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Bowel cancer patients without vital social support are twice as likely to have poorer overall health

Published: 2 November 2017
Social support
Social support important in cancer patients' wellbeing

Bowel cancer patients who lack a key type of social support are more than twice as likely to experience poorer overall health and quality of life, according to new research by the University of Southampton and Macmillan Cancer Support published today in the journal Psycho-Oncology.

Those lacking ‘positive social interaction’, such as having someone to do something enjoyable or relax with, were more likely to face problems. These could include experiencing severe pain, having serious problems with moving around or having difficulty completing simple tasks such as washing and dressing.

The Colorectal Wellbeing (CREW) study, which is following 1,000 people with bowel cancer for five years after surgery, found:

Those lacking positive social interaction were almost six times more likely to have clinical levels of depression and over four times more likely to have clinical levels of anxiety.

People who lack affectionate support, such as someone to hug them or show them love, are almost six times more likely to have clinical levels of depression and three times more likely to have clinical levels of anxiety following treatment. 

The study looked at how the social support available to people with bowel cancer changed over time and found that the number of people who lacked affectionate support almost trebled from diagnosis to two years later (five per cent vs 13 per cent).

Similarly, the proportion of people with little or no positive social interaction almost doubled from diagnosis to two years later (seven per cent vs 12 per cent). This shows a concerning trend for much-needed support dropping off in the months and years following diagnosis.

Macmillan Cancer Support and the University of Southampton are calling for more rigorous assessments of people’s emotional and social support needs at the point of diagnosis and after treatment. This will enable doctors and nurses to identify those who may be more susceptible to depression or anxiety and ensure they get the support they need.

Professor Claire Foster, Chief Investigator of the CREW study from the University of Southampton, said: “It is so important for people to have the help and support they need to manage the consequences of cancer, particularly after their treatment ends.

“Assessment of people’s needs early in the recovery process and then at regular intervals would help identify those most in need. There are vulnerable patient groups such as older people, those living alone and those already experiencing anxiety and depression who are most likely to need additional support.

“People can feel isolated following their treatment and friends, family and communities can have an important part to play in supporting people after treatment. More needs to be done to identify and help people who are struggling in the months and years following cancer treatment.”

Dany Bell, Treatment and Recovery Specialist Advisor for Macmillan Cancer Support, said: “This research shows how vital it is that people with bowel cancer have social interaction with others. Having a friend to go for a coffee with or someone who can join them for a country walk could help people cope with a range of problems, from anxiety and depression to pain and even mobility problems.

“Healthcare professionals often focus on helping patients with their physical health but mental health and wellbeing also needs attention.

“People with bowel cancer often face tough side effects such as incontinence or scarring, which can affect how they feel about themselves. Losing confidence in this way can have a knock-on effect on intimate relationships, making it harder to cope. It’s really important for healthcare teams to talk to patients about the issues they’re facing, because with the right support, many of these problems can be managed and overcome.”

Macmillan Cancer Support provides emotional, practical and financial support to people who have been affected by all types of cancer. This includes a telephone helpline staffed by nurses and an online community where other people in the same situation can share their advice and offer support. It wants to encourage anyone with cancer who is lacking social support or experiencing depression and anxiety to get in touch. Visit macmillan.org.uk or call 0808 808 00 00.

 

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