Engineering and the Environment

Richard Beaven

BA, MSc, PhD, FGS

Primary position:
Principal Research Fellow

Background

The University of Southampton

Richard Beaven is a Principal Research Fellow within the University's Waste Management Research Group, and specialises in landfill related research.

Having studied geology at Oxford University he obtained an MSc in hydrogeology from University College London in 1984 before working for 12 years as a hydrogeologist with Cleanaway Ltd (now Veolia), a large UK based Waste Management Company.

In 1989 he proposed and gained financial backing from Cleanaway Ltd and the Department of the Environment to run two major research programmes to investigate fundamental properties of waste materials.  He designed the internationally unique Pitsea waste compression cell (see separate Tab).  His research has generated data on the hydrogeological and polluting properties of refuse which has made a significant contribution to the ongoing debate on sustainable landfill design.

In 1996 he furthered his research career by joining the University of Southampton part time, and also started his own independent Consultancy. He is based in Essex from where he co-ordinates research at the University's off-campus large-scale waste research facility at Pitsea, Essex.

He completed his PhD on the hydrogeology of wastes in the year 2000, studying controls over the flow of water in landfills.

Over the last 15 years he has maintained strong links with Industry and has worked on a variety of major research projects funded by EPSRC, Government Agencies (including the Environment Agency and defra) and Industry.

Dr Richard Beaven's photo

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Key Publications

Powrie, W. and Beaven, R. P. (1999) Hydraulic properties of household waste and implications for landfills. Proceedings of the ICE - Geotechnical Engineering, 137 , (4), 235-247. (doi:10.1680/geng.1997.137.4.235).
Jolly, J.M., Beaven, R.P. and Barker, R.D. (2011) Resolution of electrical imaging of fluid movement in landfills. Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management, 164, (2), 79-96. (doi:10.1680/warm.2011.164.2.79).
Beaven, R.P., Hudson, A.P., Knox, K., Powrie, W. and Robinson, J.P. (2013) Clogging of landfill tyre and aggregate drainage layers by methanogenic leachate and implications for practice. Waste Management, 33, (2), 431-444. (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2012.10.021).

Article

Beaven, R.P., Knox, K., Gronow, J.R., Greedy, D, Hjelmar, O and Scharff, H (2014) A new economic instrument for financing accelerated landfill aftercare. Waste Management (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2014.03.024). (In Press).
White, J.K., Nayagum, D. and Beaven, R.P. (2014) A multi-component two-phase flow algorithm for use in landfill processes modelling. Waste Management (Submitted).
Xu, X.B., Zhan, T.L.T., Chen, Y.M. and Beaven, R.P. (2014) Intrinsic and relative permeabilities of shredded municipal solid wastes from the Qizishan landfill, China. Canadian Geotechnical Journal (In Press).
Woodman, N.D., Siddiqui, A.A., Powrie, W., Stringfellow, A., Beaven, R.P. and Richards, D.J. (2013) Quantifying the effect of settlement and gas on solute flow and transport through treated municipal solid waste. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 153, 106-121. (doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2013.04.007).
Oonk, Hans, van Zomeren, André and Rees-White, Tristan C. et al. (2013) Enhanced biodegradation at the Landgraaf bioreactor test-cell. Waste Management, 33, (10), 2048-2060. (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2013.03.003). (PMID:23602275).
Rees-White, T., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Cole, Darren (2013) Investigating clogging failure mechanisms of leachate extraction wells in landfills. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 50, (11), 1179-1187. (doi:10.1139/cgj-2012-0478).
Simoes, A., Stringfellow, A., Smallman, D.J., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Potter, H. (2011) Sorption of organic contaminants by Oxford Clay and Mercia Mudstone landfill liners. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology , 44, (3), 345 -360. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/09-003).
Stringfellow, A., Simoes, A., Smallman, D.J., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Potter, H.A.B. (2011) Sorption of Mecoprop by two clay landfill liner materials: Oxford clay and Mercia mudstone. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology, 44, (3), 321-329. (doi:10.1144/1470-9236/08-099).
White, J.K., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Knox, K. (2011) Leachate recirculation in a landfill: some insights obtained from the development of a simple 1-D model. Waste Management, 31, (6), 1210-1221. (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2010.10.022).
Yunus, Anika, Smallman, David J., Stringfellow, Anne, Beaven, Richard and Powrie, William (2011) Leachate dissolved organic matter characterization using spectroscopic methods. Journal of Water Reuse & Desalination, 1, (2), 78-87. (doi:10.2166/wrd.2011.032).
Yunus, Anika, Smallman, David J., Stringfellow, Anne, Beaven, Richard and Powrie, William (2011) Characterisation of the recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of waste. Water Science & Technology, 64, (2), 311-319. (doi:10.2166/wst.2011.636). (PMID:22097001).
Beaven, R.P., Ivanova, L.K. and Richards, D.J. (2008) Setting a challenge to landfill modellers. Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management, 161, (3), 91-98. (doi:10.1680/warm.2008.161.3.91).
Beaven, Richard P. (2008) Review of responses to a landfill modelling Challenge. Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management, 161, (4), 155-166. (doi:10.1680/warm.2008.161.4.155).
Zheng, B., Richards, D.J., Smallman, D.J. and Beaven, R.P. (2007) Assessing MSW degradation by BMP and fibre analysis. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, 160, (4), 133-139. (doi:10.1680/warm.2007.160.4.133).
Reichel, T., Ivanova, L.K., Beaven, R.P. and Haarstrick, A. (2007) Modelling decomposition of MSW in a consolidating anaerobic reactor. Environmental Engineering Science, 24, (8), 1072-1083. (doi:10.1089/ees.2006.0230).
Beaven, R.P., Cox, S.E. and Powrie, W. (2007) Operation and performance of horizontal wells for leachate control in a waste landfill. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 133, (8), 1040-1047. (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2007)133:8(1040)).
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Parkes, D. (2007) Hydraulic conductivity of whole and shredded tyres for use in landfill drainage systems. Waste and Resource Management, 160, (2), 63-70. (doi:10.1680/warm.2007.160.2.63).
Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W., Hudson, A.P. and Parkes, D.J. (2006) Compressibility of tyres for use in landfill drainage systems. Waste and Resource Management, 159, (WR4), 173-180. (doi:10.1680/warm.2006.159.4.173).
Cox, S.E., Beaven, R. P., Powrie, W. and Cole, D.J. (2006) Installation of horizontal wells in landfilled waste using directional drilling. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 132, (7), 869-878. (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2006)132:7(869)).
Hudson, A. P., White, J.K., Beaven, R. P. and Powrie, W. (2004) Modelling the compression behaviour of landfilled domestic waste. Waste Management, 24, (3), 259-269. (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2003.12.003).
Al-Thani, A.A., Beaven, R.P. and White, J.K. (2004) Landfill Process Modelling Workshop. Modelling flow to leachate wells in landfills. [in special issue: Landfill Process Modelling] Waste Management, 24, (3), 271-276. (doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2003.11.010). (PMID:15016416).
Powrie, W. and Beaven, R.P. (1999) Hydraulic properties of household waste and implications for landfills. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers (Geotechnical Engineering), 137, (4), 235-247. (doi:10.1680/geng.1997.137.4.235).

Book Section

Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Zardava, K. (2011) Hydraulic properties of MSW. In, Zekkos, Dimitrios (ed.) Geotechnical characterization, Field Measurements and Laboratory Testing of Municipal Solid Waste. Virginia, US, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1-43. (ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication, 209).
Rees-White, T., Beaven, R.P., Woelders, H., Beaumont, T., Hannen, M. and Marsman, A. (2011) Preliminary results of a fill and draw flushing test in a pilot cell. In, Proceedings Sardinia 2011 , Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. Sardinia 2011, Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium Padova, IT, Eurowaste.
Woodman, N., Beaven, R.P. and Barker, J.A. (2007) Critique of landfill flushing using exponential models. In, Haarstrick, A. and Reichel , T. (eds.) Landfill Modelling. Padova, IT, CISA. (IWWG Monograph Series).
Beaven, R.P., Woodman, N. and Barker, J.A. (2005) End-member flushing models for 'saturated' waste. In, Haarstick, A. and Reichel , T. (eds.) Landfill Modelling. Padova, IT, CISA.

Conference or Workshop Item

Beaven, R.P., Knox, K. and Gronow, J.R. (2013) The need for a new approach to landfill financing and aftercare. In, Fourteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, IT, 30 Sep - 04 Oct 2013.
Woodman, N., Rees-White, T., Stringfellow, A., Beaven, R. P. and Hudson, A.P. (2013) Provisional analysis of the effect of compression on transport in degrading municipal solid waste. In, Sardinia 2013, Fourteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margherita di Pula , Italy, 30 Sep - 04 Oct 2013.
Beaven, R.P., Rees-White, T. and Woodman, N. (2013) A fill and draw tracer test at the Landgraaf Pilot test cell. In, HPM5: Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Landfills, Edinburgh, GB, 10 - 11 Apr 2013.
Rees-White, T., Woodman, N. and Beaven, R.P. (2013) Evaluating echo tests as a landfill contaminant transport characterisation tool. In, 5th International Workshop Hydro-Phyico-Mechanics of Landfill, Edinburgh, GB, 10 - 11 Apr 2013.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R. P. and Woodman, N. (2013) Comparison of continuous and intermittent water flow for contaminant flushing of unsaturated municipal solid waste. In, HPM5: Hydro-Physico-Mechanis of Landfills, Edinburgh, GB, 10 - 11 Apr 2013.
Woodman, N.D. and Beaven, R.P (2011) Assessment of simple preferential flow concepts for transport through municipal solid waste. In, Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, IT, 03 - 07 Oct 2011.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P., Barker, J.A., Woodman, N. and Knox, K (2011) An experiment to investigate various methods of flushing contaminants from MSW. In, Thireenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, IT, 03 - 11 Oct 2011.
Rees-White, T., Beaven, R.P., Woelders, H., Beaumont, T., Hannen, M. and Marsman, A. (2011) Large-scale fill and draw tracer test at a pilot landfill in the Netherlands. In, The Fourth International Workshop Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Landfills, Santander, ES, 27 - 28 Apr 2011. 8pp.
Rollinson, J., Rees-White, T., Barker, J.A. and Beaven, R.P. (2010) A single borehole dilution technique to measure the hydrogeological properties of saturated landfilled waste. In, Waste 2010 Conference, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB, 28 - 29 Sep 2010. 8pp, 105-112.
Rees-White, T., Woodman, N., Barker, J.A. and Beaven, R.P. (2010) The design and preliminary analysis of three trial echo tests carried out in a landfill. In, Waste 2010: Waste and Resource Management – Putting Strategy into Prac-tice. Stratford-upon-Avon., Stratford-upon-Avon, GB, 28 - 29 Sep 2010.
Haarstrick, A, White, J. K., Beaven, R. P. and Munnich, K. (2009) Landfill modelling task group LMTG – challenge and scope. In, Sardinia 2009, Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 05 - 09 Oct 2009.
Woodman, N., Rees-White, T., Beaven, R. and Hudson, A. (2009) Refining experimental method for fluid flow experiments on MSW wastes in a large-scale uniaxial compression cell. In, Sardinia 2009: Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 05 - 09 Oct 2009.
Richards, D.J., Powrie, W. and Beaven, R.P. (2009) Recent research on the hydrogeological and settlement characteristics of landfilled municipal solid waste. In, International Symposium on Geoenvironmental Engineering, Hangzhou, China, 08 - 10 Sep 2009. , 265-274.
Beaven, R. (2009) A challenge to modellers to predict the performance of a landfill cell. In, Sardinia 2009 Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 05 - 09 Oct 2009.
Hudson, A. P., Beaven, R. P., Knox, K. and Powrie, W. (2009) Investigation of the clogging of landfill tyre drainage layers. In, Sardinia 2009, Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 05 - 09 Oct 2009.
Hudson, A. P., Beaven, R. P. and Powrie, W. (2009) Assessment of vertical and horizontal hydraulic conductivities of household waste in a large scale compression cell. In, Sardinia 2009, Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 05 - 09 Oct 2009.
Yunus, A, Smallman, D. J., Stringfellow, A., Beaven, R. P. and Powrie, W. (2008) Characterisation of landfill leachate DOM using fluorescence spectroscopy. In, Waste 2008 conference, Stratford upon Avon, UK, 16 - 17 Sep 2008.
White, J.K. and Beaven, R.P. (2008) The role of pore space geometry, waste descriptors and micro-scale network modelling in the design of macro-scale landfill models. In, Global Waste Management Symposium 2008, Copper Mountain, USA, 07 - 10 Sep 2008.
Rees-White, T.C., Beaven, R. P., White, J.K., Nyagum, R., Braithwaite, P. and Purcell, B. (2008) Monitoring and modeling air flow and distribution at a forced-air aerobic waste treatment plant. In, Global Waste Management Symposium, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK, 07 - 10 Sep 2008.
White, J.K. and Beaven, R.P. (2008) Modelling the liquid phase in the University of Southampton landfill model LDAT. In, 1st Middle European Conference on Landfill Technology, Budapest, Hungary, 06 - 07 Feb 2008.
Powrie, W., Beaven, R. P. and Hudson, A. P. (2008) The influence of landfill gas on the hydraulic conductivity of waste. In, Geocongress 2008. The Challenge of Sustainability in the Geoenvironment Annual Congress of the Geo-Institute of ASCE, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA,, 09 - 12 Mar 2008.
Beaven, R. P., White, J. K. and Braithwaite, P. (2008) Application of the University of Southampton landfill degradation and transport model (LDAT) to an aerobic treatment field experiment. In, Global Waste Management Symposium, Colorado, USA, 08 - 10 Sep 2008.
Beaven, Richard P., Powrie, William and Zardava, Kiriaki (2008) Hydraulic properties of MSW. 2008 International Symposium on Waste Mechanics, New Orleans, US, Reston, US, American Society of Civil Engineers. (doi:10.1061/41146(395)1).
Rees-White, T., Beaven, R. P., Braithwaite, P. and Purcell, B. (2008) Monitoring air flow and distribution at a forced-air aerobic waste treatment plant. In, Global Waste Management Symposium, Colorado, USA, 08 - 10 Sep 2008.
Hudson, A. P., Beaven, R. P., Knox, K., Powrie, W. and Guiness, J (2008) Results of tests into the clogging of Landfill Drainage Layers formed of shredded and Baled Tyres. In, Waste 2008, Stratford-upon-Avon, Stratford-upon-Avon, uk, 2008.
Beaven, R.P. (2007) Time lapse electrical imaging to study fluid movement within a landfill. In, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia 2007), Sardinia, Italy, 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P., Knox, K., Powrie, W. and Smallman, D.J. (2007) Potential clogging of gravel and tyre drainage layers by methanogenic leachates. In, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia 2007), Sardinia, Italy, 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
Powrie, W., Beaven, R.P., Watson, G.V.R, Richards, D.J., Barker, J.A., White, J.K., Atkinson, T. and Munnich, K. (2007) Landfill Science Research Needs: After the EU Landfill Directive. In, XI International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S.Margherita di Pula, Italy, 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
Beaven, R.P. and Woodman, N. (2007) Multi-tracer closed loop tests on a well degraded waste under variable compression. In, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia 2007), Sardinia, Italy, 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
Knox, K. and Beaven, R.P. (2007) A technical review of leachate recirculation. In, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia 2007), Sardinia, Italy, 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
Woodman, N.D., Beaven, R.P. and Barker, J.A. (2007) Critique of landfill flushing prediction using exponential models. In, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S Margherita di Pula, Italy., 01 - 05 Oct 2007.
White, J.K., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Knox, K. (2007) Leachate recirculation in a landfill: a simple 1-D model. In, 2nd International Workshop on Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Wastes, Southampton, UK, 18 - 19 Apr 2007.
Ivanova, L., Richards, D. J. and Beaven, R. P. (2007) A challenge to landfill modellers: to predict the performance of a laboratory experiment on the biodegradation and settlement of MSW based on starting conditions and operational procedures. In, 2nd International Workshop, Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Wastes, Southampton, UK, 18 - 19 Apr 2007.
Beaven, R.P., Ivanova, L. and Richards, D.J. (2007) Long term data from the Challenge experiment and a review of responses to the challenge. In, 2nd International Workshop, Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Wastes., Southampton, UK., 18 - 19 Apr 2007.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Connor, D. (2006) Investigation of biological and chemical clogging of landfill drainage layers formed of shredded tyres and tyre bale. Waste 2006, Sustainable Waste and Resource Management, 12 - 14 Sep 2006. Stratford-upon-Avon, GB,
Beaven, R.P., Knox, K., Braithwaite, P. and Rosevear, A. (2006) Assessment of issues relating to leachate recirculation. In, Waste 2006, Sustainable Waste and Resource Management, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB, 12 - 14 Sep 2006.
Stegemann, J, Beaven, R. P. and Lin, J. (2006) Preliminary investigation of the sorption of common landfill tracers to MSW. Waste 2006 - Sustainable Waste and Resource Management, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB,
Stringfellow, A., Simoes, A., Smallman, D. J., Beaven, R. P. and Potter, H (2006) Sorption of hydrophobic organic pollutants by a low organic carbon landfill liner. Waste 2006 - Sustainable Waste and Resource Management, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB,
Stringfellow, A., Simoes, A., Smallman, D.J., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Potter, H. (2005) Attenuation of toluene by mineral landfill liners. In, 10th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, Italy, 03 - 07 Oct 2005.
Woodman, N., Beaven, R. P. and Barker, J. A. (2005) Identification of transport processes from a tracer test through waste. In, Sardinia 2005 Tenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Calgiari, Italy,
Powrie, W., Beaven, R.P. and Hudson, A.P. (2005) Factors affecting the hydraulic conductivity of waste. In, International Workshop on Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Landills, Grenoble, France, 21 - 22 Mar 2005.
Beaven, R. P., White, J. K. and Lucas, P. (2005) Modelling the performance of a horizontal leachate drain. In, Tenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, IT, 03 - 07 Oct 2005.
Rees-White, T.C., Beaven, R.P., Powrie, W. and Ellard, H. (2005) Designs to prevent sediment ingress to vertical wells in landfills containing CKD. In, 10th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 2005.
Beaven, R. P., Dollar, L., Oni, O.A. and Woodman, N.D. (2005) A laboratory scale saturated and unsaturated tracer test through waste. Hydro-Physico-Mechanics of Landfills, Grenoble, FR, 21 - 22 Mar 2005. Grenoble, FR, Universite Joseph Fourier.
Beaven, R. P., Woodman, N. and Barker, J. A. (2005) End-member flushing models for 'saturated' waste. In, Sardinia 2005: Tenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, IT, 03 - 07 Oct 2005. Padova, IT, International Waster Working Group.
Simoes, A., Stringfellow, A., Smallman, D.J.S, Beaven, R.P. and Potter, H.A.B (2005) Biodegradation and sorption of toluene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene within UK landfilll liners. In, Eighth In-situ and On-site Bioremediation Symposium, Baltimore, USA, 06 - 09 Jun 2005.
Stringfellow, A., Simoes, A., Smallman, D.J., Beaven, R.P. and Potter, H.A.B (2005) Attenuation of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene in leachate by a mineral landfill liner. In, Twentieth International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, USA, 03 - 06 Apr 2005.
Beaven, R.P. (2004) Research into effect of high suction pressures on a horizontal leachate well. In, Waste 2004, Integrated Waste Management and Pollution Control: Policy and Practice, Research and Solutions, Stratford Upon Avon, UK, 28 - 30 Sep 2004. Waste Conference Ltd880pp, 343-352.
Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (2004) The examination of 3 leachate wells exhumed from a landfill. In, Waste 2004, Integrated Waste Management and Pollution Control: Policy and Practice, Research and Solutions, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK, 28 - 30 Sep 2004. Waste Conference Ltd880pp, 333-342.
Hudson, A. P., Beaven, R. P. and Powrie, W. (2004) Testing of whole and shredded scrap tyres for use as landfill engineering drainage material. In, International Conference Sustainable on Waste Management and Recycling: Challenges and Opportunities, London, GB, London, GB, Thomas Telford, 187.
Rosqvist, H, Bendz, D, Beaven, R. P. and Hudson, A. P. (2004) Controlled tracer tests through solid waste in two large-scale experimental set-ups. In, XIV Nordic Geotechnical Meeting (NGM 2004), Ystad, SE,
Powrie, W. and Beaven, R.P. (2003) Horizontal wells for leachate control in landfills. In, Ninth International Waste Management Symposium (Sardinia 2003), Sardinia, Italy, 06 - 10 Oct 2003.
Beaven, R.P. and Hudson, A.P. (2003) Description of a tracer test through waste and application of a dual porosity model. In, Ninth International Waste Management Symposium (Sardinia 2003), Sardinia, Italy, 06 - 10 Oct 2003.
Powrie, W. and Beaven, R.P. (2003) Bulk compressibility and hydraulic conductivity of used tyres in landfill drainage applications. In, Proceedings of 9th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, 06 - 10 Oct 2003.
Watson, G.V.R, Beaven, R.P., Clayton, C.R.I. and Hudson, A.P. (2003) Development of techniques for freeze sampling of waste using liquid nitrogen. In, 9th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, St. Margherita di Pula, Italy, 06 - 10 Oct 2003. , On CD.
Beaven, R.P., Hudson, A.P. and Powrie, W. (2002) Interaction of water and gas in saturated household waste. Waste 2002 Conference, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK, Waste Conference Ltd650pp, 702-712.
Beaven, R.P. and Hudson, A.P. (2002) Description of a tracer experiment for evaluating flows through waste. Waste 2002 conference, Stratford Upon Avon, UK, 24 - 26 Sep 2002. Coventry, UK, Waste Conference Ltd, 693-701.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (2001) Interaction of water and gas in saturated household waste in large scale compression cell. In, In Sardinia 1999- Proceedings of the Eighth International Waste Management and landfill symposium, Cagliari, Italy, 04 - 08 Oct 2001. , 585-594.
Beaven, R.P. and Knox, K. (2001) Operation of a leachate recirculation trial in a landfill test cell. In, Proceedings Sardina 2001, Eighth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliera, Italy, Oct 2001. , 595-604.
Powrie, W. and Beaven, R.P. (2001) Modelling flow to leachate wells in landfills. In, Proceedings Sardinia 2001, 8th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliera, Italy, Oct 2001. , 615-622.
Beaven, Richard and Knox, Keith (2000) The use of nitrogen tax as a driver towards more sustainable landfills. UNSPECIFIED, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB, , 401-410.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (2000) Current research into the hydrogeological properties of household waste using a large scale compression cell. Waste 2000, Stratford-upon-Avon, GB, 02 - 04 Oct 2000. Nottingham, GB, Golder Associates, 227-237.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (1999) Measurement of the hydraulic conductivity of household waste in a large scale compression cell. In, Seventh international waste management and landfill symposium (Sardinia 99) , 04 - 08 Oct 1999.
Hudson, A.P., Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (1999) Current research into hydrological properties of household waste using a large scale compression cell. In, Seventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (Sardinia 99), Cagliari, IT, 04 - 08 Oct 1999.
Beaven, R.P. and Harkness, R.M. (1999) Applicability of soil mechanics principles to household wastes. UNSPECIFIED, Cagliari, IT, CISA, 429-436.
Beaven, R. P. (1999) Analysis of waste flushing and flow to wells using MODFLOW and an effective stress dependent hydraulic conductivity. In, 7th International Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Italy, Padova, IT, Eurowaste, 33-42.
Powrie, W., Richards, D.J. and Beaven, R.P. (1998) Compression of waste and implications for practice. Geotechnical Engineering of Landfills Symposium, Nottingham, GB, Thomas Telford, 3-18.
Beaven, R.P. and Walker, A.N. (1997) Evaluation of the total pollution load of MSW. In, UNSPECIFIED, Padova, IT, CISA, 57-71.
Walker, A.N., Beaven, R.P. and Powrie, W. (1997) Overcoming problems in the development of a high rate flushing bioreactor landfill. Sardinia 97, 13 Oct 1997. Cagliari, IT, CISA, 397-408.
Richards, D.J., Powrie, W. and Beaven, R. P. (1997) Factors relevant to the determination of final fill levels in landfills. UNSPECIFIED, Padova, IT, CISA Publisher, 413-420.
Beaven, R.P. (1996) Determination of the hydrogeological and geotechnical properties of refuse in relation to sustainable landfilling. 19th International Madison Waste Conference, Madison, US, 25 - 26 Sep 1996. Madison, US, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 435-454.
Beaven, R.P. (1995) Determination of hydrogeological and geotechnical properties of refuse using a large compression cell. In, UNSPECIFIED, Cagliari, IT, CISA, Environmental Sanitary Engineering Centre, 745-760.

Monograph

Rees-White, Tristan, Beaven, Richard, Woodman, Nick and Barker, John (2012) A ‘fill and draw’ tracer test at the Landgraaf landfill pilot November 2010 to March 2011. Southampton, GB, Waste Management Research Group, University of Southampton, 101pp.
 

Research

Research Interests

Richard is interested in making landfills more environmentally acceptable.

His particular areas of research, for which he has an international reputation, include:

1. Hydrogeology of landfills, and impact of engineering controls of wastes on hydrogeological properties.

2. Clogging of engineered leachate collection systems

3. Design and operation of leachate pumping wells

4. Contaminant transport processes in waste, and impact on sustainable landfill design

5. Leachate/ liner interactions and impact on design and long term risk assessments for landfills

6. Landfill processes modelling

Primary research group:  Infrastructure Group

Affiliate research group:  Waste Management

Research projects

How do we reduce the length of landfill aftercare?

Landfill hydraulics

Leachate recirculation and collection systems

Leachate recirculation, leachate drainage layers and clogging

Processes, mechanics and management of wastes

Understanding landfill processes

Waste mechanics and causes of landfill settlement, degradation and gas generation

Pitsea compression Cell

Hydraulic and tracer tests in waste

Pitsea compression Cell

Drainage layer clogging experiment

Drainage layer clogging experiment

Tracer tests in waste

Tracer tests in waste

Pitsea Facility

The Pitsea Waste Research Facility

Located on the Veolia Environmental Services landfill site at Pitsea, Essex, this University of Southampton facility includes the unique Pitsea Compression Cell. Constructed in 1989, its large scale facilitates the representative testing of full-size waste samples at landfill overburden pressures of up to 600 kPa (typical of a 60 metre deep landfill)

Waste ejection after testing

showing compressed structure of waste and anisotropy

Waste ejection after testing

Using this testing cell the compressional behaviour and the resultant changes in porosity and permeability of different types of waste have been profiled throughout the depth of a landfill site. This enables modelling and design of suitable collection drainage systems necessary to protect the surrounding environment.

Tyre testing in compression cell

Tyre testing in compression cell

 

 

The compression cell has also been used to test the drainage properties of life-expired vehicle tyres (whole and shredded) recycled for use as landfill drainage media –the only facility in the world capable of testing whole tyres at overburden stresses typical at the base of deep landfills.

 

 

 

The compression cell offers a unique ability to undertake tracer tests to determine the contaminant transport properties of compressed waste under highly controlled conditions

Tracer test on waste

using fluorescent dyes

Tracer test on waste

The Pitsea waste research facility

The Pitsea waste research facility

Waste compression cell

constructed in 1989, and open to the elements

Waste compression cell

The facility today

The facility today

Dr Andrew Hudson

Research Fellow

Thumbnail photo of Dr Andrew Hudson
 

“Andrew Hudson now manages the Pitsea Research Facility”

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Contact

Dr Richard Beaven
Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ

Room Number: /

Telephone: 01621 869133
Email: R.P.Beaven@soton.ac.uk