Key Open Access Concepts (fwd)

From: Stevan Harnad <>
Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2005 14:27:09 +0100

Below is the announcement of an excellent new Open Access Bibliography
by Charles Bailey.

It draws together most of the threads of OA and explains them clearly.

Only one quibble with this valuable new resource: It perpetuates the
(in my view) spurious distinction between "free access" and "open access."

The gist of this non-distinction is that 99.9% of the uses that proponents
of the distinction think one provides and the other does not in reality
come with the online territory once one has made one's full-text freely
accessible to one and all webwide.

Rather than reproduce all the points and counterpoints that have already
been made across the years about this, here is the thread link.

    "Free Access vs. Open Access" (began Aug 11 2003)

Note that the error of thinking that there is a distinction to be
made here began with (and continues unconsciously in people's minds
to be associated with) "golden" OA, i.e., publishing in an Open Access
Journal. OA journals do indeed have to specify all rights explicitly;
but for "green" OA (through author self-archiving of postprints of
articles published in non-OA journals), there is no need to renegotiate
or even specify re-use rights. They are already covered in the author's
copyright agreement with his OA publisher.

The capabilities that come automatically with the territory once one
has self-archived -- immediate, permanent, toll-free, full-text online
access webwide -- already cover all uses that research and researchers
need: on-screen readability, downloading, print-off, storage, off-line
computational analysis. And every user webwide has these. So for
course-packs all you need is to list the URL. Ditto for any verbatim
quoting that might exceed the bounds of fair use. OA (which is a strictly
online matter) is definitely not about 3rd-party republication rights. Nor
is text relevantly like software (and the special needs of the Open
Source community), in that the user needs to "re-use" it by modifying
it. The content may be re-used and built-upon freely, but the verbatim
text is the author's own, and must be attributed and left intact.

As nothing substantive hinges on this non-distinction, however, it does not
diminish the value and inormativeness of Charles Bailey's excellent new

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2005 08:23:38 -0400
From: "Charles W. Bailey, Jr." <>
To: SPARC Open Access Forum <>

An excerpt from the Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly
Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals (OAB) that provides a
brief overview of OA concepts is now available in HTML-tagged format.
Additional links have been added, and old links checked and updated.
As part of the OAB, it is under a Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial License.

Best Regards,

Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Assistant Dean for Digital Library
Planning and Development, University of Houston,
Library Administration, 114 University Libraries,
Houston, TX 77204-2000. E-mail:
Voice: (713) 743-9804. Fax: (713) 743-9811.
Open Access Bibliography:
Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography:
Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog:


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Received on Wed Jun 22 2005 - 14:27:09 BST

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