Re: ARL Institutional Repositories SPEC Kit

From: Stevan Harnad <>
Date: Mon, 21 Aug 2006 23:13:52 +0100

On Mon, 21 Aug 2006, ARL wrote:

> ARL Publishes SPEC Kit 292:
> Since 2002, when DSpace and other institutional
> repository (IR) software began to be available,

I wonder why ARL refers to 2002 when EPrints, the first and
most widely used IR software, was created in 2000!

(Both EPrints and DSpace were created by the same developer, by the way:
then Southampton doctoral student Rob Tansley. But Rob created EPrints
first, and to our specs at Southampton -- before he was poached by HP
and MIT! Since then, EPrints has continued to develop under Southampton's
specs, under the tender care of Rob's successor and Eprints' current
award-winning developer, Southampton's Chris Gutteridge. Rob has since
moved on to google.)

> The survey was distributed to the 123 ARL member
> libraries in January 2006. Eighty-seven libraries
> (71%) responded to the survey. Of those, 37 (43%)
> have an operational IR...

According to ROAR, there are at least 200 OAI-compliant
archives in the US, 115 of them institutional
or departmental IRs, 18 of them e-thesis IRs):

> By a large majority, the most frequently used
> local IR software was DSpace, with DigitalCommons
> (or the bepress software it is based on) being
> the system of choice for vendor-hosted systems.

The ROAR figures for total US OAI archives are:

    DSpace: 55
    EPrints: 52
    Bepress: 44

The corresponding figures worldwide are:

    EPrints: 210
    DSpace: 167
    Bepress: 53

> The average IR start-up cost has been around
> $182,500 and its average ongoing operation budget
> is about $113,500.

For some less daunting cost estimates (for OA-focussed IRs that know
their target content -- institutional peer-reviewed research output --
and know how and why to get it deposited) see:

Stevan Harnad
Received on Mon Aug 21 2006 - 23:42:34 BST

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