Skip to main navigationSkip to main content
The University of Southampton

PODY2027 Foot and Ankle Musculoskeletal Pathology

Module Overview

The level 5 Foot and Ankle Musculoskeletal Pathology module provides students with the opportunity to develop skills and knowledge in musculoskeletal foot and ankle pathology. By building upon previous learning at level 4, students critically evaluate different biomechanical paradigms. They will also undertake, then synthesise and interpret findings of clinical assessments related to foot and ankle musculoskeletal pathology. Formulation of diagnoses and management planning is grounded in contemporary critical analysis of the literature and applied as part of an evidence based approach utilising measurable outcome criteria

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

• Demonstrate detailed knowledge and understanding of musculoskeletal foot and ankle pathology. • Begin the process of critical evaluation of the different biomechanical paradigms. • Demonstrate a problem solving approach to identify and interpret assessment findings in order to formulate diagnoses and implement appropriate podiatric management regimes.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

Having successfully completed this module, you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Question the principles underlying the main paradigms of podiatric biomechanics
  • Relate a detailed knowledge and understanding of the aetiological factors, pathological processes, differential diagnoses, assessment and clinical presentation of conditions that affect the structure and function of lower limb and foot.
Subject Specific Intellectual and Research Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Use a problem solving approach to construct appropriate management regimes, to include the use of various therapeutic techniques that lie within the scope of podiatric practice.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of reliable and valid data collection techniques related to foot and ankle musculoskeletal pathology
Transferable and Generic Skills

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Carry out reliable and valid clinically relevant data collection related to foot and ankle musculoskeletal pathology
  • Synthesise and interpret data analysis results related to foot and ankle musculoskeletal pathology


The topics embraced by this module include: • Normal ontogeny of the foot and lower limb • Assessments (including joint motion, loading patterns and gait evaluation) and investigations (including imaging and haematological options) • Biomechanical paradigms and related podiatric terminology • Conditions giving rise to abnormal foot function, including: signs and symptoms, aetiology, pathology and gait • Causes of pain in the midfoot, rearfoot, ankle and lower leg • Management strategies including, pharmacological, mechanical and physical therapies, prescription writing and manufacturing orthoses, chair side appliances – associated contraindications and complications • Critical appraisal techniques • Patient centred outcome evaluation

Special Features

• Key features of the module include lectures, seminars and practical workshops led by an experienced specialist clinician. • Biomechanical and gait analysis sessions utilise traditional clinical and technical (to include 3D kinematics and foot pressure measurements) methods and feature input from a Senior Research Fellow in musculoskeletal biomechanics. • Further strong links to ongoing research are promoted via input form two Clinical Academic Doctoral Fellows. • Additional input from industry offers insight into gait analysis equipment suitable for the clinical environment and applied material sciences. • The overarching philosophy of the module encourages and promotes a questioning and evaluative approach to musculoskeletal podiatry, encompassing lifelong learning and the quest for excellence.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

Keynote lectures will ensure coverage of specific topics and will be supported by clearly identified indicative reading. The presentation of appropriate clinical case histories will be used to investigate issues and topics covered in this module and will be further supported by seminars, debates, group work, problem based learning, videos and slides. Practical sessions will allow students to integrate the associated skill elements. The learning opportunities within this module have been considered in accordance with the Michael Report (Healthcare for All, 2008) and National Framework for Disability Equality & Etiquette Learning (DEEL) to promote best practice within undergraduate education.

Practical classes and workshops7
Preparation for scheduled sessions30
Wider reading or practice40
Completion of assessment task40
Follow-up work30
Total study time188

Resources & Reading list

MOONEY J (2009). Illustrated Dictionary of Podiatry and Foot Science. 

MERRIMAN.L.M & TURNER W (2002). Assessment of the Lower Limb. 

HELLIWELL, P, WOODBURN J, REDMOND A, TURNER D, & DAVYS (2007). The Foot and Ankle in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Comprehensive Guide. 

MENZ H (2008). Foot Problems in Older People: Assessment and Management. 

VALMASSEY R (1996). Clinical Biomechanics of the Lower Extremities. 

WHITTLE, M (2002). Gait Analysis an introduction. 

Williams A. & Nester C. (2010). Pocket Podiatry: Footwear and Foot Orthoses. 

MATHIESON I & UPTON D (2008). A Podiatrists Guide to Using Research. 

ANATOMY TV: Interactive anatomy.

Journals including but not limited to:. ï‚§ Journal of Foot and Ankle Research  Clinical Biomechanics  Gait and Posture  The Foot  Sports Biomechanics  Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association  Foot and Ankle International  Rheumatology

Equipment: Fully equipped lecture facilities Anatomy TV or equivalent, Fully equipped skills lab. Orthotics Supply. 

THOMSON C & GIBSON AJN (2009). 50+ Foot challenges. 

Staffing: Contact time 62 hours: Senior Lecturer as 3 staff needed for each practical session 13 hours: Visiting Lecturers. 9 different staff members teach into this module. 

Facilities: Lecture rooms- 10 sessions Skills lab -7 sessions. 

Expected Student numbers: 35. 





MethodPercentage contribution
Modified Essay Questions (MEQs)  (2 hours) 100%


MethodPercentage contribution
Modified Essay Questions (MEQs) 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: External


Costs associated with this module

Students are responsible for meeting the cost of essential textbooks, and of producing such essays, assignments, laboratory reports and dissertations as are required to fulfil the academic requirements for each programme of study.

In addition to this, students registered for this module typically also have to pay for:

Books and Stationery equipment

All suggested journal resources are available through the library. Anatomy TV is accessible free of charge to students via the link provided. Of the nine suggested books, seven are available from the library.

Please also ensure you read the section on additional costs in the University’s Fees, Charges and Expenses Regulations in the University Calendar available at

Share this module Share this on Facebook Share this on Twitter Share this on Weibo

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.