Engineering and the Environment

Research Group: Fluid Structure Interactions

Head of Group: Professor Stephen R Turnock

The aim of our work is to explore and understand the behaviour of engineering systems in a maritime environment with a view to improving the integration of design, production and operation, accounting for safety, economic and societal viewpoints. Systems include ships, submarines and submersibles, yachts and offshore structures. We seek to unify aspects of naval architecture, marine engineering, ocean engineering, offshore engineering and the emerging subject of maritime engineering sciences.

Currently Active: Yes

Group Overview

We conduct fundamental and applied research in topics related to the dynamic behaviour of marine structures involving: the prediction of wave-induced motions and loads; mechanics of lightweight and composite structures; underwater systems engineering; and marine vehicle design. Other research strengths include:

Members of the group have a wide range of international links. Examples include: University of Delaware, USA (modelling risk in UAVs); Beijing University, China (intelligent structural health monitoring); University of Limerick (joint PhD supervision on stress analysis of biomedical devices); University of Perugia, Italy (joint PhD supervision on yacht–sailor interaction modelling); University of Newcastle, National Technical University of Athens, Greece, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, and University of Galati, Romania (benchmarking experimental and theoretical modelling of composite structures); and Yokohama National University, Japan (fluid–structure modelling in ocean space structures).

A significant feature of the work is the coalescing of fundamental research with the potential application domains which are achieved in collaboration with external partners. Four examples of such a linkage are:

  • Lloyd's Register University Technology Centre (LR UTC) in Hydrodynamics, Hydroelasticity and Mechanics of Composites
  • Advanced Technology Partnership with the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI ATP) on Maritime Science and Engineering
  • Performance Sports Engineering in collaboration with UK Sports
  • Centre of Excellence in Marine Structures in collaboration with Ministry of Defence, Lloyd's Register and University College London

Members of the group are also involved in various committees of the International Towing Tank Conference (ITTC) and International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress (ISSC)

Contact us:

Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Unit

Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Southampton Boldrewood Innovation Campus
Burgess Road
SO16 7QF

Senior administrative officer: Melanie Hallford
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 2192

Administrative officers:
Sheila Stickland
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 8946

Aparna Subaiah-Varma
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 7745

Satwant Virdee
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 4914

For industrial enquiries: Dr Simon Gerrard +44 (0)23 8059 8708



Selected publications associated with this group from the University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints):


Dadd, George M., Hudson, Dominic A. and Shenoi, R.A. (2011) Determination of kite forces using three-dimensional flight trajectories for ship propulsion. Renewable Energy, 36, (10), 2667-2678. (doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.01.027).
Hashim, S., Berggreen, C., Tsouvalis, N., McGeorge, D., Chirica, I., Moore, P., Boyd, S.W., Nisar, J., Anyfantis, K., Misirlis, K., Juin, E., Hayman, B., Dow, R. and Orsolini, A. (2011) Fabrication, testing and analysis of steel/composite DLS adhesive joints. Ships and Offshore Structures, 6, (1-2), 115-126. (doi:10.1080/17445302.2010.522019).
Leekitwattana, M., Boyd, S.W. and Shenoi, R.A. (2011) Evaluation of the transverse shear stiffness of a steel bi-directional corrugated-strip-core sandwich beam. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 67, (2), 248-254. (doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.07.010).
Chen, Y.G., Price, W.G. and Temarel, P. (2011) An anti-diffusive volume of fluid method for interfacial fluid flows. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 68, (3), 341-359. (doi:10.1002/fld.2509).
Du, S.X., Hudson, D.A., Price, W.G. and Temarel, P. (2011) The occurrence of irregular frequencies in forward speed ship seakeeping numerical calculations. Ocean Engineering, 38, (1), 235-247. (doi:10.1016/j.oceaneng.2010.10.005).
Brizzolara, S., Savio, L., Viviani, M., Chen, Y.G., Temarel, P., Couty, N., Hoflack, S., Diebold, L., Moirod, N. and Souto Iglesias, A. (2011) Comparison of experimental and numerical sloshing loads in partially filled tanks. Ships and Offshore Structures, 6, (1-2), 15-43. (doi:10.1080/17445302.2010.522372).

Book Section

Lewis, S.G., Skrzynski, M., Turnock, S.R. and Wright, A.M. (2011) Methodology for improving stern gear design of high speed craft using cfd simulation. In, Proceedings of the international conference on the design, construction & operation of super & mega yachts conference. , Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 67-76. (In Press).

Conference or Workshop Item

Burden, Aaron, Hearn, Grant E., Lloyd, Thomas P., Mockler, Simon, Mortola, Lorenzo, Shin, Ie Bum and Smith, Ben (2011) Improved container transshipment utilising low carbon feeder ships. In, International Conference on Technological and Operational Advances for Low Carbon Shipping (LCS2011), Glasgow, GB, 22 - 24 Jun 2011. 10pp.
Halswell, P., Wilson, P. A., Taunton, D. J. and Austen, S. (2011) Design and performance of inflatable boats: flexibility and environmental considerations. In, High Speed Marine Vehicles (HSMV'11), Napoli, IT, 10pp.


Members of staff associated with this group:

Research projects

Research projects associated with this group:

Crust Formation on Natural Rubber

Maritime sport and leisure

Interactions of Fluid and Soft Bodied Structures with Applications to Wave Energy Device

Numerical Investigation into Potential Flow Around High-Speed Hydrooil Assisted Craft

Hydroelastic Inflatable Boats: A Possible Design Methodology

Lightweight and High Performance Ships

Design and development of cost effective surface mounted water turbines for rural electricity production

An investigation into the face sheet debonding of glass balsa sandwich composites

The influence of surface waves on the added resistance of merchant ships

Gothenburg 2010: rans simulations of the multiphase flow around the kcs hullform

Damage Assessment Tool for Marine Structures

Enhanced Performance of Sandwich Structures by Improved Damage Tolerance (SANTIGUE2)

Optimized athlete body sensor networks for simulation-based performance analysis

Ocean Survey and Autonomous Sampling Using Multi-Agent Systems

Accurate Cartesian-grid modeling of unsteady and separating flows

Power flow topology optimizations for engineering structures to suppress vibration and noise

Design and Development of Duct-Diffuser Augmented Propeller Low Head Hydro Turbines

Pulse Phase Thermography and its Application to Defects in Adhesively Bonded Joints

Nonlinear Hydrodynamic Analysis of Floating Structures Subject to Ocean Environments

Design and Development of Duct-Diffuser Augmented Propeller Low Head Hydro Turbines

Gyroscopic Energy Harvesting

The Royal Academy of Engineering Research Exchanges with China Major Award 2010

The use of optical techniques to assess the performance of composite materials under high velocity deformations

Structural modelling of damaged steel structures

RNLI Advanced Technology Partnership

Novel co-blended polymer matrix systems for fire resistant structural marine composites

REsidual Stress and structural Integrity Studies using Thermography (RESIST)


Prediction of hydrodynamics characteristics of naval vessels

Low Carbon and Hazardous Emissions Shipping

Full-Field Optical Techniques for High Strain Rate Behaviour Investigation on Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymers

Assessment the effectiveness of fuel cell as an alternative technology for marine propulsion systems

Investigation and development of a new effective nonlinear energy harvester

Analysis of adhesively-bonded composite joints

Lloyds Register University Techology Centre

Optimisation of a fleet of AUVs to minimise energy dissipation

Predicting tidal turbine noise for environmental impact assessment

Use of cryogenic buoyancy systems for controlled removal of heavy objects from the seabed

Simulation of tactical yacht racing: a human-psychological-physical AI-system in a dynamically changing yacht racing environment

Integrated Design for Production to Ensure Sustainability in Marine Transportation

Lightweight composite and sandwich structures

Modelling and prediction of residual stress

LR/MoD Centre of Excellence for Marine Structures

Development of advanced non-destructive damage detection approach using vibrational power flow

The Influence of Surface Waves on the Added Resistance of Merchant Ships

Wave Making Drag Prediction for Improved Design of Marine Crafts

Ship Hydrodynamics - Wave Induced Motions and Loads

Potential for evaluating residual stress using thermoelastic stress analysis

Fluid loads and motions of damaged ships

Reliability based life-time prediction and assessment of composite sandwich structures

Preparation of section properties for 2d anti-symmetric analysis of ship with structural discontinuities

The effect of flexibility on the design and performance of inflatable boats, plus environmental considerations

Body Non Linear 3D Hydroelasticity

Applications of thermography for material and structures monitoring and assessment

Methodology for assessing the life extension of high performance marine craft

Low carbon and hazardous emissions shipping

Numerical simulation of interfacial fluid flows by an anti-diffusive VOF method

Nonlinear Power Flow Active Control of Aeroelastic Flutter of Flappled Airfoils

Investigation of Wave Impact on Permeable Structures for Coastal Defences

Simulating high performance craft for design and training

Smart MRE Materials and Structures for Adaptive Vibration Control

A Mixed Finite Element-Smoothing Particle method for Nonlinear FSI Problems, with Applications to Maritime Engineering

Development of a Hover Capable Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Minimising the Propulsive Power Consumption of a Fleet of AUVs

Adaptive Composite Blades for Horizontal Axis Tidal Turbines

Smart Materials and Structures with Hybrid Nonlinear Vibration Control for Marine Applications

Infra-red Technique for Damage Tolerant Sandwich Structures

Linear interaction between compressibility and a gravity field for barotropic fluids

Thermal degradation of foam cored sandwich structures

Digital image correlation for high strain rate behaviour investigation on glass fibre reinforced polymers

Minimising the propulsive power consumption of a fleet of AUVs

Anaconda - Wave Energy Converter

Through life performance of sustainable composites

Lessons from nature for engineering

How important are defects in marine structural composites?

The Performance of Ships in Abnormal Waves

Novel approach to MRE smart materials and structures for suppressing vibration and noise

Investigation of Wall-Bounded Turbulence over Sparsely Distributed Roughness

Vibration Power Flow Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems and Applications

Investigation of Wall-Bounded Turbulence over Sparsely Distributed Roughness

Permeability and Cure Measurements in the Vacuum Assisted Resin Infusion Process for Validation of PAM-RTM

Portus Project

Power Flow Active Control of Aeroelastic Flutter for a Nonlinear Airfoil with Flap

Design and Development of Effective Nonlinear Energy Harvesters

Swimming Data Capture

Low Carbon Ship Design

Design of High Speed Craft from a Human Factors Perspective

Energy harvesting utilising the gyroscopic effect

Wave making drag prediction for improved design of marine crafts

Dynamic characteristics of ocean platform with mooring system

Strength assessment of damaged ship structures

Investigations on power flow analysis of nonlinear dynamic systems and applications

Advanced Multi-scale Strain Based Non-Destructive Evaluation (AMUSED)

Investigations on Structure-Isolator Interaction System for Particular Vibration Isolation Performance

Security of boat moorings and harvesting their energy

Wake Detection Ability and Self-Induced Motion Suppression of Whisker-like Geometries

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Foam Cored Sandwich Structures

Structural Analysis and Loads for a Modular Nuclear Merchant Ship

Unstructured MEL modelling of 3D Ship Hydrodynamics

Investigation of Numerical Methods for Achieving Energy Efficient Ships

Hydrothermal Ageing and the Implications of Adopting Sustainable Composite Materials for Structural Marine Applications

RNLI University Technology Centre

Tailored composites for deformation control in unsteady fluid-structure interactions

Fluid-structure interactions for yacht sails

MoD Centre of Excellence

A new tool to identify defects in adhesively bonded joints

Improvements to experimental approach for application of optical methods to high-speed testing of composites

Influence of Ultimate Strength on Aged and Corroded Ships

Ship Hydraulics (Sloshing)

Air entrainment in the wake of a transom stern

Adaptive and smart materials and structures for more efficient vessels (Adam4eve)

Meshfree Particle Methods for Fluid Structure Interaction Problems, with Applications to Aerospace Engineering

Fast escape underwater vehicle inspired by the octopus jetting

Development of Printed Smart Fabric Sensors for the Marine Industry

Modelling Characterisation and Development of New Magnetorheological Materials with Enhanced Vibration Control

Maritime Energy – sustainable and secure

EPSRC-Shaping Capacity Award: “Novel energy flow based dynamic topology optimizations for light-weight marine structures to suppress vibration and noise radiation"

Syncronised IRT and DIC Capture to Measure the Strain Rate Dependency of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Numerical Investigations on Fluid-Structure Ineractions Using Particle Based Methods for Marine Applications

Passive-Adaptive Composite Structures for Unsteady Fluid Loading

Using Synthetic Turbulence as an Inlet Condition for Large Eddy Simulations

Infra-red Sensing for Materials Characterisation and Damage Assessment

Smart vibration control using magnetorheological elastomers in hybrid shear-compressive modes with application to maritime engineering

Aesthetic consideration in ship design

Numerical investigations on fluid-structure interactions using particle based methods for marine applications

Numerical Modelling of Scour around Complex 3D Structures

Fluid Structure Interactions projects summary

Innovative smart magnetic materials and smart structures with hybrid vibration energy control for marine application

An improved Concurrent Engineering Framework through Incorporation of Management Methodologies

Full-field data-rich experimental approaches to explain composite material and structural performance and its damage tolerance (DAMTOL) - Dormant

Prediction of Aircraft Exhaust Noise

Why Do Wings Make Engines Noisier?

Investigations of Nonlinear Fluid-Solid Interaction Dynamic Systems for Wave Energy Harvesting

A Particle Based Method for Flow Simulations in Hydrodynamics and Hydroelasticity