ENGL 3003

Rakes & Libertines

Dr Stephen Bending


Primary Texts
Secondary Texts
Library Catalogue/ WebCat

Remember to make use of all the resources available to you. Some books have been placed in the Avenue Reserve Collection, but you should by now be making full use of the Hartley Library. This bibliography is only a starting point: you should be exploring the University's collections for yourself, including further C18th works in the Hartley's Rare Books collections. In particular, make use of ECCO: doing a full-text search on the word 'rake' or 'libertine' or indeed any of the other key words that we keep running into is illuminating; and of course you can read pretty much any other C18th text mentioned on the course here.

Don't forget to make use of the MLA Bibliography which is a searchable bibliography of pretty much everything published in literary studies from the 1960s to about now; it's particularly good for finding individual articles in periodicals and collections of essays which you won't pick up by just using WebCat.

Primary Texts

The following is a list of a few further primary texts at which you might like to glance:

Paula R. Backscheider & John Richetti,eds., Popular Fiction by Women 1660-1730 An Anthology (Oxford, 1996)

G. Casanova, The Life and Memoirs of Casanova (London, 1984)

Jeremy Collier, A short view of the immorality and profaneness of the English stage (1698, New York, 1974)

Daniel Defoe, Conjugal Lewdness or Matrimonial Whoredom (1727)

Sir George Etherege, The Man of Mode, ed. John Barnard (London, 1979)

Vivien Jones, Women in the eighteenth century: constructions of femininity (London, 1990) [Reserve]

Tirso de Molina, The Trickster of Seville

Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady (London, 1747-8)

John Wilmot Earl of Rochester, The letters of John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester edited and annotated with an introduction by Jeremy Treglown

The debt to pleasure : John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, in the eyes of his contemporaries and in his own poetry and prose, ed., John Adlard (Manchester, 1974)

Edward [Ned] Ward, The London Spy (1698-1700)

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Secondary material

This bibliography is by no means exhaustive: make full use of the Hartley’s collections. Many general studies of the eighteenth century include useful material; many studies of individual authors and texts (largely not represented here) will also be of relevance.


Nancy Armstrong, Desire and Domestic Fiction: A Political History of the Novel (Oxford, 1987)

Paula R Backscheider, Daniel Defoe: ambition and innovation

Paula R Backscheider, Revising Women: Eighteenth-Century 'Women's Fiction' and Social Engagement (Baltimore and London, 2000)

Paula R Backscheider and Catherine Ingrassia, The Eighteenth-Century Novel and Culture (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005)

Ros Ballaster, Seductive Forms: Women's Amatory Fiction from 1684-1740 (Oxford, 1992)

G.J. Barker-Benfield, The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Chicago, 1992)

Ann Barton, Don Juan (Cambridge, 1992)

Carole Berger, ‘The Rake and the Reader in Jane Austen’s Novels’, Studies in English Literature (1975), 15, pp.531-44 [Per P]

Alan Bold, The Sexual Dimension in Literature (London, 1982)

Paul Gabriel Boucé, ‘Aspects of sexual tolerance and intolerance in C18th England’, British Journal of C18th Studies (1980), 3, pp.173-92 [Per P]

Paul Gabriel Boucé, Sexuality in C18th Britain (Manchester, 1982)

Leo Braudy, ‘Fanny Hill and Materialism’, Eighteenth Century Studies (1970), 4, pp.21-40 [Per P]

Marilyn Butler, Jane Austen and the War of Ideas (Oxford, 1975)

Philip Carter, 'Men about Town: representations of foppery and masculinity', in, Gender in Eighteenth-Century England, ed. Hannah Chalus and Elaine Barker (London: Longman, 1997)

Philip Carter, Men and the Emergence of Polite Society, Britain 1660-1800 (London: Longman, 2001)

Terry Castle, Masquerade and Civilization: The Carnivalesque in Eighteenth-Century English Culture and Fiction (Stanford, 1986)

Warren Chernaik, Sexual Freedom in Restoration Literature (Cambridge, 1995) [Reserve]

S.H. Clark, ‘Something Genrous in Meer Lust? Rochester as libertine’, in Sordid Images: The Poetry of Masculine Desire (London, 1994)

E.J Clery, The Rise of Supernatural Fiction, 1762-1800 (Cambridge, 1995)

Edward Copeland, Women Writing about Money: Women's fiction in England 1790-1820 (Cambridge, 1995)

Catherine Craft-Fairchild, Masquerade and Gender: Disguise and Female Identity in Eighteenth-Century Fictions by Women (Philadelphia, 1993)

Paul C. Davies, ‘The State of Nature and the State of War: A Reconsideration of The Man of Mode’, University of Toronto Quarterly, vol.39 (1969), pp.53-62

Adriana Craciun, ed., Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: A Sourcebook (London: Routledge, 2002)

Bram Dijkstra, Defoe and Economics: the fortunes of 'Roxana' in the history of interpretation (Basingstoke, 1987) [Reserve]

Ian Donaldson, ‘The Argument of ‘The Disabled Debauchee’, Modern Language Review (January 1987), 82:1, pp.30-34 [Per P]

Andrea Dworkin , Pornography : men possessing women (London, 1981)

Elizabeth Fay, A Feminist Introduction to Romanticism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)

Carol Houlihan Flynn, The body in Swift and Defoe (Cambridge, 1990)

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1 (London, 1979)

David Foxon, ed., Libertine Literature in England, 1660-1745 (1965)

Catherine Gallagher, Nobody's Story: The vanishing acts of women writers in the marketplace 1670-1820 (Berkeley, 1994)

Alan D. Gilbert, Religion and Society in Industrial England: Church, Chapel and Social Change 1740-1914 (London: Longman, 1976)

Angeline Goreau, Reconstructing Aphra a social biography of Aphra Behn (Oxford, 1980)

Germaine Greer, John Wilmot Earl of Rochester (Writers and their Work) (Devon, 1998)

Germaine Greer, Slip-shod sibyls : recognition, rejection and the woman poet (London, 1995)

Jean H. Hagstrum, Sex and Sensibility: ideal and erotic love from Milton to Mozart (Chicago, 1980)

Elaine Hobby, Virtue of Necessity: English Women's Writing 1649-88 (London, 1988)

Jacqueline Howard, Reading Gothic Fiction: A Bakhtinian Approach (Oxford, 1994)

Vivien Jones, ed., Women and Literature in Britain 1700-1800 (Cambridge, 2000)

Antony Kaufman, 'Wycherley's The Country Wife and the Don John Character', Eighteenth-Century Studies, 9:2 (Winter 1975/6), pp.216-31

Carol Kay, Political Constructions: Defoe, Richardson, and Sterne in relation to Hobbes, Hume, and Burke (Ithaca, 1988)

Gary Kelly, English Fiction of the Romantic Period, 1789-1830 (1989)

Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Between men : English literature and male homosocial desire (New York, 1985)

Jose Manuel Losada, ed., Bibliography of the Myth of Don Juan in Literary History (New York, 1997)

B.G. MacCarthy, The Female Pen: Women Writers and Novelists 1621-1818 (Cork, 1994)

Robert P. Maccubin, 'Tis Nature's Fault: Unauthorized Sexuality during the Enlightenment (Cambridge, 1987)

Robert Markley, Two Edg’d Weapons: Style and Ideology in the Comedies of Etherege, Wycherley and Congreve (Oxford, 1988)

Ian McCormick, ed., Secret sexualities a sourcebook of 17th and 18th Century writing (London, 1997)

Jerome J. McGann, Don Juan in Context (London, 1976)

Anne K. Mellor, Romanticism and Gender (New York and London, 1993)

Samuel Mintz, The Hunting of “Leviathan” (Bristol, 1996)

Elizabeth R. Napier, The Failure of Gothic: Problems of Disjunction in an Eighteenth-century Literary Form (Oxford, 1987)

Maximillian E. Novak, ‘Congreve as the C18th’s Archetypal Libertine’, Restoration and C18th Theatre Research (1976), 15:2, pp.35-39 [Per P]

Felicity Nussbaum, The brink of all we hate: English satires on women, 1660-1750 (Lexington, Ky, 1984)

Felicity Nussbaum, Torrid Zones: maternity, sexuality, and empire in C18th English narratives (Baltimore, 1995)

Mary Poovey, The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, Jane Austen (Chicago, 1984)

Roy Porter & Marie Mulvey Roberts, ed.,  Pleasure in the Eighteenth Century (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1996)

William Ray, Story and History: Narrative Authority and Social Identity in the Eighteenth-Century French and English Novel (Oxford, 1990)

David Punter, The Literature of Terror (1980)

Bruce Redford, ‘Boswell’s ‘Libertine’ Correspondence’, Philological Quarterly (Winter 1984), 63:1, pp.55-73 [Per P]

John J. Richetti, Popular Fiction before Richardson: Narrative Patterns: 1700-1739 (Oxford, 1969)

Deborah Ross, Romance, Realism, and Women's Contribution to the Novel (Lexington, 1991)

G.S. Rousseau & Roy Porter, eds., Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment (Manchester, 1988)

Charles C. Russell, ‘The Libertine Reformed: ‘Don Juan’ by Gluck and Angiolini’, Music and Letters (January 1984), 65:1, pp.17-27 [Per M]

Sally Shuttleworth,  'Empowering Fictions: The history of Sexuality and the Novel'  The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation  1989

Particia Meyer Spacks, ‘Ev’ry Woman is at Heart a Rake’, Eighteenth Century Studies (1974), 8, pp.27-46 [Per P]

W. A. Speck, ‘The harlot’s progress in C18th England’, British Journal of C18th Studies (1980), 3, pp.127-39 [Per P]

Jane Spencer, The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Behn to Jane Austen (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986)

G.A. Starr, Defoe and Spiritual Autobiography (Princeton, 1965)

Susan Staves, ‘The Secrets of Genteel Identity in The Man of Mode: Comedy of Manners vs. the Courtesy Book’, Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture (1989), 19, pp.117-28

Lawrence Stone, The family, sex and marriage in England, 1500-1800 (Harmondsworth, 1979)

Peter A. Tasch, ‘The Beggar’s Opera and The Libertine’, Notes & Queries (March 1989), 36 (234):1, p.52 [Per A]

Janet Todd, Sensibility: An Introduction (London, 1986)

Janet Todd, The Sign of Angelica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660-1800 (London, 1989)

J.M.S. Tompkins, The popular novel in England 1770-1800 (London, 1932)

Jeremy Treglown, ed., Spirit of wit : reconsiderations of Rochester (Oxford, 1982)

Cheryl Turner, Living by the Pen: Women Writers in the Eighteenth Century (London: Routledge, 1992)

James Grantham Turner, ‘The Libertine Sublime: Love and Death in Restoration England’, Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture (1989), 19, pp.99-115

James Grantham Turner, ‘Pope’s Libertine Self-Fashioning’, The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation (Spring 1988), 29:2, pp.123-44

James Grantham Turner, ed.,  Sexuality and Gender in Early Modern Europe: institutions, texts, images (Cambridge, 1993)

Dale Underwood, Etherege and the C17th Comedy of Manners (New Haven, Conn., 1957)

Ann Jessie Van Sant,  Eighteenth-Century Sensibility and the Novel: The Senses in Social Context
(Cambridge 1993)

David M. Vieth & Dustin Griffin, Rochester and court poetry, Clark Library Seminars (Los Angeles, 1988)

Peter Wagner, Eros Revived: Erotica of the Enlightenment in England and America (London, 1988))

Ian Watt, The rise of the novel studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding (Harmondsworth,. 1963)

Harold Weber, ‘Horner and His ‘Women of Honour’: The Dinner Party in The Country Wife’, Modern Language Quarterly (June 1982), 43:2, pp.107-20 [Per P]

Harold Weber, ‘The Rake Hero in Wycherley and Congreve’, Philological Quarterly (Spring 1982), 61:2, pp.143-60 [Per P]

Harold Weber, ‘Rakes, Rogues, and the Empire of Misrule’, Huntington Library Quarterly (Winter 1984), 47:1, pp.13-32 [Per A]

Toni Wein, British identities, heroic nationalisms, and the gothic novel, 1764-1824 (Palgrave, 2002)

L. Weinstein, The metamorphosis of Don Juan (Stanford, 1959)

John Wiltshire,  Jane Austen and the Body: "The Picture of Health"  (Cambridge 1992)

Mary V. Yates, ‘The Christian Rake in Sir Charles Grandison’, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 (Summer 1984), 24:3, pp.545-61 [Per P]



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Last updated 12.vi.09