Archaeology

Julian Whitewright

Primary position:
Teaching Fellow

Background

The University of Southampton

I am a maritime archaeologist specialising in the study of boats and ships, specifically their construction and use. I completed my BA(hons) in Archaeology at the University of Southampton in 1999 and the MA in Maritime Archaeology here in 2000. My doctorate, also at Southampton (2008), addressed the theme of maritime technological change in the ancient Mediterranean through the archaeology of sailing rigs. I joined the archaeology department as a part-time teaching fellow in 2010 and I spend the other part of my time working as a maritime archaeologist at the Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology

My interest in watercraft extends beyond my job and I am an experienced sailor and rower, primarily in traditional vessels and Bantry Bay Gigs in particular. In 2004 I skippered the United Kingdom Gig which claimed first place in the World Championships, reprising this success as the coach of the team in 2010. I am a trustee of a maritime training charity, specialising in seamanship, allowing me to bring hard-learned practical experience in traditional watercraft into the classroom as a means to further understand maritime archaeology.

Dr Julian Whitewright's photo

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Whitewright, J. (2012) Technological continuity and change: the lateen sail of the medieval Mediterranean. Al-Masaq Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean, 24, (1), 1-19. (doi:10.1080/09503110.2012.655580).
Whitewright, J. (2012) Archaeological survey and monitoring data from the Flower of Ugie, wrecked 1852 in the Eastern Solent, England. Journal of Open Archaeological Data, 1, (2) (http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/4f7db511ae16c).
Whitewright, Julian (2011) The potential performance of ancient Mediterranean sailing rigs. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 40, (1), 2-17. (doi:10.1111/j.1095-9270.2010.00276.x).
Whitewright, J. (2011) Berenike and the Indian Ocean Trade. Journal of Roman Archaeology, 24, 799-802.
Whitewright, J. (2009) Book review. Records of traditional watercraft from South and West Sri Lanka. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 38, (2), 449-450. (doi:10.1111/j.1095-9270.2009.00244_22.x).
Whitewright, J. (2009) The Mediterranean lateen sail in late antiquity. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 38, (1), 97-104. (doi:10.1111/j.1095-9270.2008.00213.x).
Whitewright, Julian (2007) Roman rigging material from the Red Sea port of Myos Hormos. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 36, (2), 282-292. (doi:10.1111/j.1095-9270.2007.00150.x).

Book Section

Whitewright, J. (2013) The Flower of Ugie. In, Ransley, Jesse, Sturt, Fraser, Dix, Justin, Adams, Jon R. and Blue, Lucy (eds.) People and the Sea: A Maritime Archaeological Research Agenda for England. York, GB, Council for British Archaeology, 179-181.
Whitewright, J. (2012) Current UK marine administration, policy and legal context. In, Dellino-Musgrave, Virginia (ed.) Marine Archaeology: A Handbook. York, GB, Council for British Archaeology, 49-76.
Whitewright, J. (2012) Sailing with the Mu’allim: The technical practice of sailing in the Medieval Red Sea. In, Agius, Dionisius A., Cooper, John P., Trakadas, Athena and Zazzaro, Chiara (eds.) Navigated Spaces, Connected Places: Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter September 2010. Oxford, Archaeopress, 147-156. (British Archaeological Reports, International Series , 2346).
Whitewright, J. (2012) Early Islamic maritime technology. In, Matthews, R., Curtis, J. and Gascoigne, A.L. (eds.) 7ICAANE, Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. Volume 2: Ancient & Modern Issues in Cultural Heritage, Colour & Light in Architecture, Art & Material Culture, Islamic Archaeology. 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East Wiesbaden, DE, Harrassowitz Verlag, 585-598.
Whitewright, J. (2011) Efficiency or Economics? Sail development in the ancient Mediterranean. In, Harris, W.V. and Iara, K. (eds.) Maritime Technology in the Ancient Economy: Ship-Design and Navigation. Portsmouth, US, Journal of Roman Archaeology, 89-102. (JRA Supplementary Series, 84).
Blue, Lucy, Whitewright, Julian and Thomas, R.I. (2011) Ships and ships’ fittings. In, Peacock, David and Blue, Lucy (eds.) Myos Hormos-Quseir al-Qadim. Roman and Islamic Ports on the Red Sea. Volume 2: The Finds from the 1999-2003 Excavations. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 179-209. (In Press).
Whitewright, Julian (2011) Wooden artefacts. In, Peacock, David and Blue, Lucy (eds.) Myos Hormos - Quseir al-Qadim. Roman and Islamic Ports on the Red Sea. Volume 2: The Finds from the 1999-2003 Excavations. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 167-178. (In Press).
Whitewright, Julian (2009) Tracing technology: the material culture of maritime technology in the ancient Mediterranean and contemporary Indian Ocean. In, Bockius, Ronald (ed.) Between the Seas: Transfer and Exchange in Nautical Technology. Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Mainz 2006. Eleventh International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology (ISBA 11) Mainz, DE, Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 489-497.
Whitewright, Julian (2007) How fast is fast? Technology, trade and speed under sail in the Roman Red Sea. In, Starkey, Janet, Starkey, Paul and Wilkinson, Tony (eds.) Natural Resources and Cultural Connections of the Red Sea. Red Sea Project III Banbury, GB, Archaeopress, 77-88. (British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 1661).
Glazier, D., Whitewright, J. and Earl, G.P. (2007) The topographic and geophysical survey. In, Peacock, David and Blue, L.K. (eds.) The Ancient Red Sea Port of Adulis, Eritrea Report of the Eritro-British Expedition, 2004-5. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 19-32.
Glazier, D., Whitewright, J. and Peacock, David (2007) Samidi. In, Peacock, David and Blue, L.K. (eds.) The Ancient Red Sea Port of Adulis, Eritrea Report of the Eritro-British Expedition, 2004-5. Oxford, GB, Oxbow Books, 65-77.

Monograph

Whitewright, Julian (2011) LCT(A) 2428: an assessment for Scheduling in the marine zone. Southampton, Hampshire & Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology
Whitewright, Julian and Satchell, Julie (2011) The archaeology and history of the Flower of Ugie, wrecked 1852 in the Eastern Solent. Oxford, GB, Archaeopress (British Archaeological Reports, British Series, 551).
 

Research

Research Interests

My primary archaeological research concerns technological change and innovation within the construction and use of watercraft. I have particular areas of interest relating to the ancient and early medieval periods in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean. Research into this subject has been driven by fieldwork at the Roman port of Myos Hormos on the Red Sea and augmented through maritime ethnographic fieldwork in India and East Africa into traditional boatbuilding and boat use. The results of this work indicates that maritime technological change rarely took place because of the functional or environmental reasons so often claimed by maritime archaeologists, instead emphasising the role of people and economic factors in shaping maritime technology. My on-going research has also highlighted the continuing value of maritime ethnography to the discipline of maritime archaeology in the context of boat and ship archaeology.

Closer to home, I also carry out work in the Solent region and along the south coast studying the construction of a range of ships and boats in collaboration with the HWTMA. In particular, this work has focused upon the development of innovative construction materials, such as copper and copper-alloys to shipbuilding processes during the 18th and 19th century in both Naval and merchant vessels. I am also concerned about the on-going management of maritime cultural heritage as it faces a number of challenges revolving around coastal change and the increasing exploitation of our seas and oceans in the 21st century. To this end I am involved in recent and on-going work which seeks to enhance the management of underwater cultural heritage within England. This has included overseeing the English Heritage pilot study for the practical viability of extending the use of scheduled ancient monuments to the marine zone. Current projects include on-going research into the sailing barque Flower of Ugie, lost in the eastern Solent in 1852. I am currently engaged in working upon the final analysis of the wreck of HMS Pomone (1811) and an unidentified vessel dating to 1795, both lost in Alum Bay on the NW coast of the Isle of Wight. I am also conducting research in conjunction with the Ship Science department into the evolution of British fishing vessels during the 19th and early 20th century. I am currently working on a project, through the HWTMA and in collaboration with English Heritage to develop heritage partnership agreements for undesignated sites in the marine and inter-tidal zone.

Primary research group:  Centre for Maritime Archaeology

Affiliate research group:  Archaeological Computing Research Group

Teaching Responsibilities

PhD Supervision

Reflecting my main research and teaching areas, I am interested in supervising postgraduate (PhD) research into topics which address the construction and use of watercraft, with specific concern for understanding maritime technology and how studying it can provide an insight into maritime cultures or communities for the wider discipline of archaeology.

I am currently supervising or advising PhD research into:

  • Ships' boats during the Age of Sail (17th-19th centuries).

Contact

Dr Julian Whitewright
Faculty of Humanities
University of Southampton
Avenue Campus
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BF
United Kingdom

Room Number: 65B/1003

Telephone: (023) 8059 2245
Facsimile: (023) 8059 3032
Email: R.J.WHITEWRIGHT@soton.ac.uk