Summary of Keynote Address, EDT2005, Sydney, Australia, September

From: Stevan Harnad <>
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2005 13:08:48 +0100

    Summary of Keynote Address to be given at
    8th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Disstertations
    Wednesday 28 - Friday 30 September 2005
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Austrlia

    Maximising Research Impact By Mandating Institutional Self-Archiving

    It is a foregone conclusion that the next generation of researchers
    will self archive their research output in their own Open Access (OA)
    Instititional Repositories (IRs) for all potential users online,
    and they are already beginning to do it now, with their theses and
    dissertations. But what about the present generation of researchers?
    Only 15% of the annual 2.5 million articles being published yearly
    in the world's 24,000 peer-reviewed research journals is being
    self-archived today. Self-archiving has been shown to increase
    citation impact 50%-250+% by making the research available to those
    users whose institutions cannot afford access to the official journal
    version. The marginal dollar value of a citation was estimated
    by Diamond in 1986 to be $50-$1300 (US). Converting to Australian
    dollars ($65-$1700), updating their value by 170% from 1986-2005
    ($110-$2890) and using even the most conservative ends of these
    estimates (50% x $110) and multiplying by the 85% of Australia's
    annual journal article output (about 35,000 according to ISI) that
    is not yet OA, this translates into an annual loss of $1,933,750 in
    revenue to Australian researchers for not having done (or delegated)
    the few extra keystrokes per article it takes to self-archive it. And
    that is without even considering the loss in revenue from potential
    usage and applications of Australian research findings in Australia
    and worldwide, nor the even more general loss to the progress of
    human inquiry. The solution is obvious, and Research Councils UK
    (RCUK) are on the verge of implementing it: a mandate to extend the
    existing universal requirement to 'publish or perish' to 'publish
    and also self-archive the final peer-reviewed author's draft in your
    OA IR'. Over 90% of journals already endorse author self-archiving
    and an international JISC author study (plus the actual experience
    of the two institutions -- CERN and University of Southampton ECS --
    that have already adopted such a requirement) show that over 90% of
    authors will comply. I will present the evidence, across disciplines
    and countries, for the 50%-250% OA citation impact advantage.

Stevan Harnad
Moderator, American Scientist Open Access Forum

Chaire de recherche du Canada
Centre de neuroscience de la cognition (CNC)
Université du Québec à Montréal
Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8

Professor of Cognitive Science
Department of Electronics and Computer Science
University of Southampton
Highfield, Southampton
Received on Thu Sep 08 2005 - 14:05:22 BST

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