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The University of Southampton
Interdisciplinary Centre for Law, Internet and Culture (iCLIC)

Completed projects

iCLIC Completed Projects

Insight from iCLIC members is already making a difference in our past projects. Read about our past projects here.

The Ordnance Survey Data Enrichment Project

Researchers from the Ordnance Survey and the University of Southampton have joined together to work on an interdisciplinary research project that focuses on data enrichment in a digital age.

Dr Jenny Harding (Ordnance Survey) and Professor Mary Orr (Modern Languages) lead the research team with Glen Hart (Ordnance Survey), Ashley Wright (Ordnance Survey), Dr Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon (Law) and Laura German (Web Science) as co-investigators.

This research focuses on how data at Ordnance Survey can be further enriched for business, research and leisure users through data mining of existing data and linking to other external datasets. It explores the potential for data enrichment at the Ordnance Survey and how this could be achieved (where necessary) by modification to its existing provenance metadata, legal, technological and ethical frameworks.

OPerational Trustworthiness Enabling Technologies (OPTET)

Legal aspects of trust on the Internet

Law lecturer Dr Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon from the Southampton Law School ILAWS Research Centre is part of a major European Union project, which is examining questions of online trust and trustworthiness.

They will be exploring how the law can contribute to increasing trust among users of the Internet and, generally, what drives this trust.

Principal Investigator of the project is Dr Mike Surridge from the University of Southampton’s IT Innovation Centre. “Our aim is to make people more confident in using the Internet. We believe if users know the system will warn them about any online risks, they will have more trust in the technology behind widely-used systems and software,” he says.

The three year EU Framework Seven project OPerational Trustworthiness Enabling Technologies (OPTET) with partners in France, Germany, Belgium and Greece takes a interdisciplinary and integrated approach to the subject. In particular it is researching cyber security of critical infrastructure, and issues surrounding an electronic monitoring initiative involving elderly and disabled people in Norway.

Co-Reach IPR in New Media

Professor Sylvia Kirkegaard was Principal Investigator for the co-REACH project. Professor Ian Lloyd was a Principal Researcher.

The project was sponsored by eleven research funding organisations from six European countries and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences under the co-REACH Network.

Researchers conducted in-depth research and clarification on a number of issues involving the scope and rights in the digital networked environment. The project contributed towards identification and resolution of the most important issues relating to the application and enforcement of intellectual property rights within an on-line context.

Workshops and a summer school enabled researchers to discuss their findings with external parties including those responsible for the formulation of laws and policies in the copyright field and for the enforcement of legislation.

A book Copyright Law in the Making -Chinese and European Perspectives, edited by Sylvia Kierkegaard and Willem Grosheide, was produced at the end of the project


ILAWS has been involved with the international WeGov project, which has been funded with support from the European Commission under the seventh framework programme theme ICT 2009.7.3 ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling. WeGov is developing a toolset to enable policymakers to use social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter, Bebo, WordPress, etc) when engaging citizens in two-way dialogues.
For more information, select the link to the right of the page.

Observing and Recommending from a Social Web with Biases

Insight from ILAWS members is already making a difference in our past projects.

Plead EPSRC (September 2019 - August 2020)

PLEAD brings together an interdisciplinary team of technologists, legal experts, commercial companies and public organisations to investigate how provenance can help explain the logic that underlies automated decision-making to the benefit of data subjects as well as help data controllers to demonstrate compliance with the law.

Southampton PI: Prof Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon

King’s College London PI: Prof Luc Moreau

Industry partners: Experian, Roke and Connect

FutureTrust Horizon 2020  (June 2016 - August 2019)

Against the background of the regulation 2014/910/EU on electronic identification (eID) and trusted services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS), the FutureTrust project, which is funded within the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon 2020) under Grant Agreement No. 700542, aimed at supporting the practical implementation of the regulation in Europe and beyond.

Southampton PI: Prof. Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon

Against the background of the regulation 2014/910/EU on electronic identification (eID) and trusted services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS), the FutureTrust project, which is funded within the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon 2020) under Grant Agreement No. 700542, aims at supporting the practical implementation of the regulation in Europe and beyond.

For this purpose the FutureTrust project will address the need for globally interoperable solutions through basic research with respect to the foundations of trust and trustworthiness, actively support the standardisation process in relevant areas, and provide Open Source software components and trustworthy services which will ease the use of eID and electronic signature technology in real world applications. In particular the FutureTrust project will extend the existing European Trusted List (TL) infrastructure towards a “Global Trust List”, develop a comprehensive Open Source Validation Service as well as a scalable Preservation Service for electronic signatures and seals and will provide components for the eID-based application for qualified certificates across borders, and for the trustworthy creation of remote signatures and seals in a mobile environment. The present contribution provides an overview of the FutureTrust project and invites further stakeholders to actively participate as associated partners and contribute to the development of future trust services for trustworthy global transactions.

And consortium partners

Data Pitch EU Innovation Programme (Jan 2019 – Dec 2019)

Data Pitch is a EU-funded open innovation programme bringing together corporate and public-sector organisations that have data with startups and SMEs that work with data. It is centred around a competition with several tracks which describe challenges, and a virtual accelerator programme (6 months) to help startups and SMEs develop solutions to meet these challenges.

PI: Prof. Elena Simperl, ECS

Southampton Co-I: Prof. Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon, Law

Co-I: Dr. Stefano Modafferi, IT innovation - ECS

Other industry partners: the ODI, Beta-i & Dawex


Data Pitch is an EU Horizon 2020 programme led by the University of Southampton, Open Data Institute,Telecom Italia and Beta-i. Our goals are to:

• Explore the critical factors that impact
the way organisations create value
from sharing data;

• Organise a competition addressing economic, societal, and environmental challenges, present and future, to identify promising digital innovators and
data-empowered solutions;

• Create a cross-sectoral, secure data experimentation facility which will offer the winners of this competition a purposeful environment to nurture
their ideas; and

• Support them by solving common concerns through funding,
technical, legal, marketing, and commercial assistance.
Drawing on the experience from key players in the consortium, we will establish a European Data Innovation Lab, guided and promoted by targeted engagement channels and an international network of hundreds of organisations that have already confirmed their intention to join forces with and support Data Pitch. Together we will make the European data economy stronger and help the region regain leadership in innovation through digital transformation.

Data Foundation Impact Accelerated project

(July 2019 - Dec 2019)

The project aimed at developing a data governance framework for a data institution incorporated in the Channel Islands and was conducted in collaboration with Lapin Ltd.

Southampton PI: Sophie Stalla-Bourdillon

Industry: Alexsis Wintour, Director at Lapin Ltd

Sea Traffic Management (STM)

Transparency leads to better overall decisions resulting in increased efficiency and, in the maritime industry, improved safety as well. Imagine a world where all the information you need is at your fingertips, updated in real-time. And where most information does not have to be entered manually but is collected from various data sources.

The University of Southampton is one of 50 partners from private adn the public sector, from 13 countries across the world, involved in the 43 million Euro Buget, co-financed by the European Union, STM Validation Project, contributing their expertise in the human factors area in case scenario planning for the European Maritime Simulator Network and in the Analysis and Evaluation of the project.

Centre of Excellence in Cyber Security

iCLIC is a partner in the University of Southampton's Centre of Excellence in Cyber Security. The Centre opened in 2012 and focuses on the security of the cyber space from all digital and human threats whether malicious or not.  We are interested in issues surrounding  security, protection and privacy.

The Centre of Excellence status was awarded by GCHQ as part of the Government's national cyber security strategy.  This recognition is made in partnership with Research Council UK's Global Uncertainties Programme, and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills; the Centre is one of only eight in the UK.

The team is led by Professor Vladimiro Sassone, leading figure within the Web and Internet Science group in ECS.  The Centre, however, draws expertise from across the University, including Mathematics, Management, and Psychology.

We can respond to the need to help UK government, business and consumers become more resilient to cyber attack.  In addition, we can respond to issues of privacy, trust and anonymity alongside social, ethical and legal responsibilities. Together, these address our need for security, efficiency and ownership around our own personal privacy.

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