Two French publications on OA

From: (wrong string) élène.Bosc <hbosc-tchersky_at_ORANGE.FR>
Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2008 13:41:45 +0100

Bosc, H, (2008) [in French]
L~Rauto-archivage en France : deux exemples de politiques différentes
et leurs résultats 

[Self-Archiving in France: Two Different Policies and Their Results]

Liinc em Revista, 4 (2): 196-217 

ABSTRACT: In France, the first Institutional Repositories (IRs) were
set up in 2002, using the E-Prints software. At the same time, a
centralized repository was organized by CNRS, a French
multidisciplinary research institute, for the deposit of all French
research output. In 2006, most of the French scientific and scholarly
research organisations signed a ~SProtocol of Agreement~T to
collaborate in the development of this national archive, HAL.
Independently, the Ifremer Research Institute launched its own IR
(Archimer) in 2005. We have compared the development of HAL and
Archimer. Our results show that Ifremer~Rs policy of self-archiving
has resulted in 80% of its research output being made Open Access
(OA). In the same time interval, HAL, lacking a self-archiving
mandate, had only 10% of its target research output deposited.
Ifremer~Rs specific implementation of its mandate (a staff dedicated
to self-archiving) is probably not affordable for most French
research institutions but its self-archiving mandate itself is, and
Arthur Sale~Rs comparative studies in Australia have shown that the
essential element is the mandate itself. The European Universities
Association, mindful of the benefits of mandating OA, has recommended
self-archiving mandates for its 791 universities. Self-archiving
mandates have already been adopted by 22 universities and research
institutions worldwide (including Harvard, Southampton, CERN, and one
CNRS research laboratory) as well as 22 research funding agencies
(including NIH, ERC, & RCUK). OA maximizes research usage and impact.
It is time for each of the universities and research institutions of
France to adopt their own OA self-archiving mandates.

Bosc, H. (2008, preprint; in French) 
Le droit des chercheurs à mettre leurs résultats de recherche en
libre accès : appropriation des archives ouvertes par différentes
communautés dans le monde

[Researchers' Right to Self-Archive Their Articles In Open Access
Repositories: Evolving Policy Worldwide]

ABSTRACT: In 2002, a group of researchers, librarians and publishers,
launched the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), formulating the
concept of Open Access (OA) as well as the two strategies for
achieving it ~V OA self-archiving (BOAI-1, ~SGreen OA~T) and OA
publishing (BOAI-2, ~SGold OA~T). The concept of OA spread rapidly
among researchers and research policy-makers, but was at first
equated almost completely with Gold OA publishing alone, neglecting
Green OA self-archiving, despite the fact that it is Green OA that
has the greatest immediate scope for growth. After considerable
countervailing effort in the form of strategic analysis, research
impact and outcome studies, and the development of technical tools
for creating OA archives (or  ~SInstitutional Repositories~T IRs) and
measuring their impact, the importance and power of Green OA has been
demonstrated and recognised, and with it has come a growing number of
IRs and the adoption of mandatory OA self-archiving policies by
universities, research institutions and research funders. In some
countries OA self-archiving policies have even been debated and
proposed at the governmental level. This strong engagement in Green
OA by policy makers has begun to alarm journal publishers, who are
now lobbying vigorously against OA, successfully slowing or halting
legislation in some cases. It is for this reason that the research
community itself ~V not vulnerable to publisher lobbying as
politicians are ~V are now taking the initiative in OA policy-making,
mandating self-archiving at the university level.
Hélène Bosc
Received on Tue Nov 25 2008 - 14:30:37 GMT

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