Re: OA in developing countries

From: Pippa Smart <pippa.smart_at_GOOGLEMAIL.COM>
Date: Fri, 23 Nov 2007 09:50:58 +0000

True, although some of them rely heavily on overseas subscriptions to
exist (to pay for "direct" costs such as printing, online hosting,
etc. which some institutions will not fund). The amounts of income
from these may look small to us, but may be indispensible to the
journals. In some regions ( e.g. some of the African countries) there
is a real fear of losing these subscriptions when the material
becomes available "free". In some of these cases the journals are
turning to European/American commercial publishers to retain these
lines of revenue - it is a shame that a different model cannot be
found to enable the journals to go OA (and improve their visibility
and impact) whilst retaining valuable income.

On 22/11/2007, Sally Morris (Morris Associates)
<> wrote:
      As I understand it, many scholarly journals from less
      developed countries
      are not financially viable through subscriptions and are,
      as a result,
      heavily subsidized by their institutions and thus -
      ultimately - by their
      governments.  In these circumstances, a no-charge OA
      model makes a great
      deal of sense - many more bangs for exactly the same


      Sally Morris
      Consultant, Morris Associates (Publishing Consultancy)
      South House, The Street
      Clapham, Worthing, West Sussex BN13 3UU, UK
      Tel:  +44(0)1903 871286
      Fax:  +44(0)8701 202806

      -----Original Message-----
      From: American Scientist Open Access Forum
      Behalf Of Guédon Jean-Claude
      Sent: 16 November 2007 09:07
      Subject: RE : OA in developing countries

      I quite agree with Mike Smith and his concerns about the
      Third World.

      Open Access is the only way for Third World countries to
      see their journals
      recognized and integrated in the international
      bibliographies. As a result,
      Third World scientists will be able to publish on topics
      of interest to
      their situation (while responding to the universal
      criteria of excellence).
      The Web of Science is notoriously deficient on Third
      World coverage. The
      International Bibliography of the Social Sciences is
      quite as bad. Their
      coverage is 70% in English in disciplines where national
      and local languages
      are still extremely important). People close to the
      SciELO project in Latin
      America, Spain and Portugal have published on this topic
      and are beginning
      to take measure to counteract these biases. Recently, the
      people responsible
      for the Shanghai ranking of universities have decided to
      use Scopus rather
      than the Web of Science because the coverage of journals
      was wider in
      Scopus. I will not delve on the irony of the situation;
      neither will I
      analyze the validity of the Shanghai rankings, but I
      welcome the
      multiplication of evaluation and ranking services as they
      serve to dilute
      the judgmental monopoly of the (recent) past.

      Yes, Open Access will help Third World countries greatly,
      and not only in
      placing the articles of Third World scientists in
      suitable repositories.

      Jean-Claude Guédon

      -------- Message d'origine--------
      De: American Scientist Open Access Forum de la part de
      Michael Smith
      Date: jeu. 15/11/2007 10:22
      Objet :      OA in developing countries

      It is good to know that there is considerable interest
      and work on OA in
      developing countries, and this is not at all surprising.
      The intention
      of my brief post was NOT to say "nobody cares about or is
      doing anything
      about OA in developing countries" (and I certainly did
      not intend to
      insult anyone). Rather, my intention was to point out
      what seemed to be
      a bias in much of the talk and writing on OA:  issues are
      framed solely in terms of the US and Europe. I follow the
      OA literature
      at a distance, and this bias seems pretty clear in things
      that I come

      Mike Smith

      Dr. Michael E. Smith

      Professor of Anthropology

      School of Human Evolution & Social Change

      Arizona State University

Pippa Smart
Research Communication and Publishing Consultant
PSP Consulting -
3 Park Lane, Appleton, Oxon OX13 5JT,UK
Tel: +44 1865 864255
Mob: +44 7775 627688
Skype: pippasmart
Received on Fri Nov 23 2007 - 11:24:38 GMT

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