Re: Excerpts from FOS Newsletter

From: Peter Suber <>
Date: Mon, 4 Mar 2002 18:35:24 +0000

      Excerpts from the Free Online Scholarship (FOS) Newsletter
      March 4, 2002

More on the Budapest Open Access Initiative

University of Southampton press release on BOAI

BioMed Central press release on BOAI

SPARC and SPARC Europe press release on BOAI

ARL press release on BOAI
("Open access as defined by the BOAI is a laudable goal in sync with the
aims of ARL. The BOAI states that those works that 'scholars give to the
world without expectation of payment' should be freely accessible online
without cost to the user. ARL is committed to working with scholarly
publishers interested in experimenting with new funding models to develop a
realistic assessment of the economic impact of open access. The Association
believes an environment that better reflects the values of the research and
educational communities could have the benefit of restoring to the academic
community the control of its own intellectual property while reducing
costs. It would demonstrate to policy makers and legislators the economic
and intellectual vitality of a system that more fully balances societal
good with economic interests.")

Stephen Strauss, Napster for scientists? (For the _Globe and Mail_)
Stevan Harnad's correction of errors in this article

Stevan Harnad's reply to the ALPSP criticism of the BOAI

My editorial for Cortex, which includes some discussion of BOAI

* The Budapest Open Access Initiative
(Sign it, persuade your institution to sign it, take steps to implement it,
and spread the word.)


The eJournals Delivery Service

The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and the
Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) have launched the eJournals Delivery
Service (eJDS). Unlike other programs to delivery scientific ejournals to
developing countries, this one doesn't depend on local internet
connectivity. In regions where insufficient money or bandwidth mean that
scientists have email but not full internet connections, the eJDS will
deliver free copies of requested articles by email. eJDS allows
participating researchers to search the net and follow hyperlinks all by
email, by clicking on links in email attachments displayed in their
browsers. Document delivery depends on whether the ICTP has a subscription
to the relevant journal. Users can request a maximum of 3 articles per
day, 12 per week, and 100 per year, to avoid overburdening the system. If
publishers want to put limits on ICTP's freedom to copy and distribute
their articles, ICTP will honor them.

The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics is named for
the Pakistani Nobel laureate in physics (1979), located in Trieste, Italy,
supported by UNESCO and IAEA, and devoted to advancing research in
developing countries.

The eJournals Delivery Service
(Thanks to Ann Okerson.)

User's manual
(If you want to see how eJDS simulates an internet experience through email

ICTP and TWAS also coordinate a well-established Donation Programme to
channel donated books, print journals, and equipment to needy institutions.

The Abdus Salam ICTP

The Third World Academy of Sciences


Timeline of the FOS Movement

Since I launched it last week, my timeline has greatly improved, thanks to
suggestions and details from Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Stevan Harnad, Thomas

Here are some questions that will help me improve it further.

--When did Medline become free?
--When did Perseus move from CD's to the web?
--When was NCSTRL laid down before it was relaunched in 2001?
--Are there important FOS "firsts" not already on the timeline? Are there
other landmarks in the evolution of FOS not already on the timeline?

Timeline of the FOS Movement



* CalTech already maintains a number of OAI-compliant archives. It is now
willing to set up a new one for any research unit at the university willing
to sign the Author Permission Agreement and willing to agree that the
archives are archival and that no papers entered will be removed.

* Hussein Suleman and Edward Fox have launched the Open Digital Libraries
project (see FOSN for 12/19/01). For this purpose, an "open digital
library" is a network of OAI-compliant archives. The archives share
content and services through the OAI interface. Users can create and plug
in modules for additional power. The project already has modules for
harvesting, aggregating, and searching. This new power requires extending
the OAI standard slightly, but the extension is separable from the original

* The University of Michigan has launched the OAIster Project. The project
uses the OAI metadata harvesting protocol to reach content residing in the
deep or invisible internet and make it visible (readable, searchable). It
will also use Michigan's DLXS middleware to index the newly visible
resources to make them easier to find and retrieve. The project will
apparently work with any deep internet content except that which is
protected by password. OAIster is funded by a grant from the Mellon

OAIster home page

DLXS home page

* Resource, the Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries, is developing
Cornucopia, a portal to the UK's free online museum collections. The site
is in beta, and Resource welcomes your comments.
(Thanks to Managing Information Newsletter.)

* A Java Specification Request dated February 26, 2002, proposes a standard
API for content repositories to interact with applications that operate on
their content. (PS: This need isn't met by OAI, since many kinds of data
can't be well-captured by the Dublin Core at the heart of the OAI
standard. However, if work starts on a new standard, let's make sure that
it subsumes OAI.)

* The World Health Organization (WHO) has become an institutional member of
BioMed Central (BMC). This allows WHO researchers with accepted articles
to avoid the processing fees that BMC charges other authors in order to
cover the costs of dissemination and make access free for readers. Because
WHO is an important friend of FOS and producer of research, this is an
important endorsement of the BMC business model.

* EBSCO has made its full-text articles in biomedicine available through
PubMed's LinkOut.

* Leiden University has created a directory of free online journals,
organized by discipline and alphabetically by title. Journal titles and
associated subject terms are searchable, and users can limit searches to
full-text journals or include those offering only TOCs and absstracts. A
separate page lists newly added journals. This isn't comprehensive
directory of FOS, but it's the closest thing I've seen so far.
(Thanks to Charles Bailey's Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog.)

* The Text-e online seminar has moved on to the last text on its syllabus,
Umberto Eco's "Authors and Authority". It will be the subject of
discussion from February 28 to March 14. Here's how Eco encapsulates his
topic: "What is the role of the expert and of the intellectual at a time
when information is accessible to virtually everyone? Do intellectuals play
the role of a 'Web-filter'?"

* Ephemera ("Critical Dialogues on Organization") is a new free online
peer-reviewed journal.

* Thomas Krichel has created a mirror of the FOS Newsletter home
page. Thanks, Thomas.


Share your thoughts

* The NSF is soliciting applications for "projects that demonstrate how
modern information and communications technologies can fundamentally change
the way in which topical material is represented and delivered to diverse
communities of users." Applicants should send an optional letter of intent
by April 27 and their full application by May 27.


In other publications

* In the March/April _Technology Source_, Steven Gilbert interviews Phil
Long about MIT's Open Knowledge and Open Courseware initiatives.

* In the same issue of _Technology Source_, Laura Gasaway describes why
universities need a faculty copyright ownership policy and gives some
suggestions on how to draft or revise such a policy.

* In the March/April of _CLIR Issues_, Daniel Greenstein argues that
digital libraries should be tested by their support for scholarship. One
way for research libraries to provide this support is to create free online
archives and other channels for presenting the results of research. "One
immediate question is whether digital libraries are adequately connected to
their scholarly communities to sustain these new and laudable
objectives." (Greenstein, who was formerly the Director of the Digital
Library Federation, was recently appointed the Executive Director of the
California Digital Library.)

* In the February 28 _Business Week_, Heather Green reports that copyright
law is hindering Brewster Kahle's plan to create a free archive of the
entire internet. Quoting Lawrence Lessig: "[Kahle] has the technology, he
has the money, and he has the business plan. All he needs is the
permission of the lawyers, and he won't get it."
(Thanks to LIS News.)

* In the February 21 _Guardian_, Hamish Visit interviews Brewster Kahle,
creator of the Internet Archive and the Wayback Machine.,4273,4359816,00.html
(Thanks to NewsAgent.)

* In the February 15 _CNet_, Eliot Van Buskirk describes Lawrence Lessig's
plan for the Creative Commons. He focuses on music rather than other
digital content, but still gives more detail relevant to FOS than we got
from the first wave of stories on the Creative Commons.

* In the January/February issue of _The American Spectator_, Lawrence
Lessig excerpts his new book, _The Future of Ideas_. I recommend the book
strongly, but if you don't have time for it, or if you need a test run,
then I recommend these excerpts.
(Thanks to C-FIT.)

* The January/February issue of _eCulture_ is now available. It contains
short reports on many of the EU's IST digital programs, and longer stories
on digitization cooperation in Europe, the DigiCULT study (see above at
February 26). Separate stories don't have separate URLs.

Donatella Castelli, "Open Archives Forum"

Ingeborg Solvberg, "European Conference on Digital Libraries 2001"

Matthias Hemmje and Umeshwar Dayal, "Third DELOS Workshop on
Interoperability and Mediation in Heterogeneous Digital Libraries"

Hachim Haddouti, "International Mediterranean Workshop on Digital Libraries"


If you plan to attend one of the following conferences, please share your
observations with us through our discussion forum.

* International Spring School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for
Science and Technology
Geneva, March 3-8

* CURL ePrints Workshop
Glasgow, March 4

* Search Engine Strategies
Boston, March 4-5

* Preserving an Open Society in an Age of Terrorism (hosted by _Scientific
New York, March 5-6

* Redefining [Digital] Preservation (ARL and the University of Michigan)
Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 7-8

* Towards an Information Society for All
Berlin, March 8-9

* Knowledge Technologies Conference 2002
Seattle, March 10-13

* 17th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. Special tracks on Database and
Digital Library Technologies; Electronic Books for Teaching and Learning;
and Information Access and Retrieval
Madrid, March 10-14

* Digitization for Cultural Heritage Professionals: An Intensive Program
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, March 10-15

* EUSDIC Spring Meeting. E-Content: Divide or Rule
Paris, March 11-12

* Open Publish 2001
Seattle, March 11-14

* ARL Workshop on Interactive Publishing of Data on the Web
Charlottesville, Virginia, March 11-15

* Computers in Libraries 2002
Washington D.C., March 13-15

* International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data
St. Malo, March 13-15

* The Electronic Publishers Coalition (EPC) conference on ebooks and
epublishing (obscurely titled, Electronically Published Internet
Connection, or EPIC)
Seattle, March 14-16

* Licensing and Digital Content: A Symposium
Philadelphia, March 15

* Digital Resources and International Information Exchange: East-West
March 15 (Washington DC), 18 (Flushing NY), 20 (Stamford CT)

* Internet Librarian International 2002
London, March 18-20

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Institute of Mueum and Library Services. Building Digital Communities
Baltimore, March 20-22

* Advanced Licensing Workshop
Dallas, March 20-22

* Electronic Publishing Strategy
London, March 22

* Association of Information and Dissemination Centers (ASDIC) Spring 2002
St. Augustine, Florida, March 24-26

* OCLC Institute. Steering by Standards. (A series of satellite
Cyberspace. OAI, March 26. OAIS, April 19. Metadata standards in the
future, May 29.

* WebSearch University
San Francisco, March 25-26; Stamford CT, April 30 - May 1; Washington DC,
September 23-24; Chicago, Octeober 22-23; Dallas, November 19-20.

* European Colloquium on Information Retrieval Research
Glasgow, March 25-27

* e-Content: Discovering and Delivering Value
Toronto, March 25-27

* New Developments in Digital Libraries
Ciudad Real, Spain, April 2-3

* The New Information Order and the Future of the Archive
Edinburgh, March 20-23

* Copyright Management in Higher Education: Ownership, Access and Control
Adelphi, Maryland, April 4-5

* Global Knowledge Partnership Annual Meeting
Addis Ababa, April 4-5

* International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing
Las Vegas, April 8-10

* NetLab and Friends: 10 Years of Digital Library Development
Lund, April 10-12

* E-Content 2002 (on ebooks)
London, April 11

* Censorship and Free Access to Information in Libraries and on the Internet
Copenhagen, April 11

* International Learned Journals Seminar: We Can't Go On Like This: The
Future of Journals
London, April 12

* SIAM International Conference on Data Mining
Arlington, Virginia, April 11-13

* Creating access to information: EBLIDA workshop on getting a better deal
from your information licences
The Hague, April 12

* Licensing Electronic Resources to Libraries
Philadelphia, April 15

* United Kingdom Serials Group Annual Conference and Exhibition
University of Warwick, April 15- 17

* Conference on Computers, Freedom, and Privacy
San Francisco, April 16-19

* EDUCAUSE Networking 2002
Washington, D.C., April 17-18

* Museums and the Web 2002
Boston, April 17-20

* Legal Guidelines for Use of Intellectual Property in Higher Education
Oneonta, NY, April 19

* Information, Knowledges and Society: Challenges of A New Era
Havana, April 22-26

* DAI Institute on The State of Digital Preservation: An International
Washington, D.C., April 24-25

* The European Library: The Gate to Europe's Knowledge: Milestone Conference
Frankfurt am Main, April 29-30


The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter is supported by a grant from the
Open Society Institute.


This is the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (ISSN 1535-7848).

Please feel free to forward any issue of the newsletter to interested
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FOS home page, general information, subscriptions, editorial position

FOS Newsletter, subscriptions, back issues

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Guide to the FOS Movement

Sources for the FOS Newsletter

Peter Suber

Copyright (c) 2002, Peter Suber
Received on Mon Mar 04 2002 - 18:38:38 GMT

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