Re: What is the difference between the EC, the EC, and the ERC ?

From: <J.F.Rowland_at_LBORO.AC.UK>
Date: Fri, 11 Jan 2008 15:47:01 +0000

They are not the same thing.

1. 'The European Research Council (ERC, a new research funding body created under the EU's 7th Framework Programme for Research' (from the ERC's website)

2. The European Council - proper English title, The Council of the European Union - is what used to be called the Council of Ministers. That is, it is made up of the elected political leaders of the 27 national governments. If it's discussing fisheries, it's their fisheries ministers; if it's discussing science, it's their science ministers, etc. The Presidency of the Council rotates among the member states, changing every six months. It is currently held by Slovenia, the first of the Eastern European states to hold it.

3. The European Commission is the top permanent body of full-time officials that runs the EU bureaucracy on a day-to-day basis. Although its members are appointed by the member states (one per state), they owe their loyalty to the whole Union, not to their home country, and they have portfolios as ministers do in the individual national governments. Peter Mandelson is the British-appointed Commissioner. He has the Trade portfolio.

Fytton Rowland, Loughborough University, UK.

-----Original Message-----
From: American Scientist Open Access Forum [mailto:AMERICAN-SCIENTIST-OPEN-ACCESS-FORUM_at_LISTSERVER.SIGMAXI.ORG] On Behalf Of N. Miradon
Sent: 11 January 2008 14:01
Subject: What is the difference between the EC, the EC, and the ERC ?

I see that the European Research Council (ERC) now requires that "all
peer-reviewed publications from ERC-funded research projects be deposited on
publication into an appropriate research repository where available, such as
PubMed Central, ArXiv or an institutional repository, and subsequently made
Open Access within 6 months of publication"
(ERC Scientific Council Guidelines for Open Access 17 December 2007)[1].

Could someone who understands these things explain to me what is the
difference between the "European Research Council", the "European Council"
and the "European Commission" ?

N Miradon
Received on Fri Jan 11 2008 - 16:37:36 GMT

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