Engineering and the Environment

Robert Nicholls

BSc PhD

Primary position:
Professor of Coastal Engineering

Background

The University of Southampton

Robert is Professor of Coastal Engineering at the University of Southampton where he actively contributes and leads research and education in this area. His research is mainly focussed long-term coastal engineering and management, especially the issues of coastal impacts and adaptation to climate change, with an emphasis on sea-level rise. This work occurs at all scales from local research in the Solent, up to global assessments. A major recent theme of research is the future of deltaic areas which are the most threatened coastal setting in the coming century. He has also been involved in a number of international assessments, and in particular the International Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), who were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. He was awarded the Roger Revelle Medal by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission in 2008. This recognises 'outstanding contributions to the ocean sciences by inspired researchers who communicate their knowledge and global vision of the challenges facing our Planet in order to shape a better future for humankind'.

Sea levels are rising

Sea levels are rising

Professor Robert Nicholls's photo

"Climate change is a major challenge for the coast and we need to train engineers and scientists who can tackle these complex issues."

Shell Lecture 2012. Coastal Adaptation

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert J., Hanson, Susan, Brundrit, Geoff, Dearing, John A., Dickson, Mark E., Gallop, Shari L., Gao, Shu, Haigh, Ivan D., Hinkel, Jochen, Jiménez, José A., Klein, Richard J.T., Kron, Wolfgang, Lázár, Attila N., Neves, Claudio Freitas, Newton, Alice, Pattiaratachi, Charitha, Payo, Andres, Pye, Kenneth, Sánchez-Arcilla, Agustín, Siddall, Mark, Shareef, Ali, Tompkins, Emma L., Vafeidis, Athanasios T., van Maanen, Barend, Ward, Philip J. and Woodroffe, Colin D. (2014) Shifting perspectives on coastal impacts and adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 4, (9), 752-755. (doi:10.1038/nclimate2344).
Stevens, A., Clarke, D. and Nicholls, R.J. (2014) Trends in reported flooding in the UK: 1884-2013. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 1-20. (doi:10.1080/02626667.2014.950581).
Zanuttigh, B., Simcic, D., Bagli, S., Bozzeda, F., Pietrantoni, L., Zagonari, F., Hoggart, S. and Nicholls, R.J. (2014) THESEUS decision support system for coastal risk management. Coastal Engineering, 87, 218-239. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.11.013).
Monbaliu, J., Chen, Z., Felts, D., Ge, J., Hissel, F., Kappenberg, J., Narayan, Siddharth, Nicholls, R.J., Ohle, N., Schuster, D. and Willems, J. (2014) Risk assessment of estuaries under climate change: Lessons from Western Europe. Coastal Engineering, 87, 32-49. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2014.01.001). (In Press).
Weisse, R., Bellafiore, B., Menéndez, M., Menéndez, F., Nicholls, R.J., Umgiesser, G. and Willems, P. (2014) Changing extreme sea levels along European coasts. Coastal Engineering, 87, 4-14. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.017). (In Press).
Narayan, Siddharth, Nicholls, Robert J., Clarke, Derek, Hanson, Susan, Reeve, Dominic, Horrillo-Caraballo, Jose, le Cozannet, Gonéri, Hissel, Francois, Kowalska, Beata, Parda, Rafal, Willems, Patrick, Ohle, Nino, Zanuttigh, Barbara, Losada, Inigo, Ge, Jianzhong, Trifonova, Ekaterina, Penning-Rowsell, Edmund and Vanderlinden, Jean Paul (2014) The SPR systems model as a conceptual foundation for rapid integrated risk appraisals: lessons from Europe. [in special issue: Coasts@Risks: THESEUS, a New wave in Coastal Protection] Coastal Engineering, 87, 15-31. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.021).
Hinkel, J., Lincke, D., Vafeidis, A.T., Perrette, M., Nicholls, R.J., Tol, R.S.J., Marzeion, B., Fettweis, X., Ionescu, C. and Levermann, A. (2014) Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (doi:10.1073/pnas.1222469111).
Arnell, N.W, Brown, S., Gosling, S.N., Hinkel, J., Huntingford, C., Lloyd-Hughes, B., Lowe, J.A., Osborn, T., Nicholls, R.J. and Zelazowski, P. (2014) Global-scale climate impact functions: the relationship between climate forcing and impact. Climatic Change, 1-13. (doi:10.1007/s10584-013-1034-7).
Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R.J., Tol, R.S.J., Wang, Z.B., Hamilton, J.B., Boot, G., Vafeidis, A.T., McFadden, Loraine, Ganopolski, A. and Klein, R.J.T. (2013) A global analysis of erosion of sandy beaches and sea-level rise: an application of DIVA. Global and Planetary Change, 111, 150-158. (doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.09.002).
Anderson, J., Griggs, G., Nicholls, R.J. and Uhlenbrock, K. (2013) Adapting to shifting tides: science and the policy implications of coastal change. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 94, (47), 435. (doi:10.1002/2013EO470004).
Brown, S., Barton, M.E. and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) Shoreline response of eroding soft cliffs due to hard defences. Proceedings of the ICE - Maritime Engineering (doi:10.1680/11.00026).
Nicholls, R.J., Townend, I.H., Bradbury, A., Ramsbottom, D. and Day, S. (2013) Planning for long-term coastal change: experiences from England and Wales. Ocean Engineering, 71, 3-16. (doi:10.1016/j.oceaneng.2013.01.025).
Hall, J.W., Henriques, J.J., Hickford, A.J. and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) Systems-of-systems analysis of national infrastructure. Proceedings of ICE - Engineering Sustainability, 166, (5), 249-257. (doi:10.1680/ensu.12.00028).
Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J., Lowe, J.A. and Hinkel, J. (2013) Spatial variations of sea-level rise and impacts: an application of DIVA. Climatic Change (doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0925-y).
Whal, T., Haigh, I.D. , Woodworth, P.L., Albrecht, F., Dillingh, D., Jensen, J., Nicholls, R.J., Weisse, R. and Wöppelmann, G. (2013) Observed mean sea level changes around the North Sea coastline from 1800 to present. Earth-Science Reviews, 124, 51-67. (doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.05.003).
Hallegatte, Stephane, Green, Colin, Nicholls, Robert J. and Corfee-Morlot, Jan (2013) Future flood losses in major coastal cities. Nature Climate Change, 3, 802-806. (doi:10.1038/nclimate1979).
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Lowe, J.A., Warrick, R.A., Lu, X. and Long, A.J. (2013) Sea-level scenarios for evaluating coastal impacts. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Climate Change (doi:10.1002/wcc.253).
Zhou, Zeng , Lopez de San Roman, Belén and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) An OpenMI-based combined model for alongshore sediment transport and shoreline change. Proceedings of the ICE - Maritime Engineering (doi:10.1680/maen.2012.14).
Brown, S. and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) High rise: costing climate change. Hydrolink, 2013, (2), 44-46.
Nicholls, R.J., Hutton, C.W., Lazar, A.N., Rahman, M.M., Salehin, M. and Ghosh, T. (2013) Understanding climate change livelihoods in coastal Bangladesh. Hydrolink, 2013, (2), 40-42.
Warren, R., Lowe, J.A., Arnell, N.W., Hope, C., Berry, P., Brown, S., Gambhir, A., Gosling, S.N., Nicholls, R.J., O’Hanley, J., Osborn, T.J., Osborne, T., Price, J., Raper, S.C.B., Rose, G. and Vanderwal, J. (2013) The AVOID programme’s new simulations of the global benefits of stringent climate change mitigation. Climatic Change (doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0814-4).
Hanna, Edward, Navarro, F., Pattyn, F., Domingues, C.M., Fettweis, X., Ivins, R.T., Nicholls, R.J., Ritz, C., Smith, B., Tulaczyk, S., Whitehouse, P.L. and Zwally, H.J. (2013) Ice-sheet mass balance and climate change. Nature, 498, 51-59. (doi:10.1038/nature12238).
Wadey, Matthew P., Nicholls, Robert J. and Haigh, Ivan (2013) Understanding a coastal flood event: the 10th March 2008 storm surge event in the Solent, UK. Natural Hazards, 67, (2), 829-854. (doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0610-5).
Jonkman, S.N., Hillen, M.M., Nicholls, R.J., Kanning, W. and van Ledden, M. (2013) Costs of adapting coastal defences to sea-level rise: new estimates and their implications. Journal of Coastal Research (doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-12-00230.1).
Foster, Natalie M., Hudson, Malcolm D., Bray, S. and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) Intertidal mudflat and saltmarsh conservation and sustainable use in the UK: a review. Journal of Environmental Management, 126, 96-104. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.04.015).
Amos, C.L., Al-Rashidi, Thamer B., Rakha, Karim, El-Gamily, Hamdy and Nicholls, R.J. (2013) Sea surface temperature trends in the coastal ocean. Current Development in Oceanography, 6, (1), 1-13.
Arnell, N.W., Lowe, J.A., Brown, S., Gosling, S.N., Gottschalk, P., Hinkel, J., Lloyd-Hughes, B., Nicholls, R.J., Osborn, T.J., Osborne, T.M., Rose, G.A., Smith, P. and Warren, R.F. (2013) A global assessment of the effects of climate policy on the impacts of climate change. Nature Climate Change, 3, 512-519. (doi:10.1038/nclimate1793 ).
Hall, Jim W., Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert J., Pidgeon , Nick F. and Watson, Robert T. (2012) Commentary: Proportionate adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 2, 833-834. (doi:10.1038/nclimate1749).
Brown, Sally, Barton, M.E. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) Human interference on soft cliff retreat: examples from Christchurch Bay, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrology, 45, (4), 395-404. (doi:10.1144/​qjegh2011-069).
Linham, Matthew M. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) Adaptation technologies for coastal erosion and flooding: a review. Proceedings of the ICE - Maritime Engineering, 165, (3), 95-112. (doi:10.1680/maen.2011.29).
Hinkel, Jochen, van Vuuren, Detlef P., Nicholls, Robert J. and Klein, Richard J. T. (2012) The effects of adaptation and mitigation on coastal flood impacts during the 21st century. An application of the DIVA and IMAGE models. Climatic Change (doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0564-8).
Alvarado-Aguilar, D., Jimenez, J. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) Flood hazard and damage assessment in the Ebro Delta (NW Mediterranean) to relative sea level rise. Natural Hazards, 62, (3), 1301-1321. (doi:10.1007/s11069-012-0149-x).
Narayan, S., Hanson, S., Nicholls, R.J., Clarke, D., Willems, P., Ntegeka, V. and Monbaliu, J. (2012) A holistic model for coastal flooding using system diagrams and the Source–Pathway–Receptor (SPR) concept. [in special issue: Sea Hazards] Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 12, (5), 1431-1439. (doi:10.5194/nhess-12-1431-2012).
Brown, Sally, Barton, M.E. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) The effect of coastal defences on cliff top retreat along the Holderness coastline. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59, (1), 1-13. (doi:10.1144/pygs.59.1.288).
Swaney, D.P., Humborg, C., Emeis, K., Kannen, A., Silvert, W., Tett, P., Pastres, R., Solidoro, C., Yamamuro, M., Hénocque , Y. and Nicholls, R. (2012) Five critical questions of scale for the coastal zone. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 96, 9-21. (doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2011.04.010).
Nicholls, R.J. and Hanson, S. (2012) Fighting the flood. Ports and Harbours, 28-29.
Mokrech, M., Nicholls, R.J. and Dawson, R. J. (2012) Scenarios of future built environment for coastal risk assessment of climate change using a GIS-based multi-criteria analysis. Environment and Planning B Planning and Design, 39, (1), 120-136. (doi:10.1068/b36077).
Bosello, Francesco, Nicholls, Robert J., Richards, Julie, Roson, Roberto and Tol, Richard S.J. (2012) Economic impacts of climate change in Europe: sea-level rise. Climatic Change, 112, (1), 63-81. (doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0340-1).
Wadey, Matthew, Nicholls, Robert J. and Hutton, Craig (2012) Coastal flooding in the solent: an integrated analysis of defences and inundation. Water, 4, (2), 430-459. (doi:10.3390/w4020430).
Nicholls, R.J. and Kebede, Abiy S (2012) Indirect impacts of coastal climate change and sea-level rise: the UK example. Climate Policy, 12, supplement 01, S28-S52. (doi:10.1080/14693062.2012.728792).
Wilby, Robert, Nicholls, R.J., Warren, Rachael, Wheater, Howard, Clarke, D. and Dawson, Richard (2011) New nuclear build: adaptation options over the full life-cycle. Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers 164, 129-136
Ruocco, Amy C., Nicholls, Robert J., Haigh, Ivan David and Wadey, Matthew P. (2011) Reconstructing coastal flood occurrence combining sea level and media sources: a case study of the Solent, UK since 1935. Natural Hazards, 59, (3), 1773-1796. (doi:10.1007/s11069-011-9868-7 ).
Hinkel, J, Brown, S., Exner, L, Nicholls, R.J., Vafeidis, A.T. and Kebede, Abiy S (2011) Sea-level rise impacts on Africa and the effects of mitigation and adaptation: an application of DIVA. Regional Environmental Change (doi:10.1007/s10113-011-0249-2).
Brown, S., Barton, M.E. and Nicholls, R.J. (2011) Coastal retreat and/or advance adjacent to defences in England and Wales. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 15, (4), 659-670. (doi:10.1007/s11852-011-0159-y).
Pardaens, A.K., Lowe, J.A, Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J. and de Gusmão, D. (2011) Sea-level rise and impacts projections under a future scenario with large greenhouse gas emission reductions. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, (12), L12604-[5]. (doi:10.1029/2011GL047678 ).
Nicholls, Robert J. (2011) Planning for the impacts of sea level rise. [in special issue: Sea Level] Oceanography, 24, (2), 142-155. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.34).
Rossington, S.K., Nicholls, R.J., Stive, M.J.F. and Wang, Z.B. (2011) Estuary schematisation in behaviour-oriented modelling. Marine Geology, 281, (1-4), 27-34. (doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2011.01.005).
Ciscar, Juan-Carlos, Iglesias, Ana, Feyen, Luc, Szabó, László, Van Regemorter, Denise, Amelunge, Bas , Nicholls, Robert J., Watkiss, Paul, Christensen, Ole B., Dankers, Rutger, Garrote, Luis , Goodess, Clare M. , Hunt, Alistair , Moreno, Alvaro, Richards, Julie and Soria , Antonio (2011) Physical and economic consequences of climate change in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, (7) (doi:10.1073/pnas.1011612108).
Nicholls, R.J., Marinova, N, Lowe, J.A., Brown, S., Gusmão, D, Hinkel, J and Tol, R.S.J. (2011) Sea-level rise and its possible impacts given a ‘beyond 4°C world’ in the twenty-first century. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 369, (1934), 161-181. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2010.0291 ).
Hanson, S, Nicholls, R. J., Patmore, N, Hallegatte, S, Corfee-Morlot, J, Herweijer, C and Chateau, J (2011) A global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes. Climatic Change, 140, (1), 89-111. (doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9977-4).
Lichter, Michal, Vafeidis, Athanasios T., Nicholls, Robert J. and Kaiser, Gunilla (2011) Exploring data-related uncertainties in analyses of land area and population in the “Low-Elevation Coastal Zone” (LECZ). Journal of Coastal Research, 27, (4), 757 -768. (doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00072.1).
Haigh, Ivan, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2011) Rising sea levels in the English Channel 1900 to 2100. Proceedings of the ICE - Maritime Engineering, 164, (2), 81-92. (doi:10.1680/maen.2011.164.2.81).
Kebede, A.S., Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S. and Mokrech, M. (2010) Impacts of climate change and sea-level rise: a preliminary case study of Mombasa, Kenya. Journal of Coastal Research (doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00069.1).
Haigh, Ivan David, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2010) A comparison of the main methods for estimating probabilities of extreme still water levels. Coastal Engineering, 57, (9), 838-849. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2010.04.002).
Haigh, Ivan, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2010) Assessing changes in extreme sea levels: Application to the English Channel, 1900–2006. Continental Shelf Research, 30, (9), 1042-1055. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2010.02.002).
Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R. J., Vafeidis, A.T., Tol, R.S.J. and Avagianou, T (2010) Assessing risk of and adaptation to sea-level rise in the European Union: an application of DIVA. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 15, (7), 703-719. (doi:10.1007/s11027-010-9237-y).
Anthoff, David, Nicholls, Robert J. and Tol, Richard S.J. (2010) The economic impact of substantial sea-level rise. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 15, (4), 321-335. (doi:10.1007/s11027-010-9220-7).
McLeod, E., Hinkel, J., Vafeidis, A.T., Nicholls, R. J., Harvey, N. and Salm, R. (2010) Sea-level rise vulnerability in the countries of the Coral Triangle. Sustainability Science, 5, (2), 207-222. (doi:10.1007/s11625-010-0105-1).
Hanson, S, Nicholls, R. J., Balson, P., Brown, I., French, J., Spencer, T and Sutherland, W (2010) Capturing coastal geomorphological change within regional integrated assessment: an outcome-driven fuzzy logic approach. Journal of Coastal Research, 26, (5 ), 831-842. (doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-09-00078.1 ).
Nicholls, R. J. and Cazenave, A (2010) Sea-level rise and its impact on coastal zones. Science, 328, (5985), 1517-1520. (doi:10.1126/science.1185782 ).
Mokrech, Mustafa, Hanson, Susan, Nicholls, Robert J., Wolf, Judith, Walkden, Mike, Fontaine, Corentin, Nicholson-Cole, Sophie, Jude, Simon R., Leake, James, Stansby, Peter, Watkinson, Andrew R., Rounsevell, Mark D.A., Lowe, Jason A. and Hall, Jim W. (2009) The Tyndall coastal simulator. Journal of Coastal Conservation: Planning and Management (doi:10.1007/s11852-009-0083-6).
Parry, Martin, Arnell, Nigel, Berry, Pam, Dodman, David, Fankhauser, Samuel, Hope, Chris, Kovats, Sari, Nicholls, Robert, Satterthwaite, David, Tiffin, Richard, Wheeler, Tim, Lowe, Jason and Hanson, Clair (2009) Adaptation to climate change: assessing the costs. Environment, 51, (6), 29-34.
Syvitski, James P.M., Kettner, Albert J., Overeem, Irena, Hutton, Eric W. H., Hannon, Mark T., Brakenridge, G. Robert, Day, John, Vörösmarty, Charles, Saito, Yoshiko, Giosan, Liviu and Nicholls, Robert J. (2009) Sinking deltas due to human activites. Nature Geoscience, 2, (10), 681-689. (doi:10.1038/ngeo629).
Haigh, Ivan, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2009) Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context. Continental Shelf Research, 29, (17), 2083-2098. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.07.013).
Dawson, R.J., Dickson, M., Nicholls, R.J., Hall, J., Walkden, M.J.A., Stansby, P.K., Mokrech, M., Richards, J., Zhou, J., Milligan, J., Jordan, A., Pearson, S., Rees, J., Bates, P.D., Koukoulas, S. and Watkinson, A. (2009) Integrated analysis of risks of coastal flooding and cliff erosion under scenarios of long term change. Climatic Change, 95, (1-2), 249-288. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9532-8).
Swinkels, Cilia M., Jeuken, Claire M.C.J.L., Wang, Zheng B. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2009) Presence of connecting channels in the Western Scheldt Estuary. Journal of Coastal Research, 25, (3), 627-640. (doi:10.2112/06-0719.1).
Hanson, Susan, Nicholls, Robert, Ranger, N., Hallegatte, S., Corfee-Morlot, J., Herweijer, C. and Chateau, J. (2009) An assessment of the exposure of large port cities to coastal flooding: a global assessment. Land Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) INPRINT, 2, 3-6.
Nicholls, Robert J, Tol, Richard S J and Vafeidis, Athanasios T (2008) Global estimates of the impact of a collapse of the West Antarctic ice sheet: an application of FUND. Climatic Change, 91, (1-2), 171-191. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9424-y).
Lonsdale, K.G, Downing, T.E, Nicholls, R. J, Parker, D, Vafeidis, A.T, Dawson, R and Hall, J (2008) Plausible responses to the threat of rapid sea-level rise in the Thames Estuary. Climatic Change, 91, (1-2), 145-169. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9483-0).
Holman, I.P., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Cojacaru, G., Shackley, S., McLachlan, C., Audsley, E., Berry, P.M., Fontaine, C., Harrison, P.A., Henriques, C., Mokrech, M., Nicholls, R. J., Pearn, K.R. and Richards, J. A. (2008) The concepts and development of a participatory regional integrated assessment tool. Climatic Change, 90, (1-2), 5-30. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9453-6).
Mokrech, M., Nicholls, R.J., Richards, J.A., Henriques, C., Holman, I.P. and Shackley, S. (2008) Regional impact assessment of flooding under future climate and socio-economic scenarios for East Anglia and North West England. Climatic Change, 90, (1-2), 31-55. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9449-2).
Vafeidis, Athanasios T., Nicholls, Robert J., McFadden, Loraine, Tol, Richard S.J., Hinkel, Jochen, Spencer, Tom, Grashoff, Poul S., Boot, Gerben and Klein, Richard J.T. (2008) A new global coastal database for impact and vulnerability analysis to sea-level rise. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (4), 917-924. (doi:10.2112/06-0725.1).
Vafeidis, Athanasios T., Nicholls, Robert J., McFadden, Loraine, Tol, Richard S.J., Hinkel, Jochen, Spencer, Tom, Grashoff, Poul S., Boot, Gerben and Klein, Richard J.T. (2008) A new global database for assessing the vulnerability of coastal zones to sea-level rise. Journal of Coastal Research, 917-924.
Nicholls, Robert J., Wong, Poh Poh, Burkett, Virginia, Woodroffe, Colin D. and Hay, John (2008) Climate change and coastal vulnerability assesment: scenarios for integrated assessment. Sustainability Science, 3, (1), 89-102. (doi:10.1007/s11625-008-0050-4).
Nicholls, R.J. (2008) S'adapter a mont des eaux. La Recherche, 418, 14-15.
Nicholls, Robert J. and De la Vega-leinert, Anne C. (2008) Implications of sea-level rise for Europe's coasts. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 285-287. (doi:10.2112/07A-0002.1).
Tol, Richard S.J., Klein, Richard J.T. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2008) Towards sucessful adaptation to sea-level rise along Europe's coasts. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 432-442. (doi:10.2112/07A-0016.1).
Karaca, Mehmet and Nicholls, Robert J. (2008) Potential implications of accelerated sea-level rise for Turkey. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 288-298. (doi:10.2112/07A-0003.1).
Nicholls, Robert J. and De la Vega-leinert, Anne C. (2008) Implications of sea-level rise for Europe's coasts: An introduction. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 285-287. (doi:10.2112/07A-0002.1).
De la Vega-leinert, Anne C. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2008) Potential implications of sea-level rise for Great Britain. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 342-357. (doi:10.2112/07A-0008.1).
Harvey, N and Nicholls, R. J. (2008) Editorial. Global sea-level rise and coastal vulnerability. Guest Editors: Sustainability Science, 3, (1), 5-7. (doi:10.1007/s11625-008-0049-x).
Tol, Richard S.J., Klein, Richard J.T. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2008) Towards sucessful adaptation to sea-level rise along Europe's coasts. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 432-442. (doi:10.2112/07A-0016.1).
Nicholls, Robert J. and de la Vega-leinert, Anne C. (2008) Implications of sea-level rise for Europe's coasts: an introduction. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, (2), 285-287. (doi:10.2112/07A-0002.1).
Richards, J., Mokrech, M., Berry, P.M. and Nicholls, R.J. (2008) Regional assessment of climate change impacts on coastal and fluvial ecosystems and the scope for adaptation. Climatic Change, 90, (1-2), 141-167. (doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9451-8).
Herweijer, C., Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Patmore, N., Hallegatte, S., Corfee-Morlot, J., Chateau, J. and Muir-Wood, R. (2008) How do our coastal cities fare under rising flood risk? Catastrophe Risk Management, 12-13.
Harvey, Nick and Nicholls, Robert (2008) Global sea-level rise and coastal vulnerability. Sustainability Science, 3, (1), 5-7. (doi: 10.1007/s11625-008-0049-x).
Sherwin, C.W. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2007) Urban managed realignment: application to the Thames Estuary, London. Journal of Coastal Research, 23, (6), 1525-1534. (doi:10.2112/05-0586.1).
Rupp-Armstrong, Susanne and Nicholls, Robert J. (2007) Coastal and estuarine retreat: a comparison of the application of managed realignment in England And Germany. Journal of Coastal Research, 23, (6), 1418-1430. (doi:10.2112/04-0426.1).
Marbaix, Philippe and Nicholls, Robert J. (2007) Accurately determining the risks of rising sea level. EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 88, (43), 441-442. (doi:10.1029/2007EO430002).
McFadden, Loraine, Nicholls, Robert J., Vafeidis, Athanasios and Tol, Richard S.J. (2007) A methodology for modelling coastal space for global assessments. Journal of Coastal Research, 23, (4), 911-920. (doi:10.2112/04-0365.1).
Arnell, Nigel, Warren, Rachel and Nicholls, R.J. (2007) Response to 'The Stern Review: A Dual Critique'. World Economics, 8, (1), 229-231.
McFadden, Loraine, Spencer, Tom and Nicholls, Robert (2007) Broad-scale modelling of coastal wetlands: what is required? Hydrobiologia, 577, (1), 5-15. (doi:10.1007/s10750-006-0413-8).
Nicholls, Robert , Watkinson, Andrew, Mokrech, Mustafa, Hanson, Susan, Richards, Julie, Wright, Julien, Jude, Simon, Nicholson-Cole, Sophie, Walkden, Mike, Hall, Jim, Dawson, Richard, Stansby, Peter, Jacoub, George K., Rounsvell, Mark, Fontaine, Corentin, Acosta, Lilibeth, Lowe, Jason, Wolf, Judith, Leake, James and Dickson, Mark (2007) Integrated coastal simulation to support shoreline management planning. Proceedings of the 42nd Flood and Coastal Management Conference, York, July 2007, (04b-2), 11pp.
Tol, Richard S.J, Bohn, Maria, Downing, Thomas E., Guillerminet, Marie-Laure, Hizsnyik, Eva, Kasperon, Roger., Lonsdale, Kate, Mays, Claire, Nicholls, Robert. J., Olsthroon, Alexander A., Pfeifle, Gabrielle, Poumadere, Marc, Toth, Ferenc L, Vafeidis, Athanasios T., Van der Werff, Peter E. and Hakan Yetkiner, I (2006) Adaptation to Five Metres of Sea Level Rise. Journal of Risk Analysis, 9, (5), 467-482. (doi:10.1080/13669870600717632).
Brown, Iain, Jude, Simon, Koukoulas, Sotiris, Nicholls, Robert, Dickson, Mark and Walkden, Mike (2006) Dynamic simulation and visualisation of coastal erosion. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 30, (6), 840-860. (doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2005.08.002).
Nicholls, R.J. and Tol, R.S.J. (2006) Impacts and responses to sea-level rise: a global analysis of the SRES scenarios over the twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 364, (1841), 1073-1095. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1754).
Arenstam Gibbons, Sheila and Nicholls, R.J. (2005) Island abandonment and sea-level rise: An historical analog from the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Global Environmental Change, 16, (1), 40-47. (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2005.10.002).
Bates, Paul D., Dawson, Richard J., Hall, Jim W., Horritt, Matthew S., Nicholls, Robert J., Wicks, Jon and Hassan, Mohamed Ahmed Ali Mohamed (2005) Simplified two-dimensional numerical modelling of coastal flooding and example applications. Coastal Engineering, 52, (9), 793-810. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2005.06.001).
Holman, I.P., Nicholls, R. J., Berry, P. M., Harrison, P. A., Audsley, E., Shackley, S. and Rounsevell, M. D. A. (2005) A regional, multi-sectoral and integrated assessment of the impacts of climate and socio-economic change in the UK: part II. results. Climatic Change, 71, (1-2), 43-73. (doi:10.1007/s10584-005-5956-6).
Holman, I.P., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Shackley, S., Harrison, P.A., Nicholls, R.J., Berry, P.M. and Audsley, E. (2005) A regional, multi-sectoral and integrated assessment of the impacts of climate and socio-economic change in the UK. Part I. Methodology. Climatic Change, 71, (1-2), 9-41. (doi:10.1007/s10584-005-5927-y).
Arnell, N.W., Livermore, M.J.L., Kovats, S., Levy, P.E., Nicholls, R., Parry, M.L. and Gaffin, S.R. (2004) Climate and socio-economic scenarios for global-scale climate change impact assessments: characterising the SRES storylines. Global Environmental Change, 14, (1), 3-20. (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2003.10.004).
Nicholls, Robert J. and Lowe, Jason A. (2004) Benefits of mitigation of climate change for coastal areas. Global Environmental Change A: Human and Policy Dimensions, 14, (3), 229-244. (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.04.005).
Vafeidis, A.T, Nicholls, R.J., McFadden, L., Hinkel, J. and Grasshoff, P.S (2004) Developing a global database for coastal vulnerability analysis: design issues and challenges. The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 801-805.
Hanson, H., Aarninkhof, S., Capobianco, M., Jiménez, J.A., Larson, M., Nicholls, R. J., Plant, N.G., Southgate, H.N., Steetzel, H.J., Stive, M.J.F. and Vriend, H.J. (2003) Modelling of coastal evolution on a yearly to decadal timescale. Journal of Coastal Research, 19, (4), 790-811.
Cowell, Peter J., Stive, Marcel J.F., Niedoroda, Alan W., Swift, Don J.P., Vriend, Huib J., Buijsman, Maarten C., Nicholls, Robert J., Roy, Peter S., Kaminsky, George M., Cleveringa, Jelmer, Reed, Chris W. and Boer, Poppe L. (2003) The coastal-tract (part 2): applications of aggregated modeling to lower-order coastal change. Journal of Coastal Research, 19, (4), 828-848.
Klein, Richard J.T., Nicholls, Robert J. and Thomalla, Frank (2003) Resilience to natural hazards: how useful is this concept? Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 5, (1-2), 35-45. (doi:10.1016/j.hazards.2004.02.001).
Small, Christopher and Nicholls, Robert J. (2003) A global analysis of human settlement in coastal zones. Journal of Coastal Research, 19, (3), 584-599.
Stive, Marcel J.F., Aarninkhof, Stefan G.J., Hamm, Luc, Hanson, Hans, Larson, Magnus, Wijnberg, Kathelijne M., Nicholls, Robert J. and Capobianco, Michele (2002) Variability of shore and shoreline evolution. Coastal Engineering, 47, (2), 211-235. (doi:10.1016/S0378-3839(02)00126-6).
Arnell, N.W., Cannell, M.G.R., Hulme, M., Kovats, R.S., Mitchell, J.F.B., Nicholls, R.J., Parry, M.L., Livermore, M.T.J. and White, A. (2002) The consequences of CO2 stabilisation for the impacts of climate change. Climatic Change, 53, (4), 413-446. (doi:10.1023/A:1015277014327).
Nicholls, Robert J. (2002) Analysis of global impacts of sea-level rise: a case study of flooding. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 27, (32-34), 1455-1466. (doi:10.1016/S1474-7065(02)00090-6).
Nicholls, R.J. and Small, C. (2002) Improved estimates of coastal population and exposure to hazards released. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 83, (28), 301. (doi:10.1029/2002EO000216).
Klein, Richard J.T., Nicholls, Robert J., Ragoonaden, Sachooda, Capobianco, Michele, Aston, James and Buckley, Earle N. (2001) Technological options for adaptation to climate change in coastal zones. Journal of Coastal Research, 17, (3), 531-543.
Nicholls, R.J. (2000) Changing climate and sea level: how to evaluate? Water Resources Impact, 2, (4), 15-19.
Nicholls, Robert J., Hoozemans, Frank M.J. and Marchand, March (1999) Increasing flood risk and wetland losses due to global sea-level rise: regional and global analyses. Global Environmental Change, 9, supplement 1, S69-S87. (doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(99)00019-9).
Klein, Richard T.J. and Nicholls, Robert J. (1999) Assessment of coastal vulnerability to climate change. Ambio, 28, (2), 182-187.
Klein, R.T.J., Nicholls, R.J. and Mimura, Nobuo (1999) Coastal adaptation to climate change: Can the IPCC Technical Guidelines be applied? Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 4, (3-4), 239-252. (doi:10.1023/A:1009681207419).
Capobianco, Michele, DeVriend, Huib J., Nicholls, Robert J. and Stive, Marcel J.F. (1999) Coastal area impact and vulnerability assessment: a morphodynamic modeller's point of view. Journal of Coastal Research, 15, (3), 701-716.
Nicholls, R.J. and Branson, J. (1998) Coastal resilience and planning for uncertainty. Geographical Journal, 164, (3), 255-258. (doi:10.2307/3060614).
McDonagh, D., FitzGerald, R.J., Parry, M, Arnell, N.W., Hulme, M., Nicholls, R.J. and Livermore, M. (1998) Buenos Aires and Kyoto targets do little to reduce climate change impacts. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 8, (4), 285-289. (doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(98)00019-3).
Parry, Martin, Arnell, N.W., Hulme, M., Nicholls, R.J. and Livermore, M. (1998) Adapting to the inevitable. Nature, 395, (6704), 741. (doi:10.1038/27316).
Nicholls, R.J., Birkemeier, W.A. and Lee, G.H. (1998) Evaluation of depth of closure using data from Duck, NC, USA. Marine Geology, 148, (3-4), 179-201. (doi:10.1016/s0025-3227(98)00011-5).
Lee, Guan-hong, Nicholls, Robert J. and Birkemeier, William A. (1998) Storm-driven variability of the beach-nearshore profile at Duck, North Carolina, USA, 1981-1991. Marine Geology, 148, (3-4), 163-177. (doi:10.1016/S0025-3227(98)00010-3).
Nicholls, Rob J. and Mimura, Nobuo (1998) Regional issues raised by sea-level rise and their policy implications. Climate Research, 11, (1), 5-18. (doi:10.3354/cr011005).
Nicholls, R.J. and Hoozemans, F.M.J. (1996) The Mediterranean: vulnerability to coastal implications of climate change. [in special issue: Sustainable Development at the Regional Level: The Mediterranean] Ocean & Coastal Management, 31, (2-3), 105-132. (doi:10.1016/S0964-5691(96)00037-3).
Nicholls, Robert J. and Leatherman, Stephen P. (1996) Adapting to sea-level rise: relative sea level trends to 2100 for the United States. Coastal Management, 24, (4), 301-324. (doi:10.1080/08920759609362298).
Nicholls, Robert J. (1995) Coastal megacities and climate change. GeoJournal, 37, (3), 369-379. (doi:10.1007/BF00814018).
Nicholls, R.J., Davison, A.T. and Gambel, J. (1995) Erosion in coastal settings and pile foundations. Shore and Beach, 63, (4), 11-17.
Nicholls, R.J. and Leatherman, S.P. (1995) The implications of accelerated sea-level rise and developing countries: a discussion. [in special issue: 14: Potential Impacts of Accelerated Sea-Level Rise on Developing Countries] Journal of Coastal Research, Spring Issue, 303-323.
Nicholls, R.J., Mimura, N. and Topping, J.C. (1995) Climate change in South and South-East Asia: some implications for coastal areas. Journal of Global Environmental Engineering, 1, 137-154.
Lee, G., Nicholls, R.J., Birkemeier, W.A. and Leatherman, S.P. (1995) A conceptual fairweather-storm model of beach nearshore evolution applied at Duck, North Carolina, USA. Journal of Coastal Research, 11, (4), 1157-1166.
Wray, R.D., Leatherman, S.P. and Nicholls, R.J. (1995) Historic and future land loss for upland and marsh islands in the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, U.S.A. Journal of Coastal Research, 11, (4), 1195-1203.
Volonte, C.R. and Nicholls, R.J. (1995) Sea-level rise in Uruguay: potential impacts and responses. [in special issue: Potential Impacts of Accelerated Sea-Level Rise on Developing Countries] Journal of Coastal Research, SI 14, 262-284.
Huntley, David A., Nicholls, Robert J., Liu, Chunlei and Dyer, Keith R. (1994) Measurements of the semi-diurnal drag coefficient over sand waves. Continental Shelf Research, 14, (5), 437-456. (doi:10.1016/0278-4343(94)90097-3).
Downs, Lynda L., Nicholls, Robert J., Leatherman, Stephen P. and Hautzenroder, Joseph (1994) Historic evolution of a marsh island: Bloodsworth Island, Maryland. Journal of Coastal Research, 10, (4), Autumn Issue, 1031-1044.
Davison, A.T., Ulrich, C.P. and Nicholls, R.J. (1993) The accreditation of beach nourishment projects: an issues discussion. Shore and Beach, 61, (4), 9-15.
Huntley, D.A., Huthnance, J.M., Collins, M.B., Liu, C.-L., Nicholls, R.J., Hewitson, C., Green, M.O., Dyer, K.R. and Jago, C.F. (1993) Hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics of North Sea sand waves and sand banks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 343, (1669), 461-474. (doi:10.1098/rsta.1993.0059).
Nicholls, R.J. (1991) Holocene evolution of the gravel coastline of East Sussex: discussion. Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 102, (4), 301-306. (doi:10.1016/S0016-7878(08)80089-2).
Stive, M.J.F., Nicholls, R.J. and DeVriend, H.J. (1991) Sea-level rise and shore nourishment: a discussion. Coastal Engineering, 16, 147-163.
Nicholls, Robert J. (1989) The measurement of the depth of disturbance caused by waves on pebble beaches. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 59, (4), 630-631.
Nicholls, R.J. and Webber, N.B. (1987) The past, present and future evolution of Hurst Castle spit, Hampshire. Progress In Oceanography, 18, (1-4), 119-137. (doi:10.1016/0079-6611(87)90029-2).

Book

Evans, E.P., Simm, J.D., Thorne, C.R., Arnell, N.W., Ashley, R.M., Hess, T.M., Lane, S.N., Morris, J., Nicholls, R. J., Penning-Rowsell, E.C., Reynard, N.S., Saul, A.J., Tapsell, S.M., Watkinson, A.R. and Wheater, H.S. (2008) An update of the foresight future flooding 2004 qualitative risk analysis, London, UK, Cabinet Office, 159pp.
Holman, I.P., Berry, P.M., Mokrech, M., Richards, J.A., Audsley, E., Harrison, P.A., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Nicholls, R.J., Shackley, S. and Henriques, C. (2007) Simulating the effects of future climate and socio-economic change in east Anglia and North West England: the RegIS2 project. Summary report, Oxford, GB, UK Climate Impacts Programme, 24pp.
McFadden, Loraine, Nicholls, Robert and Penning-Rowsell, Edmund (eds.) (2006) Managing coastal vulnerability, Elsevier, 282pp.

Book Section

Nicholls, R.J., Stive, M.J.F. and Tol, R.S.J. (2014) Coping with coastal change. In, Masselink, Gerd and Gehrels, Roland (eds.) Coastal Environments and Global Change. , UK, Wiley, 410-431. (In Press).
Brown, Sally, Nicholls, R.J., Woodroffe, C.D., Hanson, S., Hinkel, J., Kebede, A.S., Neumann, B. and Vafeidis, A.T. (2013) Sea-level rise impacts and responses: a global perspective. In, Finkl, Charles W. (ed.) Coastal Hazards. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 117-149. (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5234-4_5).
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S. and Hinkel, J. (2013) The economics of adaptation in the coastal sector. In, Westphal, Michael L., Hughes, Gordon A. and Brömmelhörster, Jörn (eds.) Economics of Climate Change in East Asia. Mandaluyong, PH, Asian Development Bank, 60-83.
Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert J., Pardaens, A.K., Lowe, J.A., Vafeidis, A.T., Hinkel, J. and Watkiss, P. (2012) Impacts and strategic responses to rising sea levels in the European Union [full paper]. In, Klijn, Frans and Schweckendiek, Timo (eds.) Comprehensive Flood Risk Management: Research for Policy and Practice. 2nd European Conference on Flood Risk Management London, GB, Taylor and Francis , 1139-1147.
Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert J., Pardaens, A.K., Lowe, J.A., Vafeidis, A.T., Hinkel, J. and Watkiss, P. (2012) Impacts and strategic responses to rising sea levels in the European Union[extended abstract]. In, Klijn, Frans and Schweckendiek, Timo (eds.) Comprehensive Flood Risk Management: Research for Policy and Practice. European Conference on Flood Risk Management , Taylor and Francis , 289-289.
Nicholls, R.J., Woodroffe, C.D., Burkett, V., Hay, J., Wong, P.P. and Nurse, L. (2012) Scenarios for coastal vulnerability assessment. In, Wolanski, E. and McLusky, D.S. (eds.) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science Vol. 12 Ecological Economics of Estuaries and Coasts. Maryland Heights, US, Elsevier.
Hanson, S. and Nicholls, R.J. (2012) Extreme flood events and port cities through the twenty-first century: implications of climate change and other drivers. In, Asariotis, R. and Benamara, H. (eds.) Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge. Abingdon, GB, Earthscan from Routledge, 243-265. (Earthscan Climate).
Hanson, S. and Nicholls, R.J. (2011) Planning for changes in extreme events in port cities throughout the 21st century. In, Aerts, Jeroen , Botzen , Wouter , Bowman, Malcolm , Ward, Philip and Dircke, Piet (eds.) Climate Adaptation and Flood Risk in Coastal Cities. London, GB, Routledge, 9-26. (Earthscan Climate).
Nicholls, Robert J., HInkel, Jochen, Tol, Richard S.J., Boot, Gerben, Vafeidis, Athanasios T. and McFadden, Loraine (2011) A global analysis of coastal erosion of beaches due to sea-level rise: an application of DIVA. In, Proceedings of the Coastal Sediments 2011. Coastal Sediments 2011 London, GB, World Scientific, 313-326. (doi:10.1142/9789814355537_0024).
Jones, Laurence, Angus, Stewart, Cooper, Andrew, Doody, Pat, Everard, Mark, Garbutt, Angus, Gilchrist, Paul, Hansom, Jim, Nicholls, Robert J., Pye, Kenneth, Ravenscroft, Neil, Rees, Sue, Rhind, Peter and Whitehouse, Andrew (2011) Coastal margins. In, UK National Ecosystem Assessment Technical Report. Cambridge, GB, United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Nicholls, Robert J. (2010) Impacts of and responses to sea-level rise. In, Church, John A., Woodworth, Philip L., Aarup, Thorkild and Wilson, W. Stanley (eds.) Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability. Chichester, GB, Wiley-Blackwell, 17-51. (doi:10.1002/9781444323276.ch2).
Church, John A., Aarup, Thorkild, Woodworth, Philip L., Wilson, W. Stanley, Nicholls, Robert J., Rayner, Ralph, Lambeck, Kurt, Mitchum, Gary T., Steffen, Konrad, Cazenave, Anny, Blewitt, Geoff, Mitrovica, Jerry X. and Lowe, Jason A. (2010) Sea-level rise and variability: synthesis and outlook for the future. In, Church, John A., Woodworth, Philip L., Aarup, Thorkild and Wilson, W. Stanley (eds.) Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability. Chichester, GB, Wiley-Blackwell, 402-419. (doi:10.1002/9781444323276.ch13).
Kebede, Abiy S., Nicholls, R.J., Brown, S. and Hanson, S., The World Bank (2010) Coastal zone. In, Mozambique: Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change. Washington, US, World Bank Group, 47-58.
Haigh, I., Nicholls, R.J. and Wells, N.C. (2009) Twentieth-century changes in extreme still sea levels in the English Channel. In, Smith, Jane Mckee (ed.) Coastal Engineering 2008: Proceedings of the 31st International Conference. 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering New Jersey, USA, World Scientific Publishing Co , 1199-1209.
Nicholls, Robert, Hanson, Susan, Mokrech, Mustafa, Stansby, Peter, Chini, Nicolas, Walkden, Mike, Dawson, Richard, Roche, Nicholas, Hall, Jim, Nicholson-Cole, Sophie, Watkinson, Andrew, Jude, Simon, Lowe, Jason, Wolf, Judith, Leake, James, Rounsevell, Mark, Fontaine, Corentin and Acosta-Michlik, Lilibeth (2009) The Tyndall coastal simulator and interface. In, McKee Smith, Jane (ed.) Coastal Engineering: Proceedings of the 31st International Conference. Coastal Engineering 2008: 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering London, UK, World Scientific, 4341-4353. (doi:10.1142/9789814277426_0360).
Stive, M.J.F., Cowell, P. and Nicholls, R.J. (2009) Beaches, cliffs and deltas. In, Geomorphology and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 158-179.
Nicholls, R.J. (2009) River and coastal flood management. In, Berry, P.M. (ed.) Biodiversity in the Balance: Mitigation and Adaptation Conflicts and Synergies. , Pensoft, 171-213.
Nicholls, R.J., Woodroffe, C.D. and Burkett, V.R. (2009) Coastal degradation as an indicator of global change. In, Letcher, Trevor (ed.) Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth. Oxford, UK, Elsevier, 409-424.
Warren, R., Arnell, N.W. and Nicholls, R.J. (2008) Impacts of climate change. In, Cuff, David and Goudie, Andrew (eds.) The Oxford Companion to Global Change. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.
Leake, J., Wolf, J., Lowe, J. A., Stansby, P.K., Nicholls, R. J., Mokrech, M., Nicholson-Cole, S., Walkden, M.J.A., Watkinson, A.R. and Hanson, S. (2008) Integrated modeling for coastal impacts. In, Spaulding, Malcolm Lindhurst (ed.) Estuarine and Coastal Modelling: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference. Proceedings 10th International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modelling, November 2007, Newport, Rhode Island. ASCE. New York. Reston, US, American Society of Civil Engineers.
Brown, I., Jude, S., Koukoulas, S., Nicholls, R.J., Dickson, M. and Walkden, M. (2008) Using virtual reality to simulate coastal erosion: a participative decision tool? In, GIS for Environmental Decision Making. , CRC Press, 193-210.
Burkett, V.R., Fernandez, L, Nicholls, R. J. and Woodroffe, C.D. (2008) Climate change impacts on coastal biodiversity. In, Fenech, A., MacIver, D. and Dallmeier, F. (eds.) Proceedings of Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Americas. Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Americas Quebec, Canada, Canadian International Development Agency, 167-193.
Nicholls, R. J. (2007) Global climate change: implications for coastal systems and low-lying areas. In, Proceedings of Expert Symposium on Climate Change: Modelling, Impacts & Adaptations. Expert Symposium on Climate Change - Modelling, Impacts and Adaptation. National University of Singapore, 17-19th December Singapore, National University of Singapore, 23-28.
Nicholls, Robert J., Tol, Richard S.J. and Hall, Jim W. (2007) Assessing impacts and responses to global-mean sea-level rise. In, Schlesinger, Michael E., Kheshgi, Harron S., Smith, Joel, de la Chesnaye, Francisco C., Reilly, John M., Wilson, Tom and Kolstad, Charles (eds.) Human-Induced Climate Change: an Interdisciplinary Assessment. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 119-134.
Burgess, K., Jay, H. and Nicholls, R.J. (2007) Drivers of coastal erosion. In, Thorne, C., Evans, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds.) Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks. London, UK, Thomas Telford, 267-279.
Hinton, C., Townend, I.H. and Nicholls, R.J. (2007) Coastal processes. In, Thorne, C., Evans, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds.) Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks. London, UK, Thomas Telford, pp.132-148.
Rossington, K., Nicholls, R.J. and Knaapen, M.F (2007) Morphological interactions within UK estuaries: A preliminary analysis of critical rates of sea-level rise. In, Coastal Sediments '07. Proceedings of 6th International Symposium of Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes New York, USA, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1200-1213.
Nicholls, R.J. (2007) Vulnerability and beyond: a national to global perspective. In, McFadden, L., Nicholls, R. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds.) Managing Coastal Vulnerability. , Elsevier Science, 243-260.
Hinton, C.L. and Nicholls, R. J. (2007) Shoreface morphodynamics along the Holland coast. In, Balson, P.S. and Collins, M.B. (eds.) Coastal and Shelf Sediment Transport. Geological Society, London, UK, 93-101. (Geological Society, London, Special Publications 274). (doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.2007.274.01.10).
Church, J., Nicholls, R. J., Hay, J. and Gornitz, V. (2007) Ice and sea-level change. In, Global Outlook for Ice & Snow. Nairobi, Kenya, United Nations, 1551-180.
Watkinson, A.R., Nicholls, R.J., Sear, D.A. and Ledoux, L. (2007) Environmental impacts of future flood risk. In, Thorne, C., Evans, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds.) Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks. London, UK, Thomas Telford, 29-44.
Nicholls, R.J. and Townend, I.H. (2007) The management of coastal flooding and erosion. In, Thorne, C., Evans, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds.) Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks. London, UK, Thomas Telford, 392-413.
Burgess, K., Jay, H., Nicholls, R.J., Green, C. and Penning-Rowsell, E.C. (2007) Assessment of future coastal erosion risk. In, Thorne, C., Evans, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E.C. (eds.) Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks. London, UK, Thomas Telford, pp.280-293.
Nicholls, R. J., Wong, P.P., Burket, V.R., Codignotto, J., Hay, J.E., McLean, R.F., Ragoonaden, S. and Woodroffe, C.D. (2007) Coastal systems and low-lying areas. In, Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., van der Linden, P.J. and Hanson, C.E. (eds.) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 315-356.
Nicholls, Robert J., Klein, Rochard J.T. and Tol, Richard S.J. (2006) Managing coastal vulnerability and climate change: a national to global perspective. In, McFadden, Loraine, Nicholls, Robert and Penning-Roswell, Edmund (eds.) Managing Coastal Vulnerability. Oxford, GB, Elsevier, 223-241.
McFadden, Loraine, Penning-Rowsell, Edmund and Nicholls, Robert J. (2006) Setting the parameters: a framework for developing cross-cutting perspectives of vulnerability for coastal zone management. In, McFadden, Loraine, Nicholls, Robert J. and Penning-Roswell, Edmund (eds.) Managing Coastal Vulnerability. Oxford, UK, Elsevier, 1-13.
Brooks, N., Nicholls, R. J. and Hall, J. (2006) Sea-level rise: coastal impacts and responses. In, Schubert, R., Schellnhuber, H.J., Buchmann, N., Epiny, A., Greisshammer, R., Kulessa, M., Messner, D., Rahmstorf, S. and Schmid, J. (eds.) The Future Oceans: Warming Up, Rising High, Turning Sour (Special Report). Berlin, Germany, WBGU (German Advisory Council on Global Change), 33-64.
Woodroffe, C.D, Nicholls, R.J., Saito, Y., Chen, Z. and Goodbred, S.L (2006) Landscape variability and the response of Asian megadeltas to environmental change. In, Harvey, N. (ed.) Global change and integrated coastal management. Netherlands, Springer Netherlands, 277-314. (Coastal Systems and Continental Margins, 10 10). (doi:10.1007/1-4020-3628-0).
Nicholls, R.J. and Lowe, J.A. (2006) Climate stabilisation and impacts of sea-level rise. In, Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim, Cramer, Wolfgang, Nakicenovic, Nebojsa, Wigley, Tom and Yohe, Gary (eds.) Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 195-202.
Dawson, R.J, Hall, J.W, Nicholls, R.J., Bates, P.D, Dickson, M.E and Walkden, M.J.A (2006) Efficient broad scale flood risk assessment over multi-decadal timescale. In, Stochastic Hydraulics '05. Proceedings 9th International Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics , Tyndall.
Lowe, J.A., Gregory, J.M., Ridley, J., Huybrechts, P., Nicholls, R.J. and Collins, M. (2006) The role of sea-level rise and the Greenland ice sheet in dangerous climate change: implications for the stabilisation of climate. In, Schnellnhuber, H.J., Cramer, W., Nakicenovic, N., Wigley, T. and Yohe, G. (eds.) Avoiding dangerous climate change. New York, USA, Cambridge University Press, 29-36.
Nicholls, R. J. (2006) Storm surges in coastal areas. In, Arnold, M., Chen, R.S., Deichmann, U., Dilley, M. and Lerner-Lam, A.L. (eds.) Natural Disaster hotspots: case studies. Washington, USA, World Bank Publications, 79-108. (Disaster Risk Management 6).
Nicholls, R.J. and Hoozemans, F.M.J. (2005) Global vulnerability analysis. In, Schwartz, M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Dortrecht, Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 486-491. (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series).
Rochelle-Newall, E., Klein, R.T., Nicholls, R.J., Barrett, K., Behrendt, H., Bresser, T.H.M., Cieslak, A., de Bruin, E.F.L.M, Edwards, T., Herman, P.M.J, Laane, R.P.W.M, Ledoux, L., Lindeboom, H., Lise, W., Moncheva, S., Moschella, P.S., Stive, M.J.F. and Vermaat, J.E. (2005) Global change and the European coast – climate change and economic development. In, Vermaat, J.E., Bouwer, L., Turner, K. and Salomons, W. (eds.) Managing European coasts: past, present and future. Heidelberg, Germany, Springer Germany, 239-254..
Nicholls, R.J. and Goodbred Jr., S.L. (2005) Towards integrated assessment of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. In, Chen, Z., Saito, Y. and Goodbred Jr., S.L. (eds.) Mega-deltas of Asia: geological evolution and human impact. Beijing, China, China Ocean Press, 168-181.
Nicholls, R.J. and Klein, R.J.T. (2005) Climate change and coastal management on Europe’s coast. In, Vermaat, J., Bouwer, K., Turner, K. and Salomons, W. (eds.) Managing European Coasts. Heidelberg, Germany, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 199-226. (Environmental Science). (doi:10.1007/3-540-27150-3_11).
Koukoulas, S., Nicholls, R.J., Dickson, M.E, Walkden, M., Hall, J.W, Pearson, S.G, Mokrech, M. and Richard, J. (2005) A GIS tool for analysis and interpretation of coastal erosion model outputs (SCAPEGIS). In, Coastal Dynamics 2005. 5th International Conference on Coastal Dynamics Virginia, USA, American Society of Civil Engineers.
McMichael, A., Campbell-Lendrum, D.H., Kovats, R.S., Nicholls, R. J., Edwards, S., Wilkinson, P. and Wilson, T. (2004) Global climate change. In, Majid, E., Lopez, A.D., Rodgers, A.A. and Murray, C.J.L (eds.) Comparative quantification of health risks : global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organisation, pp1543-1650.
Woodworth, P.L., Gregory, J.M. and Nicholls, R.J. (2004) Long term sea-level changes and their impacts. In, Robinson, A.R. and Brink, K. (eds.) The Sea, Volume 13, The Global Coastal Ocean. Harvard, USA, Harvard University Press.
Nicholls, R.J. (2003) The resilience of coastal megacities to weather related hazards: a review. In, Kreimer, Alcira, Arnold, Margaret and Carlin, Anne (eds.) Building Safer Cities: The Future of Disaster Risk. Washington DC, USA, The World Bank, 111-137. (Disaster Risk Management Series 3).
Hanson, S.E and Nicholls, R.J. (2003) Historical change in estuaries: a case study of Hamford Water, Essex, UK. In, Davis, R.A, Sallenger, A. and Howd, P. (eds.) Coastal Sediments 2003 Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries: Proceedings of the International Conference Sheraton Sand Key Resort, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA 18 - 23 May 2003. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Sediments 2003 , World Scientific Publishing Company.
Vafeidis, A., Nicholls, R.J. and McFadden, L. (2003) Developing a database for global vulnerability analysis of coastal zones: the DINAS-COAST project and the DIVA tool. In, Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Symposium on Remote Sensing in Transition. 23rd EARSeL Symposium , Millpress Science Publishers.
Nicholls, R.J. (2003) The application of managed retreat: a comparison of England and Germany. In, Marchand, M. (ed.) Dealing with flood risk. Delft, Netherlands, Delft University Press, 42-51. (Delft Hydraulics Select Series, 1).
Nicholls, R.J. (2003) A database for global impact and vulnerability analysis of coasts due to sea-level rise. In, Davis, Richard A., Sallenger, Asbury and Howd, Peter (eds.) Coastal sediments 2003 : crossing disciplinary boundaries. Fifth International Symposium on Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes Florida, USA, World Scientific Publishing Company.
Nicholls, R.J. (2002) Rising sea levels: potential impacts and responses. In, Hester, R.E. and Harrison, R.M. (eds.) Global Environment Change. Cambridge, UK, Royal Society of Chemistry, 83-107. (Issues in Environmental Science and Technology 17).
Hanson, S and Nicholls, R.J. (2001) Uncertainties in sediment inputs from coastal erosion. In, Coastal Dynamics '01. Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Coastal Dynamics, June 11-15 2001, Lund, Sweden. Fourth Conference on Coastal Dynamics New York, USA, American Society of Civil Engineers, 607-616.
Hinton, C. and Nicholls, R.J. (2001) Large-scale shoreface response to a prominent anthropogenic structure: A case study of the Ijmuiden Harbour moles, Holland. In, Hanson, H. (ed.) Coastal Dynamics '01: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Coastal Dynamics, June 11-15, 2001, Lund Sweden. Fourth Conference on Coastal Dynamics New York, USA, American Society of Civil Engineers, 607-616.
Neumann, J.E., Yohe, G., Nicholls, R.J. and Manion, M. (2001) Sea level rise and its effects on global resources. In, Claussen, E., Cochran, V.A. and Davis, D.P. (eds.) Climate Change: Science, Strategies, & Solutions. , Pew Centre on Global Climate Change.
de la Vega-Leinert, A.C and Nicholls, R.J. (2001) Les conséquences de l’élévation accélérée du niveau de la mer au Royaume Uni. [Impacts of accelerated sea-level rise in the United Kingdom]. In, Paskoff, R. (ed.) Le changement climatique et les espaces cotiers: "L'elevation du niveau de la mer: risques et responses, Acted du colloque d'Arles, 12 et 13 octobre 2000. L’elevation du niveau de la mer: risques et responses, Acted du colloque d’Arles Paris, France, Mission Interministerielle de l’effet, 48-57.
Cramer, W., Holten, J.I., Kaczmarek, Z., Martens, P., Nicholls, R. J., Öquist, M., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Szolgay, J., Arnell, N.W., Balint, G., Beniston, M., Berz, G., Bindi, M., Carter, T.R., des Clers, S., Crick, H.Q.P., Dlugolecki, A.F., Dockerty, T., Gottfried, M., Grabherr, G., Guisan, A., Hulme, M., Imeson, P., Jenik, J., Jordan, A., Kedziora, A., Kovats, S., Lavorel, S., Livermore, M., Lowe, J., Martinez Rica, J.P., Molau, U., Nemesova, I., Olesen, J.E., Palutikof, J.P., Pauli, H., Perry, A.H., Ryszkowski, L., Shchuka, S.A., Shvidenko, A.Z., Tapsell, S., Theurillat, J.P., De la Vega-Leinert, A., Velichko, A.A. and Villar, L. (2001) Europe. In, McCarthy, J.J., Canziani, O.F., Leary, N.A., Dokken, D.J. and White, K.S. (eds.) Climate Change 2001: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: report of IPCC working group II. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 641-692.

Conference or Workshop Item

Lewis, K., Richardson, K., Kent, C., Dankers, R., Davie, J., Giuntoli, I., Robinson, E., Clark, C., Prudhomme, C., Wada, Y., Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J, Elliott, J.W. and Rosenzweig, C. (2014) Human dynamics of climate change map. At Human dynamics of climate change. Launched by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, UK, 17 Jul 2014.
Nicholls, R. J., Bradbury, A., Burningham, H, Dix, J.K., Ellis, M., French, J., Hall, J. W., Karunarathna, H. U., Lawn, J., Pan, S., Reeve, D. E., Rogers, B., Souza, A., Stansby, P. K., Sutherland, J., Tarrant, O., Walkden, M. J. A. and Whitehouse, R. (2012) iCOASST - integrating coastal sediment systems. In, ICCE2012 International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Santander, ES, 01 - 06 Jul 2012. 15pp.
Narayan, S., Nicholls, R.J., Clarke, D. and Hanson, S. (2011) Investigating the source – pathway – receptor – consequence framework for coastal flood system analyses. In, ICE Coastal Management Conference 2011, 15 - 16 Nov 2011. Belfast, GB,
Narayan, S., Hanson, S., Nicholls, R.J. and Clarke, D. (2011) Use of the source - pathway - receptor - consequence model in coastal flood risk assessment. In, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011, Vienna, Austria,
Hanson, S., Nicholls, R. J., Hallegatte, S. and Corfee-Morlot, J. (2010) The effects of climate mitigation on the exposure of the world's large port cities to extreme coastal water levels. In, Storm Surges Congress 2010, 13-17 September, Hamburg, Germany, Hamburg, DE,
Nicholls, R.J., Mokrech, M., Xingzheng, W, Hall, J.W., Walkden, M.J.A. and Hanson, S. (2010) Simulating changes in flood erosion risks due to future sea-level rise and storm surges. In, Storm Surges Congress 2010, Hamburg, DE, 13 - 17 Sep 2010.
Haigh, I., Nicholls, R.J. and Wells, N.C. (2009) Extreme sea levels in the English channel: Preliminary observations. In, 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Hamburg, Germany, 31 Aug - 05 Sep 2008.
Walkden, M.J.A., Roche, N., Dawson, R., Hall, J.W., Dickson, M., Stansby, P.K., Chini, N., Hanson, S., Lowe, J. A. and Nicholls, R. J. (2009) Coupled long-term probabilistic erosion and flood risk assessment under accelerated sea-level rise. In, 44th Flood and Coastal Risk Management Conference, Manchester, UK, 30 Jun - 02 Jul 2009. , 12pp.
Leake, J., Wolf, J., Lowe, J. A., Hall, J. W. and Nicholls, R. J. (2009) Response of marine climate to future climate change: application to coastal regions. In, 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering, Hamburg, Germany,, 31 Aug - 05 Sep 2008.
Nicholls, R. J., Hanson, S., Mokrech, M., Stansby, P.K., Chini, N., Walkden, M.J.A., Dawson, R., Roche, N., Hall, J.W., Nicholson-Cole, S., Watkinson, A.., Jude, S.R., Lowe, J. A., Leake, J., Wolf, J., Fontaine, C., Rounsvell, M. and Acosta-Michlik, L. (2008) The Tyndall Centre coastal simulator and interface (CoastS). In, European Conference on Flood Risk management Research and Practice (FLOODrisk 2008), Oxford, UK, 30 Sep - 02 Oct 2008.
Hanson, S., Wolf, J.P, Mokrech, M. and Nicholls, R.J. (2008) The Tyndall coastal simulator and interface. In, Littoral 2008. A Changing Coast: Challenge for the Environmental Policies, Venice, Italy, 25 - 28 Nov 2008.
Gardiner, S., Nicholls, R. J., Spencer, T., Hanson, S., Richards, J. and Zhang, Z. (2008) Coastal habitats, climate change and spatial planning: lessons from the Solent region, UK. In, Solent Protection Society Conference, ‘What future for the Solent’s saltmarshes?, Beaulieu, UK, 17 Sep 2008. , 36-46.
Mokrech, Mustafa, Nicholls, Robert, Hanson, Susan, Watkinson, Andrew, Jude, Simon, Nicholson-Cole, Sophie, Hall, Jim, Walkden, Mike, Stansby, Peter, Dawson, Richard, Stansby, Peter, Jacoub, George, Rounsevell, Mark, Fontaine, Corentin, Acosta-Michlik, Lilabeth, Lowe, Jason, Wolfe, judith and Leake, James (2007) A Coastal Simulator for Supporting Long Term Coastal Management. In, International Symposium on GIS and Computer Mapping for Coastal Management - CoastGIS 2007, Santander, ES, 08 Oct - 10 Sep 2007.
Gardiner, S., Hanson, S., Nicholls, R.J., Zhang, Z., Jude, S., Jones, A., Richards, J., Williams, A., Spencer, T., Cope, S., Gorczynska, M., Bradbury, A., McInnes, R., Ingleby, A. and Dalton, H. (2007) The Habitats Directive, coastal habitats and climate change - case studies from the south coast of the U.K. In, ICE International Conference on Coastal Management 2007, Cardiff, UK, 31 Oct - 01 Nov 2007.
Mokrech, M., Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Watkinson, A., Jude, S.R, Nicholson-Cole, S., Walkden, M., Hall, J., Dawson, R., Stansby, P.K, Jacoub, G.K, Rounsvell, M., Fontaine, C., Acosta-Michlik, L., Lowe, J.A, Wolf, J., Leake, J., Wright, J., Watson, G., Richards, J., Dickson, M. and Balson, P. (2007) The Development of an Integrated Coastal Simulator for Supporting Long Term Coastal Management. In, International Conference on Coastal Management, Cardiff, UK, 31 Oct - 01 Nov 2007. , 203-217.
Rossington, S.K., Nicholls, R.J., Knaapen, M.A.F. and Wang, Z.B. (2007) Morphological behaviour of UK estuaries under conditions of accelerating sea-level rise. In, River, coastal and estuarine morphodynamics, Enchede, Netherlands, 2007.
Hall, J.W, Dawson, R.J, Walkden, M., Dickson, M., Stansby, P., Nicholls, R.J., Zhou, J.L, Brown, I. and Watkinson, A. (2005) Broad-scale analysis of morphological and climate impacts on coastal flood risk. In, International Conference on Coastal Dynamics, Barcelona, Spain, 04 - 08 Apr 2005.
Townend, I., Sayers, P.B, Hinton, C.L, Panzeri, M.C, Nicholls, R.J., Thorne, C.R. and Sim, J. (2005) OST Foresight Report: A futures analysis of UK coastal flooding and erosion. In, ICE Breakwaters Conference ’05, London, UK, Apr 2005. , 1-18.
Nicholls, R.J. (2002) Coastal Change in East Anglia: Results from the RegIS Project. In, Redesigning the Coast, Tyndall Centre and CSERGE, East Anglia, UK, 2002. , 26-37.
Nicholls, R. J. and Wilson, T. (2001) The Regional Impact Study (RegIS). In, 36th Flood and Coastal Management Conference, Keele, London, Jun 2001.

Monograph

Tran, Martino, Hall, Jim, Hickford, A.J., Nicholls, R.J., Alderson, D., Barr, S., Baruah, P., Beavan, R., Birkin, M., Blainey, S.P., Byers, E., Chaudry, M., Curtis, T., Ebrahimy, R., Eyre, N., Hiteva, R., Jenkins, N., Jones, C., Kilsby, C., Leathard, A., Manning, L., Otto, A., Oughton, E., Powrie, W., Preston, J.M., Watson, G.V.R and Zuo, C. (2014) National infrastructure assessment: Analysis of options for infrastructure provision in Great Britain, Interim results. Oxford, GB, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, 104pp.
Vafeidis, A., Neumann, B., Zimmerman, J. and Nicholls, R.J. (2011) MR9: Analysis of land area and population in the low-elevation coastal zone (LECZ). London, GB, Foresight, Government Office for Science
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Lowe, J. A., Warrick, R. A., Lu, X, Long, A.J. and Carter, T. A. (2011) Constructing sea-level scenarios for impact and adaptation assessment of coastal areas: a guidance document. Geneva, Switzerland, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Nicholls, Robert J. and Kebede, Abiy S. (2011) The implications on the UK of the impacts of climate change and sea-level rise on critical coastal infrastructure overseas, 2010 to 2100. London, GB, Foresight, Government Office for Science, 79pp. (International Dimensions of Climate Change, R6.1).
Nicholls, Robert, Brown, Sally, Hanson, Susan and Hinkel, Jochan (2010) Economics of coastal zone adaptation to climate change. Washington, US, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / World Bank, 48pp. (World Bank Discussion Papers, 10).
Linham, Matthew M. and Nicholls, Robert J. (2010) Technologies for climate change adaptation: coastal erosion and flooding. New Delhi, IN, UNEP Risø Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development, 150pp. (TNA Guidebook Series).
Whitehouse, Richard, Balson, Peter, Beech, Noel, Brampton, Alan, Blott, Simon, Burningham, Helene, Cooper, Nick, French, Jon, Guthrie, Greg, Hanson, S., Nicholls, R.J., Pearson, Stephen, Pye, Ken, Rossington, Kate, Sutherland, James and Walkden, Mike (2009) Characterisation and prediction of large-scale, long-term change of coastal geomorphological behaviours: final science report. Bristol, GB, Environment Agency UK, 265pp.
Belfiore, S., Birkmann, J., Castellan, A., Cavaletti, A., Hettiarachchi, S., Nicholls, R.J., Beirne, W., Soares, J.M.D., Stephenson, F., Trumbic, I., Villagran de Leon, J.C. and Arthurton, R. (2009) Hazard awareness and risk mitigation in integrated coastal area management. France, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 145pp. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission: Manuals and Guides No. 50, (ICAM Dossier No. 5) ).
Parry, Martin, Arnell, Nigel, Berry, Pam, Dodman, David, Fankhauser, Samuel, Hope, Chris, Kovats, Sari, Nicholls, Robert, Satterthwaite, David, Tiffin, Richard and Wheeler, Tim (2009) Assessing the costs of adaptation to climate change: a review of the UNFCCC and other recent estimates. London, UK, International Institute for Environment and Development, 116pp.
Sugiyama, Masahiro, Nicholls, Robert J and Vafeidis, Athanasios (2008) Estimating the economic cost of sea-level rise. Massachusetts, USA, MIT, 37pp. (Report Series of the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, (156) ).
Hanson, S, Nicholls, R. J., Balson, P., Brown, I. and French, J.R. (2007) Capturing coastal morphological change within regional integrated assessment: an outcome-driven fuzzy logic approach. Norwich, UK, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, 39pp. (Tyndall Working Papers, (113) ).
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Herweijer, C., Patmore, N., Hallegatte, S., Corfee-Morlot, J., Château, J. and Muir-Wood, R. (2007) Ranking port cities with high exposure and vulnerability to climate extremes: exposure estimates. Paris, France, Organisation for Economic and Co-operative development (OECD), 62pp. (Environment Directorate Working Papers, (ENV/WKP(2007)1) ).
Dawson, R., Dickson, M.E., Nicholls, J., Walkden, M., Stansby, P., Mokrech, M., Richards, J., Zhou, J., Milligan, J., Jordan, A. and Pearson, S. (2007) Integrated analysis of risks of coastal flooding and cliff erosion under scenarios of long term change. Norwich, GB, Tyndall Centre
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S, Lowe, J.A., Vaughan, D.A., Lenton, T., Ganopolski, A., Tol, R.S.J. and Vafeidis, A.T. (2006) Metrics for assessing the economic benefits of climate change policies: sea-level rise. Paris, France, Organisation for Economic co-operation and development (OECD), 128pp. (ENV/EPOC/GSP(2006)3/FINAL).
Anthoff, D., Nicholls, R.J., Tol, R.S.J. and Vafeidis, A.T. (2006) Global and regional exposure to large rises in sea-level: a sensitivity analysis. Norwich, UK, Tyndell Centre for Climate Change Research, 31pp. (Tyndell Centre for Climate Change Research working papers, (96) ).
Nicholls, R.J., Hanson, S., Balson, P., Brown, I., French, J. and Spencer, T. (2006) Capturing geomorphological change in the coastal simulator. Norwich, UK, Tyndall centre for climate change research, 70pp. (Tyndell Research Project T3.42, (46) ).
Warren, R., Arnell, N., Nicholls, R.J., Levy, P. and Price, J. (2006) Understanding the regional impacts of climate change: research report prepared for the Stern review on the economics of climate change. Norwich, UK, Tyndell Centre for Climate Change Research, 223pp. (Tyndell Centre for Climate Change Research working papers, (90) ).
Nicholls, R.J. and Mokrech, M. (2005) Towards an integrated coastal sediment dynamics and shoreline response simulator. , Tyndall Research, 50pp. (Technical Report 38).
Nicholls, R.J. and Mokrech, M. (2005) Assessing coastal flood risk at specific sites and regional scales: Regional assessment of coastal flood risk. , Tyndall Research, 63pp. (Project ID - T2.46).
Holman, I.P., Loveland, P.J., Nicholls, R.J., Shackley, S., Berry, P.M., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Audsley, E., Harrison, P.A. and Wood, R. (2002) REGIS: Regional climate change impact and response studies in East Anglia and north west England. , Environment Agency & English Nature, 20pp.
 

Research

Research Interests

Robert's research is mainly focussed long-term coastal engineering and management, especially the issues of coastal impacts and adaptation to climate change, with an emphasis on sea-level rise. A major recent theme are the future of deltaic areas which are the most threatened coastal setting in the coming century.

This includes lead authorship of chapters in four reports of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC): Second Assessment Report (1996); the Regional Assessment (1998); the Special Report on Technology Transfer (2000); and the Third Assessment Report (2001). He was Convening Lead Author (with P.P. Wong (Singapore)) for the "Coastal Systems and Low-Lying Areas" chapter in the IPCC 4th assessment and is the Review Editor of the Coastal Chapter in the IPCC 5th Assessment (due to be published in 2014).

He has contributed to many national studies such as the DEFRA-funded "Fast Track" assessments as the coastal expert, the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, and led the coastal research theme in the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research which developed the "Coastal Simulator". He continues to lead the Cities and Coasts theme of the Tyndall Centre.  He also contributed to the Foresight study of Flood and Coastal Defence and its update for the Pitt Review and participated in related UK missions to Russia and the USA.

He was one of the principal developers of the DIVA (Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment) which builds on his experience with the Fast Track Assessments. DIVA has been used in both research and in policy development. This includes input into the EU Green Paper on Adaptation, the UNFCCC 2007 paper on adaptation costs, the World Bank 2010 assessment of Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change, and the Asian Development Bank study of China, South Korea, Japan and Mongolia. He has lead two recent OECD papers on climate change, including a global assessment of flood exposure in large port cities. This work continues with funding both the national AVOID Programme and the OECD. He is also advising several national governments on adaptation in coastal areas, such as Singapore.

Currently he is Principal Investigator/Co-Investigator of six major projects. He leads the NERC-funded iCOASST Project (2012-2016) which concerns "Predicting Long-term Coastal Geomorphological Evolution" and is a partnership with the Environment Agency with application to flood and erosion risk management. He also leads the Ecosystems Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) study on "Assessing Health, Livelihoods, Ecosystem Services And Poverty Alleviation In Populous Deltas" (2012-2016). This is based in coastal Bangladesh, but is also developing transferable methods for other deltas. The other active projects are:

Primary research group:  Energy and Climate Change

Affiliate research group:  Coastal Engineering and Management

Research projects

THESEUS: Innovative technologies for safe European coasts in a changing climate

Quantifying projected impacts under 2°C warming (IMPACT2C)

CLIMSAVE - Climate change integrated assessment methodology for cross-sectoral adaptation and vulnerability in Europe

The impact of tide gates on fish migration

iCOASST - integrating coastal sediment systems

ESPA Deltas

Can we maintain efficient energy supplies? Adaptation and Resilience of Coastal Energy Supply (ARCoES)

Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC)

Shipping in changing climates

Quantifying projected impacts under high end climate change (RISES-AM-)

Belmont Forum DELTAS

Understanding past sea levels

Core from marsh

Understanding past sea levels

Coasts have many functions

Eling, River Test

Coasts have many functions

Storms can create flooding

Isle of Wight

Storms can create flooding

On a fieldtrip to Bangladesh

Sea-level rise could cause major problems

On a fieldtrip to Bangladesh

Coastal erosion causes problems

Happisburgh, Norfolk

Coastal erosion causes problems

Ports are vulnerable

Dover, UK

Ports are vulnerable

Coasts need protection

Hinkley Point nuclear power station

Coasts need protection

Protection for low-lying coast

Southsea, Hampshire

Protection for low-lying coast

Learning from other experts

In the field on the Dee Estuary

Learning from other experts

Stakeholders are important

They help make decisions

Stakeholders are important

Teaching Responsibilities

Code Title Role
CENV2028  DESIGN 2 Lecturer
CENV3015  DESIGN PROJECT Lecturer
CENV6123  COASTAL FLOOD DEFENCE Lecturer
CENV6126  COASTAL MORPHODYNAMICS Coordinator
CENV6143  RESEARCH PROJECT: ENGINEERING IN THE COASTAL ENVIRONMENT Coordinator
CENV6149  RESEARCH PROJECT:COASTAL & MARINE ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT Coordinator

Robert's teaching involves undergraduate and postgraduate contributions to both the Civil Engineering Programmes, most particularly the MSc Engineering in the Coastal Environment which he co-directs with Dr. Ivan Haigh at the National Oceangraphy Centre. to find out more, the course also has it's own blog, run by a former student. He also leads the University of Southampton involvement in the Erasmus Mundus MSc Coastal and Marine Engineering and Management (CoMEM), which is lead by NTNU (Trondheim) and also involves Delft University of Technology, UPC (Barcelona) and City University (London).

Student visit

Saltmarsh at Hurst Spit

Student visit

Contact

Professor Robert Nicholls
Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 7/5027

Telephone: (023) 8059 4139
Email: R.J.Nicholls@soton.ac.uk