Re: RCUK policy on open access

From: Leslie Carr <>
Date: Fri, 1 Jul 2005 11:12:59 +0100

On 30 Jun 2005, at 22:43, Tim Gray, Libray Assistant, Homerton
College, Cambridge wrote:

> Incidentally, what percentage of all UK peer-reviewed research is
> funded by
> RCUK? Would this percentage then be the percentage of *all* peer-
> reviwed UK
> research available via OA funded post 1st October 2005 (the
> proposed start
> date)? Is there a large number of other funders of peer-reviewed
> research -
> but not necessarily mandating an OA policy?

I calculated this roughly (about 6 months ago) for a journalist.

RCUK provided about 2.1 billion UK pounds (in 2003/4).
Then there's research infrastructure funding across the UK which adds
up to 1.4bn in 2004-5.
Independent (chariites) then add perhaps another 0.7bn.

In other words, the RCUK money is exactly half!

What follows is the justification for my figures. You will notice
that ther is a big hole in terms of EU and DTI funding, but I finesse
that by claiming that the money is for "near to market" purposes and
not "real research".

(a) From "Funding higher education in England: How HEFCE allocates
its funds",
Public research funds are provided under a dual support system. HEFCE
provides funding to support the research infrastructure. Our funds
go towards the cost of the salaries of permanent academic staff,
premises, libraries and central computing costs. The Research
Councils provide for direct project costs and contribute to indirect
project costs. Our funding for research in 2004-05 is 1,081 million

The funding mechanisms and processes are similar in Scotland, Wales.
Only the figures differ (below).
(b) From SHEFC Media release PRHE/02/04 (17 March 2004), http://
Scottish higher education institutions (HEIs) will receive more than
800 million SHEFC funding [ this is mixed teaching and research
headings of which about 230million seems to be equivalent to the
English headings ]

(c) From HEFCW Circular W04/18HE - Recurrent Grant 2004-05, http://
In Table 4, total research allocations appear to be about 61 million

I cannot find any figures for Northern Ireland - lets assume the same
as Wales.

Other (Govt) funding resources?
There's DTI, MOD and EU which provide significant sums of money, but
they are more along the D spectrum of R&D. Of course we take their
money and try to turn it into a research activity (often without
their knowledge) but this still could reasonably be missed off a true
"blue sky, journal publishing" scenario. Basically I'm stalling cos I
don't have a clue how to find out these numbers, much less to divide
them between Universities and Business :-)

Other charitable research funding organisations:
Each organisation is listed with its latest declared annual funding
Leverhulme: 20million
Nuffield: about 9 million
Rowntree: about 5 million
Wellcome Trust (Biomedical/medicine): 400million
(however, the Wellcome Trust is one of 111 charities that form the
AMRC who had a combined spend of 660M on a wide range of medical and
health research activities in the UK in 2002/03.)
Royal Society, British Council etc provide fellowships and bursaries
but no direct research project grants.

Les Carr
Received on Fri Jul 01 2005 - 11:12:59 BST

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