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Centre for Biological Sciences

Dr Sarah Louise Warnes BSc, Phd

Research Fellow (Copper Development)

Dr Sarah Louise Warnes's photo
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Dr Sarah Louise Warnes is Research Fellow (Copper Development) within the Centre for Biological Sciences at the University of Southampton.

Career history

2008-present: Research Fellow. University of Southampton, UK.
2007-2014: Learning Support Assistant. Enabling Services (P/T), University of Southampton, UK.
2004-2007: Research Assistant. University of Southampton, UK.
1994-2003: Research Assistant. University of Southampton, UK.
1985-1987: Research Assistant. University of Southampton, UK.
1982-1985: Project Leader. Xoma (UK) Ltd.
1980-1982: Research Assistant. University of Leeds, UK..

Academic qualifications

2008-2013: PhD. University of Southampton, UK.
1977-1980: BSc. University of Leeds, UK.





Research interests

  • Viral glycoproteins
  • Development of diagnostic kits for the detection of microbial pathogens
  • Production of immunotoxins in the treatment of childhood leukaemia
  • Investigating the incidence of protozoan parasites and bacterial pathogens in biowastes and the subsequent risk of infection and contamination of the human food chain.
  • Potential benefits of fish oils in pregnancy
  • The use of antimicrobial surfaces in high risk clinical and community environments to reduce infection spread and horizontal gene transfer which has led to the evolution of multi-drug-resistant pathogens.
  • The mechanism of dry surface copper toxicity against microbial pathogens including the role of copper ionic and reactive oxygen species, and also identification of the physiological targets.
  • Norovirus persistence in the environment.

Research supervised by Professor Bill Keevil

Research group(s)

Environmental Biosciences

Research project(s)

Antimicrobial copper: Biocidal efficacy and killing mechanism of copper and copper alloy dry surfaces against bacterial and viral pathogens

Touch surfaces are an important conduit for transmission of bacteria, viruses and fungi, leading to mass outbreaks of disease in the community and healthcare acquired infections by multiple antibiotic resistant microorganisms causing great morbidity and mortality.


Book Section(s)



University of Southampton

Supervision and design of laboratory research projects for final year Biological Sciences undergraduates.
2011: Supervision of medical students undertaking laboratory project.

Dr Sarah Louise Warnes
Centre for Biological Sciences Faculty of Natural & Environmental Sciences Life Sciences Building 85 University of Southampton Highfield Campus Southampton SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 85/4041

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