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The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Malaysia

Research project: Development of Indoor Positioning System using RFID Technology

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  Global Positioning System (GPS) is widely used in providing location and time information for outdoor application. But, GPS is unable to be used in a closed space such as inside a building, because it needs to contact GPS satellites without any obstacle. Hence, an indoor positioning system requires other technology to provide location information inside a building.  

There are many different kinds of positioning technologies that have been used for indoor positioning system, including Wi-fi, bluetooth, and GSM cell phone technologies. But, these technologies provide poor positioning accuracy and require expensive infrastructure deployment. The objective of this project are to design an indoor positioning system using passive ultra high frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, to develop a high accuracy of navigation algorithm, and to integrate indoor positioning system with mobile phone apps. Finally, the accuracy and performance of the indoor positioning system will be analysed to compare with existing system. The research outcome might lead to a low cost but accurate indoor position system for implementation at public places, such as museum, shopping complex, and airport.

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