Re: The Green and Gold Roads to Open Access

From: Stevan Harnad <>
Date: Wed, 5 Nov 2003 16:13:10 +0000

Dear Katie Mantell:

As you requested, I have transmitted widely your announcement about
SciDevNet's coverage of open access:

As you also ask for my comments, Here they are:

(1) The SciDevNet's coverage is very helpful and welcome, but at the
moment it is *extremely* lop-sided, covering only one of the two roads
to open access -- open-access journal publication -- but not the other
road: open-access self-archiving of toll-access journal publications:

(2) You do cite the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) but you do
not note that the BOAI consists of *two* open-access strategies, of
which the second (BOAI-2) is open-access journal publication but the
first (BOAI-1) is open-access self-archiving:

(3) This is an important omission, because in actual numbers, open-access
self-archiving is generating far more open access articles per year than
open-access journal-publishing, and open-access via this road is also
able to grow much sooner and faster. In fact, in all likelihood, the
"green" road of open-access self-archiving is itself also the surest
way to reach the "golden" road of open-access journal-publishing!

Complete series:

(4) This is why it is so important not to represent "open-access" as
merely being synonymous with "open-access-publishing"!

(5) In your key reports and documents, you have mostly BOAI-2 reports and
documents. May I suggest adding the following BOAI-1 reports and
    (i) The BOAI-1 (self-archiving) FAQ:

    (ii) The original self-archiving proposal (Okerson & ODonnell 1995)

    (iii) The University self-archiving policy model:

    (iv) The Research-Funder open-access policy model:

    (v) The Berlin Open Access Declaration:

    (vi) SPARC Institutional Repository Checklist & Resource Guide

(6) Among "Open Access Initiatives" could I suggest adding

    (i) The SHERPA Project

    (ii) The DARE Project

   (iii) The Australian initiative

   (iv) French initiatives:

   (v) The cross-institutional archive, OAIster

(7) To "Open Access Literature" I suggest adding:

    Harnad, S. (2001) The self-archiving initiative

    Pinfield et al (2002) "Setting up an institutional e-print archive"

And to links I would add:
    Core metalist of open access eprint archives

as well as the following resources:

    Very large harvested cache of open-access arcticles in Computer

    GNU Open-Source Self-Archiving Software:

    Citation-Impact-Measuring Search Engine for Open-Access Achives:

    Citation-Seeking Engine (looks for open-access full-texts)

    American Scientist Forum (discussion of open access since 1998)

    Open Archives Initiative

    Powerpoints for promoting open access:

These recommendations are all intended so as to make the SciDevNet
site's contribution to open-access complete, rather than being, as it is
now, merely a review of the open-access journal-publishing portion of
the overall movements and initiatives toward open access.


Stevan Harnad

On Wed, 5 Nov 2003, Katie Mantell wrote:

> Dear Stevan Harnad
> Many thanks for your email in response to the editorial on communicating
> science in an electronic era.
> We have posted it on our letters to the editor page
> ( and have also taken the opportunity
> to post it on a special section of the website that we are launching today
> on "Open Access and Scientific Publishing" under 'Feedback and Debate'.
> In this section ( we have drawn together
> resources on access to scientific information in the developing world.
> It includes:
> · Up-to-date news, features and opinion articles on the issues
> surrounding open access and scientific publishing
> · Descriptions of (and links to) current open access initiatives
> · Access to free scientific literature
> · Links to key reports
> · Comprehensive events section with the latest meeting proceedings and
> future events.
> · An opportunity for you to comment and give your views
> We hope that this guide will be a useful and important resource for all
> those interested in open access to scientific information, and will provoke
> further critical thinking and discussion on the key issues.
> I would therefore be grateful if you could pass this message on to
> colleagues and friends who might be interested (
> Also, do let me know if you have any comments on the section.
> Best regards
> Katie Mantell
> ============================================
> Katie Mantell
> News Editor
> SciDev.Net
> 11 Rathbone Place
> London
> W1T 1HR
> United Kingdom
> Tel: +44 (0)20 7291 3695
> Fax: +44 (0)20 7291 3697
> ============================================
> SciDev.Net - found at - is a free-access website providing
> news, views and information on science, technology and the developing world.

NOTE: Complete archive of the ongoing discussion of providing open
access to the peer-reviewed research literature online is available at
the American Scientist September Forum (98 & 99 & 00 & 01 & 02 & 03):
    Posted discussion to:

Dual Open-Access Strategy:
    BOAI-2: Publish your article in a suitable open-access journal
            whenever one exists.
    BOAI-1: Otherwise, publish your article in a suitable toll-access
            journal and also self-archive it.
Received on Wed Nov 05 2003 - 16:13:10 GMT

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