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The University of Southampton
PhilosophyPart of Humanities

Higher-Order Evidence in Epistemology, Ethics, and Aesthetics II Event

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14 June 2019
Avenue Campus, Confucius Boardroom

For more information regarding this event, please email Tracy Storey at .

Event details

This is the second in a series of workshops on Higher-Order Evidence in Epistemology, Ethics, and Aesthetics organised by Daniel Whiting. The project is supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AH/S006338/1).

Humans are fallible: we make mistakes in thought, feeling, and deed. Some mistakes result from our having incomplete or misleading information. Some mistakes result instead from what we make of or do with the information we have. As finite creatures, our capacity to acquire and retain information is limited; so too is our capacity to process that information. Corresponding to these two sources of mistake are two kinds of evidence. Sometimes a person receives evidence that suggests that what they believe is false, that what they admire is not admirable, or that what they decide is not best. This is first-order evidence. Sometimes a person receives evidence that their belief, feeling, or decision results from (e.g.) fallacious reasoning, snobbery, or implicit bias. This is higher-order evidence. It need not suggest that what they believe is false, that what they admire is not admirable, or that what they decide is not best; but it does suggest that their response to or estimation of their first-order evidence is flawed in some way. This workshop will explore how we can and should accommodate higher-order evidence in our deliberations.


10:00-11:30 Speaker: Jonathan Way (Southampton), "A Puzzle about Enkratic Reasoning"
Respondent: Claire Field (St Andrews)

12:00-13:30 Speaker: Miriam Schoenfield (MIT), "Deferring Doubt"
Respondent: Kevin Wallbridge (Cyprus)

13:30-14:30 Lunch

14:30-16:00 Speaker: Keren Gorodeisky (Auburn), "'Must it be Either One or the Other?': Reasons in Criticism (via the Emotions)"
Respondent: Zoe Jenkin (Harvard)

16:30-18:00 Speaker: Clayton Littlejohn (KCL), "Enkrasia and Higher-Order Evidence"
Respondent: Bartłomiej Czajka (Barcelona)


The workshop is free to attend but a limited number of places are available. To register, please email Tracy Storey ( with your name and affiliation.

Further information

The event is organised in accordance with the BPA-SWIP best practice scheme. If you require information about childcare, please contact Tracy Storey (

Accessibility information:

We can provide a hearing loop if it is required.
We will permit service animals to attend.
All sessions will take place in the same location.
We can provide a quiet room if it is required.
The venue will have available seating.
There will be parking nearby. To park, you will require a permit, so please notify the organiser in advance.
The schedule is TBC but there will be refreshment breaks between each session.
Funding may be available for delegates whose needs incur additional costs. Please get in touch with the organiser at the earliest possible stage and they will look into available support.
The room is wheelchair accessible and accessible toilets are a short distance away in the same building.
We will permit questions during Q&A to be written down rather than spoken out loud.

Please do not hesitate to contact the organiser if there is any further information you require.

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