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The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Malaysia

Research project: Reaction Kinetics Mechanism of a Novel Enhanced-Mixing Transesterification for Biodiesel Production

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The crises of fossil fuel uncertainty and environmental issues, has led to biodiesel being in prime position as an alternative to fossil diesel.

This is because of its uniqueness in being compatible with present-day diesel infrastructures, renewable and scientifically verified to be more environmentally-friendly. Despite governmental fiscal incentives and abundance availability of biodiesel feedstock, its usage is still uncommon. Conventional batch reaction transesterification for biodiesel production is inefficient, increasing cost of production. This can be attributed to the lack of detailed understanding of underlying reaction mechanism and its associated mass transfer and chemical kinetics rates. Little is understood on how the operating and reactor parameters limit biodiesel transesterification from a reaction mechanism point-of-view.

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