Population Ecology at Southampton University

C. Patrick Doncaster
Professor in Ecology
School of Biological Sciences
B85, Life Sciences Building
University of Southampton
Southampton SO17 1BJ

Email: cpd[at]soton.ac.uk
Phone: +44 (0)2380 594352
ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9406-0693

1995-pres.  Lecturer / Senior Lecturer / Reader / Professor in Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton

1994-1995  Chercher Associé, Institut d’Écologie, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

1990-1994  Research Assistant, Department of Zoology, Oxford

1985-1990  Poste Rouge / Ingénier de Recherche, CNRS Centre d’Études Biologiques, France

1980-1985  D.Phil. in Zoology, University of Oxford

1977-1980  BSc in Environmental Sciences (1st-class), University of East Anglia

Research by my group includes theory and fieldwork on the movements of individuals within and between local populations, and their adaptations to crowded environments. We study forest biodiversity and the interactions between humans and predators and their shared prey, acoustic ecology and applications of open-source conservation technology, early warning signals of tipping points in living systems under anthropogenic stress, and mechanisms for climate-change mitigation. We use and develop robust methods of evidence-based analysis.

Current and recent postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers include:

- Alex Ash, PhD study on ecology of grey squirrels in southern England (funded by DEFRA)

- Lungten Dorji, PhD study on ecology of clouded leopards in Bhutan (funded by Panthera, WWF, SoBS)

- Cristina Argudín, PhD study on conservation of felids in a changing climate (funded by CONACyT)

- Connor Butler, PhD study on conservation of anurans in montain forests of Peninsular Malaysia (funded by NERC-SPITFIRE DTP; co-supervisor Dr Kelvin Peh)

- Connor Bamford, PhD 2022 on patterns of marine predator habitat use in the South Atlantic (funded by NERC-SPITFIRE DTP; co-supervised at the British Antarctic Survey with Dr Phil Trathan, Dr Jenifer Jackson and Dr Iain Staniland)

- Andy Hill, PhD 2019 on open-source hardware for environmental monitoring (funded by EPSRC; co-supervision with Professor Alex Rogers and Dr Jake Snaddon)

- Peter Prince, PhD 2019 on open-source software for environmental monitoring (funded by NERC-SPITFIRE DTP; co-supervision with Professor Alex Rogers and Dr Jake Snaddon)

- Evelyn Piña Covarrubias, PhD 2019 on interactions of large felids with their prey and humans in the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico and Belize (funded by CONACyT; co-supervision with Professor Felix Eigenbrod)

- Alice Ball, PhD 2019 on anthropogenic impacts on jaguar movement in wildlife corridors (funded by EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Complex Systems Simulation; co-supervisor Dr James Dyke)

- Becks Spake, PhD 2016 on biodiversity of fungi in the New Forest (funded by BBSRC). Spake et al. (2015 Conserv. Biol.) winner of 2nd prize in the 2016 Conservation Biology Rising Star Award

- Angela Watkins, PhD 2015 on applications of complexity science to conservation (funded by EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Complex Systems Simulation; co-supervisor Dr Jason Noble). Watkins et al. (2015 Ecol. Model.) winner of 2nd prize in the 2016 Best Young Researcher Award from the International Society for Ecological Modelling

- Louise Fairless, PhD 2013 on ecophysiology of bats (funded by the School of Biological Sciences and the Kerkut trust; co-supervision with Professor Phil Newland, Professor Felix Eigenbrod, Dr Lex Kraaijeveld)

- Débora Borges, PhD 2013 on sustainable exploitation of limpets in the Azores (funded by Portuguese FCT Scholarship; co-supervisor Professor Steve Hawkins)

- Tania Gilbert, PhD 2012 on captive breeding of scimitar-horned oryx (funded by Marwell Zoo)

- Vasthi Alonso, PhD 2012 on mathematical models of fragmented ecosystems (funded by Conacyt; co-supervision with Professor Tim Sluckin)

- Susanna Sherwin, PhD 2011 on multidrug tolerance in bacterial biofilms (funded by BBSRC Doctoral Training Account; co-supervision with Dr Jeremy Webb)

- Dr Martin Skov, NERC post-doctoral researcher 2006-2009 on consumer responses to habitat depletion: food-refuge interactions in periwinkles

- Becci Foster, PhD 2009 on jaguar-human conflict in Belize (funded by NERC)

- Pippa Wood, PhD 2007 on sustainable conservation for shorebirds (funded by English Nature, ABPmer, Beaulieu Estate)

- Bart Harmsen, PhD 2007 on conservation of jaguars in Belize (funded by NERC)

- Rich Young, PhD 2006 on ecology of dispersal in hedgehogs (funded by CSL)

- Dr Laura Guichón, UNESCO-L’Oréal Fellowship 2004-2005 on invasion dynamics of the Red-Bellied Beautiful Squirrel; named as one of the outstanding women of 2004 by Clarín

- Nikki Tagg, PhD 2004 on coexistence of reproductive modes (funded by NERC, MBA)

- Andrew Davey, PhD 2003 on competitive interactions in stream fish communities (funded by FSBI)

- Sarah Benge, PhD 2002 on nutrient selection in fallow and roe deer

- Graeme Pound, PhD 2001 on maintenance of sexual reproduction (funded by EPSRC)

- Matt Henderson, PhD 2001 on population genetic structure of hedgehogs (funded by BBSRC)

- Will Betz, MPhil 2001 on conservation of tree kangaroos

- Adam Kent, PhD 2000 on influences of recruitment on population persistence (funded by University of Southampton)


Statistics for Biologists

  Lexicon of statistics

  Means and variances

  Confidence intervals and R code for plotting them

  Terminology of analysis of variance

  Examples of analysis of variance and covariance

  Orthogonal contrasts for balanced analysis of variance

  Statistical power for balanced analysis of variance

  R for analysis of variance and covariance

Population Ecology and Evolution

  Lexicon of evolutionary genetics

  Lexicon of reproductive modes

  Model for population growth

  Timeline of human evolution and cultural development

Conservation Biology

  Organisations and conventions on environmental issues

  Logical framework for valuing natural capital

  How we as individuals can contribute to halting biodiversity loss


  University of Southampton

  School of Biological sciences

  Ecology and Evolution Research Group

  Postgraduate research in Biological Sciences

  Undergraduate programmes in Biological Sciences


  Datasets and programs for study designs with Analysis of Variance

  R codes for study designs with Analysis of Variance

  Programs for statistical analysis

  Programs for analysing interaction from radio-tracking data




Doncaster, C.P. and Bullock, J.M. (2024) Living in harmony with nature is achievable only as a non-ideal vision. Environmental Science and Policy, 152: 103658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2023.103658 Argudín-Violante, C., Middleton, O.S., Slater, K.Y., Dominguez-Bonilla, E. and Doncaster, C.P. (2023) Neo-tropical felid activity patterns in relation to potential prey and intra-guild competitors in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. Biotropica, 55: 969–977. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.13246
Wang, R., Doncaster, C.P., Zheng, W., Xu, M., Yang, H., Li, Y., Cai, Y., Zhao, Y., Zhang, E., Yang, X. and Qin, B. (2023) High phytoplankton diversity in eutrophic states impedes lake recovery. Journal of Biogeography, 50: 1914-1925. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14698 Piña-Covarrubias, E., Chávez, C., Chapman, M.A., Morales, M., Elizalde-Arellano, C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2023) Ecology of large felids and their prey in small reserves of the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy, 104: 115-127. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyac090
Nicol-Harper, A., Doncaster, C.P., Hilton, G.M., Wood, K.A. and Ezard, T.H.G. (2023) Conservation implications of a mismatch between data availability and demographic impact. Ecology and Evolution, 13: e10269. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.10269 Piña-Covarrubias, E., Chávez, C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2022) Knowledge of wildlife, hunting, and human-felid interactions in Maya Forest communities of the northern Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. Human Ecology, 50: 1035-1045. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-022-00363-z
Doncaster, C.P., Edwards, M.E., Clarke, C.L. and Alsos, I.G. (2023) The drivers of plant community composition have shifted from external to internal processes over the past 20,000 years. Communications Earth & Environment, 4: 171. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00834-1. Behind the paper blogpost. Zhao, Y., Wang, R., Yang, X., Dearing, J.A., Doncaster, C.P., Langdon, P. and Dong, X. (2022) Reconstruction of ecological transitions in a temperate shallow lake of the middle Yangtze River basin in the last century. Water, 14: 1136. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14071136
Spake, R., Bowler, D.E., Callaghan, C.T., Blowes, S.A., Doncaster, C.P., Antão, L.H., Nakagawa, S., McElreath, R. and Chase, J.M. (2023) Understanding ‘it depends’ in ecology: a guide to hypothesising, visualising and interpreting statistical interactions. Biological Reviews, 98: 983-1002. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12939 Calderón, A.P., Louvrier, J., Planillo, A., Araya-Gamboa, D., Arroyo-Arce, S., Barrantes-Núñez, M., Carazo-Salazar, J., Corrales-Gutiérrez, D., Doncaster, C.P., Foster, R., García, M.J., Garcia-Anleu, R., Harmsen, B., Hernández-Potosme, S., Leonardo, R., Trigueros, D.M., McNab, R., Meyer, N., Moreno, R., Salom-Pérez, R., Sauma Rossi, A., Thomson, I., Thornton, D., Urbina, Y., Grimm, V. and Kramer-Schadt, S. (2022) Occupancy models reveal potential of conservation prioritization for Central American jaguars. Animal Conservation, 25: 680-691. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12772
Spake, R., O’Dea, R.E., Nakagawa, S., Doncaster, C.P., Ryo, M., Callaghan, C.T. and Bullock, J.M. (2022) Improving quantitative synthesis to achieve generality in ecology. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6: 1818-1828. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-022-01891-z Mayfield, R.J., Dearing, J.A., Doncaster, C.P. and Langdon, P.G. (2022) Stability of chironomid community structure during historic climatic and environmental change in subarctic Alaska. Limnology and Oceanography, 67: S444-S460. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.12007
Katsis, L.K.D., Hill, A.P., Piña-Covarrubias, E., Prince, P., Rogers, A., Doncaster, C.P. and Snaddon, J.L. (2022) Automated detection of gunshots in tropical forests using convolutional neural networks. Ecological Indicators, 141: 109128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.109128. Associated database of gunshots: https://doi.org/10.17632/x48cwz364j.3 Nicol-Harper, A., Wood, K.A., Diamond, A.W., Major, H.L., Petersen, A., Tertitski, G., Doncaster, C.P., Ezard, T.H.G. and Hilton, G.M. (2021) Vital rate estimates for the common eider Somateria mollissima, a data-rich exemplar of the seaduck tribe. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 2: e12108. https://doi.org/10.1002/2688-8319.12108. Associated database: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.x3ffbg7ks
Spake, R., Mori, A.S., Beckmann, M., Martin, P.A., Christie, A.P., Duguid, M.C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2021) Implications of scale dependence for cross-study syntheses of biodiversity differences. Ecology Letters, 24: 374-390. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13641 Novella-Fernandez, R., Juste, J., Ibáñez, C., Rebelo, H., Russo, D., Alberdi, A., Kiefer, A., Graham, L., Hynek, P., Doncaster, C.P. and Razgour, O. (2021) Broad-scale patterns of geographic avoidance between species emerge in the absence of fine-scale mechanisms of coexistence. Diversity and Distributions, 27: 1606-1618. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13375
Wang, R., Dearing, J.A., Doncaster, C.P., Yang, X., Zhang, E., Langdon, P.G., Yang, H., Dong, X., Hu, Z., Xu, M., Zhao, Y. and Shen, J. (2019) Network parameters quantify loss of assemblage structure in human-impacted lake ecosystems. Global Change Biology, 25: 3871-3882. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14776 Mayfield, R.J., Langdon, P.G., Doncaster, C.P., Dearing, J.A., Wang, R., Velle, G., Davies, K.L. and Brooks, S.J. (2021) Late Quaternary chironomid community structure shaped by rate and magnitude of climate change. Journal of Quaternary Science, 36: 360-376. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3301
Hill, A.P., Davies, A., Prince, P., Snaddon, J.L., Doncaster, C.P. and Rogers, A. (2019) Leveraging conservation action with open-source hardware. Conservation Letters, 12: e12661. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12661 Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J., Urbina, Y.L., Wooldridge, R.L., Doncaster, C.P., Quigley, H. and Figueroa, O.A. (2020) Jaguar (Panthera onca) density and tenure in a critical biological corridor. Journal of Mammalogy, 101: 1622-1637. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyaa134
Prince, P., Hill, A.P., Piña Covarrubias, E., Doncaster, C.P., Snaddon, J.L. and Rogers, A. (2019) Deploying acoustic detection algorithms on low-cost, open-source acoustic sensors for environmental monitoring. Sensors, 19: 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19030553 Allen, S., Henson, S., Hickman, A., Beaulieu, C., Doncaster, C.P. and Johns, D.G. (2020) Interannual stability of phytoplankton community composition in the North-East Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 655: 43-57. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13515
Piña Covarrubias, E., Hill, A.P., Prince, P., Snaddon, J.L., Rogers, A. and Doncaster, C.P. (2019) Optimization of sensor deployment for acoustic detection and localization in terrestrial environments. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation, 5: 180-192. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.97. Contextual videoblog. Novella-Fernandez, R., Ibañez, C., Juste, J., Clare, E.L., Doncaster, C.P. and Razgour, O. (2020) Trophic resource partitioning drives fine-scale coexistence in cryptic bat species. Ecology and Evolution, 10: 14122-14136. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7004
Hill, A.P., Prince, P., Piña Covarrubias, E., Doncaster, C.P., Snaddon, J.L. and Rogers, A. (2018) AudioMoth: Evaluation of a smart open acoustic device for monitoring biodiversity and the environment. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9: 1199-1211. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12955 Mayfield, R.J., Langdon, P.G., Doncaster, C.P., Dearing, J.A., Wang, R., Nazarova, L.B., Medeiros, A.S. and Brooks, S.J. (2020) Metrics of structural change as indicators of chironomid community stability in high latitude lakes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 249: e 106594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106594
Doncaster, C.P. and Spake, R. (2018) Correction for bias in meta-analysis of little-replicated studies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 9: 634-644. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12927 Coughtrie, A.L., Jefferies, J.M., Cleary, D.W., Doncaster, C.P., Faust, S.N., Kraaijeveld, A.R., Moore, M.V., Mullee, M.A., Roderick, P.J., Webb, J.S., Yuen, H.M. and Clarke, S.C. (2019) Microbial epidemiology and carriage studies for the evaluation of vaccines. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 68: 1408-1418. https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.001046
Doncaster, C.P. and Ezard, T.H.G. (2017) Key steps to avoiding artistry with significance tests. PeerJ Preprints, 5: e3394v1. https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3394v1 Davidson, Z., Dupuis-Desormeaux, M., Dheer, A., Pratt, L., Preston, E., Gilicho, S., Mwololo, M., Chege, G., MacDonald, S.E. and Doncaster, C.P. (2019) Borrowing from Peter to pay Paul: managing threatened predators of endangered and declining prey species. PeerJ, 7: e7916. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7916
Spake, R. and Doncaster, C.P. (2017) Use of meta-analysis in forest biodiversity research: key challenges and considerations. Forest Ecology and Management, 400: 429-437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.05.059 Hill, A.P., Prince, P., Snaddon, J.L., Doncaster, C.P. and Rogers, A. (2019) AudioMoth: A low-cost acoustic device for monitoring biodiversity and the environment. HardwareX, 6: e00073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ohx.2019.e00073
Doncaster, C.P., Tavoni, A. and Dyke, J.G. (2017) Using adaptation insurance to incentivize climate-change mitigation. Ecological Economics, 135: 246-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.01.019 Spake, R., Yanou, S. Yamaura, Y. Kawamura, K., Kitayama, K. and Doncaster, C.P. (2019) Meta-analysis of management effects on biodiversity in plantation and secondary forests of Japan. Conservation Science and Practice, 1: e14. https://doi.org/10.1002/csp2.14
Doncaster, C.P., Chávez, V.A., Viguier, C., Wang, R., Zhang, E., Dong, X, Dearing, J.A., Langdon, P.G. and Dyke, J.G. (2016) Early warning of critical transitions in biodiversity from compositional disorder. Ecology, 97: 3079-3090. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1558 Harmsen, B.J., Sanchez, E., Figueroa, O.A., Gutierrez, S.M., Doncaster, C.P. and Foster, R.J. (2019) Ecology of a versatile canid in the Neotropics: gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) in Belize, Central America. Mammal Research, 64: 319-332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-018-00413-2
Power, D.A., Watson, R.A., Szathmary, E., Mills, R., Powers, S.T., Doncaster, C.P. and Czapp, B. (2015) What can ecosystems learn? Expanding evolutionary ecology with learning theory. Biology Direct, 10: 69. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13062-015-0094-1 Green, S.E., Davidson, Z., Kaaria, T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2018) Do wildlife corridors link or extend habitat? Insights from elephant use of a Kenyan wildlife corridor. African Journal of Ecology, 56: 860-871. https://doi.org/10.1111/aje.12541
Hawkins, S.J., Bohn, K. and Doncaster, C.P. (2015) Ecosystems: the rocky road to regime-shift indicators. Current Biology, 25: R666-R668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.02 Harmsen, B.J., Wooldridge, R.L., Gutierrez, S.M., Doncaster, C.P. and Foster, R.J. (2018) Spatial and temporal interactions of free-ranging pacas (Cuniculus paca). Mammal Research, 63: 161-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-017-0350-0
Watkins, A., Noble, J., Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2015) A spatially explicit agent-based model of the interactions between jaguar populations and their habitats. Ecological Modelling, 306: 268-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.10.038 Tricarico, S., McNeil, H.C., Cleary, D.W., Head, M.G., Lim, V.,Yap, I.K.S., Wie, C.C., Tan, C.S., Norazmi, M.N., Aziah, I., Cheah, E.S.G., Faust, S.N., Jefferies, J.M.C., Roderick, P.J., Moore, M., Yuen, H.M., Newell, M.L., McGrath, N., Doncaster, C.P., Kraaijeveld, A.R., Webb, J.S. and Clarke, S.C. (2017) Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation in middle-income countries. Pneumonia, 9: 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41479-017-0030-5
Dearing, J.A., Wang, R., Zhang, K., Dyke, J.G., Haberl, H., Hossain, M.S., Langdon, P.G., Lenton, T.M., Raworth, K., Brown, S., Carstensen, J., Cole, M.J., Cornell, S.E., Dawson, T.P., Doncaster, C.P., Eigenbrod, F., Flörke, M., Jeffers, E., Mackay, A.W., Nykvist, B. and Poppy, G.M. (2014) Safe and just operating spaces for regional social-ecological systems. Global Environmental Change, 28: 227-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.06.012 Gutierrez, S.M., Harmsen, B.J., Doncaster, C.P., Kay, E. and Foster, R.J. (2017) Ranging behavior and habitat selection of pacas (Cuniculus paca) in central Belize. Journal of Mammalogy, 98: 542-550. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyw179
Doncaster, C.P., Davey, A.J.H. and Dixon, P.M. (2014) Prospective evaluation of designs for analysis of variance without knowledge of effect sizes. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 21: 239-261. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10651-013-0253-4 Borges, C.D.G., Hawkins, S.J., Crowe, T.P. and Doncaster, C.P. (2016) The influence of simulated exploitation on Patella vulgata populations: protandric sex change is size-dependent. Ecology and Evolution, 6: 514-531. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1872
Doncaster, C.P., Jackson, A. and Watson, R.A. (2013) Competitive environments sustain costly altruism with negligible assortment of interactions. Scientific Reports, 3: 2836. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep02836 Spake, R., van der Linde, S., Newton, A.C., Suz, L.M., Bidartondo, M.I. and Doncaster, C.P. (2016) Similar biodiversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in set-aside plantations and ancient old-growth broadleaved forests. Biological Conservation, 194: 71-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.12.003
Doncaster, C.P., Jackson, A. and Watson, R.A. (2013) Manipulated into giving: when parasitism drives apparent or incidental altruism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280: 20130108. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.0108 Spake, R., Barsoum, N., Newton, A.C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2016) Drivers of the composition and diversity of carabid functional traits in UK coniferous plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 359: 300-308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.10.008
Alonso Chávez, V., Doncaster, C.P., Dearing, J.A., Wang, R., Huang, J.-L. and Dyke, J.G. (2013) Detecting regime shifts in artificial ecosystems. Pp. 625-632 in: Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the Twelfth European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (Eds. Liò, P., Miglino, O., Nicosia, G., Nolfi, S. and Pavone, M.). MIT Press, ISBN: 978-0-262-31709-2 Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J., Macdonald, D.W., Collins, J., Urbina, Y., Garcia, R. and Doncaster, C.P. (2016) Wild meat: a shared resource amongst people and predators. Oryx,50: 63-75. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003060531400060X
Skov, M.W., Hawkins, S.J., Volkelt-Igoe, M., Pike, J., Thompson, R.C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2011) Patchiness in resource distribution mitigates habitat loss: insights from high-shore grazers. Ecosphere, 2: art60. https://doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00017.1 Spake, R., Ezard, T.H.G., Martin, P.A., Newton, A.C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2015) A meta-analysis of functional group responses to forest recovery outside of the tropics. Conservation Biology, 29: 1695-1703. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12548
Watkins, A., Noble, J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2011) An agent-based model of jaguar movement through conservation corridors. Pp. 846-853 in: Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (Eds. Lenaerts, T., Giacobini, M., Bersini, H., Bourgine, P., Dorigo, M. and Doursat, R.). MIT Press, ISBN: 978-0-262-29714-1 Macdonald, D.W., Doncaster, P., Newdick M., Hofer, H., Mathews, F. and Johnson, P.J. (2015) Foxes in the landscape: ecology and sociality. In: Wildlife Conservation on Farmland. Conflict in the Countryside (Eds D.W. Macdonald and R.E. Feber). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745501.001.0001
Doncaster, C.P. (2009) Ecological equivalence: a realistic assumption for niche theory as a testable alternative to neutral theory. PLoS ONE, 4(10): e7460. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007460 Borges, C.D.G., Hawkins, S.J., Doncaster, C.P. and Crowe, T.P. (2015) Effects of simulated human exploitation of a key grazer, Patella vulgata, on rocky shore assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 533: 163-176. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11356
Davey, A.J.H., Doncaster, C.P. and Jones, O.D. (2009) Distinguishing between interference and exploitation competition for shelter in a mobile fish population. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 14: 555-562. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10666-008-9171-5 Borges, C.D.G., Doncaster, C.P., Maclean, M. and Hawkins, S.J. (2015) Broad-scale patterns of sex ratios in Patella spp.: a comparison of range edge and central range populations in the British Isles and Portugal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, 95: 1141-1153. https://doi.org//10.1017/S0025315415000417
Doncaster, C.P. (2008) Non-linear density dependence in time series is not evidence of non-logistic growth. Theoretical Population Biology, 73: 483-489. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.02.003 Trewby, I.D., Young, R., McDonald, R.A., Wilson, G.J., Davison, J., Walker, N., Robertson, A., Doncaster, C.P. and Delahay, R.J. (2014) Impacts of removing badgers on localised counts of hedgehogs. PLoS ONE 9(4): e95477. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095477
Seymour, R.M. and Doncaster, C.P. (2007) Density dependence triggers runaway selection of reduced senescence. PLoS Computational Biology, 3(12): e256. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030256 Rowe, R.L., Goulson, D., Doncaster, C.P., Clarke, D.J., Taylor, G. and Hanley, M.E. (2013) Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 5: 257-266. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12040
Doncaster, C.P. and Davey, A.J.H. (2007) Analysis of Variance and Covariance: How to Choose and Construct Models for the Life Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 302 pp. ISBN-13: 9780521684477. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611377. Website: https://www.southampton.ac.uk/~cpd/anovas/datasets/ Santos, M.M., Juáres, M.A., Rombolá, E.F., García, M.L., Coria, N.R. and Doncaster, C.P. (2012) Over-representation of bird prey in pellets of South Polar Skuas. Journal of Ornithology, 153: 979-983. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-012-0840-4
Akçakaya, H.R., Mills, G. and Doncaster, C.P. (2007) The role of metapopulations in conservation. Pp 64-84 in: Key Topics in Conservation Biology (Eds D. W. Macdonald and K. Service). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford 328 pp. ISBN: 978-1-444-30906-5 Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J., Silver, S.C., Ostro, L.E.T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2011) Jaguar and puma activity patterns in relation to their main prey. Mammalian Biology, 76: 320-324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2010.08.007.
Doncaster, C.P. (2006) Comment on "on the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects" III. Science, 311: 1100. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1122383 Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2011) Heterogeneous capture rates in low density populations and consequences for capture-recapture analysis of camera-trap data. Population Ecology, 53: 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10144-010-0211-z
Tagg, N., Innes, D.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2005) Outcomes of reciprocal invasions between genetically diverse and genetically uniform populations of Daphnia obtusa (Kurz). Oecologia, 143: 527-536. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0016-5 Rowe R.L., Hanley, M.E., Goulson, D., Clarke, D.J., Doncaster, C.P. and Taylor, G. (2011) Potential benefits of commercial willow Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) for farm-scale plant and invertebrate communities in the agri-environment. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35: 325-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.08.046
Tagg, N., Doncaster, C.P. and Innes, D.J. (2005) Resource competition between genetically varied and genetically uniform populations of Daphnia pulex (Leydig): does sexual reproduction confer a short-term ecological advantage? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 85: 111-123. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2005.00475.x Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J., Silver, S.C., Ostro, L.E.T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) The ecology of jaguars in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, Belize. Chapter 18, pp. 403-416 in: Macdonald, D.W. and Loveridge, A. (Eds) The biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISBN: 9780199234455
Kent, A., Jensen, S.P. and Doncaster, C.P. (2005) Model of microtine cycles caused by lethal toxins in non-preferred food plants. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 234: 593-604. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.12.014 Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J., Gutierrez, S.M., Marin, S.Y. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Scrape-marking behavior of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor). Journal of Mammalogy, 91: 1225-1234. https://doi.org/10.1644/09-MAMM-A-416.1
Schley, D., Doncaster, C.P. and Sluckin, T. (2004) Population models of sperm-dependent parthenogenesis. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 229: 559-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.04.031 Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Sample-size effects on diet analysis from scats of jaguars and pumas. Mammalia, 74: 317-321. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.2010.006
Pound, G.E., Cox, S.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2004) The accumulation of deleterious mutations within the frozen niche variation hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17: 651-662. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2003.00690.x Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Habitat use by sympatric jaguars and pumas across a gradient of human disturbance. Biotropica, 42: 724-731. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2010.00641.x
Doncaster, C.P. (2003) Evolution of indefinite generation lengths. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 80: 269-280. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1095-8312.2003.00234.x Skov, M.W., Volkelt-Igoe, M., Hawkins, S.J., Jesus, B., Thompson, R.C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of biofilms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 401: 101-111. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08481
Doncaster, C.P., Pound, G.E. and Cox, S.J. (2003) Dynamics of regional coexistence for more or less equal competitors. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72: 116-126. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2003.00687.x Foster, R.J., Harmsen, B.J., Valdes, B., Pomilla, C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Food habits of sympatric jaguars and pumas across a gradient of human disturbance. Journal of Zoology (London), 280: 309-318. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00663.x
Kent, A., Doncaster, C.P. and Sluckin, T. (2003) Consequences for predators of rescue and Allee effects on prey. Ecological Modelling, 162: 233-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3800(02)00343-5 Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J., Silver, S.C., Ostro, L.E.T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2010) Differential use of trails by forest mammals and the implications for camera trap studies, a case study from Belize, Central America. Biotropica, 42: 126-133. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00544.x
Pound, G.E., Doncaster, C.P. and Cox, S.J. (2002) A Lotka-Volterra model of coexistence between a sexual population and multiple asexual clones. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 217: 535-545. https://doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2002.3040 Harmsen, B.J., Foster, R.J., Silver, S.C., Ostro, L.E.T. and Doncaster, C.P. (2009) Spatial and temporal interactions of two sympatric cats in a neotropical forest: the jaguar (Panthera onca) and the puma (Puma concolor). Journal of Mammalogy, 90: 612-620. https://doi.org/10.1644/08-MAMM-A-140R.1
Doncaster, C.P. (2001) Healthy wrinkles for population dynamics: unevenly spread resources can support more users. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70: 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2001.00474.x Wood, P.J., Hudson, M.D. and Doncaster, C.P. (2009) Impact of egg harvesting on breeding success of black-headed gulls, Larus ridibundus. Acta Oecologica, 35: 83-93. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2008.08.006
Doncaster, C.P. (2001) What determines territory configuration of badgers? Oikos, 93: 497-498. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2001.930315.x Guichón, M.L. and Doncaster, C.P. (2008) Invasion dynamics of an introduced squirrel in Argentina. Ecography, 31: 211-220. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2008.5308.x
Doncaster, C.P., Pound, G.E. and Cox, S.J. (2000) The ecological cost of sex. Nature, 404: 281-285. https://doi.org/10.1038/35005078 Driezen, K., Adriaensen, F., Rondinini, C., Doncaster, C. P. and Matthysen, E. (2007) Evaluating least-cost model predictions with empirical dispersal data: a case-study using radiotracking data of hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Ecological Modelling, 209: 314-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.07.002
Doncaster, C.P. (2000) Extension of ideal free resource use to breeding populations and metapopulations. Oikos, 89: 24-36. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3547445 Young, R.P., Davison, J., Trewby, I.D., Wilson, G.J., Delahay, R.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2006) Abundance of hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in relation to the density and distribution of badgers (Meles meles). Journal of Zoology, 269: 349-356. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00078.x
Jensen, S.P. and Doncaster, C.P. (1999) Lethal toxins in non-preferred foods: how plant chemical defences can drive microtine cycles. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 199: 63-85. https://doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1999.0941 Davey, A.J.H., Turner, G.F., Hawkins, S.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2006) Mechanisms of density dependence in stream fish: exploitation competition for food reduces growth of adult European bullheads (Cottus gobio). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 63: 597-606. https://doi.org/10.1139/f05-246
Doncaster, C.P. (1999) A useful phenomenological difference between exploitation and interference in the distribution of ideal free predators. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68: 836-838. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00333.x Davey, A.J.H., Hawkins, S.J., Turner, G.F. and Doncaster, C.P. (2005) Size-dependent microhabitat use and intraspecific competition in Cottus gobio. Journal of Fish Biology, 67: 428-443. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00736.x
Doncaster, C.P. and Gustafsson, L. (1999) Density dependence in resource exploitation: empirical test of Levins’ metapopulation model. Ecology Letters, 2: 44-51. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.1999.21049.x Tricker, P.J., Trewin, H., Kull, O., Clarkson, G.J.J., Eensalu, E., Tallis, M.J., Colella, A., Doncaster, C.P., Sabatti, M. and Taylor, G. (2005) Stomatal conductance and not stomatal density determines the long-term reduction in leaf transpiration of poplar in elevated CO₂. Oecologia, 143: 652-660. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0025-4
Doncaster, C.P., Clobert, J., Doligez, B., Gustafsson, L. and Danchin, E. (1997) Balanced dispersal between spatially varying local populations: an alternative to the source-sink model. American Naturalist, 150: 425-445. https://doi.org/10.1086/286074 Guichón, M.L., Doncaster, C.P. and Cassini, M.H. (2003) Population structure of coypus (Myocastor coypus) in their region of origin and comparison with introduced populations. Journal of Zoology (London), 261: 265-272. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952836903004187
Doncaster, C.P. (1997) Interactions prédateur-proie et ressources non utilisées: éclaircie dans les problèmes de rareté et de persistance. Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles, 120 (2): 5-1. Kent, A., Hawkins, S.J. and Doncaster, C.P. (2003) Population consequences of mutual attraction between settling and adult barnacles. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72: 941-952. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2003.00762.x
Doncaster, C.P., Micol, T. and Plesner Jensen, S. (1996) Determining minimum habitat requirements in theory and practice. Oikos, 75: 335-339. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3546261 Rondinini, C. and Doncaster, C.P. (2002) Roads as barriers for hedgehogs. Functional Ecology, 16: 504-509. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2435.2002.00651.x
Doncaster, C.P. (1994) Factors regulating local variations in abundance: field tests on hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Oikos, 69: 182-192. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3546136 Doncaster, C.P., Rondinini, C. and Johnson, P.C.D. (2001) Field test for environmental correlates of dispersal in hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 70: 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2001.00471.x
Doncaster, C.P. and Woodroffe, R. (1993) Den site can determine shape and size of badger territories: implications for group-living. Oikos, 66: 88-93. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3545199. See also Erratum 66: 560. Henderson, M., Becher, S.A., Doncaster, C.P. and Maclean, N. (2000) Five new polymorphic microsatellite loci in the European hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus. Molecular Ecology, 9: 1949-1951. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.2000.01098-18
Doncaster, C.P. and Krebs, J.R. (1993) The wider countryside: principles underlying the responses of mammals to heterogeneous environments. Mammal Review, 23: 113-120. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1365-2907.1993.TB00422.X Joyce, K.A., Holland, J.M. and Doncaster, C.P. (1999) Influences of hedgerow intersections and gaps on the movement of carabid beetles. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 89: 523-531. https://doi.org/10.1017/S000748539900067X
Doncaster, C.P. (1992) Testing the role of intraguild predation in regulating hedgehog populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B, 249: 113-117. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1992.0092 Doncaster, C.P. and Macdonald, D.W. (1997) Activity patterns and interactions of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) in Oxford city. Journal of Zoology (London), 241: 73-87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1997.tb05500.x
Doncaster, C.P. and Macdonald, D.W. (1992) Optimum group size for defending heterogenous distributions of resources: a model applied to red foxes, Vulpes vulpes, in Oxford city. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 159: 189-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193%2805%2980701-5 Ward, J.F., Macdonald, D.W. and Doncaster, C.P. (1997) Responses of foraging hedgehogs to badger odour. Animal Behaviour, 53: 709-720. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0307
Doncaster, C.P. (1990) Non-parametric estimates of interaction from radio-tracking data. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 143: 431-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80020-7 Micol, T., Doncaster, C.P. and Jouventin, P. (1996) Chapters 1 and 2 in: Le Ragondin (Jouventin, P., Micol, T., Verheyden, C. and Guédon, G., eds) pp. 11-41. Acta, Paris.
Doncaster, C.P. (1990) Quelques conseils pour écrire un article scientifique en anglais. Bulletin d’Écologie, 21: 129-133. Ward, J.F., Macdonald, D.W., Doncaster, C.P. and Mauget, C. (1996) Physiological responses of the European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, to predator and non-predator odour. Physiology and Behavior, 60: 1469-1472. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(96)00245-4
  Doncaster, C.P. and Macdonald, D.W. (1996) Intra-specific variation in movement behaviour of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) - a reply to White, Saunders and Harris. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65: 126-127. https://www.jstor.org/stable/5706
  Micol, T., Doncaster, C.P. and Mackinlay, L.A. (1994) Correlates of local variation in the abundance of hedgehogs Erinaceus europaeus. Journal of Animal Ecology, 63: 851-860. https://www.jstor.org/stable/5262
  Weimerskirch, H., Doncaster, C.P. and Cuenot-Chaillet, F. (1994) Pelagic seabirds and the marine environment: foraging patterns of wandering albatrosses in relation to prey availability and distribution. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B, 255: 91-97. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1994.0013
  Taber, A.B., Doncaster, C.P., Neris, N.N. and Colman, F. (1994) Ranging behaviour and activity patterns of two sympatric peccaries, Catagonus wagneri and Tayassu tajacu in the Paraguayan Chaco. Mammalia, 58: 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.1994.58.1.61
  Doncaster, C.P. (1993) Influence of predation threat on foraging pattern: the hedgehog’s gambit. Revue d’Ecologie (Terre et Vie), 48: 207-21.
  Taber, A.B., Doncaster, C.P., Neris, N.N. and Colman, F. (1993) Ranging behavior and population dynamics of the Chacoan peccary, Catagonus wagneri. Journal of Mammalogy, 74: 443-454. https://doi.org/10.2307/1382401
  Moinard, C., Doncaster, C.P. and Barré, H. (1992) Indirect calorimetry measurements of behavioral thermoregulation in a semi-aquatic rodent, Myocastor coypus. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70: 907-912. https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-129
  Doncaster, C.P. and Macdonald, D.W. (1991) Drifting territoriality in the red fox Vulpes vulpes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 60: 423-439. https://doi.org/10.2307/5288
  Doncaster, C.P. and Micol, T. (1990) Response by coypus to catastrophic events of cold and flooding. Holarctic Ecology, 13: 98-104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1990.tb00594.x
  Doncaster, C.P., Dickman, C.R. and Macdonald, D.W. (1990) Feeding ecology of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in the city of Oxford, England. Journal of Mammalogy, 71: 188-194. https://doi.org/10.2307/1382166
  Doncaster, C.P., Dumonteil, E., Barré, H. and Jouventin, P. (1990) Temperature regulation of young coypus (Myocastor coypus) in air and water. American Journal of Physiology (Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative), 259: R1220-R1227. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.1990.259.6.r1220
  Dickman, C.R. and Doncaster, C.P. (1989) The ecology of small mammals in urban habitats. II. Demography and dispersal. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58: 119-129. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4989
  Doncaster, C.P. and Micol, T. (1989) Annual cycle of a coypu (Myocastor coypus) population: male and female strategies. Journal of Zoology (London), 217: 227-240. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1989.tb02484.x
  Doncaster, C.P. and Micol, T. (1988) Comparison of three absolute estimates of coypu abundance from cage trapping. Acta Oecologica/ Oecologia Generalis, 9: 89-9.
  Dickman, C.R. and Doncaster, C.P. (1987) The ecology of small mammals in urban habitats. I. Populations in a patchy environment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 56: 629-640. https://www.jstor.org/stable/5073
  Dickman, C.R. and Doncaster, C.P. (1984) Responses of small mammals to red fox (Vulpes vulpes) odour. Journal of Zoology (London), 204: 521-531. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb02384.x
  Doncaster, C.P. (1981) The spatial distribution of ants’ nests on Ramsey Island, South Wales. Journal of Animal Ecology, 50: 195-218. https://doi.org/10.2307/4040

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Last updated 5 March 2024.