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The University of Southampton
Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute

Research project:  The Use of Paradata in Cross–Sectional and Longitudinal Surveys

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The key objectives of this research are to investigate the uses of paradata for cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys with the aim of improving field process management and intervention decisions during data collection. The methodological development on how best to use such paradata in statistical models plays another key area.

Overview

This 3.5-year ESRC-funded project (start date 1 Sept 2011 until Feb 2015; RES-062-23-2997) is directed by Dr Gabriele Durrant (University of Southampton) and is being carried out in conjunction with Prof Peter Smith (University of Southampton), Prof Frauke Kreuter (University of Maryland, IAB Nuernberg) and Dr Olga Maslovskaya (University of Southampton). The project team are collaborating with other national and international researchers, including staff from CBS Netherlands, Institute for Employment Research (IAB, Nuremberg), National Centre for Research Methods (NatCen), Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) and the Joint Program for Survey Methodology.

The research is organised into three sub-projects which:

  1. investigate the use of call record data and interviewer observations to study nonresponse in longitudinal surveys;
  2. provide insights into the effects of interviewing strategies and other interviewer attributes on response in longitudinal surveys, and
  3. gain knowledge about the measurement error properties of paradata, in particular interviewer observations.
    Analysis techniques include multilevel, discrete-time event history and longitudinal data analysis methods. Dissemination includes a short course and an international workshop on paradata.

For further information about the project please contact: g.durrant@southampton.ac.uk  

Publications

Journal Articles

  1. Durrant, G.B. and D’Arrigo, J. (2014) Doorstep Interactions and Interviewer Effects on the Process Leading to Cooperation or Refusal, Sociological Methods and Research (forthcoming).
  2. Vassallo, R, Durrant, G.B., Smith, P. and Goldstein, H. (2014): Interviewer Effects on Nonresponse Propensity in Longitudinal Surveys: A Multilevel Modeling Approach, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, (forthcoming).
  3. Sinibaldi, J., Durrant, G.B. and Kreuter, F. (2013): Evaluating the Measurement Error of Interviewer Observed Paradata, Public Opinion Quarterly, Special issue: Topics in Survey Measurement and Public Opinion, 77, 1, 173-193.
  4. Durrant, G. and Kreuter, F. (2013) Editorial: The Use of Paradata in Social Survey Research, special issue on paradata, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 176, 1, 1-3.
  5. Durrant, G.B., D’Arrigo, J. and Steele, F. (2013): Analysing Interviewer Call Record Data by Using a Multilevel Discrete-Time Event History Modelling Approach, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, 176, 1, 251-269.
  6. Casas-Cordero, C., Frauke Kreuter, Y. Wang and S. Babey (2013) Assessing the measurement error properties of interviewer observations of neighbourhood characteristics, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 176, 1, 227-249.
Book Chapter

Durrant, G. B. and D’Arrigo, J. and Mueller, G. (2013): Modeling Call Record Data: Examples from Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Surveys. in: Kreuter, F. (ed) (2013) Improving Surveys with Paradata, Wiley and Sons.

Edited Volume and Monographs

Durrant, G. B. and Kreuter, F. (Guest Editors): The Use of Paradata (Process Data) in Social Survey Research, Special Issue on Paradata, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, 176, 1.

Work in Progress
  1. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. (2014) Investigating Call Record Data in Longitudinal Surveys using Sequence Analysis: An Example from Understanding Society.
  2. Maslovskaya, O., Durrant, G.B., Smith, P.W. (2014) Summarising Call Record Data: Sequence Analysis VS Latent Class Analysis.
  3. Durrant, G.B., Barbossa, D., Smith, P. and Skinner, C. (2014) Interviewer Effects on Nonresponse Bias.
  4. Vassallo, R., Durrant, G.B. and Smith, P. (2014) A Simulation Study of the Effect of Sample Size and the Proportion of Cases with Interviewer Continuity in Longitudinal Samples on Inference from Multiple Membership Multilevel Logistic Models.
Working Papers
  1. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. (2014) Sequence Analysis: A Tool for Investigating Call Record Data.
  2. Vassallo, R., Durrant, G.B. and Smith, P. (2014) Using Multilevel Cross-Classified Models to Separate Area and Interviewer Effects: How Much Cross-Classification is needed?
  3. Durrant. G.B., Schnepf, S. and Micklewright, J. (2014) Nonresponse in a Multi-Stage Survey of School Children (PISA).
  4. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. (2014) Modelling Final Outcome and Length of Call to Improve Efficiency in Call Scheduling.
Conference presentations

2014

  1. Blom, A. and Durrant, G.B. (2014) Correlates of Attrition in the German Internet Panel: Drop-Outs and Sleepers, American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR), May 15-18, 2014, Anaheim.
  2. Durrant, G.B. (2014) Analysing Call Record Data in Longitudinal Surveys, 4th Panel Survey Methods Workshop, 20-21 May 2014, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
  3. Maslovskaya, Olga, Durrant, Gabriele B. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2014) Sequence analysis as a graphical tool for investigating call record data. In, Paradata Conference: From Survey Research to Practice, London, GB, 26 Jun 2014.
  4. Durrant, Gabriele B., Maslovskaya, Olga and Smith, Peter W.F. (2014) Modelling final outcome and length of call to improve efficiency in call scheduling. In, Paradata Conference: From Survey Research to Practice, London, GB, 26 Jul 2014.
  5. Barbosa, Denize, Durrant, Gabriele B. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2014) An investigation of interviewer effects on measurement error. In, Joint Statistical Meeting, Boston, US, 02 - 07 Aug 2014.
  6. Maslovskaya, Olga, Durrant, Gabriele B. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2014) Using sequence analysis to investigate call record data in longitudinal context. At British Society for Population Studies, Winchester, GB, 08 - 10 Sep 2014
  7. Correa, S., Durrant, Gabriele B. and Smith, Peter W.F. (2014) When to stop calling? Using call record data to assess nonresponse bias in a longitudinal study. In, International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse, Reykjavik, Iceland, 02 - 04 Sep 2014

2013

  1. Durrant, G.B. and Schnepf. S. (2013) Non-response modeling in a multi-stage survey of school children (PISA), invited paper presented at the International Workshop ‘Advances in Adaptive and Responsive Survey Design, 9th-10th December 2013, CBS Netherlands.
  2. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. (2013) Modelling Final Outcome and Length of Call to Improve Efficiency in Call Scheduling, invited paper presented at the International Workshop ‘Advances in Adaptive and Responsive Survey Design, 9th-10th December 2013, CBS Netherlands.
  3. Vassallo, R., Smith, P.W. and Durrant, G. (2013) Assessing the relative importance of current and previous interviewers on wave nonresponse in longitudinal surveys, European Survey Research Association Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenien, 2013.
  4. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. and D’Arrigo, J. (2013) Using Sequence Analysis to Better Understand Interviewer Calling Patterns: An Example from the UK Understanding Society Survey, European Survey Research Association Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenien, 2013.
  5. Durrant, G.B., Maslovskaya, O., Smith, P.W. and D’Arrigo, J. (2013) Using Sequence Analysis to Better Understand Interviewer Calling Patterns: Analysing the UK Understanding Society Survey, International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse, London, Sept 2013.
  6. Maslovskaya, O., Durrant, G.B., Smith, P.W. and D’Arrigo, J. (2013) Investigating Call Record Data using Sequence Analysis: Some Practical Considerations, International Workshop on Household Survey Nonresponse, London, Sept 2013.
  7. Durrant, G. B., Vassallo, R., Smith, P. and Goldstein, H. (2013) Modelling Change of Interviewer: Effects on Nonresponse in Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Surveys Invited Presentation at the International Workshop on “Explaining Interviewer Effects in Interviewer-Mediated Surveys”, Mannheim, April 2013.

2012

  1. Sinibaldi, J., Durrant, G. and Kreuter, F. (2012): Evaluating the Measurement Error of Interviewer Observed Paradata, European Conference on Quality in Official Statistics, 31 May 2012.
  2. Durrant, G. B., Kreuter, F., Mueller, G. (2012): Improving Process Efficiency in Panel Surveys with Paradata, invited paper presented at the ESRC/NCRM Research Methods Festival, July 2012, Oxford.
  3. D’Arrigo, J. Smith, P.W., Durrant, G. B. (2012) Analysing and Modelling Paradata, presented at the ESRC/NCRM Research Methods Festival, July 2012, Oxford.
  4. Vassallo, R. (2012) A simulation study of the effect of sample size and level of interpenetration on inference from cross-classified multilevel logistic regression models, presented at the ESRC/NCRM Research Methods Festival, July 2012, Oxford.
  5. Barbossa, D., Durrant, G.B. and Skinner, C. (2012) Evaluation of Interviewer Effects on Nonresponse Bias, session on ‘Measurement, survey quality and interviewers’, Joint Statistical Meeting, Section on Survey Research Methods.

2011

  1. Sinibaldi, J., Durrant, G.B. and Kreuter, F. (2011) Evaluating the Measurement Error of Interviewer Observed Paradata, paper presented in the S3RI Methodology seminar series, University of Southampton, 11 Nov 2011.
  2. Durrant, G. B. (2011): Modelling call record data using multilevel modelling: Examples from cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys, invited presentation at an International Workshop on Paradata, 3-4 November 2011, Nuernberg, Germany.
  3. Durrant, G.B., Vassallo, R., Smith, P. and Goldstein, H. (2011): Interviewer Effects on Wave Nonresponse in Longitudinal Surveys. Paper presented at the 4th European Survey Research Association Conference, Lausanne 18-22 July 2011.
  4. Durrant, G.B. and D’Arrigo (2011): Interviewer Effects on the Process Leading to Cooperation or Refusal Using Interviewer Call Record Data, invited paper presentation, Session IPS33 ‘The use of paradata in response analysis, response monitoring and responsive design’, Invited Paper Proceedings of the 58th Conference of the International Statistical Institute, Dublin 2011.
  5. Vassallo, R., Durrant, G.B., Smith, P.W. and Goldstein, H. (2011): Interviewer Effects on Wave Non-response in a Longitudinal Survey: A Multilevel Analysis, Contributed paper proceedings of the 58th Conference of the International Statistical Institute, Dublin 2011.
  6. D’Arrigo, J., Durrant, G.B. and Steele, F. (2011): Analyzing Interviewer Call Record Data Using a Multilevel Multinomial Modeling Approach to Understand the Process Leading to Cooperation or Refusal. Invited paper; invited paper session ‘Using paradata for field management, quality assurance, and statistical control’, Joint Statistical Meeting, American Statistical Association, Florida, August 2011.
  7. Durrant, G.B., D’Arrigo, J. and Steele, F. (2011): Using Call Record to Analyze the Process Leading to Cooperation or Refusal: Experience from Six Household Surveys; Eighth International Workshop on Comparative Survey Design and Implementation (CSDI 2011), Paradata and Metadata in Comparative Research, London.

Events

  1. 1-day Conference on Paradata: From Survey Research to Practice 10:30-17:00, 26 June 2014, at the Royal Statistical Society, London
  2. Short course on paradata as part of the CASS short course programme, 22-23 October 2013: 'Using Paradata to Enhance Survey Design and Analysis' by Prof Frauke Kreuter, Dr Gabriele Durrant with contributions from Prof Peter Smith, Dr Olga Maslovskaya and Dr Mario Callegaro.

Key Publications

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