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Psychometric & Aptitude Tests

Psychometric tests are designed to measure your intellectual capabilities for thinking and reasoning, and various aspects of personality. They are used by organisations, often at an early stage of the recruitment process, to assess your suitability for the job.

Psychometric Ability Tests are designed to assess the capability of candidates to perform important job-related tasks and can be challenging. There is a ‘pass mark’ to achieve before you can proceed to the next stage of the application process. Tests are normally at the early stage of the recruitment process. Practice is essential.

Psychometric Personality Assessments will sometimes feature at the later stages of the recruitment process. There is no ‘pass mark’ or correct answers to these assessments. They will be used to assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of candidates for the role applied for. Practice is not required, but can be insightful.

Careers have subscribed to tests with two leading test providers which you can do for free as a University of Southampton student. Find this in the ‘Practice Tests’ tab below. There are many test providers, more suggestions in the ‘Further Reading’ tab.

We also have many books and e-books available in our Careers Centre and online. You can access the full list of books here.

Types of Test

Top Tips

Practice Tests

Further Reading (and more practice tests)

Aptitude/Ability Tests

These tests assess reasoning ability. The most commonly used tests assess verbal and numerical reasoning skills, other types will also assess your diagrammatic/spatial reasoning. Some organisations will test all three, others only one or two depending on the position you have applied for. These tests are known as measures of maximum performance. Tests will be either paper and pencil based or, more usually, on-line exercises, often in the form of multiple choice questions.

Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs)

These tests assess the judgement required for solving problems in workplace situations. You are presented with a hypothetical but realistic workplace situation and have to respond. You select from several possible actions that you could take in order to deal with the problem presented.

Personality Assessments

These aim to measure whether your personal attributes are suitable for a particular work environment. They can assess individual behaviour, attitudes or opinions as well as motivation, values and interests. Such tests are known as measures of typical performance. The best way to approach this type of test is to answer the questions as straightforwardly as possible. 

How to prepare

It is not possible to look at the actual tests used by organisations. You are not able to buy these tests, take copies of them or get past papers as this would limit their effectiveness. There are however a number of things you can do to prepare:

  • Practising will help to familiarise you with the demands of tests. This should help you to feel more confident.
  • Make use of books and websites with test questions.
  • Puzzles including word games and diagrammatic puzzles can help you develop an analytical frame of mind.
  • Brush up on your basic maths. Practise basic arithmetic including addition, subtraction, division, ratios and percentages.
  • Reading financial company reports can be good practice.
  • Verbal reasoning skills are more difficult to practice. Try reading broadsheet newspapers, technical reports and business journals. Practise extracting the main points from paragraphs of information analysing and summarising their meaning.
  • If you have a disability and require any special adjustments, such as extra time, or if English is not your first language, you should notify the employer in advance of the test as additional arrangements may be made.

How to approach a test session

  • Arrive in good time and make yourself comfortable.
  • Listen to or read the instructions carefully and ask the test administrator for clarification if you don’t understand.
  • If completing an on-line test, make sure you are in a quiet room and will not be disturbed. You may need to inform others of the situation to avoid interruption from friends, family and/or housemates.
  • Follow the instructions you are given exactly.
  • Make or change answers clearly in the correct manner.
  • Many aptitude tests are designed with more questions than you can answer in the time allowed. Don’t worry if you do not finish all the questions.
  • Try not to spend too long on one question, move on if you get stuck.
  • If you have spare time at the end, check your answers.
  • After the test, ask for feedback if possible.
  • If you have not done well, remember there may be a number of reasons for this including misunderstanding what you had to do, answering questions too slowly, a lack of practice or feeling tired and unable to concentrate.

You can also attend a Psychometric Tests workshop, see the Events Calendar for details. There is range of reference and loan copy materials available in our Resource Centre.

GraduatesFirst

Access tests on Verbal, Numerical and Logical Reasoning, Situational Judgement and some Assessment Centre exercises. You can complete a Workstyles Personality Questionnaire and a Question Indentifier Tool which will generate possible competency interview questions based on your responses.

PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOU READ THESE NOTES BEFORE COMPLETING THE ONLINE TESTS

  • You must register for the GraduatesFirst service using your soton.ac.uk email address. (If you are an alumnus of the University please contact us and we can register an account for you).
  • You have limited time to complete the tests. Make sure you give yourself enough time without interruptions.
  • Reasonable Adjustments are available for a disability such as Dyslexia. When you register on GraduatesFirst, you will be able to choose this option and your time per test will be extended by 25%. For further additional time contact careers@soton.ac.uk.
  • GraduatesFirst provide feedback reports to help improve scores and video tutorials.

Click the following link to be directed to the GraduatesFirst registration and login page:

-> Go to GraduatesFirst ->


Personality Tests

PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOU READ THESE NOTES BEFORE COMPLETING THE ONLINE TEST

Our personality influences how we do things, interact with others, plan our work, use our leisure time and tackle problems. Because of its wide-ranging effects, understanding personality is central to our self-awareness and development.

We are unique individuals because of our personality. Some people do not like the idea of ‘measuring’ personality because they believe every person is unique, but so do most psychologists who develop personality assessments!

Ask yourself these questions:

  • Do you think of yourself as unique?
  • Do you share some characteristics with other people you know?

The chances are that you answered ‘yes’ to both questions. We can be both unique and yet share characteristics with others. Theories of personality tend to describe what is common between people. Personality assessments describe how individuals vary along these common dimensions.

-> Go To Personality Test ->

Learning Styles

Understanding your learning styles helps you to:

  • recognise the ‘style’ of different learning situations
  • maximise learning when your preferred style matches the learning environment
  • recognise learning environments that you may find difficult
  • develop strategies to help deal with difficult learning environments
  • shape your personal learning environments and strategies to make learning most effective

The questionnaire below can help you to understand your learning style.

To access the Learning Styles questionnaire you will need the following codes:

  • Client code: tflhe
  • Access code: southampton
  • Password: south0809

Click the following link to be directed to the test registration and login page:

-> Go To Learning Styles Questionnaire ->

 

Norton Assessment

PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOU READ THESE NOTES BEFORE COMPLETING THE ONLINE TESTS

Norton Assessment are developing new psychometric tests and are looking for undergraduates to trial their tests.  The trial tests are free and allow you to practise numerical, verbal reasoning and situational judgement tests.  All participant data gathered is anonymous.

-> Go to the Norton Assessment Numerical Reasoning Tests ->

-> Go to the Norton Assessment Verbal Reasoning Tests ->

-> Go to the Norton Assessment Situational Judgement Tests ->

 

 

Major Providers

The British Psychological Society provides a guide for test takers.

Assessment Day - this site includes advice and a good range of free sample tests including Watson Glaser critical thinking and Situational Judgement tests as well as other assessments such as practice In-Tray exercises.

Graduates First provide free verbal, numerical and logical reasoning tests and feedback reports, developed by former SHL consultants. See 'Practice Tests' tab to access our subscription tests.

Job Test Prep – psychometric test preparation site with a good range of practice on-line tests, plus some free tests and guides in pdf. Tests covered include personality, aptitude, situational judgement, inductive reasoning, critical thinking, mechanical reasoning and UKCAT tests.

Keirsey is an online personality assessment (free). Provides useful insight to work styles questions.

Morrisby – a major personality, preference and aptitude assessment provider, they provide limited free practice questions.

Pearson TalentLens – Free trial tests and feedback in Numerical reasoning and critical thinking.

Practice Aptitude Tests - as well as free tests, this site also has useful video clips explaining techniques and skills, such calculating ratios and percentages.

Psychometric Success offers help and advice on personality and aptitude tests as well as a wide range of free practice tests.

SHL Talent Measurement – one of the major providers with a broad range of free tests.

TARGETjobs – information on psychometric tests and links to various practice tests in the Careers Advice section. The Careers Report also includes a number of tests with feedback.

Cubiks – another test provider, you can practice their reasoning test.

Mechanical Comprehension Tests

A limited number of free tests sites, but also look at Inductive and Diagrammatic reasoning tests. Prepare for mechanical comprehension tests by revising basic principles and practicing. Sketching a quick diagram can also help with understanding the problem posed. Some of these tests may be used at apprentice or technician entry level.

Psychometrics - sample ACER mechanical reasoning tests

• Job Test Prep – free Mechanical Test Practice

Watson Glaser and Critical Reasoning

The Watson-Glaser test is a high level test for critical reasoning and analytical skills. Law firms often use the tests and some of the examples below are on law firm sites. The American GMAT tests are also useful preparation for critical thinking tests (see Postgraduate Study below).

Job Test Prep provide some examples of the principles behind critical thinking tests.

Hogan Lovells provides some samples of Watson-Glaser critical thinking questions.

Linklaters provides some critical thinking questions which are similar to the Watson-Glaser test.

Wikijobs also provide guidance on understanding and completing Watson-Glaser tests and links the Job Test Prep tests above.

• Article on Watson-Glaser and BCAT for law students.

• The University library also has a number of books to help develop critical thinking, eg: 'Critical thinking for students' Roy van den Brink-Budgen 2010. Visit the Hartley Library Academic Skills Hub or webcat for a copy.

Postgraduate Study

Graduate Record Exam - You will need a GRE score if you are applying for postgraduate study in the USA.

Graduate Management Admissions Test American and many European business schools need a GMAT score with applications. The Careers and Employability Service has a printed guide to GMAT published by Kaplan.

BCAT those seeking entry to a Bar Professional Training Course are required to pass the BCAT.

Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary

Graduate Australian Medical Schools Admissions Test (GAMSAT) used in UK by some medical schools as part of selection procedures.

BMAT the Bio-Medical Admissions Test is a subject-specific admissions test taken by applicants to certain medicine, veterinary medicine and other related courses.

UKCAT Used by a consortium of UK university Medical and Dentistry Schools.

Rational and Creative Thinking

Diagonal Thinking - The Diagonal Thinking self-assessment is a free online tool, designed to aid recruitment into the advertising and communication industries. It tests the hypothesis that the most successful individuals working in the business are both Linear and Lateral Thinkers – they think ‘diagonally'. It will help you find out whether you are a diagonal thinker.

Entrepreneurial TypeThe GET2 General Enterprisign Tendency 2 Test is designed to help you examine your enterprising potential.

 

Pinterest

Useful Downloads

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