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The University of Southampton
Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton

Research project: Southern Ocean FINEstructure (SOFINE)

Currently Active: 

The Southern Ocean FINEstructure (SOFINE) project studies the 'frictional' processes that slow down the strongest current on Earth (the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, ACC) and drive the extension of the ocean's overturning circulation across the Southern Ocean.

he experiment focuses on a major ACC meander (around the northern Kerguelen Plateau, southern Indian Ocean), which features as an area of intensified 'friction' and cross-ACC flow in most present theories and models of the Southern Ocean circulation. Specifically, in SOFINE we set out to explore two important oceanographic questions:

  • What are the relative roles of oceanic processes associated with large-scale (many hundreds to thousands of kilometres) or small-scale (a few kilometres) sea floor topography in slowing down the ACC and driving north-south flow across the Southern Ocean?
  • What oceanic processes control the rate at which water masses are transformed and fluxed across the major meanders of the ACC, and how do they do it?

For more details on this project, see:

Contact: Dr Alberto Naveira Garabato

PhDs and other Opportunities


Related research groups

Physical Oceanography
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