). (PMID:2965186).
Luo, Hui, Liu, Jianping, Li, Xinxue, Flower , Andrew and Lewith, George (2012) Chinese herbal medicine in treating primary Sjögren's syndrome: a systematic review of randomized trials. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012, (640658) (doi:10.1155/2012/640658). (PMID:22969828).
Myers, Stephen P., Xue, Charlie C., Cohen, Marc M., Phelps, Kerryn L. and Lewith, George T. (2012) Editorial. The legitimacy of academic complementary medicine. Medical Journal of Australia, 197, (2), 69-70. (doi:10.5694/mja12.10491). (PMID:22794038).
Leydon, Geraldine M., Eyles, Caroline and Lewith, George T. (2012) A mixed methods feasibility study of mindfulness meditation for fatigue in women with metastic breast cancer. European Journal of Integrative Medicine (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2012.05.003).
Bishop, Felicity L., Amos, Nicola, Yu, He and Lewith, George T. (2012) Health-care sector and complementary medicine: practitioners’ experiences of delivering acupuncture in the public and private sectors. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 13, (3), 269-278. (doi:10.1017/S1463423612000035). (PMID:22317950).
Macfarlane, Gary J., Paudyal, Priya, Doherty, Michael, Ernst, Edzard, Lewith, George, MacPherson, Hugh, Sim, Julius and Jones, Gareth.T. Arthritis Research UK Working Group on Complementary and Alternative Therapies for the Management of the Rheumatic Diseases (2012) A systematic review of evidence for the effectiveness of practitioner-based complementary and alternative therapies in the management of rheumatic diseases: rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kes133). (PMID:22661556).
Flower, Andrew, Liu, Jian Ping, Lewith, George, Little, Paul S. and Li, Qing (2012) Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , 16, (5), CD006568. (doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006568.pub3). (PMID:22592712).
Luo, Hui, Li, Qing, Flower, Andrew, Lewith, George and Liu, Jianping (2012) Comparison of effectiveness and safety between granules and decoction of Chinese herbal medicine: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 140, (3), 555-567. (doi:10.1016/j.jep.2012.01.031). (PMID:22343092).
Flower, Andrew, Witt, Claudia, Liu, Jian Ping, Ulrich-Merzenich, Gudrun, Yu, He and Lewith, George (2012) Guidelines for randomised controlled trials investigating Chinese herbal medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 140, (3), 550-554. (doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.12.017).
Yu, He, Wang, Sicheng, Liu, Jianping and Lewith, George (2012) Why do cancer patients use Chinese medicine? A qualitative interview study in China. European Journal of Integrative Medicine (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2012.02.007).
Fismer, K., Watts, S., Bradbury, K.J. and Lewith, G.T. (2012) Investigating a multidisciplinary and patient-centred approach to obesity. European Journal of Integrative Medicine (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2012.02.003). (In Press).
Colin-Thome, David, Bhargava, Amit, Kinnair, Donna, Fisher, Brian, Dixon, Michael, Halligan, Aidan, Drinkwater, Chris, Peters, David, Lewith, George, Chanter, Cyril and Catto, Graeme (2012) Health and wellbeing boards are at risk in fury over NHS reforms. BMJ, 344, (7843), e876. (doi:10.1136/bmj.e876). (PMID:22315290).
White, Peter, Bishop, Felicity L., Prescott, Philip, Scott, Clare, Little, Paul and Lewith, George (2012) Practice, practitioner or placebo? A multifactorial, mixed methods randomized controlled trial of acupuncture. Pain, 153, (2), 455-462. (doi:10.1016/j.pain.2011.11.007).
Smithson, Janet, Britten, Nicky, Paterson, Charlotte, Lewith , George and Evans, Maggie (2012) The experience of using complementary therapies after a diagnosis of cancer: a qualitative synthesis. Health, 16, (1), 19-39. (doi:10.1177/1363459310371081 ). (PMID:21177711).
Brien, Sarah B., Leydon, Geraldine M. and Lewith, George (2011) Homeopathy enables Rheumatoid Arthritis patients to cope with their chronic ill health: a qualitative study of patient's perceptions of the homeopathic consultation. Patient Education and Counselling (doi:10.1016/j.pec.2011.11.008). (PMID:22177660). (In Press).
Fismer, Kate and Lewith, George (2011) College of Medicine: a new vision of healthcare. European Journal of Integrated Medicine, 3, (4), e255-e257. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2011.09.004).
Steinsbekk, Aslak, Rise, Marit By, Bishop, Felicity L. and Lewith, George (2011) Predictors for adolescent visits to practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine in a total population (the Young-HUNT Studies). PLoS ONE, 6, (10) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025719). (PMID:22003404).
Bishop, Felicity L., Barlow, Fiona, Coghlan, Beverly, Lee, Phillipa and Lewith, George T. (2011) Patients as healthcare consumers in the public and private sectors: a qualitative study of acupuncture in the UK. BMC Health Services Research, 11, (129), 1-11. (doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-129). (PMID:21619572).
Scott, Clare, Walker , Jan, White, Peter and Lewith, George (2011) Forging convictions: the effects of active participation in a clinical trial. Social Science & Medicine, 72, (12), 2041-2048. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.04.021). (PMID:21636195).
Weidenhammer, Wolfgang, Lewith, George, Falkenberg, Torkel, Fonnebo , Vinjar, Johannessen, Helle, Reiter, Bettina, Uehleke, Bernhard, von Ammon, Klaus, Baumhofener, Franziska and Brinkhaus, Benno (2011) EU FP7 project 'CAMbrella' to build European research network for complementary and alternative medicine. Forsch Komplementmed, 18, 69-76. (doi:10.1159/000327310). (PMID:21576975).
Brinkhaus , Benno, Lewith, George, Rehberg, Benno, Heusser , Peter, Cummings, Mike, Michalsen, Andreas, Teut, Michael, Willich, Stefan N. and Irnich, Dominik (2011) How to treat a patient with chronic low back pain - methodology and results of the first international case conference of integrative medicine. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 19, (1), 54-62. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2010.11.003). (PMID:21296268).
Brien, S., Bishop, F.L., Riggs, K., Stevenson, D., Freire, V. and Lewith, G.T. (2011) Integrated medicine in the management of chronic illness: a qualitative study. British Journal of General Practice, 61, (583), e89-e96. (doi:10.3399/bjgp11X556254). (PMID:21276333).
Bishop, Felicity L., Massey, Yolanda, Yardley, L and Lewith, George T. (2011) How patients choose acupuncturists: a mixed-methods project. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17, (1), 19-25. (doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0061). (PMID:21235412).
Bishop, F.L, Rea, A., Lewith, H., Chan, Y.K., Saville, J., Prescott, P., von Elm, E. and Lewith, G.T. (2011) Complementary medicine use by men with prostate cancer: a systematic review of prevalence studies. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases, 14, 1-13. (doi:10.1038/pcan.2010.38). (PMID:20956994).
Dobson, D., Lewith, G. and Cunliffe, C. (2011) What is the evidence for chiropractic management of infantile colic? Clinical Chiropractic, 71-72. (doi:10.1016/j.clch.2011.02.002).
Barlow, Fiona, Scott, Clare L., Coghlan, Beverly, Lee, Philippa, White, Peter, Lewith, George T. and Bishop, Felicity L. (2011) How the psychosocial context of clinical trials differs from usual care: a qualitative study of acupuncture patients. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11, (79), 1-8. (doi:10.1186/1471-2288-11-79).
Flower, Andrew, Lewith, George T. and Little, Paul (2011) A feasibility study exploring the role of Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of endometriosis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17, (8), 691-699. (doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0073).
Bishop, F.L., Zaman, S and Lewith, G.T. (2011) Acupuncture for low back pain: a survey of clinical practice in the UK. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 19, 144-148. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2011.03.004).
Flower, Andrew, Lewith, George and Little, Paul (2010) Combining rigour with relevance: a novel methodology for testing Chinese herbal medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 134, (2), 373-378. (doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.12.025). (PMID:21187138).
Bishop, Felicity L., Rea, A., Lewith, H., Chan, Y. K., Saville, J., Prescott, P., von Elm, E. and Lewith, G.T. (2010) Complementary medicine use by men with prostate cancer: A systematic review of prevalence studies. Conference paper presented at ECIM 2010. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2, (4), 179-180.
Bishop, Felicity L., Barlow, Fiona, Walker, Jan, McDermott, Clare and Lewith, George T. (2010) The development and validation of an outcome measure for spiritual healing: A mixed methods study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 79, (6), 350-362. (doi:10.1159/000320120).
Vickers, Andrew J., Cronin, Angel M., Maschino, Alexandra C., Lewith, George, MacPherson, Hugh, Victor, Norbet, Sherman, Karen J., Witt, Claudia and Linde, Klaus Acupuncture Trialists' Collaboration (2010) Individual patient data meta-analysis of acupuncture for chronic pain: protocol of the acupuncture trialists' collaboration. Trials, 11, (90) (doi:10.1186/1745-6215-11-90).
Bishop, F.L., Massey, Y, Yardley, L. and Lewith, G.T. (2010) How do patients choose an acupuncturist? A mixed methods study. Presented at the 5th International Congress on Complementary Medicine, Tromso. ICCMR 2010 Abstract Book, 0-135.
White , Peter, Prescott, Philiip and Lewith, George (2010) Does needling sensation (deqi) affect treatment outcome in pain? Analysis of data from a larger single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Acupuncture in Medicine, 28, 120-125. (doi:10.1136/aim.2009.001768). (PMID:20964256).
Smithson, Janet, Paterson, Charlotte, Britten, Nicky, Evans, Maggie and Lewith, George (2010) Cancer patients' experiences of using complementary therapies: polarization and integration. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 15, supplement 2, 54-61. (doi:10.1258/jhsrp.2009.009104). (PMID:20194431).
Cao, Huijuan, Liu, JianPing and Lewith, George T. (2010) Traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of fibromyalgia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16, (4), 397-409. (doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0599). (PMID:20423209).
Bishop, Felicity L., Prescott, Philip, Chan, Yean Koon, Saville, Jemma, Elm, Erik von and Lewith, George T. (2010) Prevalence of complementary medicine use in pediatric cancer: a systematic review. Pediatrics , 125, (4), 768-776. (doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1775).
Lewith, G.T. (2010) Patient centred research. Editorial. Acupuncturist (In Press).
De Silva, Vijitha, El-Metwally, Ashraf, Ernst, Edzard, Lewith, George and Macfarlane, Gary J. (2010) Evidence for the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicines in the management of fibromyalgia: a systematic review. Rheumatology, 49, (6), 1063-1068. (doi:10.1093/rheumatology/keq025).
Asghar, Aziz U.R., Green, Gary, Lythgoe, Mark F., Lewith, George and MacPherson, Hugh (2010) Acupuncture needling sensation: the neural correlates of deqi using fMRI. Brain Research, 1315, 111-118. (doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2009.12.019).
Zhang, C.S., Yang, A.W., Zhang, A.L., Fu, W.B., Thien, F.C.K., Lewith, G. and Xue, C.C. (2010) Ear-acupressure for allergic rhinitis: a systematic review. Clinical Otolaryngologyl, 35, (1), 6-12. (doi:10.1111/j.1749-4486.2009.02067.x).
Walach, H and Lewith, G (2010) Homeopathic remedies and drug-regulatory authorities. Letter. The Lancet, 375, (9711), 279-280. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60127-4).
Eyles, Caroline, Leydon, Geraldine M., Lewith, George T. and Brien, Sarah (2010) A grounded theory study of homeopathic practitioners' perceptions and experiences of the homeopathic consultation. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011, 1-12. (doi:10.1155/2011/957506). (PMID:20981269).
Smithson, J., Britten, N., Paterson, C., Lewith, G. and Evans, M.A. (2010) A qualitative synthesis of the use of complementary and alternative medicine after a diagnosis of cancer. Health (In Press).
Lewith, G.T. (2010) Acupuncture placebos. European Journal Oriental Medicine, 6, (4), 26-30.
Chen, Sisi, Flower, Andrew, Ritchie, Andrew, Liu, Jianping, Molassiotis, Alex, He, Yu and Lewith, George (2010) Oral Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an adjuvant treatment during chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer: a systematic review. Lung Cancer, 68, 137-145. (doi:10.1016/j.lungcan.2009.11.008).
Bishop, Felicity L., Lewis, Graham, Harris, Scott, McKay, Naomi, Prentice, Philippa, Thiel, Haymo and Lewith, George T. (2010) A within-subjects trial to test the equivalence of online and paper outcome measures: The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 11, 113-[7pp]. (doi:10.1186/1471-2474-11-113).
Bishop, Felicity L., Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George T. (2010) Why consumers maintain complementary and alternative medicine use: a qualitative study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16, (2), 175-182. (doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0292).
Lewith, G., Britten, N. and Paterson, C. (2010) Letter. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: The kind face of complementary medicine. International Journal of Surgery, 8, (1), 81. (doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2009.10.005).
Bishop, F., Yardley, L. and Lewith, G. (2009) Why consumers maintain complementary and alternative medicine use: A qualitative study. Presented at ECIM 2009. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 1, (4), 219-219. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2009.08.141).
Bishop, F., Hill , C., White, P., Walker, J. and Lewith, G. (2009) Acupuncture for osteoarthritis: A qualitative analysis to interpret the results of a randomised controlled trial. Conference paper presented at ECIM 2009. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 1, (4), 214-215. (doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2009.08.135).
Lewith, George (2009) The conundrum of homeopathy. A commentary on Rutten ALB and Stolper CF. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 15, (6), 1236-1237. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01261.x).
Robinson, Nicola and Lewith, George (2009) The RCCM 2009 Survey: mapping doctoral and postdoctoral CAM research in the United Kingdom. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (doi:10.1093/ecam/nep184).
Lewith, George, Brien, Sarah, Barlow, Fiona, Eyles, Caroline, Flower, Andrew, Hall, Sue, Hill, Clare and Hopwood, Val (2009) The meaning of evidence: can practitioners be researchers? Forsch Komplementmed, 16, (5), 343-347. (doi:10.1159/000235542).
Lewith, George (2009) Letter. Ethics of complementary medicine. British Journal of General Practice, 59, (565), 614. (doi:10.3399/bjgp09X453873).
Flower, Andrew, Liu, Jian Ping, Chen, Sisi, Lewith, George and Little, Paul (2009) Intervention review: Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (3), 1-43. (doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006568.pub2). (PMID:19588398).
Lewith, George (2009) Letter. Chiropractic case. New Scientist, (2713), 24.
Lewith, George (2009) Letter. Alternative medicine. New Scientist, 26
Corner, J., Yardley, J., Maher, E.J., Roffe, E., Young, T., Maslin-Prothero, S., Gwillim, C.J. and Lewith, G. (2009) Patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use among patients undergoing cancer treatment. European Journal of Cancer Care, 18, (3), 271-279. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2354.2007.00911.x). (PMID:19432919).
Lewith, G.T. (2009) More harm than good? Journal of Holistic Healthcare, 6, (1), 26-28.
Lachance, Laurie L., Hawthorne, Victor, Brien, Sarah M. E., Hyland, Michael E., Lewith, George T, Verhoef, Marja J., Warber, Sara and Zick, Suzanna (2009) Delphi-derived development of a common core for measuring complementary and alternative medicine prevalence. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15, (5), 489-494. (doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0430).
Quandt, Sara A., Verhoef, Marja J., Arcury, Thomas A., Lewith, George T., Steinsbekk, Aslak, Kristoffersen, Agnete E., Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind L. and Fønnebø, Vinjar (2009) Development of an international questionnaire to measure use of complementary and alternative medicine (I-CAM-Q). Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine, 15, (4), 331-339. (doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0521).
Barlow, Fiona and Lewith, George (2009) The ethics of complementary therapy research recruitment: a case study. British Journal of General Practice, 59, (561), 302-303. (doi:10.3399/bjgp09X420509).
Lewith, George T. (2009) Editorial. The cultural context of CAM. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (10), 1179-1180. (doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0348).
Bishop, Felicity L., Lim, Chiw Yeh, Leydon, Geraldine M. and Lewith, George T. (2009) Overseas Chinese students in the UK: Patterns and correlates of their use of Western and traditional Chinese medicine. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 15, (1), 8-13. (doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2008.09.005).
Lewith, George, Barlow, Fiona, Eyles, Caroline, Flower, Andrew, Hall, Sue, Hopwood, Val and Walker, Jan (2009) Essay - The context and meaning of placebos for complementary medicine. Forschende Komplementärmedizin, 16, (6), 404-412. (doi:10.1159/000259371).
Kohls, Niko, Walach, Harald and Lewith, George (2009) The impact of positive and negative spiritual experiences on distress and the moderating role of mindfulness. Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie, 31, (3), 357-374. (doi:10.1163/008467209X12524724282032).
Lewith, George and Robinson, Nicola (2009) Complementary and alternative medicine: what the public want and how it may be delivered safely and effectively. Journal of The Royal Society of Medicine, 102, (10), 411-414. (doi:10.1258/jrsm.2009.090123).
Lewith, George T. (2009) Relevant to today's society? Evidence. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 102, (12), p.507. (doi:10.1258/jrsm.2009.09k068).
Hollinghurst, Sandra, Sharp, Debbie, Ballard, Kathleen, Barnett, Jane, Beattie, Angela, Evans, Maggie, Lewith, George, Middleton, Karen, Oxford, Frances, Webley, Fran and Little, Paul (2008) Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain: economic evaluation. British Medical Journal, 337, (a2656), 1-8. (doi:10.1136/bmj.a2656). (PMID:19074232).
Lewith, George T. (2008) Editorial. The cultural context of CAM. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (10), 1179-1180. (doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0348).
Alford, C., Austin, L., Bachel , T., Bulbrooke, E., Taylor, E. and Lewith, George (2008) Young Scientist Symposium. Preliminary investigations of the use of aromatherapy for treating mild to moderate insomnia. [in special issue: Abstracts of the 19th Congress of the European Sleep Research Society, 9-13 September 2008, Glasgow, UK] Journal of Sleep Research, 17, supplement s1, 198. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00690.x).
Hall, Sue, Lewith, George, Brien, Sarah and Little, Paul (2008) An exploratory pilot study to design and assess the credibility of a Sham kinesiology treatment. Forschende Komplementarmedizin, 15, 321-326. (doi:10.1159/000170401).
Bishop, Felicity L., Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George T. (2008) Treatment appraisals and beliefs predict adherence to complementary therapies: a prospective study using a dynamic extended self-regulation model. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, (4), 701-718. (doi:10.1348/135910707X249570). (PMID:17961294).
Bishop, Felicity L. and Lewith, George T. (2008) A review of psychosocial predictors of treatment outcomes: what factors might determine the clinical success of acupuncture for pain? Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, 1, (1), 1-12. (doi:10.1016/S2005-2901(09)60001-7).
MacPherson, H., Nahin, R., Paterson, C., Cassidy, C. M., Lewith, G. T. and Hammerschlag, R. (2008) Developments in acupuncture research: big-picture perspectives from the leading edge. Society for Acupuncture Research Symposium, 2007. Conference Report. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (7), 883-887. (doi:10.1089/acm.2008.SAR-5).
Bishop, Felicity L., Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George T. (2008) Treat or treatment: a qualitative study analyzing patients' use of complementary and alternative medicine. American Journal of Public Health, 98, (9), 1700-1705. (doi:10.2105/AJPH.2007.110072). (PMID:18172145).
Little, Paul, Lewith, George, Webley, Fran, Evans, Maggie, Beattie, Angela, Middleton, Karen, Barnett, Jane, Ballard, Kathleen, Oxford, Frances, Smith, Peter, Yardley, Lucy, Hollinghurst, Sandra and Sharp, Debbie (2008) Randomised controlled trial of Alexander Technique for chronic and recurrent back pain. British Medical Journal, 42, (12), 965-968. (doi:10.1136/bmj.a884). (PMID:19096019).
Barlow, Fiona, Walker, Jan, Lewith, George and Murray, Nick (2008) The experience of spiritual healing. Posters. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 16, (4), 235-236. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2008.04.005).
Brien, Sarah, Howells, Emily, Leydon, Geraldine M. and Lewith, George (2008) Why GPs refer patients to complementary medicine via the NHS: a qualitative exploration. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 9, (3), 205-215. (doi:10.1017/S1463423608000789).
Hopwood, V., Lewith, G., Prescott, P. and Campbell, M.J. (2008) Evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture in defined aspects of stroke recovery: a randomised, placebo controlled single blind study. Journal of Neurology, 255, (6), 858-866. (doi:10.1007/s00415-008-0790-1).
White, Peter, Bishop, Felicity, Hardy, Henry, Abdollahian, Sam, White, Adrian, Park, Jongbae, Kaptchuk, Ted J. and Lewith, George T. (2008) Southampton needle sensation questionnaire: development and validation of a measure to gauge acupuncture needle sensation. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (4), 373-379. (doi:10.1089/acm.2007.0714).
Barlow, Fiona, Lewith, George T. and Walker, Jan (2008) The experience of proximate spiritual healing in women with breast cancer, who are receiving long term hormonal therapy. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (3), 227-231. (doi:10.1089/acm.2007.0601).
Lewith, George (2008) The practice of research. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 16, (2), 109-115. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2008.03.003).
MacPherson, Hugh, Green, Gary, Nevado, Angel, Lythgoe, Mark F., Lewith, George, Devlin, Ross, Haselfoot, Robyn and Asghar, Aziz U.R. (2008) Brain imaging of acupuncture: comparing superficial with deep needling. Neuroscience Letters, 434, (1), 144-149. (doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2008.01.058).
Hyland, M. E., Lewith, G. T. and Wheeler, P. (2008) Do existing psychologic scales measure the nonspecific benefit associated with CAM treatment? The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (2), 185-189. (doi:10.1089/acm.2007.7050).
Walach, Harald, Bosch, Holger, Lewith, George, Naumann, Johannes, Schwarzer, Barbara, Falk, Sonja, Kohls, Niko, Haraldsson, Erlendur, Wiesendanger, Harald, Nordmann, Alain, Tomasson, Helgi, Prescott, Phil and Bucher, Heiner C. (2008) Effectiveness of distant healing for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a randomised controlled partially blinded trial (EUHEALS). Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 77, (3), 158-166. (doi:10.1159/000116609).
Hyland, Michael E., Lewith, George T. and Wheeler, Philippa (2008) Do existing psychologic scales measure the non-specific benefit associated with CAM treatment? Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14, (2), 185-189. (doi:10.1089/acm.2007.7050).
Alford, C., Austin, L., Bachel, T., Bulbrooke, E., Taylor, E. and Lewith, G. (2008) Preliminary investigation of the use of aromatherapy for treating mild to moderate insomnia. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 22, (5 : Supplement), A34.
Lewith, G.T. (2008) Patient centred research. Acupuncturist
Lewith, G.T. and Young, T. (2008) The ethics of complementary medicine. Research Ethics Review, 4, (2), 52-55.
Brien, S., Prescott, P., Bashir, N., Lewith, H. and Lewith, G. (2008) Systematic review of the nutritional supplements Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and Methlsufonylmethane (MSM) in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 16, (11), 1277-1288. (doi:10.1016/j.joca.2008.03.002).
Hall, S., Lewith, G., Brien, S. and Little, P. (2008) A review of the literature in applied and specialised kinesiology. Forschende Komplementarmedizin, 15, (1), 40-46. (doi:10.1159/000112820).
Lewith, G.T. (2008) Science applied to medicine? The Homeopath, 27, (1), 28-29.
Smith, D.M., Pickering, R.M. and Lewith, G.T. (2008) A systematic review of vanadium oral supplements for glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Qjm - an International Journal of Medicine, 101, (5), 351-358. (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcn003).
Brien, S., Prescott, P., Coghlan, B., Bashir, N. and Lewith, G. (2008) Systematic review of the nutritional supplement Perna Canaliculus (green-lipped mussel) in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Qjm - an International Journal of Medicine, 101, (3), 167-179. (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcm108).
Lewith, George T., Chopra, Saman, Radcliffe, Michael J., Abraham, Nigel, Prescott, Philip and Howarth, Peter H. (2007) Elevation of Candida IgG antibodies in patients with medically unexplained symptoms. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13, (10), 1129-1134. (doi:10.1089/acm.2007.0568).
Flower, Andrew, Lewith, George T. and Little, Paul (2007) Seeking an oracle: using the Delphi process to develop practice guidelines for the treatment of endometriosis with Chinese herbal medicine. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13, (9), 969-976. (doi:10.1089/acm.2006.6283).
Bishop, Felicity .L., Yardley, Lucy. and Lewith, George .T. (2007) A systematic review of beliefs involved in the use of complementary and alternative medicine. Journal of Health Psychology, 12, (6), 851-867. (doi:10.1177/1359105307082447).
White, Peter, Lewith, George and Prescott, Philip (2007) Should we recruit patients or healthy volunteers for acupuncture studies of chronic pain? Clinical Journal of Pain, 23, (8), 714-719. (doi:10.1097/AJP.0b013e31814da3d2).
Flower, Andrew, Liu, Jian Ping, Chen, Sisi, Lewith, George and Little, Paul (2007) Chinese herbs for endometriosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, (CD006568), 1-8. (doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006568).
Fonnebo, Vinjar, Grimsgaard, Sameline, Walach, Harald, Ritenbaugh, Cheryl, Norheim, Arne Johan, MacPherson, Hugh, Lewith, George, Launso, Laila, Koithan, Mary, Falkenberg, Torkel, Boon, Heather and Aickin, Mikel (2007) Researching complementary and alternative treatments--the gatekeepers are not at home. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 7, (7), 6pp. (doi:10.1186/1471-2288-7-7).
Gibson, Denise, Bruton, Anne, Lewith, George T. and Mullee, Mark (2007) The effects of acupuncture as a treatment for hyperventilation syndrome: a pilot, randomised crossover trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13, (1), 39-46. (doi:10.1089/acm.2006.5283).
Gibson, D., Bruton, A., Lewith, G.T. and Mullee, M. (2007) Effects of acupuncture as a treatment for hyperventilation syndrome: a pilot, randomized crossover trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13, (1), 39-46. (doi:10.1089/acm.2006.5283).
Haidvogl, M., Riley, D., Brien, S., Jong, M., Fischer, M. and Lewith, G. (2007) A homeopathic and conventional treatment for acute respiratory and ear complaints: a comparative study on outcome in a primary care setting. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 7, (2), 7-18.
Brien, S, Lewith, G, Walker, A.F, Middleton, R, Prescott, P and Bundy, R (2006) Bromelain as an adjunctive treatment for moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized placebo-controlled pilot study. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 99, (12), 841-850. (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcl118).
Radcliffe, Michael J., Lewith, George T., Prescott, Philip, Church, Martin K. and Holgate, Stephen T. (2006) Do skin prick and conjunctival provocation tests predict symptom severity in seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis? Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 36, (12), 1488-1493. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2006.02594.x).
Hyland, Michael E., Sodergren, Samantha C. and Lewith, George T. (2006) Chronic fatigue syndrome: the role of positivity to illness in chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Journal of Health Psychology, 11, (5), 731-741. (doi:10.1177/1359105306066628).
Lewith, George T., White, Peter J. and Kaptchuk, Ted J. (2006) Developing a research strategy for acupuncture. Clinical Journal of Pain, 22, (7), 632-638.
Walach, Harald, Falkenberg, Torkel, Fonnebo, Vinjar, Lewith, George and Jonas, Wayne B. (2006) Circular instead of hierarchical: methodological principles for the evaluation of complex interventions. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 6, (29), [9pp]. (doi:10.1186/1471-2288-6-29).
Lewith, George T., Thomas, Kate and Fonnebo, Vinjar (2006) Whole systems research in cancer care - Report of meeting in Tromso (Sommaroy) 14-16, September 2005. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 14, (2), 157-164. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2005.11.005).
Price, Sarah, Lewith, George and Thomas, Kate (2006) Acupuncture care for breast cancer patients during chemotherapy: A feasibility study. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 5, (4), 308-314. (doi:10.1177/1534735406294899).
Lewith, George, Verhoef, Marja, Koithan, Mary and Zick, Suzanna M. (2006) Developing CAM research capacity for complementary medicine. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM), 3, (2), 283-289. (doi:10.1093/ecam/nel007).
Lewith, George T. and Verhoef, Marja J. (2006) The International Society for Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR): The way forward. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 3, (1), 157-158. (doi:10.1093/ecam/nek004).
Brien, S., Lewith, G.T. and McGregor, G. (2006) Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) as a treatment for osteoarthritis: a review of efficacy and safety. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 12, (10), 981-993. (doi:10.1089/acm.2006.12.981).
Elder, C., Aickin, M., Bell, I.R., Fonnebo, V., Lewith, G.T., Ritenbaugh, C. and Verhoef, M. (2006) Methodological challenges in whole systems research. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 12, (9), 843-850. (doi:10.1089/acm.2006.12.843).
Lachance, L., Zick, S., Hawthorne, V., Brien, S.M.E., Hyland, M.E., Lewith, G., Verhoef, M. and Warber, S. (2006) Delphi Process for developing a common epidemiologic core for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Prevalence. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 12, (3), 55-6.
White, P. and Lewith, G. (2006) Could neuroimaging help us to interpret the clinical effects of acupuncture? Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 49, (8), 743-748. (doi:10.1007/s00103-006-0004-x).
Lewith, George T. (2006) Paying a complement: should the NHS fund alternative medicine? The New Generalist, 4, (3), 26-29.
McDermott, C., Richards, S.C., Thomas, P.W., Montgomery, J. and Lewith, G. (2006) A placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of a natural killer cell stimulant (BioBran MGN-3) in chronic fatigue syndrome. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 99, (7), 461-468. (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcl063).
Lewith, G. (2005) Developing research strategies conference, 28 April 2005. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13, (3), 217-225. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2005.06.006).
Brien, S. and Lewith, G. (2005) Assessing homeopathic proving using questionnaire methodology: consideration and implications for future studies. Forschende Komplementärmedizen [Research in Complementary Medicine], 12, (3), 152-158. (doi:10.1159/000084837).
White, Peter J. and Lewith, George (2005) Response to letter. Acupuncture for chronic mechanical neck pain. Annals of Internal Medicine, 142, (10), 874-874.
Pariente, Jérémie, White, Peter, Frackowiak, Richard S.J. and Lewith, George (2005) Expectancy and belief modulate the neuronal substrates of pain treated by acupuncture. Neuroimage, 25, (4), 1161 -1167. (doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.01.016).
Hopwood, Val and Lewith, George T. (2005) Does acupuncture help stroke patients become more independent? Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11, (1), 175 - 177. (doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.175).
Lewith, George T., Godfrey, Anthony Dean and Prescott, Philip (2005) A single-blinded, randomized pilot study evaluating the aroma of Lavandula augustifolia as a treatment for mild insomnia. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine,, 11, (4), 631-637. (doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.631).
Verhoef, Marja J., Lewith, George, Ritenbaugh, Cheryl, Boon, Heather, Fleishman, Susan and Leis, Anne (2005) Complementary and alternative medicine whole systems research: Beyond identification of inadequacies of the RCT. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13, (3), 206-212. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2005.05.001).
Lewith, G.T., Brien, Sarah and Hyland, Michael E. (2005) Presentiment or entanglement? An alternative explanation for apparent entanglement in provings. Homeopathy, 94, (2), 92 -95. (doi:10.1016/j.homp.2005.02.005).
Bishop, F.L., Yardley, L. and Lewith, G. (2005) Developing a measure of treatment beliefs: the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Beliefs Inventory. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13, (2), 144-149. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2005.01.005).
Walach, Harald, Jonas, Wayne and Lewith, George (2005) Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? The Lancet, 366, (9503), 2081 -2086. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67877-4).
Lewith, George T., Walach, Harald and Jonas, Wayne B. (2005) Horton deplores breach; as do we his. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11, (5), 779-779. (doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.779).
Lewith, George (2005) Complementary medicine research unit. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM), 2, (3), 399-407. (doi:10.1093/ecam/neh109).
Bruton, A. and Lewith, G.T. (2005) The Buteyko breathing technique for asthma: a review. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13, (1), 41-46. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2005.01.003).
Shao, John Y.J., Borthwick, Alan M., Lewith, George T. and Hopwood, Val (2005) Attitudes towards traditional acupuncture in the UK. Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine, 2, (1), 37-45.
McGregor, Gerard, Fiebich, Bernd, Wartenberg, Andrea, Brien, Sarah, Lewith, George and Wegener, Tankred (2005) Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens): an anti-inflammatory herb with therapeutic potential. Phytochemistry Reviews, 4, (1), 47 -53. (doi:10.1007/s11101-004-2374-8).
Lewith, G.T., Godfrey, A.D. and Prescott, P. (2005) A single-blinded, randomized pilot study evaluating the aroma of Lavandula augustifolia as a treatment for mild insomnia. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11, (4), 631-637. (doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.631).
White, Peter, Lewith, George, Prescott, Phil and Conway, Joy (2004) Acupuncture versus placebo for the treatment of chronic mechanical neck pain: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141, (12), 911 - 919.
Owen, David and Lewith, George T. (2004) Teaching integrated care: CAM familiarisation courses. Medical Journal of Australia, 181, (5), 276-278.
White, Peter, Lewith, George and Prescott, Phil (2004) The core outcomes for neck pain: validation of a new outcome measure. Spine, 29, (17), 1923-1930. (doi:10.1097/01.brs.0000137066.50291.da).
Verhoef, Marja J., Lewith, George, Ritenbaugh, Cheryl, Thomas, Kate, Boon, Heather and Fonnebo, Vinjar (2004) Whole systems research: moving forward. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 9, (2), 87-90.
Lewith, G. (2004) Can practitioners be researchers? Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 12, (1), 2-5. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2003.12.004).
Steinsbekk, A., Bentzen, N., Fonnebo, V. and Lewith, G.T. (2004) Randomized controlled trials on treatment by homeopaths and self-treatment with homeopathic medicines: design and protocol. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10, (6), 1027-1032. (doi:10.1089/acm.2004.10.1027).
Bensoussan, Alan and Lewith, George T. (2004) Complementary medicine research in Australia: a strategy for the future. Medical Journal of Australia, 181, (6), 331-333.
Bishop, Felicity, Yardley, Lucy and Lewith, George (2004) Associations and explanations: who uses complementary medicine and why? Health Psychology Update, 13, (3), 12-19.
Lewith, George T. and Bensoussan, Alan (2004) Complementary and alternative medicine--with a difference. Medical Journal of Australia, 180, (11), 585-586.
Steinsbekk, Aslak, Bentzen, Niels, Fonnebo, Vinjar and Lewith, George (2004) The use of simplified constitutional indications for self-prescription of homeopathic medicine. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 12, (2-3), 112-117. (doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2004.09.004).
Brien, Sarah, Lewith, George, Walker, Ann, Hicks, Stephen M. and Middleton, Dick (2004) Bromelain as a treatment for osteoarthritis: a review of clinical studies. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1, (3), 251-257. (doi:10.1093/ecam/neh035).
Radcliffe, Michael J., Lewith, George T., Turner, Richard G., Prescott, Phillip, Church, Martin K. and Holgate, Stephen T. (2003) Enzyme potentiated desensitisation in treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis: double blind randomised controlled study. British Medical Journal, 327, (7409), 251-254. (doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7409.251).
Lewith, George T. and White, P. (2003) Side-effects associated with acupuncture and a sham treatment: perhaps we should take a closer look at what is really responsible? Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 9, (1), 16-19. (doi:10.1089/107555303321222883).
Lewith, G.T. (2003) A conference on developing research strategies in CAM. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 11, (3), 191-192. (doi:10.1016/S0965-2299(03)00092-X).
Hyland, M.E., Lewith, G.T. and Westoby, C. (2003) Developing a measure of attitudes: the holistic complementary and alternative medicine questionnaire. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 11, (1), 33-38. (doi:10.1016/S0965-2299(02)00113-9).
Walach, Harald, Jonas, Wayne B. and Lewith, George T. (2003) The role of outcomes research in evaluating complementary and alternative medicine. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 8, (3), 88-95.
Powell, R., Ren, J., Lewith, G., Barclay, W., Holgate, S. and Almond, J. (2003) Identification of novel expressed sequences, up-regulated in the leucocytes of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 33, (10), 1450-1456. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2222.2003.01745.x).
Lewith, George T. (2003) Evaluating traditionally based systems of medicine with particular reference to acupuncture. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 4, (2-3), 78-83.
Lewith, G.T., Breen, A., Filshie, J., Fisher, P., McIntyre, M., Mathie, R.T. and Peters, D. (2003) Complementary medicine: evidence base, competence to practice and regulation. Clinical Medicine, 3, (3), 235-240.
Lewith, G.T. (2003) Can we evaluate electrodermal testing? Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 11, (2), 115-117. (doi:10.1016/S0965-2299(03)00057-8).
Lewith, George T., Hyland, Michael E. and Shaw, Stephen (2002) Do attitudes toward and beliefs about complementary medicine affect treatment outcomes? American Journal of Public Health, 92, (10), 1604-1606.
Lewith, G.T. and Chan, J. (2002) An exploratory qualitative study to investigate how patients evaluate complementary and conventional medicine. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 10, (2), 69-77. (doi:10.1054/ctim.2002.0524).
Lewith, G.T., Walach, H. (ed.) (2002) Commentary: the effect of acupuncture on nausea of pregnancy; a randomized, controlled trial. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde (Research in Complementary and Classical Natural Medicine), 9, (3), 183-184. (doi:10.1159/000064268).
Sherman, Karen J., Lao, Lixing, MacPherson, Hugh, Lewith, George, Hopwood, Val and Kawakita, Kenji (2002) Matching acupuncture clinical study designs to research questions. Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, 3, (1), 12-15. (doi:10.1054/caom.2001.0116).
Lewith, G.T., Watkins, A.D., Hyland, M.E., Shaw, S., Broomfield, J.A., Dolan, G. and Holgate, S.T. (2002) Use of ultramolecular potencies of allergen to treat asthmatic people allergic to house dust mite: double blind randomised controlled clinical trial. British Medical Journal, 324, (7336), 520-[5pp]. (doi:10.1136/bmj.324.7336.520).
Walach, H., Lewith, G., Bosch, H. and Utts, J. (2002) Spiritual healing as a therapy for chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial. Pain, 96, (3), 403-405. (doi:10.1016/S0304-3959(01)00417-1).
Lewith, G.T., Broomfield, J. and Prescott, P. (2002) Complementary cancer care in Southampton: a survey of staff and patients. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 10, (2), 100-106. (doi:10.1054/ctim.2002.0525).
Walach, H., Bösch, H., Haraldsson, E., Marx, A., Tomasson, H., Wiesendanger, H. and Lewith, G. (2002) Efficacy of distant healing - a proposal for a four-armed randomized study (EUHEALS). Forschende Komplementarmedizin und klassische Naturheilkunde, 9, (3), 168-176. (doi:10.1159/000064267).
Davis, Carol L., Lewith, George T., Broomfield, Jackie and Prescott, Philip (2001) A pilot project to assess the methodological issues involved in evaluating acupuncture as a treatment for disabling breathlessness. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 7, (6), 633-639. (doi:10.1089/10755530152755180).
Lewith, George T., Kenyon, Julian N., Broomfield, Jackie, Prescott, Philip, Goddard, Jonathan and Holgate, Stephen T. (2001) Is electrodermal testing as effective as skin prick tests for diagnosing allergies? A double blind, randomised block design study. British Medical Journal, 322, (7279), 131-134. (doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7279.131).
Yardley, Lucy, Sharples, Karen, Beech, Sandra and Lewith, George (2001) Developing a dynamic model of treatment perceptions. Journal of Health Psychology, 6, (3), 269-282.
Christie, Samantha, Walker, Ann F. and Lewith, George T. (2001) Flavonoids: a new direction for the treatment of fluid retention? Phytotherapy Research, 15, (6), 467 - 475. (doi:10.1002/ptr.1011).
Owen, D.K., Lewith, G. and Stephens, C.R. (2001) Commentary. Can doctors respond to patients' increasing interest in complementary and alternative medicine? British Medical Journal, 322, (7279), 154-158. (doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7279.154). (PMID:11159576).
Lewith, G.T., Hyland, M. and Gray, S. F. (2001) Attitudes to and use of complementary medicine among physicians in the United Kingdom. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 9, (3), 167-172. (doi:10.1054/ctim.2001.0475).
Lewith, George and Holgate, Stephen (2000) CAM research and development. Complementary Therapies in Nursing & Midwifery, 6, (1), 19-24. (doi:10.1054/ctnm.1999.0440).

Conference or Workshop Item

Bishop, F.L., Walker, J., Barlow, F. and Lewith, G.T. (2009) The development and validation of an outcome measure of proximate spiritual healing: a mixed methods study. In, 5th International Mixed Methods Conference, Harrogate, GB, 08 - 11 Jul 2009.
Bishop, F.L., Massey, Y, Yardley, L. and Lewith, G.T. (2009) How do patients choose an acupuncturist? A mixed methods study. In, 5th International Mixed Methods Conference, Harrogate, GB,
Bishop, F.L., Hill, C., White, P., Walker, J. and Lewith, G.T. (2009) Mean-making and efficacy research: A qualitative analysis to interpret the results of a randomised controlled trial. In, 5th International Mixed Methods Conference, Harrogate, GB, 06 - 11 Jul 2009.
Alford, C., Austin, L., Bulbrooke, E., Taylor, E. and Lewith, G. (2008) Aromatherapy is more than a placebo effect for treating mild to moderate insomnia. In, 2006 Psychobiology Annual Meeting, Windemere, UK, 18 - 20 Sep 2006.

Monograph

Lewith, G., Flower, A. and Lai, L. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2012) Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine for women with chronic pelvic pain. London, GB, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 7pp. (SAC Opinion Paper, 30).
 

Research

Research Interests

The Complementary and Integrated Medicine Research Unit was established by George Lewith in 1995 with his appointment as Honorary Visiting Senior Lecturer.  He now has a University contract as a Professor of Health Research within the Department of Primary Care where the unit is located.   The unit was initially provided with core funding by the Maurice Laing Foundation and has been able to generate substantial amounts of soft money funding for a number of minor and major projects from charitable (including Wellcome) sources as well as NHS R&D funding.  Laing funding continues to provide our unit with an administrative core.  Professor Lewith has also been a Visiting Professor to the School of Integrated Health at the University of Westminster.

Over the last 15 years the unit has created a unique multidisciplinary team (non-clinical post-docs, doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacists and health psychologists) in Southampton which has developed considerable skill in primary clinical research within CAM. These studies have been directed at asking not only where complementary therapies may be most applicable, but whether and how they work.   Furthermore, the research has led the unit to understand that the nature and content of the therapeutic relationship within complementary medicine is of paramount importance and therefore they are in the process of developing clinical trial methodology that will allow them to look at the consultation independently from a particular therapeutic intervention, focusing particularly on the non-specific effects of homeopathy and acupuncture in chronic disease.   The major studies in which the unit has been involved to date are well described in the granite and publication lists and on the complementary and integrated medicine research website.

Academic unit:  Primary Care & Population Sciences

Research projects

Acupuncture for Back Pain: Evaluating Patient Outcomes and Their Determinants

Creating a taxonomy to harness the placebo effect in UK primary care

Placebo effects and informed consent

Treatment Beliefs in Back Pain

PROstate ACTIVE Surveillance support

Responsibilities

Professor Lewith acts as a mentor for doctoral and post-doctoral staff and to conduct and develop his own research and that of his research group.

Teaching Responsibilities

Post graduate and undergraduate research supervision.

Supervising 4th study in depth projects.

Delivering a lecture to 2nd year students.

Delivering lectures to the 3rd year select study unit.

Media

March 2014
Professor Lewith is mentioned in India Today, March 2014. Society & Trends, Wellness section. The printed article is available to view in our 'useful downloads'.

21 March 2013
97 per cent of UK doctors have given placebos to patients. Please click here for full news item.

12 December 2012
Manipulative therapies may be a beneficial treatement for infantile colic. Please click here for full news item.

30 November 2012
Why we need to research the use of complementary medicine - article in the Guardian. Please click here for full news item.

10 September 2012
Acupuncture is of benefit for some types of chronic pain. Please click here for full news item.

 

 

 

Useful downloads

Contact

Professor George Lewith
Complementary and Integrated Medicine Research Unit
Primary Medical Care
Aldermoor Health Centre
Aldermoor Close
Southampton
SO16 5ST

Telephone: +44 (0)2380 241073
Fax: +44 (0)2380 701125
Email: gl3@soton.ac.uk

Room Number: AHC/141