The University of Southampton
Courses

PSIO1027 Health Sciences 3 for Physiotherapists

Module Overview

The Health Science III module will extend the scientific principles that were introduced in Health Sciences I and II, which underpin the practice of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Podiatry and Healthcare Sciences. This module will facilitate the students further developing their critical understanding, and applying this to ‘real-life’ case scenarios. The application of meaningful case-scenarios will enable students to better appreciate the importance of integrated and holistic thinking with respect to patients. It will also provide them with the opportunity to consider issues associated with patient-practitioner- and inter-professional communication. This module will enable students to develop an integrated understanding of the following scientific areas: anatomy, physiology, pathology and psychosocial science, research methods, professional communication and dissemination of objective research evidence.

Aims and Objectives

Module Aims

1. Explain how the structures of the following systems of the human body are related to their functions: musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological. 2. Recognise the functional effects (utilising the WHO model of Functioning, Disability & Health) of common pathologies of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological systems. 3. Understand basic pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics that are applicable in common pathologies of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological systems. 4. Understand the legal framework for supplementary and independent prescribing and working under patient group directions and patient specific direction. 5. Apply appropriate psychosocial theories to selected case scenarios and identify the possible psychosocial issues that may face people with different healthcare needs. 6. Explain the key components of research evidence including various approaches to research and data gathering. 7. Recognise the importance of integrating the physiological, anatomical, psychological and sociological needs of a patient to fully understand their condition.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Having successfully completed this module you will be able to:

  • Explain how the structures of the following systems of the human body are related to their functions: musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological.
  • Recognise the functional effects (utilising the WHO model of Functioning, Disability & Health) of common pathologies of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological systems.
  • Understand basic pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics that are applicable in common pathologies of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological systems.
  • Understand the legal framework for supplementary and independent prescribing and working under patient group directions and patient specific direction.
  • Apply appropriate psychosocial theories to selected case scenarios and identify the possible psychosocial issues that may face people with different healthcare needs.
  • Explain the key components of research evidence including various approaches to research and data gathering.
  • Recognise the importance of integrating the physiological, anatomical, psychological and sociological needs of a patient to fully understand their condition.

Syllabus

The aim of this module is to enable students to link the basic sciences to different case studies in an applied and integrated manner. Students will be able to develop their knowledge and critical understanding of the key scientific principles that were introduced in Health Sciences I and II, through case studies, self-directed group work, group discussions and lecture-facilitated debate, where applicable. The use of ‘real-life’ case scenarios will provide the opportunity for students to reflect on the importance of effective communication within the delivery of health care. In order to gain an appreciation of the lifespan process, students will engage with content from a lifespan perspective (i.e., from infancy to old age). The course material could include: Anatomy, Physiology & Pathology • Cells and tissues • Endocrine systems, kidney function • Anatomical terminology Neuromusculoskeletal System • Structure and function of bones, joints, muscles, and nerves • Pathology: inflammation and repair, nerve damage, bone disorders. E.g.: osteoporosis and osteochondritis, degenerative and inflammatory arthritis, collagen disease. • Integration of motor & sensory systems. Central Nervous System • Structure and function of the spinal cord and brain, including reticular systems, vestibular system, basal ganglia, brain stem and cerebellum • Properties of nerve cells and propagation of action potentials • Motor and sensory systems, afferent and efferent pathways, motor integration • Muscle tone, balance and co-ordination • Pathology: e.g., stroke, multiple sclerosis Cardio-respiratory System • Structure and function of heart, arteries, veins, lymphatics, respiratory tract, thorax and diaphragm • Cardiac output, venous return, dynamics of circulation, blood pressure, blood gas transport, control of ventilation, gas exchange, lung volume, respiratory function, mechanics of respiration • Pathology: e.g. infarction, infection, thrombus, embolus, oedema, asthma, COPD, infection Psychosocial / Communication Students will be given the opportunity to develop their knowledge and understanding of psychosocial issues (gained within Health Sciences I and II). Students will also be provided with the opportunity to reflect on the importance of effective communication in health care practice. Topics that may be covered and/or extended in this module include: • The concept of the self-identity • Social support and caring • Coping and adjustment • Enhancing Quality of Life • Motivation and adherence • Loss and grieving • A lifespan perspective • Issues relating to effective communication within health care • Issues associated with mental health

Special Features

This module will be supported by the strong science base within the University of Southampton. It is our intention to maximise opportunities for our students, working within this robust academic environment, by sharing learning opportunities and exposing them to experts in the field. The faculty has invested in proprietary electronic learning resources that will enhance the delivery of health sciences, and are free to students at the point of use.

Learning and Teaching

Teaching and learning methods

This module will promote the integration of the sciences that underpin practice in order to introduce and develop an understanding of a patient-centred approach to health care. It will include both profession-specific learning and learning alongside students from other Faculty of Health Sciences programmes. The teaching and learning methods may include lectures, seminars, tutorials, profession-specific group work and self-directed study. Learning will be augmented by electronic learning resources, core texts and directed-study activities. Students will be encouraged to take responsibility for the development of their own learning by utilising a variety of means, such as multi-media resources, the library, and the Anatomical Sciences Laboratory (where appropriate), and by self-directed development of the study skills necessary to access these resources. A variety of learning activities/formative assessment tasks will be made available to students to provide feedback on the development of their knowledge and understanding throughout the module.

TypeHours
Independent Study151.5
Teaching36
Total study time187.5

Resources & Reading list

Kumar, R (2014). Research Methodology. 

Acland’s video atlas of human anatomy. http://aclandanatomy.com/. 

Marieb, E., & Hoehn, K (2016). Human Anatomy & Physiology. 

Anatomy.TV: Interactive anatomy [online subscription resource: http://www.anatomy.tv]. Primal Pictures, London.

Assessment

Assessment Strategy

A series of short answer questions based, as appropriate, on case studies of appropriate human sciences in which students will be expect to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the underpinning sciences appropriate to their professional discipline through a variety of dissemination methods.

Summative

MethodPercentage contribution
Short answer questions 100%

Repeat Information

Repeat type: Internal & External

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