Psychology

R Tim Wildschut

PhD

Primary position:
Associate Professor
Other positions:
Director of MSc Research Methods Programme

Background

The University of Southampton

I grew up in Zeist, The Netherlands and attended Utrecht University for my undergraduate studies. I received my PhD from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2000. I am a recipient of the Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize.

Dr R Tim Wildschut's photo

Other University of Southampton sites

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Hepper, Erica G., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Ritchie, Timothy D., Yung, Yiu-Fai, Hansen, Nina, Abakoumkin, Georgios, Arikan, Gizem, Cisek, Sylwia Z., Demassosso, Didier B., Gebauer, Jochen E., Gerber, J. P., González, Roberto, Kusumi, Takashi, Misra, Girishwar, Rusu, Mihaela, Ryan, Oisín, Stephan, Elena, Vingerhoets, Ad J. J. and Zhou, Xinyue (2014) Pancultural nostalgia: prototypical conceptions across cultures. Emotion, 14, (4), 733-747. (doi:10.1037/a0036790).
Stephan, Elena, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Zhou, X., He, W., Routledge, Clay, Cheung, Wing-Yee and Vingerhoets, A. (2014) The mnemonic mover: nostalgia regulates avoidance and approach motivation. Emotion, 14, (3), 545-561. (doi:10.1037/a0035673).
Cheung, Wing-Yee, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Pinter, Brad (2014) Uncovering the multifaceted-self in the domain of negative traits: On the muted expression of negative self-knowledge. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, (4), 513-525. (doi:10.1177/0146167213518224 ). (PMID:24398541).
Cheung, Wing-Yee, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Hepper, Erica G., Arndt, Jamie and Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. (2013) Back to the future: nostalgia increases optimism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, (11), 1484-1496. (doi:10.1177/0146167213499187). (PMID:23928397).
Seehusen, Johannes, Cordaro, Filipo, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Blackhart, Ginette C., Epstude, Kai and Vingerhoets,, Ad J.J.M. (2013) Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: the integrating role of the need to belong. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, (8), 904-908. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.07.020).
Routledge, Clay, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Juhl, Jacob (2013) Nostalgia as a resource for psychological health and well-being. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, (11), 808-818. (doi:10.1111/spc3.12070).
Turner, Rhiannon N., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Gheorghiu, Mirona (2013) Combating the mental health stigma with nostalgia. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, (5), 413-422. (doi:10.1002/ejsp.1952).
Zhou, X., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Chen, X., Yat-Sen , S. and Vingerhoets, J.J.M. (2012) Heartwarming memories: nostalgia maintains physiological comfort. Emotion (In Press).
Zhou , X., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Shi, K. and Feng, C. (2012) Nostalgia: the gift that keeps on giving. Journal of Consumer Research, 39, (1), 39-50.
Stephan, Elena, Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2012) Mental travel into the past: differentiating recollections of nostalgic, ordinary, and positive events. [in special issue: Mental time travel: social psychological perspectives on a fundamental human capacity] European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, (3), 290-298. (doi:10.1002/ejsp.1865).
Hepper, Erica G., Ritchie, Timothy D., Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2012) Odyssey’s end: Lay conceptions of nostalgia reflect its original Homeric meaning. Emotion, 12, (1), 102-119. (doi:10.1037/a0025167).
Turner, Rhiannon N., Wildschut, Tim and Sedikides, Constantine (2012) Dropping the weight stigma: nostalgia improves attitudes toward persons who are overweight. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, (1), 130-137. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.09.007).
Vess, M., Arndt, J., Routledge, Clay, Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2012) Nostalgia as a resource for the self. Self and Identity, 11, (3), 273-284. (doi:10.1080/15298868.2010.521452).
Routledge, Clay, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Juhl, Jacob and Arndt, Jamie (2012) The power of the past: nostalgia as a meaning-making resource. Memory, 20, (5), 452-460. (doi:10.1080/09658211.2012.677452). (PMID:22639901).
Routledge, Clay, Arndt, Jamie, Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Hart, Claire M., Juhl, Jacob, Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. and Schlotz, Wolff (2011) The past makes the present meaningful: nostalgia as an existential resource. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, (3), 638-652. (doi:10.1037/a0024292). (PMID:21787094).
Hart, Claire M., Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim, Arndt, Jamie, Routledge, Clay and Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. (2011) Nostalgic recollections of high and low narcissists. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, (2), 238-242. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2011.01.002).
Hart, Claire M., Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim, Arndt, Jamie, Routledge, Clay and Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. (2011) Nostalgic recollections of high and low narcissists. Journal of Research in Personality (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2011.01.002).
Ritchie, Timothy D., Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim, Arndt, Jamie and Gidron, Yori (2011) Self-concept clarity mediates the relation between stress and subjective well-being. Self and Identity, 10, (4), 493-508. (doi:10.1080/15298868.2010.493066).
Barrett, Frederick S., Grimm, Kevin J., Robins, Richard W., Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Janata, Petr (2010) Music-evoked nostalgia: Affect, memory, and personality. Emotion, 10, (3), 390-403. (doi:10.1037/a0019006). (PMID:20515227).
Juhl, Jacob, Routledge, Clay, Arndt, Jamie, Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2010) Fighting the future with the past: nostalgia buffers existential threat. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, (3), 309-314. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2010.02.006).
Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Arndt, Jamie and Cordaro, Filipo (2010) Nostalgia as a repository of social connectedness: the role of attachment-related avoidance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, (4), 573-586. (doi:10.1037/a0017597).
Cohen, Taya R., Wildschut, Tim and Insko, Chester A. (2010) How communication increases interpersonal cooperation in mixed-motive situations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, (1), 39-50. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.009).
Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Routledge, Clay, Arndt, J. and Cordaro, P. (2010) Nostalgia as a repository of social connectedness: The role of attachment-related avoidance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98 (doi:10.1037/a0017597).
Zhou, Xinyue, Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim and Ding-Guo, Gao (2008) Counteracting loneliness: on the restorative function of nostalgia. Psychological Science, 19, (10), 1023-1029. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02194.x).
Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim, Arndt, Jamie and Routledge, Clay (2008) Nostalgia: past, present, and future. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, (5), 304-307. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00595.x).
Wolf, S. T., Insko, C. A., Kirchner, J.L. and Wildschut, T. (2008) Interindividual-intergroup discontinuity in the domain of correspondent outcomes: The role of relativistic concern, perceived categorization, and the doctrine of mutual assured destruction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, (3), 279-294. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.3.479). (PMID:18284293).
Routledge, C., Arndt, A., Sedikides, C. and Wildschut, Tim (2008) A blast from the past: the terror management function of nostalgia. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, (1), 132-140. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2006.11.001).
Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C. and Routledge, C. (2008) Nostalgia: from cowbells to the meaning of life. The Psychologist, 21, 20-23.
Wildschut, T. and Insko, C.A. (2007) Explanations of interindividual-intergroup discontinuity: A review of the evidence. European Review of Social Psychology, 18, (1), 175-211. (doi:10.1080/10463280701676543).
Pinter, Brad, Insko, Chester A., Wildschut, Tim, Kirchner, Jeffrey L., Montoya, R. Matthew and Wolf, Scott T. (2007) Reduction of interindividual-intergroup discontinuity: the role of leader accountability and proneness to guilt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, (2), 250-265. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.2.250).
Pinter, B., Insko, C.A., Wildschut, T., Kirchner, J.L., Montoya, R.M. and Wolf, S.T. (2007) Reduction of interindividual-intergroup discontinuity: The role of leader accountability and proneness to guilt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, (2), 250-265.
Wildschut, T., Insko, C. A. and Pinter, B. (2007) Interindividual-intergroup discontinuity as a joint function of acting as a group and interacting with a group. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 390-399.
Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine, Arndt, Jamie and Routledge, Clay (2006) Nostalgia: content, triggers, functions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, (5), 975-993. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.91.5.975).
Insko, C. A., Kirchner, J. L., Pinter, B., Efaw, J. and Wildschut, T. (2005) Interindividual-intergroup discontinuity as a function of trust and categorization: The paradox of expected cooperation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, (2), 365-385.
Wildschut, Tim, Pinter, Brad, Vevea, Jack L., Insko, Chester A. and Schopler, John (2003) Beyond the group mind: a quantitative review of the interindividual-intergroup discontinuity effect. Psychological Bulletin, 129, (5), 698-722. (doi:10.1037/0033-2909.129.5.698).
Wildschut, Tim, Insko, Chester A. and Gaertner, Lowell (2002) Intragroup social influence and intergroup competition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, (6), 975-992. (doi:10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.975).
Wildschut, T., Lodewijkx, H. F. M. and Insko, C. A. (2001) Toward a reconciliation of diverging perspectives on interindividual-intergroup discontinuity: The role of procedural interdependence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, (4), 273-285. (doi:10.1006/jesp.2000.1452).
Lodewijkx, H.F.M., Wildschut, T., Savenije, W., Smit, M. and Nijstad, B. (2001) In a violent world a just world makes sense: the case of "senseless violence" in The Netherlands. Social Justice Research, 14, (1), 79-94.
Insko, C. A., Schopler, J., Gaertner, L., Wildschut, T., Kozar, R., Pinter, B., Finkel, E. J., Brazil, D. M., Cecil, C. L. and Montoya, M. R. (2001) Interindividual-intergroup discontinuity reduction through the anticipation of future interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, (1), 95-111.
Schopler, J., Insko, C. A., Wieselquist, J., Pemberton, M., Witcher, B., Kozar, R., Roddenberry, C. and Wildschut, T. (2001) When groups are more competitive than individuals: The domain of the discontinuity effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, (4), 632-644.
Rusbult, C. E., Van Lange, P. A. M., Wildschut, T., Yovetich, N. A. and Verette, J. (2000) Perceived superiority in close relationships: Why it exists and persists. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, (4), 521-545.

Book Section

Routledge, Clay, Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim and Juhl, Jacob (2013) Finding meaning in one's past: nostalgia as an existential resource. In, Markman, Keith D., Proulx, Travis and Lindberg, Matthew J. (eds.) The Psychology of Meaning. Washington, US, American Psychological Association, 297-316.
Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Cordaro, Filipo (2011) Self-regulatory interplay between negative and positive emotions: The case of loneliness and nostalgia. In, Nyklicek, Ivan, Vingerhoets, Ad and Zeelenberg, Marcel (eds.) Emotion Regulation and Well-Being. New York, Springer, 67-83.
Wildschut, Tim, Sedikides, Constantine and Cordaro, Filipo (2011) Self-regulatory interplay between negative and positive emotions: The case of loneliness and nostalgia. In, Nyklíček, Ivan, Vingerhoets, Ad and Zeelenberg, Marcel (eds.) Emotion Regulation and Well-Being. London, GB, Springer, 67-83. (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6953-8_5).
Wildschut, T. and Insko, C.A. (2010) Interindividual--intergroup discontinuity. In, Levine, John M. and Hogg, Michael A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. Thousand Oaks, USA, Sage.
Wildschut, T. and Sedikides, C. (2009) Nostalgia. In, Reis, Harry T. and Sprecher, Susan K. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks, USA, Sage.
Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Arndt, J. and Routledge, C. (2006) Affect and the self. In, Forgas, Joseph P. (ed.) Affect in Social Thinking and Behavior: Frontiers in Social Psychology. New York, USA, Psychology Press, 197-215.
Wildschut, T. and Insko, C. A. (2006) A paradox of individual and group morality: Social psychology as empirical philosophy. In, Van Lange, P. A. M. (ed.) Bridging social psychology: Benefits of transdisciplinary approaches. Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum, 377-384.
Wildschut, T., Insko, C.A. and Pinter, B. (2004) The perception of outgroup threat: content and activation of the outgroup schema. In, Yzerbyt, Vincent, Judd, Charles M. and Corneille, Olivier (eds.) The Psychology of Group Perception. , Psychology Press, 335-361.
Sedikides, C., Wildschut, R. and Baden, Denise (2004) Nostalgia: conceptual issues and existential functions. In, Greenberg, Jeff, Koole, Sander L. and Pyszczynski, Tom (eds.) Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology. New York, USA, Guildford Press, 200-214.
Rusbult, Caryl E., Kumashiro, Madoka, Finkel, Eli J. and Wildschut, Tim (2002) The war of the roses: an interdependence analysis of betrayal and forgiveness. In, Noller, Patricia and Feeney, Judith A. (eds.) Understanding marriage: developments in the study of couple interaction. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press. (Advances in Personal Relationships).

Conference or Workshop Item

Hepper, Erica G., Ritchie, Timothy D., Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2010) A prototype analysis of nostalgia. At 11th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, US, 28 - 30 Jan 2010.
Hepper, Erica G., Ritchie, Timothy D., Sedikides, Constantine and Wildschut, Tim (2009) What is nostalgia? A prototype analysis. In, Annual Meeting for United Kingdom Branch of European Social Cognition Network, London, GB,
Baden, D., Wildschut, T. and Sedikides, C. (2004) Nostalgia as a defence mechanism against loneliness. In, British Psychological Society Annual Conference
Baden, D., Wildschut, T. and Sedikides, C. (2003) Nostalgia as a self-relevant emotion: triggers, content and functions. In, BPS Social Psychology Section Conference, London, UK, 10 - 12 Sep 2003.
 

Research

Research Interests

I am a member of the Centre for Research on Self and Identity and the Social and Personality Psychology Research Group.

My main research interests cover various aspects of intergroup conflict and self-relevant emotions. In addition, I am interested in psychological measurement and statistics.

Intergroup conflict: I seek to identify antecedents of intergroup conflict by investigating what differences between intergroup and interindividual relations can account for the fact that intergroup relations are often more conflict prone.

Shame and guilt: Historically, depictions of shame and guilt and the distinctions between them have been imprecise. My research on shame and guilt seeks to gain a better understanding of the similarities and differences between these self-relevant emotions. I have a special interest in the seemingly paradoxical positive association between guilt proneness and intergroup competitiveness.

Nostalgia: I am conducting a collaborative program of research that seeks to identify the content, antecedents, and functions of nostalgia. Our initial findings support the idea that nostalgia is a predominantly positive, self-relevant emotion associated with recall of past experiences involving interaction with close others.

Primary research group:  Centre for Research on Self and Identity (CRSI)

Research projects

Nostalgia Provides Existential Comfort

Using nostalgia to reduce ageism

Anticipated nostalgia

Responsibilities

I am a member of the Centre for Research on Self and Identity and the Social and Personality Psychology Research Group.

Contact

Dr R Tim Wildschut
Building 44
Highfield Campus
University of Southampton
SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 44/4009

Telephone: (023) 8059 2639
Facsimile: (023) 8059 4597
Email: R.T.Wildschut@soton.ac.uk