Vaccines have been one of the success stories for animal and human health; with increased concerns over anti-microbial resistance to drugs and antibiotics, which can lead to virtually untreatable infectious diseased, the need for new/effective vaccines is urgent.
In this talk, we will cover - a history of vaccines; from Jenner/Pasteur to modern times. How do you make vaccines? How do they work? What is the basis of immunity? How successful are vaccines? What diseases still need vaccines to save lives and what does the future hold?
With the increasing use of anti-microbial treatments, we are seeing organisms that cause life-threatening diseases becoming resistant and untreatable. New anti-microbials are scarce and organisms rapidly develop resistance, so vaccines offer perhaps the only alternative to providing protection and saving lives.
Vaccine; human and animal; infectious diseases; bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoan. Immune responses.
GCSE and A-Level