Engineering and the Environment

Timothy Leighton FREng FRS

MA PhD CPhys CEng FInstP FIOA FASA

Primary position:
Professor of Ultrasonics and Underwater Acoustics
Other positions:
Associate Dean Research

Background

The University of Southampton

Current position

Timothy Leighton is Professor of Ultrasonics and Underwater Acoustics at the University of Southampton, UK; Chairman of the Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics Research Group in the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR); and Associate Dean with responsibility for research at the Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, which hosts 340 academic/research/enterprise staff and more than 550 research students. 

A sample lecture on Acoustic Bubbles
Publications for download

Honours and awards

2014 Fellowship of the Royal Society (click here for details)
2014 The Rayleigh Medal of the Institute of Acoustics (click here for details)
2014 The second most downloaded paper of 2013 from the Royal Society’s Proceedings A (click here for details)
2013 Selected inclusion in Who's Who from 2014 onwards (click here for article and click Radio interview on BBC Solent under useful downloads) 
2013    The Helmholtz-Rayleigh Interdisciplinary Silver Medal (Acoustical Society of America), awarded for contributions to Biomedical Acoustics, Physical Acoustics, and Acoustical Oceanography(click here for details) (click here for citation)
2012  The 2012 Institute of Chemical Engineering Award for "Water Management and Supply" (click here for details)
2012 Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Engineering (click here for details)
2011 The Brian Mercer Award for Innovation (The Royal Society) (click here for details)
2009  R W B Stephens Medal of the Institute of Acoustics (click here for details)
2008 The ‘Medical & Healthcare' award by ‘The Engineer' (click here for details)
2006 Paterson Medal and Prize of the Institute of Physics (click here for details)
2004 Inaugural Early Career Medal and Award, International Commission of Acoustics
2002 Tyndall Medal of the Institute of Acoustics
2001 Inaugural award of the International Medwin Prize for Acoustical Oceanography (Acoustical Society of America) (click here for details)
2000 Royal Society Leverhulme Trust Senior Research Fellowship
2000  Fellowship of the Institute of Physics
1999 Fellowship of the Institute of Acoustics
1998  Fellowship of the Acoustical Society of America
1994 AB Wood Medal of the Institute of Acoustics

 

Career history

Having obtained a Magdalene College Scholarship to study for his first degree, he graduated in 1985 from the University of Cambridge with a Double First Class Degree in Physics and Theoretical Physics, and the highest mark of the year for an experimental project. He obtained a PhD at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, in 1988. He was then awarded Senior and Advanced Research Fellowships at Magdalene College (Cambridge University) and the Engineering Physics and Science Research Council (EPSRC), which included three periods of work at the Institut de Machines Hydrauliques et de Mecanique des Fluides (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland).

Then, at the age of 28, he joined ISVR as Lecturer in Underwater Acoustics, and in the same year (1992) he completed the monograph The Acoustic Bubble (Academic Press), and at 35 he was awarded a Personal Chair. He is author of over 400 other publications (available here), appears on radio and TV across the world (available here), and has served on numerous international committees. A précis of the impact following from his research activity can be found here.

Professor Timothy Leighton FREng FRS's photo

"For me the best thing about this Faculty is that we are interested in and supportive of each other's work."

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Baik, Kyungmin and Leighton, Timothy (2014) Investigation of a method for real time quantification of gas bubbles in pipelines. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (In Press).
Offin, Douglas G., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2014) An electrochemical and high-speed imaging study of micropore decontamination by acoustic bubble entrapment. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16, (10), 4982-4989. (doi:10.1039/C3CP55088E). (PMID:24477554).
Wright, Ian C., James, Rachael H., Minshull, Timothy A., Westbrook, Graham K., Graves, Carolyn A., Connelly, Douglas P., Alker, Belinda, Le Bas, Timothy P., Bergès, Benoît J.P., Cole, Catherine, Czerski, Helen, Ferré, Bénédicte, Hühnerbach, Veit, Leifer, Ira, Leighton, Timothy G., Lowry, David, Ogor, Andre, Scalabrin, Carla, Thomas, Yannick, Tomczyk, Michal, Vardy, Mark E. and White, Paul R. (2014) Methane venting to the atmosphere from the seabed of the Arctic continental shelf, offshore Svalbard. Geophysical Research Letters (Submitted).
Leighton, T.G., Chua, Gim Hwa, White, P.R., Tong, K.F., Griffiths, H.D. and Daniels, D.J. (2013) Radar clutter suppression and target discrimination using twin inverted pulses. Proceedings of The Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 469, (2160), 1-14. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2013.0512).
Baik, Kyungmin, Jiang, Jian and Leighton, Timothy G. (2013) Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes III: nonaxisymmetric propagation and circumferential modes in lossless conditions. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133, (3), 1225-1236. (doi:10.1121/1.4773863).
Leighton, T. G., Turangan, C.K., Jamaluddin, A.R., Ball, G.J. and White, P.R. (2013) Prediction of far-field acoustic emissions from cavitation clouds during shock wave lithotripsy for development of a clinical device. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 469, (2150), 20120538-[21pp]. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0538).
Leighton, Timothy G., Baik, Kyungmin and Jiang, Jian (2012) The use of acoustic inversion to estimate the bubble size distribution in pipelines. Proceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468, (2145), 2461-2484. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0053).
Leighton, T. G., Chua, G.H. and White, P.R. (2012) Do dolphins benefit from nonlinear mathematics when processing their sonar returns? Proceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468, 3517-3532. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0247).
Finfer, D.C., White, P.R., Chua, G.H. and Leighton, T.G. (2012) Review of the occurrence of multiple pulse echolocation clicks in recordings from small odontocetes. IET Radar Sonar & Navigation, 6, (6), 545-555. (doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2011.0348).
Leighton, T.G. and Balleri, A. (2012) Editorial. Biologically-inspired radar and sonar systems. IET Radar Sonar & Navigation, 6, (6), 507-509. (doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2012.0146).
Leighton, T. G. (2012) The use of extra-terrestrial oceans to test ocean acoustics students. [in special issue: Part 2 Education in Acoustics] The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131, (3), 2551-2555. (doi:10.1121/1.3680540).
Leighton, Timothy G., Jiang, Jian and Baik, Kyungmin (2012) Demonstration comparing sound wave attenuation inside pipes containing bubbly water and water droplet fog. [in special issue: Part 2 Education in Acoustics] The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131, (3), 2413-2421. (doi:10.1121/1.3676732).
Leighton, Timothy G. (2012) How can humans, in air, hear sound generated underwater (and can goldfish hear their owners talking)? [in special issue: Part 2 Education in Acoustics] The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131, (3), 2539-2542. (doi:10.1121/1.3681137).
Culver, R. Lee, Park, J. Daniel, Leighton, Timothy G. and Coles, David G.H. (2011) The effect of nearby bubbles on array gain. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (6), 3812-3826. (doi:10.1121/1.3658473).
Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G., Vian, Christopher J.B. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Multiple observations of cavitation cluster dynamics close to an ultrasonic horn tip. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3379-3388. (doi:10.1121/1.3650536).
Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G., Vian, Christopher J.B., Leighton, T.G. and Maksimov, Alexey O. (2011) Investigation of noninertial cavitation produced by an ultrasonic horn. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3297-3308. (doi:10.1121/1.3650537).
Maksimov, A.O. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Pattern formation on the surface of a bubble driven by an acoustic field. Proceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 468, (2137), 57-75. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2011.0366).
Jiang, J., Baik, K. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes II: Simulation for neutron sources and planetary exploration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (2), 695-706. (doi:10.1121/1.3598463).
Leighton, T.G., Jiang, J. and Baik, K. (2011) A TV demonstration of sound absorption connecting the space shuttle to submarines. Acoustics Bulletin, 36, (4), 35-40.
Pascal, R.W., Yelland, M.J., Srokosz, M.A., Moat, B.I., Waugh, E.M., Comben, D.H., Clansdale, A.G., Hartman, M.C., Coles, D.G.H., Hsueh, Ping-Chang and Leighton, T.G. (2011) A spar buoy for high frequency wave measurements and detection of wave breaking in the open ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, (4), 590-605. (doi:10.1175/2010JTECHO764.1).
Leighton, Timothy G. (2011) Innovation to impact in a time of recession. Journal of Computational Acoustics, 19, (1), 1-25. (doi:10.1142/S0218396X11004298).
Leighton, T.G. (2011) The inertial terms in equations of motion for bubbles in tubular vessels or between plates. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3333-3338. (doi:10.1121/1.3638132).
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C., Chua, Gim Hwa, White, P.R. and Dix, J.K. (2011) Clutter suppression and classification using twin inverted pulse sonar in ship wakes. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3431-3437. (doi:10.1121/1.3626131).
Birkin, P.R., Offin, Douglas G., Vian, Christopher J.B., Leighton, T.G. and Maksimov, A.O. (2011) Investigation of non-inertial cavitation produced by an ultrasonic horn. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3297-3308. (doi:10.1121/1.3650537).
Jamaluddin, A.R., Ball, G.J., Turangan, C.K. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) The collapse of single bubbles and approximation of the far-field acoustic emissions for cavitation induced by shock wave lithotripsy. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 677, 305-341. (doi:10.1017/jfm.2011.85).
Fedele, F., Thomas, K, Leighton, T.G., Ryves, S., Phillips, D. and Coleman, A.J. (2011) A passive acoustic monitor of treatment effectiveness during extracorporeal lithotripsy. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 279, (1), 012021-[7pp]. (doi:10.1088/1742-6596/279/1/012021).
Ainslie, M.A. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Review of theory for scattering and extinction cross-sections, damping factors and resonance frequencies of spherical gas bubbles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3184-3208. (doi:10.1121/1.3628321).
Birkin, P.R., Offin, Douglas G., Vian, Christopher J.B. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Multiple observations of cavitation cluster dynamics to an ultrasonic horn. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3379-3388. (doi:10.1121/1.3650536).
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C., White, P.R., Chua, Gim Hwa and Dix, J.K. (2010) Clutter suppression and classification using twin inverted pulse sonar (TWIPS). Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 466, (2124), 3453-3478. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2010.0154).
Baik, Kyungmin, Jiang, Jian and Leighton, Timothy G. (2010) Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes: theory, experiment, and examples of water and mercury. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128, (5), 2610-2624. (doi:10.1121/1.3495943).
Vian, Christopher J.B., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2010) Cluster collapse in a cylindrical cell: correlating multibubble sonoluminescence, acoustic pressure, and erosion. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114, (39), 16416-16425. (doi:10.1021/jp1027977).
Vian, Christopher J.B., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2010) Cluster collapse in a cylindrical cell: correlating multibubble sonoluminescence, acoustic pressure and erosion. Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C, 114, (39), 16416-16425. (doi:10.1021/jp1027977).
McLaughlan, James, Rivens, Ian, Leighton, Timothy and ter Haar, Gail (2010) A study of bubble activity generated in ex-vivo tissue by high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 36, (8), 1327-1344. (doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.05.011).
Holt, Fred D., Park, Daniel , Culver, R Lee, Coles, David and Leighton, Timothy (2010) Estimating the size and spatial distribution of bubble clouds in an underwater acoustic test tank. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127, (3 ), part 2 (doi:10.1121/1.3384193).
Leighton, T.G. and Cleveland, R.O. (2010) Lithotripsy. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 224, (2), 317-342.
Park, J. Daniel, Holt, Fred D., Culver, R. Lee, Coles, David and Leighton, Timothy (2010) Measurement and analysis of array gain degradation due to bubble scattering. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127, (3 ), part 2, 1817-1818. (doi:10.1121/1.3384194).
Ainslie, Michael A. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2009) Near resonant bubble acoustic cross-section corrections, including examples from oceanography, volcanology, and biomedical ultrasound. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 126, (5), 2163-2175. (doi:10.1121/1.3180130).
Leighton, Timothy G. and Petculescu, Andi (2009) The sound of music and voices in space part 1: theory. Acoustics Today, 5, (3), 17-26. (doi:10.1121/1.3238122).
Leighton, Timothy G. and Petculescu, Andi (2009) The sound of music and voices in space part 2: modelling and simulation. Acoustics Today, 5, (3), 27-29. (doi:10.1121/1.3238123).
Robb, Gary B.N., Robinson, Stephen P., Theobald, Pete D., Hayman, Gary, Humphrey, Victor F., Leighton, Timothy G., Wang, Lian Sheng, Dix, Justin K. and Best, Angus I. (2009) Absolute calibration of hydrophones immersed in sandy sediment. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125, (5), 2918-2927. (doi:10.1121/1.3106530).
Brooks, Ian M., Yelland, Margaret J., Upstill-Goddard, Robert C., Nightingale, Phillip D., Archer, Steve, d'Asaro, Eric, Beale, Rachael, Beattie, Cory, Blomquist, Byron, Bloom, Anthony A., Brooks, Barbara J., Cluderay, John, Coles, David, Dacey, John, DeGrandpre, Michael, Dixon, Jo, Drennan, William M., Gabriele, Joseph, Goldsen, Laura, Hardman-Mountford, Nick, Hill, Martin K., Horn, Matt, Hsueh, Ping-Chang, Huebert, Barry, de Leeuw, Gerrit, Leighton, Timothy G., Liddicot, Malcolm, Lingard, Justin J. N., McNeil, Craig, McQuaid, James B., Moat, Ben I., Moore, Gerald, Neill, Craig, Norris, Sarah J., O'Doherty, Simon, Pascal, Robin W., Prytherch, John, Rebozo, Mike, Sahlee, Erik, Salter, Matt, Schuster, Ute, Skjelvan, Ingunn, Slagter, Hans, Smith, Michael H., Smith, Paul D., Srokosz, Meric, Stephens, John A., Taylor, Peter K., Telszewski, Maciej, Walsh, Roisin, Ward, Brian, Woolf, David K., Young, Dickon and Zemmelink, Henk (2009) Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS Field Measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, (5), 629-644. (doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1).
Brooks, Ian M., Yelland , Margaret J., Upstill-Goddard, Robert C., Nightingale, Phillip D., Archer, Steve, D'Asaro, Eric, Beale, Rachael, Beatty, Cory, Blomquist, Byron, Bloom, A. Anthony, Brooks, Barbara J., Cluderay, John, Coles, David, Dacey, John, DeGrandpre, Michael, Dixon, Jo, Drennan, William M., Gabriele, Joseph, Goldson, Laura, Hardman-Mountford, Nick, Hill, Martin K., Horn , Matt, Hsueh, Ping-Chang, Hubert, Barry, De Leeuw, Gerrit, Leighton, Timothy G., Liddicoat, Malcolm, Lingard, Justin J.N., McNeil, Craig, McQuaid, James B., Moat, Ben I., Moore, Gerald, Neill, Craig, Norris, Sarah J., O'Docherty, Simon, Pascal, Robin W., Prytherch, John, Rebozo, Mike, Sahlee, Erik, Salter, Matt, Schuster, Ute, Skjelvan, Ingunn, Slagter, Hans, Smith, Michael H., Smith, Paul D., Srokosz, Meric, Stephens, John A., Taylor, Peter K., Telszewski, Maciej, Walsh, Roisin, Ward, Brian, Woolf, David K., Young, Dickon and Zemmelink, Henk (2009) Supplement to physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS Field Measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, (5), supplement Physical Exchanges at the Air–Sea Interface: UK–SOLAS Field Measurements, ES9-ES16. (doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2578.2).
Vian, Christopher J.B., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2009) Opto-isolation of electrochemical systems in cavitation environments. Analytical Chemistry, 81, (12), 5064-5069. (doi:10.1021/ac802561k). (PMID:19441826).
Smith, N.C., Fedele, F., Ryves, S., Leighton, T.G., Coleman, A.J. and Thomas, K. (2009) The 'Smart Stethoscope': predicting the outcome of lithotripsy. BJU International, 103, (4) (In Press).
Leighton, T.G. (2008) Bach on Mars. PRI's The World. November 10, 2008
Leighton, T.G. and Robb, G.B.N. (2008) Preliminary mapping of void fractions and sound speeds in gassy marine sediments from subbottom profiles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 124, (5), EL313-EL320. (doi:10.1121/1.2993744).
Leighton, T.G., Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., McCarthy, C., Ryves, S., Hurrell, A.M., De Stefano, A. and White, P.R. (2008) A passive acoustic device for real-time monitoring the efficacy of shockwave lithotripsy treatment. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 34, (10), 1651-1665. (doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.03.011). (PMID:18562085).
Mantouka, Agni, Leighton, Timothy G., Robb, Gary B., Best, Angus I., Dix, Justin K., Klusek, Zigmunt and White, Paul R. (2008) Use of dual methods to infer methane bubble populations in gassy sediments: inversion of combination-frequency data. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3350. (doi:10.1121/1.2933912).
Gutowski, Martin, Bull, Jonathan M., Dix, Justin K., Henstock, Timothy J., Hogarth, Peter, Hillier, Tom, Leighton, Timothy G. and White, Paul R. (2008) Three dimensional high-resolution acoustic imaging of the sub-seabed. Applied Acoustics, 69, (5), 412-421. (doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2006.08.013).
Robb, Gary B., Hayman, Gary, Theobald, Peter D., Humphrey, Victor F., Robinson, Stephen P., Leighton, Timothy G., Dix, Justin K. and Best, Angus I. (2008) A method for calibrating hydrophones immersed in sandy sediment. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), p.3347. (doi:10.1121/1.2933904).
Leighton, Timothy G., Coles, David C., Ainslie, Michael A. and White, Paul R. (2008) Bubbles at the top and bottom of the water column: the acoustical effects, and the use of acoustics to measure them. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3085. (doi:10.1121/1.2932907).
Robb, G.B.N., Leighton, T.G., Mantouka, A., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., Humphrey, V.F., Klusek, Z. and White, P.R. (2008) Use of dual methods to infer methane bubble populations in gassy sediments: Inversion of propagation data. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3442. (doi:10.1121/1.2934244).
Leighton, Timothy G., White, Paul R. and Finfer, Daniel C. (2008) Waterfalls in space, and other problems of "underwater" acoustics on a small planet. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3401. (doi:10.1121/1.2934098).
Robb, Gary B. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2008) Use of dual methods to infer methane bubble populations in gassy sediment: inversion of propagation data. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), pp.3442. (doi:10.1121/1.2934244).
Petculescu, Andy and Leighton, Timothy G. (2008) Bach on other planets or why acoustic sensors make sense in planetary science. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3400. (doi:10.1121/1.2934095).
Maksimov, Alexey O., Leighton, Timothy G. and Birkin, Peter R. (2008) Self focusing of acoustically excited Faraday ripples on a bubble wall. Physics Letters A, 372, (18), 3210-3216. (doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2008.01.041).
Leighton, T.G. (2008) Sound in space. BBC Radio 4: Leading Edge. 05 March 2008
Leighton, T.G. (2008) Diagnosing alien worlds using sound. Wave 105.2 FM. 02 March 2008
Leighton, T.G. (2008) Hydrothermal vents on Europa. Wave 105.2 FM. 02 March 2008
Gutowski, Martin, Bull, Jonathan M., Dix, Justin K., Henstock, Timothy J., Hogarth, Peter, Hillier, Tom, Leighton, Timothy G. and White, Paul R. (2008) 3D high-resolution acoustic imaging of the sub-seabed. Applied Acoustics, 69, (3), 262-272. (doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2006.08.010).
Turangan, C.K., Jamaluddin, A.R., Ball, G.J. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Free-Lagrange simulations of the expansion and jetting collapse of air bubbles in water. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 598, 1-25. (doi:10.1017/S0022112007009317).
Leighton, Timothy G., Finfer, Daniel C. and White, Paul R. (2008) The problems with acoustics on a small planet. [in special issue: Saturn's Icy Satellites from Cassini] Icarus, 193, (2), 649-652. (doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.10.008).
Offin, D.G., Vian, C., Birkin, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) An assessment of cleaning mechanisms driven by power ultrasound using electrochemistry and high-speed imaging techniques. Hydroacoustics, 11, 299-312.
Leighton, Timothy, Fedele, Fiammetta, Coleman, Andrew, McCarthy, Catherine, Jamaluddin, Ahmad, Turangan, Cary, Ball, Graham, Ryves, Simon, Hurrell, Andrew, De Stefano, Antonello and White, Paul (2008) The development of a passive acoustic device for monitoring the effectiveness of shockwave lithotripsy in real time. Hydroacoustics, 11, 159-180.
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C. and White, P.R. (2008) Experimental evidence for enhanced target detection by sonar in bubbly water. Hydroacoustics, 11, 181-202.
Leighton, T.G. (2008) Professor POAL Davies obituary. Acoustics Bulletin, 33, (2), p.46.
Leighton, Timothy G., White, Paul R. and Finfer, David C. (2008) Hypotheses regarding exploitation of bubble acoustics by cetaceans. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, (5), 3104. (doi:10.1121/1.2932973).
Leighton, T.G. and Petculescu, A. (2008) Sounds in space: The potential uses for acoustics in the exploration of other worlds. Hydroacoustics, 11, 225-238.
Leighton, T.G. (2007) Sounds from space. BBC Radio 4 Science: The Sound of Science: An investigation into Acoustics Research (31 October 2007), Programme Two
Offin, Douglas G., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2007) Electrodeposition of copper in the presence of an acoustically excited gas bubble. Electrochemistry Communications, 9, (5), 1062-1068. (doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2006.12.025).
Leighton, Timothy, Finfer, Daniel and White, Paul (2007) Hypotheses on the exploitation of bubble acoustics by cetaceans. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121, (5), p.3039. (1pAO3).
Robb, G.B.N., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., White, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Bull, J.M. and Harris, A. (2007) The measurement of the in situ compressional wave properties of marine sediments. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 32, (2), 484-496.
Hughes, Elinor R., Leighton, Timothy G., White, Paul R. and Petley, Graham W. (2007) Investigation of an anisotropic tortuosity in a Biot model of ultrasonic propagation in cancellous bone. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121, (1), 568-574. (doi:10.1121/1.2387132).
Leighton, Tim, Finfer, Dan, Grover, Ed and White, Paul (2007) An acoustical hypothesis for the spiral bubble nets of humpback whales and the implications for whale feeding. Acoustics Bulletin, 22, (1), 17-21.
Leighton, Timothy G., Finfer, Daniel C. and White, Paul R. (2007) Cavitación y cetáceos. [Cavitation and cetacean]. Revista de Acustica, 38, (3-4), 37-74.
Lee, Kang I., Hughes, E.R., Humphrey, V.F., Leighton, T.G. and Choi, Min Joo (2007) Empirical angle-dependent Biot and MBA models for acoustic anisotropy in cancellous bone. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 52, (1), 59-73. (doi:10.1088/0031-9155/52/1/005).
Leighton, Timothy G. (2007) Rapporteur report: mechanisms and interactions. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 93, (1-3), 280-94. (doi:10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2006.07.009).
Leighton, Timothy G. (2007) What is ultrasound? Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 93, (1-3), 3-83. (doi:10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2006.07.026).
Birkin, Peter R., Hirsimäki, Hanne-Maria, Frey, Jeremy G. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2006) Mass transfer enhancement produced by laser induced cavitation. Electrochemistry Communications, 8, (10), 1603-1609. (doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2006.07.026).
Leighton, T., Finfer, Daniel and White, P. (2006) Letter: Not sonar. Independent on Sunday. 2 April, 2006
White, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C., Powles, C. and Baumann, O.N. (2006) Localisation of sperm whales using bottom-mounted sensors. (In special issue: Detection and localization of marine mammals using passive acoustics). Applied Acoustics, 67, (11-12), 1074-1090. (doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2006.05.002).
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Humphrey, V.F., Ryves, S., Hurrell, A.M. and Finfer, D.C. (2006) An ultrasound based passive monitoring system for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (eswl). Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 28, (1), 770-773.
Robb, G.B.N., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., Bull, J.M., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2006) The frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation coefficient of intertidal marine sediments. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, (5), 2526-2537. (doi:10.1121/1.2345908).
Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G., Joseph, Phillip F. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2005) Cavitation, shock waves and the invasive nature of sonoelectrochemistry. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109, (35), 16997-17005. (doi:10.1021/jp051619w).
Bull, J.M., Gutowski, M., Dix, J.K., Henstock, T.J., Hogarth, P., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2005) Design of a 3D Chirp sub-bottom imaging system. Marine Geophysical Researches, 26, (2-4), 157-169. (doi:10.1007/s11001-005-3715-8).
Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2005) The study of surface processes under electrochemical control in the presence of inertial cavitation. Wear, 258, (1-4), 623. (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.05.025).
Dix, J.K., Bull, J.M., Henstock, T.J., Gutowski, M., Hogarth, P., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2005) True 3D high resolution imagery of a buried shipwreck: the Invincible (1758). Eos Transactions AGU, 85, (52)
Leighton, Tim (2005) Bubble acoustics: from seas to surgeries. New Boundaries Website
Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2004) Electrochemical measurements of the effects of inertial acoustic cavitation by means of a novel dual microelectrode. Electrochemistry Communications, 6, (11), 1174-1179. (doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2004.09.013).
Brothers, R., Heald, G.J., Robb, G., Leighton, T.G. and Dix, J.K. (2004) Acoustic backscatter at very high frequencies from rough seabeds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116, (4), p.2575.
Leighton, T.G. (2004) From seas to surgeries, from babbling brooks to baby scans: the acoustics of gas bubbles in liquids. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 18, (25), 3267-3314. (doi:10.1142/S0217979204026494).
Leighton, T.G. (2004) Waterfalls on Titan, a possible finding of the Cassini-Huygens mission. Wave 105.2, 01 Jul 2004
Leighton, T.G. (2004) Leading edge: discussion of the bubble nets of humpback whales. BBC Radio 4, 12 Feb 2004
Leighton, T.G. (2004) From seas to surgeries, from babbling brooks to baby scans: bubble acoustics at ISVR. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 26, (1), 357-381.
Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2004) The sound of Titan: a role for acoustics in space exploration. Acoustics Bulletin, 29, (4), 16-23.
Leighton, T.G., Meers, S.D. and White, P.R. (2004) Propagation through nonlinear time-dependent bubble clouds and the estimation of bubble populations from measured acoustic characteristics. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 460, (2049), 2521-2550. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2004.1298).
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Hurrell, A.M. (2004) Development of a new diagnostic sensor for extra-corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1, 134-139. (doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1/1/031).
Birkin, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Watson, Y.E. (2004) The use of acoustoelectrochemistry to investigate rectified diffusion. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 11, (3-4), 217-221. (doi:10.1016/j.ultsonch.2004.01.023).
Dezhkunov, N.V. and Leighton, T.G. (2004) Study into correlation between ultrasonic capillary effect and sonoluminescence. Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics, 77, (1), 53-61. (doi: 10.1023/B:JOEP.0000020719.33924.aa).
Leighton, Timothy G., Richards, Simon D. and White, Paul R. (2004) Trapped within a 'wall of sound': a possible mechanism for the bubble nets of the humpback whales. Acoustics Bulletin, 29, (1), 24-29.
Birkin, Peter R., Power, John F., Vinçotte, Aurore M.L. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2003) A 1 kHz resolution frequency study of a variety of sonochemical processes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 5, (19), 4170-4174. (doi: 10.1039/b303124a).
Birkin, Peter R., Leighton, Timothy G., Power, John F., Simpson, Matthew D., Vinçotte, Aurore M.L. and Joseph, Phillip F. (2003) Experimental and theoretical characterization of sonochemical cells. Part 1. Cylindrical reactors and their use to calculate the speed of sound in aqueous solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 107, (2), 306-320. (doi: 10.1021/jp014532t).
Hughes, Elinor R., Leighton, Timothy G., Petley, Graham W., White, Paul R. and Chivers, Robert C. (2003) Estimation of critical and viscous frequencies for Biot theory in cancellous bone. Ultrasonics, 41, (5), 365-368. (doi:10.1016/S0041-624X(03)00107-0).
Richards, S.D., Leighton, T.G. and Brown, N.R. (2003) Visco-inertial absorption in dilute suspensions of irregular particles. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series A, 459, (2037), 2153-2167. (doi: 10.1098/rspa.2003.1126).
Richards, S.D., Leighton, T.G. and Brown, N.R. (2003) Sound absorption by suspensions of nonspherical particles: measurements compared with predictions using various particle sizing techniques. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114, (4), 1841-1850. (doi:10.1121/1.1610449).
Gutowski, M., Bull, J.M., Dix, J.K., Henstock, T., Hogarth, P., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2003) Chirp sub-bottom profiler source signature design and field testing. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 5, EAE03A-01556.
Leighton, T.G., Farhat, M., Field, J.E. and Avellan, F. (2003) Cavitation luminescence from flow over a hydrofoil in a cavitation tunnel. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 480, 43-60. (doi: 10.1017/S0022112003003732).
Birkin, Peter R., Power, John F., Abdelsalam, Mamdouh E. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2003) Electrochemical, luminescent and photographic characterisation of cavitation. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 10, (4-5), 203-208. (doi:10.1016/S1350-4177(02)00155-4).
Richards, S.D. and Leighton, T.G. (2003) High frequency sonar performance predictions for littoral operations: the effect of suspended sediments and microbubbles. Journal of Defence Science, 8, (1), 1-7.
Watson, Yvonne E., Birkin, Peter R. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2003) Electrochemical detection of bubble oscillation. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 10, (2), 65-69. (doi:10.1016/S1350-4177(02)00149-9).
Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Morfey, C.L., Clarke, J.W.L., Heald, G.J., Dumbrell, H.A. and Holland, K.R. (2002) The effect of reverberation on the damping of bubbles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 112, (4), 1366-1376. (doi:10.1121/1.1501895).
Gutowski, Martin, Bull, Jon, Henstock, Tim, Dix, Justin, Hogarth, Peter, Leighton, Tim and White, Paul (2002) Chirp sub-bottom profiler source signature design and field testing. Marine Geophysical Researches, 23, (5-6), 481-492. (doi:10.1023/B:MARI.0000018247.57117.0e).
Birkin, Peter R., Watson, Yvonne E., Leighton, Timothy G. and Smith, Karen L. (2002) Electrochemical detection of faraday waves on the surface of a gas bubble. Langmuir, 18, (6), 2135-2140. (doi:10.1021/la0111001).
Birkin, P.R., Power, J.F., Leighton, T.G. and Vincotte, A.M.L. (2002) Cathodic electrochemical detection of sonochemical radical products. Analytical Chemistry, 74, (11), 2584-2590. (doi:10.1021/ac010964o).
Richards, S.D., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2002) High frequency sonar variability in littoral environments: Absorption by irregular particles and bubbles. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 112, (5), p. 2309.
Brothers, R., Page, S., Heald, G.J., Leighton, T.G., Simpson, M.D. and Dix, J.K. (2002) Analysis of very high frequency propagation in sediments: experimental results and modelling. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 112, (5), 2394.
Birkin, P.R., Watson, Y.E. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Efficient mass transfer from an acoustically oscillated gas bubble. Chemical Communications, 24, 2650-2651. (doi: 10.1039/b107616g).
Meers, S.D., Leighton, T.G., Clarke, J.W.L., Heald, G.J., Dumbrell, H.A. and White, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Heald, G.J., Griffiths, H. and Griffiths, G. (eds.) (2001) The importance of bubble ring-up and pulse length in estimating the bubble distribution from propagation measurements. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics: Acoustical Oceanography, 23, (2), 6pp.
Maksimov, A.O. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Transient processes near the threshold of acoustically driven bubble shape oscillations. Acta Acoustica, 87, (3), 322-32.
Richards, S.D. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Sonar performance in coastal environments: suspended sediments and microbubbles. Acoustics Bulletin, 26, (1), 10-17.
Hughes, E.R., Leighton, T.G., Petley, G.W. and White, P.R. (2001) Ultrasonic assessment of bone health. Acoustics Bulletin, 26, (5), 17-23.
Richards, S.D. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Acoustic sensor performance in coastal waters: solid suspensions and bubbles. Acoustical Oceanography: proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 23, (2), 399-406.
Birkin, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Watson, Y.E. and Power, J.F. (2001) Acoustoelectrochemistry. Acoustics Bulletin, 26, (5), 24-37.
Birkin, P.R., Power, J.F. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Electrochemical evidence of H• produced by ultrasound. Chemical Communications, 21, 2230-2231. (doi:10.1039/b107617p).
Leighton, T.G., Meers, S.D., Simpson, M.D., Clarke, J.W.L., Yim, G.T., Birkin, P.B., Watson, Y.E., White, P.R., Heald, G.J., Dumbrell, H.A., Culver, R.L. and Richards, S.D. (2001) The Hurst Spit Experiment: the characterisation of bubbles in the surf zone using multiple acoustic techniques (paper presented at Acoustical oceanography 2001). Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 23, (2), 227-234.
Cunningham, K.B., Coleman, A., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2001) Characterising in vivo acoustic cavitation during lithotripsy with time-frequency methods. Acoustics Bulletin, 26, (5), 10-16.
Hughes, E.R., White, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Petley, G.W. (2000) Recent advances in the understanding of ultrasonic propagation in cancellous bone. Osteoporosis International, 11, (Supplement 1), S33-S34.
Leighton, T.G., Cox, B.T. and Phelps, A.D. (2000) The Rayleigh-like collapse of a conical bubble. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, (1), 130-142. (doi:10.1121/1.428296).
Ball, G.J., Howell, B.P., Leighton, T.G. and Schofield, M.J. (2000) Shock-induced collapse of a cylindrical air cavity in water: a Free-Lagrange simulation. Shock Waves, 10, (4), 265-276. (doi:10.1007/s001930000060).
Hughes, E.R., Petley, G.W., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2000) A stratified model for ultrasonic wavesin bone. Osteoporosis International, 11, (Supplement 3), p.S34.
Clarke, J.W.L. and Leighton, T.G. (2000) A method for estimating time-dependent acoustic cross-sections of bubbles and bubble clouds prior to the steady state. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, (4), 1922-1929.
Hughes, Elinor Ruth, Leighton, Timothy Grant, Petley, Graham William and White, Paul Robert (1999) Ultrasonic propagation in cancellous bone: a new stratified model. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 25, (5), 811-821. (doi:10.1016/S0301-5629(99)00034-4).
Ramble, D.G., Phelps, A.D. and Leighton, T.G. (1998) On the relation between surface waves on a bubble and the subharmonic combination-frequency emission. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 84, (5), 986-988.
Phelps, Andy D. and Leighton, Timothy G. (1998) Oceanic bubble population measurements using a buoy-deployed combination frequency technique. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 23, (4), 400-410. (doi:10.1109/48.725234).
Leighton, T.G., White, Paul and Schneider, M F (1998) The detection and dimension of bubble entrainment and comminution. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103, (4), 1825-1835. (doi:10.1121/1.421374).
Leighton, T.G., Phelps, A.D., Cox, B.T. and Ho, W.L. (1998) Theory and preliminary measurements of the Rayleigh-like collapse of a conical bubble. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 84, (6), 1014-1024.
Leighton, T.G., Ramble, D.G., Phelps, A.D., Morfey, C.L. and Harris, P.P. (1998) Acoustic detection of gas bubbles in a pipe. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 84, (5), 801-814.
Brown , Niven R., Leighton, Timothy G., Richards , Simon D. and Heathershaw , Anthony D. (1998) Measurement of viscous sound absorption at 50-150 kHz in a model turbid environment. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 104, (4), 2114-2120. (doi:10.1121/1.423725).
Leighton, T.G., Ho, W.L. and Flaxman, R. (1997) Sonoluminescence from the unstable collapse of a conical bubble. Ultrasonics, 35, (5), 399-405. (doi:10.1016/S0041-624X(97)00014-0).
O'Leary, R., Sved, A.M., Davies, E.H., Leighton, T.G., Wilson, M. and Kieser, J.B. (1997) The bactericidal effects of dental ultrasound on Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis - an in vitro investigation. Journal of Clinical Periodonology, 24, (6), 432-439. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.1997.tb00208.x). (PMID:9205923).
Phelps, A.D. and Leighton, T.G. (1997) The subharmonic oscillations and combination-frequency emissions from a resonant bubble: their properties and generation mechanisms. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 83, (1), 59-66.
Phelps, Andy D., Ramble, David G. and Leighton, Timothy G. (1997) The use of a combination frequency technique to measure the surf zone bubble population. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101, (4), 1981-1989. (doi:10.1121/1.418199).
Leighton, Timothy G., Ramble, David G. and Phelps, Andy D. (1997) The detection of tethered and rising bubbles using multiple acoustic techniques. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 101, (5), 2626-2635. (doi:10.1121/1.418503).
Leighton, T.G., Phelps, A.D., Ramble, D.G. and Sharpe, D.A. (1996) Comparison of the abilities of eight acoustic techniques to detect and size a single bubble. Ultrasonics, 34, 661-667. (doi:10.1016/0041-624X(96)00053-4).
Phelps, Andy D. and Leighton, Timothy G. (1996) High resolution bubble sizing through detection of the subharmonic response with a two frequency excitation technique. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99, (4), 1985-1992. (doi:10.1121/1.415385).
Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Marsden, M.A. (1995) Applications of one-dimensional bubbles to lithotripsy, and to diver response to low frequency sound. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 3, 517-529.
Leighton, T.G. (1995) Acoustic bubble detection - II. The detection of transient cavitation. Environmental Engineering, 8, 16-25.
Leighton, T.G. (1995) Bubble population phenomena in acoustic cavitation. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2, (2), S123-S136. (doi:10.1016/1350-4177(95)00021-W).
Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Marsden, M.A. (1995) The one-dimensional bubble: an unusual oscillator, with applications to human bioeffects of underwater sound. European Journal of Physics, 16, (6), 275-281. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/16/6/006).
Leighton, T.G. (1994) Acoustic bubble detection - I. The detection of stable gas bodies. Environmental Engineering, 7, 9-16.
Coleman, A.J., Whitlock, M., Leighton, T.G. and Saunders, J.E. (1993) The spatial distribution of cavitation induced acoustic emission, sonoluminescence and cell lysis in the field of a shock wave lithotripter. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 38, (11), 1545-1560. (doi:10.1088/0031-9155/38/11/001).
Coleman, A.J., Choi, M.J., Saunders, J.E. and Leighton, T.G. (1992) Acoustic emission and sonoluminescence due to cavitation at the beam focus of an electrohydraulic shock wave lithotripter. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 18, (3), 267-281.
Leighton, T.G., Walton, A.J. and Pickworth, M.J.W. (1991) Primary Bjerknes forces. European Journal of Physics, 11, (1), 47-50. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/11/1/009).
Leighton, T.G., Lingard, R.J., Walton, A.J. and Field, J.E. (1991) Acoustic bubble sizing by the combination of subharmonic emissions with an imaging frequency. Ultrasonics, 29, (4), 319-323. (doi:10.1016/0041-624X(91)90029-8).
Leighton, T.G., Fagan, K.J. and Field, J.E. (1991) Acoustic and photographic studies of injected bubbles. European Journal of Physics, 12, (2), 77-85. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/12/2/006).
Leighton, T.G., Wilkinson, M., Walton, A.J. and Field, J.E. (1990) Studies of non-linear bubble oscillations in a simulated acoustic field. European Journal of Physics, 11, (6), 352-358. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/11/6/007).
Leighton, T.G., Walton, A.J. and Field, J.E. (1989) High-speed photography of transient excitation. Ultrasonics, 27, (6), 370-373. (doi:10.1016/0041-624X(89)90036-X).
Leighton, T.G. (1989) Transient excitation of insonated bubbles. Ultrasonics, 27, (2), 50-53. (doi:10.1016/0041-624X(89)90009-7,).
Pickworth, M.J.W., Dendy , P.P., Twentyman, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (1989) Studies of the cavitational effects of clinical ultrasound by sonoluminescence: 4. The effect of therapeutic ultrasound on cells in monolayer culture in a standing wave field. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 34, (11), 1553-1560.
Pickworth, M.J.W., Dendy, P.P., Leighton, T.G., Worpe, E. and Chivers, R.C. (1989) Studies of the cavitational effects of clinical ultrasound by sonoluminescence: 3. Cavitation from pulses a few microseconds in length. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 34, (9), 1139-1151. (doi:10.1088/0031-9155/34/9/001).
Leighton, T.G. (1988) The frequency analysis of transients. European Journal of Physics, 9, (1), 69-70. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/9/1/013).
Leighton, Timothy G. and Walton, Alan J. (1987) An experimental study of the sound emitted from gas bubbles in a liquid. European Journal of Physics, 8, (2), 98-104. (doi:10.1088/0143-0807/8/2/005).

Book

Leighton, T.G., Heald, G.J., Griffiths, H. and Griffiths, G. (eds.) (2001) Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Conference on Acoustical Oceanography, Bath, UK, Bath University Press, 424pp.
Leighton, T.G., Heald, G.J., Griffiths, H. and Griffiths, G. (eds.) (2001) Acoustical oceanography, St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 424pp. (Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 23 Part 2).
Leighton, T.G. (ed.) (1997) Natural physical processes associated with sea surface sound, Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 278pp.

Book Section

Berges, B.J.P., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Tomczk, M. and Wright, I.C. (2012) Acoustic detection of seabed gas leaks, with application to carbon capture and storage (CCS), and leak prevention for the oil and gas industry: preliminary assessment of use of active and passive acoustic inversion for the quantification of underwater gas releases. In, Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics. 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics (ECUA2012) Heraklion, Greece, Secretariat, European Conference on Underwater Acoustics , 146-152.
Ainslie, Michael A. and Leighton, T.G. (2011) Effects of compressibility on the radiation and viscous damping terms in the scattering and extinction cross-sections of a single spherical bubble: a puzzle solved and a puzzle posed. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. Fourth International Conference on Underwater Measurements, Technologies and Results Heraklion, Greece, Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, 923-930. (In Press).
Culver, R. Lee, Park, J. Daniel, Leighton, Timothy G. and Coles, David G.H. (2011) Variations in signal phase and beamformer gain due to bubble scattering. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. Heraklion, Greece, Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, 933-940. (In Press).
Birkin, Peter R., Leighton, Timothy G., Offin, Douglas G. and Vian, Christopher J.B. (2010) Towards the understanding of a complex cavitation environment - electrochemistry, acoustics and imaging observations. In, Proceedings of Internoise 2010 - Noise and Sustainability. Internoise 2010 - Noise and Sustainability , International Institute of Noise Control Engineering, 9pp.
Leighton, T.G. and Petculescu, A. (2010) Extraterrestrial music. In, Proceedings of the 1st EAA Congress on Sound and Vibration (EuroRegio 2010). 1st EAA Congress on Sound and Vibration , European Acoustics Association & Slovenian Acoustical Society.
Mantouka, A., Leighton, T.G., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K. and White, P.R. (2009) Inferring bubble populations in intertidal sediments from attenuation and scattering measurements. In, Papdakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. Third International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results Heraklion, Greece, Institute of Applied & Computational Mathematics (IACM), 733-738.
Coles, David G.H., Hsueh, Ping-Chang and Leighton, Tomothy G. (2009) Acoustic and optical measurements of bubble populations in the Atlantic ocean and the modeling of gas transfer through these bubble clouds. In, Papdakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. Third International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results Heraklion, Greece, IACM, 747-752.
Leighton, Timothy G., White, P.R. and Finfer, D.C. (2009) Hypotheses on the acoustics of whales, dolphins and porpoises in bubbly water. In, Papdakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. Third International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results Heraklion, Greece, IACM, 3-14.
Leighton, T.G., Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., McCarthy, C., Ryves, S., Hurrell, A.M., De Stefano, A. and White, P.R. (2008) Clinical studies of real-time monitoring of lithotripter performance using passive acoustic sensors. In, Evan, A.P., Lingeman, J.E., McAteer, J.A. and Williams Jr, J.C. (eds.) Renal Stone Disease 2: 2nd International Urolithiasis Research Symposium. Melville, USA, American Institue of Physics, 256-277. (AIP Conference Proceedings, 1049 (1)). (doi:10.1063/1.2998033).
Robb, G.B.N., Hayman, G., Theobald, P.D., Humphrey, V.F., Robinson, S.P., Leighton, T.G., Dix, J.K. and Best, A.I. (2008) A method for calibrating hydrophones immersed in sandy sediment. In, Proceedings of Acoustics '08 Paris. 9th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, ECUA2008 Paris, France, European Acoustics Association, 1543-1548.
Maksimov, A., Winkels, K., Birkin, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Hopf bifurcation in acoustically excited Faraday ripples on a bubble wall. In, Endlo, B.O., Hedberg, C.M. and Kari, L. (eds.) Nonlinear Acoustics: Fundamentals and Applications. 18th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics - ISNA 18 Melville, New York, Springer, 229-232. (AIP Conference Proceedings, 1022). (doi:10.1063/1.2956193).
Birkin, Peter, Offin, Douglas and Leighton, Timothy (2007) Cavitation, shockwaves and electrochemistry - an experimental and theoretical approach to a complex environment. In, 19th International Congress on Acoustics. Madrid, Spain, Sociedad Española de Acústica.
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C., Grover, E. and White, P.R. (2007) Spiral bubble nets of humpback whales: an acoustic mechanism. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 583-588.
Finfer, D.C., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) Biological sources of ambient noise in the North East Atlantic Ocean. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 1223-1228.
Finfer, D.C., White, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Hadley, M. and Harland, E. (2007) On clicking sounds in UK waters and a preliminary study of their possible biological origin. In, 4th International Conference on Bio-Acoustics. St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 209-216. (Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 29, pt.3).
Ainslie, M.A. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) The influence of radiation damping on through-resonance variation in the scattering cross-section of gas bubbles. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 571-576.
Mantouka, A., Leighton, T.G. and Humphrey, V.F. (2007) Enhancement of nonlinearity and parametric sonar using bubbles. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 577-582.
Coles, D.G.H. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) Autonomous spar-buoy measurements of bubble populations under breaking waves in the Sea of the Hebrides. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 543-548.
Fox, P.D., Bleeck, S., White, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Humphrey, V.F. (2007) Initial results on size discrimination of similar underwater objects using a human hearing model. In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics. Institute of Acoustics: International Conference on Detection and Classification of Underwater Targets St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 233-239.
Robb, G.B.N., Leighton, T.G., Humphrey, V.F., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K. and Klusek, Z. (2007) Investigating acoustic propagation in gassy marine sediments using a bubbly gel mimic. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 31-38.
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C. and White, P.R. (2007) Sonar which penetrates bubble clouds. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 555-562.
Hayman, G., Theobald, P., Robb, G.B.N., Robinson, S., Humphrey, V., Leighton, T.G., Dix, J.K. and Best, A.I. (2007) Hydrophone performance in sediment. In, Papadakis, J.S. and Bjorno, L. (eds.) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements, Technologies and Results. 2nd International Conference & Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 453-458.
Finfer, D.C., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2006) Marine mammals, noise, and sonar in shallow coastal bubbly waters. In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference. St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 69-74.
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Humphrey, V.F., Ryves, S., Hurrell, A.M. and Finfer, D.C. (2006) An ultrasound based passive monitoring system for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference. Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 770-773.
McLaughlan, James, Rivens, Ian, ter Haar, Gail, Shaw, Adam, Leighton, Timothy, Humphrey, Victor, Birkin, Peter and Vian, Chris (2006) The design and implementation of a passive cavitation detection system for use with ex vivo tissue. In, Therapeutic Ultrasound: 5th International Symposium on Therapeutic Ultrasound. AIP Conference Proceedings. Therapeutic Ultrasound: 5th International Symposium on Therapeutic Ultrasound Melville, USA, American Institute of Physics, 338-342. (doi:10.1063/1.2205493).
Robb, G.B.N., Leighton, T.G., Dix, J.K., Best, A.I., Humphrey, V.H. and White, P.R. (2006) Measuring bubble populations in gassy marine sediments: a review. In, Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference. 2006. Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2006: Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers St. Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 60-68.
Leighton, T.G., Birkin, P.R., Hodnett, M., Zeqiri, B., Power, J.F., Price, G.J., Mason, T., Plattes, M., Dezhkunov, N. and Coleman, A.J. (2005) Characterisation of measures of reference acoustic cavitation (COMORAC): an experimental feasibility trial. In, Doinikov, Alexander A. (ed.) Bubble and Particle Dynamics in Acoustic Fields: Modern Trends and Applications. Trivandrum, India, Research Signpost, 37-94.
Leighton, T.G., Richards, S.D. and White, P.R. (2004) Marine mammal signals in bubbly water. In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Symposium on Bio-sonar and Bioacoustics Systems. Institute of Acoustics Symposium on Bio-sonar and Bioacoustics Systems , Institute of Acoustics.
White, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Yim, G.T. (2004) Exploitation of higher order statistics to compute bubble cloud densities: evading Olber's paradox. In, Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics. Proceedings of the Seventh European Conference on Underwater Acoustics , European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, 223-228.
Brothers, R.J., Robb, G., Leighton, T.G., Heald, G.J., White, P.R. and Dix, J.K. (2004) Very high frequency backscatter from a rough sediment. In, Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics. 7th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, Delft, Holland, 5-8 July 2004 Delft, The Netherlands, Delft University of Technology, 613-618.
Richards, S.D., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2004) Volume absorption and volume reverberation due to microbubbles and suspended particles in a ray-based sonar performance model. In, Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics. 7th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics , European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, 173-178.
Leighton, T.G. (2004) Nonlinear bubble dynamics and the effects on propagation through near-surface bubble layers. In, Porter, M.B., Siderius, M. and Kuperman, K. (eds.) Proceedings of High Frequency Ocean Acoustics: High Frequency Ocean Acoustics Conference. High-Frequency Ocean Acoustics: High Frequency Ocean Acoustics Conference Melville, New York, American Institute of Physics, 180-193. (doi:10.1063/1.1843012).
Leighton, T.G. and Dahl, P. (2002) Measurement of bubble populations in the sea. In, Nyborg, W.L. (ed.) Bubble Detection and Cavitation Monitoring. New York, USA, Acoustical Society of America, 70-73. (ANSI Technical Reports ANSI S1.24 TR-2).
Jamaluddin, A.R., Ball, G.J. and Leighton, T.G. (2002) Free-lagrange simulations of shock/bubble interaction in shock wave lithotripsy. In, Armfield, S., Morgan, P. and Srinivas, K. (eds.) Computational Fluid Dynamics 2002: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, Iccfd. Second International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics London, UK, Springer-Verlag, 541-546.
Dezhkunov, N.V. and Leighton, T.G. (2002) The use of capillary as a sensor of cavitation. In, Rudenko, O.V. and Sapozhnikov, O.A. (eds.) Nonlinear acoustics at the beginning of the 21st century. 16th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics ISNA-16 Moscow, Russia, Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, 1163-1166.
Leighton, T.G. and Phelps, A.D. (2002) Combination frequencies involving subharmonics. In, Nyborg, W.L. (ed.) Bubble Detection and Cavitation Monitoring. New York, USA, Acoustical Society of America, 24-27. (ANSI Technical Reports ANSI S1.24 TR-2).
Birkin, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2002) Electrochemical techniques of single bubble events. In, Nyborg, W.L. (ed.) Bubble Detection and Cavitation Monitoring. New York, USA, Acoustical Society of America, 60-63. (ANSI Technical Report S1.24 TR-2002).
Maksimov, A., Sosedko, E.V. and Leighton, T.G. (2002) Nonlinear transient bubble oscillations. In, Abstracts of the 16th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics, Moscow, Russia, 19-23 August 2002. 16th International Symposium of Nonlinear Acoustics Moscow, Russia, International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics, 102-103.
Birkin, P.R., Watson, Y.E., Smith, K.L., Leighton, T.G. and Simpson, M.D. (2001) Measurement of species flux from a bubble using an acousto-electrochemical technique. In, Leighton, T.G., Heald, G.J., Griffiths, H. and Griffiths, G. (eds.) 'Acoustical Oceanography', Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics. London, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 242-249. (Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 23 2).
Yim, G.T., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2001) Estimation of the time, location and natural frequency of entrained bubbles, through identification of individual bubble signatures in a severely overlapping, noisy surf zone environment. In, Acoustical Oceanography. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics. St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 250-256.

Conference or Workshop Item

Leighton, Timothy G., Birkin, Peter and Offin, Doug (2013) A new approach to ultrasonic cleaning. In, International Congress on Acoustics, Montreal, CA, , 075029-075029. (doi:10.1121/1.4799209).
Leighton, Timothy G., Chua, Gim-Hwa and White, Paul (2013) Use of dolphin-like pulses to enhance target discrimination and reduce clutter. In, International Congress on Acoustics , Montreal, CA, 6pp, 075045-075045. (doi:10.1121/1.4798771).
Chua, Gim Hwa, Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2012) Use of clicks resembling those of the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) with biased pulse summation sonar (BiaPSS) to improve target discrimination in bubbly water. In, 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics (ECUA2012), Edinburgh, GB, 02 - 06 Jul 2012. , 1903-1908.
Tomczk, M., Bohrmann, G., Berges, B.J.P., White, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Wright, I.C. (2012) Detection, localization and quantification of the emissions of gas from the seabed in fieldwork and experimental studies using active sonar systems. In, 11th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics (ECUA2012), Edinburgh, GB, 02 - 06 Jul 2012. , 605-612.
Wong, K.A., Fedele, F., Phillips, David I.W., Leighton, T.G., Coleman, A. and Thomas, K. (2012) Use of a passive acoustic sensor to predict success of ESWL treatment based on initial 500 shocks. At 27th Annual European Association of Eurology (EAU) Congress, Paris, FR, 24 - 28 Feb 2012.
Leighton, Timothy G., Finfer, Daniel C., White, Paul R., Chua, Gim Hwa and Dix, Justin K. (2010) Wake penetrating sonar. In, 1st EAA Congress on Sound and Vibration (EuroRegio 2010), Ljubljana, SI, 15 - 18 Sep 2010. 8pp.
Birkin, Peter R., Leighton, T.G., Offin, Douglas G. and Vian, Christopher J.B. (2010) Observations of bubble clusters within different cavitation environments - electrochemistry, acoustics and imaging studies. In, 20th International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2010, Sydney, AU, 23 - 27 Aug 2010. 6pp.
Leighton, T.G. (2009) The Nine O'Clock Show. Interview on ultrasound. At Interview on ultrasound, London, UK, 22 Dec 2009.
Smith, N., Fedele, F., Hegarty, N., Glass, J., Coleman, A., Leighton, T.G. and Thomas, K. (2009) Use of a passive acoustic sensor to monitor lithotripsy (Poster). In, American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, USA, 23 - 30 Apr 2009.
Fedele, F., Smith, N., Leighton, T.G., Coleman, A., Thomas, K., Hegarty, N. and Glass, J. (2008) Use of a passive acoustic sensor to monitor lithotripsy. In, South Thames Regional Urology Meeting, Kings Hospital London, UK, 19 Nov 2008.
Saunders, K., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Models for prediction nitrogen tissue tensions in diving odontocetes. In, 22nd Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society, 'Marine Mammals in Time: Past, Present and Future', Egmond Aan Zee, The Netherlands, 08 - 12 Mar 2008. , 88.
Saunders, K.J., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Models for predicting nitrogen tensions in diving odontocetes. At 22nd Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society - Marine Mammals in Time: Past, Present And Future, Egmond an Zee, Netherlands, 10 - 12 Mar 2008. , 88.
Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Finfer, D.C. (2008) Hypotheses regarding exploitation of bubble acoustics by cetaceans. In, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, Paris, France, 29 Jun - 04 Jul 2008. , 77-82.
Saunders, K.J., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Models for predicting nitrogen tensions and decompression sickness risk in diving beaked whales. In, Institute of Acoustics: Underwater Noise Measurement, Impact and Mitigation 2008 Conference, Southampton, UK, 14 - 15 Oct 2008. Hertfordshire, UK, Institute of Acoustics8pp, 82-89.
Moat, B.I., Pascal, R.W., Strokosz, M.A., Coles, D.G.H., Comben, D.H., Cansdale, A.G., Leighton, T.G., Yelland, M.J., Waddington, I. and Woolf, D.K. (2007) Measurements of breaking waves using a unique free-floating spar buoy. At AMS 15th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Portland, USA, 20 - 24 Aug 2007.
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C. and White, P.R. (2007) Cavitation and cetacean. In, 19th International Congress on Acoustics (ICA2007MADRID), Madrid, Spain, 02 - 07 Sep 2007. , 1-31.
Birkin, P.R., Offin, D. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) Cavitation, shockwaves and electrochemistry: an experimental and theoretical approach to a complex environment. In, 19th International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2007), Madrid, Spain, 02 - 07 Sep 2007. Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research6pp, 1-6.
Upstill-Goddard, Rob, Nightingale, Phil, Srokosz, Meric, Leighton, Tim, Watson, Andy, Goldson, Laura, Woolf, David and Yelland, Margaret (2006) The UKSOLAS Deep Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment (DOGEE-SOLAS). In, UK SOLAS Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study. Annual Science Meeting, Manchester, UK, 17 - 18 Jul 2006. Swindon, UK, Natural Environment Research Council UK SOLAS Program24pp.
Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Finfer, D.C. and Grover, E.J. (2006) The sound of seas in space: the 'waterfalls' of Titan and the ice seas of Europa. In, Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2006: Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers, Southampton, UK, 03 - 04 Apr 2006. , 75-97.
McLaughlan, J., Rivens, I., TerHaar, G., Shaw, A., Leighton, T.G., Humphrey, V.F., Birkin, P.R. and Vian, C. (2006) The design and implementation of a passive cavitation detection system for use with ex vivo tissue. In, Proceedings of 17th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics, Pennsylvania, USA, 18-22 Jul 2005
Finfer, D.C., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2006) Marine mammals, noise and sonar in shallow coastal bubbly waters. In, Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2006: Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers, Southampton, UK, 03 - 04 Apr 2006. , 69-74.
White, P.R., Finfer, D.C., Leighton, T.G., Powles, C. and Baumann, O.N. (2006) Localisation of whales using acoustics. In, Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2006: Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers, Southampton, UK, 03 - 04 Apr 2006. , 48-59.
Maksimov, A.V., Leighton, T.G. and Birkin, P.R. (2006) Dynamics of a tethered bubble. In, Proceedings of 17th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics, Pennsylvania, USA 18 - 22 Jul 2005.
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Ryves, S., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R., Humphrey, V.F., Finfer, D.C. and Hurrell, A.M. (2006) An ultrasound-based passive monitoring system for extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL). In, Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference 2006: Futures in Acoustics: Today's Research - Tomorrow's Careers, Southampton, UK, 03 - 04 Apr 2006. 4pp.
Robb, G.B.N., Dix, J.K., Best, A.I., Bull, J.M., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Seal, A. (2005) The compressional wave and physical properties of inter-tidal marine sediments. In, 1st International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies and Results, Heraklion, Greece, 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2005. Heraklion, Greece, Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas, 1087-1092.
Bull, Jonathan M., Gutowski, Martin, Dix, Justin K., Henstock, Timothy J., Hogarth, Peter, Leighton, Timothy G. and White, Paul R. (2005) 3D chirp sub-bottom imaging system: design and first 3D volume. In, International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results, Heraklion, Greece, 28 Jun - 01 Jul 2005. Heraklion, Greece, Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas, 777-782.
Leighton, T.G., Richards, S.D. and White, P.R. (2004) Marine mammal signals in bubble water. In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Symposium on Bio-sonar and Bioacoustics Systems, Loughborough, UK, 16 Sep 2004 6pp.
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Hurrell, A.M. (2004) Development of a new diagnostic device for extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy. In, Proceedings of MEDICON 2004: X Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering 'Health in the Information Society', Ischia, Italy, 31 Jul-5 Aug 2004 , 4pp.
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J., Leighton, T.G., White, P.R. and Hurrell, A.M. (2004) A new sensor for detecting and characterising acoustic cavitation in vivo during ESWL. In, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Spring Conference, Southampton, UK, 29-30 March 2004, St Albans, UK, Institute of Acoustics, 422-432.
Leighton, T.G., Dumbrell, H.A., Heald, G.J. and White, P.R. (2004) The possibility and exploitation of nonlinear effects in the near-surface oceanic bubble layer. In, Proceedings of the Seventh European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, Delft, Holland, 5-8 July 2004 , 205-210.
Birkin, P.R., Leighton, T.G. and Watson, Y.E. (2003) Acoustoelectrochemistry to investigate bubble phenomena: rectified diffusion. In, 4th International Conference on Applications of Power Ultrasound in Physical and Chemical Processing, Besancon, France, 22 - 23 May 2003. , 101-106.
Fedele, F., Coleman, A.J. and Leighton, T.G. (2003) Use of cylindrical PVdF hydrophone in a study of cavitation adjacent to stone phantoms during extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. In, IPEM Annual Scientific Meeting, Bath, UK, 15 - 17 Sep 2003. Bath, UK,
Leighton, T.G., Birkin, P.R., Maksimov, A.O., Watson, Y.E. and White, P.R. (2003) Study of the growth of surface waves from instabilities on the walls of gas bubbles. In, Bifurcations 2003: The Use and Control of Chaos, Southampton, UK, 20 - 30 Jul 2003. Southampton, UK, The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications46pp.
Jamaluddin, A.R., Ball, G.J. and Leighton, T.G. (2002) Free-Lagrange simulations of shock/bubble interaction in shcok wave lithotripsy. In, Second International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ICCFD 5pp.
Robb, G., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., Leighton, T.G., Harris, A., Riggs, J.S., Bull, J.M. and White, P.R. (2002) Frequency dependence of acoustic waves in marine sediments. In, Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Underwater Acoustics, Gdansk, Poland, 24 - 27 Jun 2002. Gdansk, Poland, Gdansk University of Technology792pp, 43-49.
Leighton, T.G. (2001) The acoustics of gas bubbles in liquids. In, Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference 2001, Wye, UK, 11 - 13 Dec 2001. 7pp.
Petley, G.W., Hughes, E.R., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2000) A stratified model of ultrasonic propagation in bone: implications for osteoporosis. In, 6th Annual National Conference of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine, Southampton, UK, 11 - 14 Sep 2000. 77pp.
Ball, G.J., Howell, B.P., Leighton, T.G. and Schofield, M.J. (2000) Shock-induced collapse of a cylindrical air cavity in water: a Free-Lagrange simulation. In, Proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Shock Waves, London, UK, Jul 1999. , 1363-1368.

Monograph

Saunders, K.J., White, P.R. and Leighton, T.G. (2010) Could bubble growth by rectified diffusion produce macroscopic bubbles in the tissues of beaked whales? Southampton, GB, University of Southampton, 26pp. (ISVR Technical Report 331).
McLaughlan, J., Rivens, I., Leighton, T.G. and ter Haar, G. (2010) Commentary on the detection of bubble activity generated in ex-vivo tissue by high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) with respect to the generation of therapeutic lesions in tissue for the treatment of cancer. Southampton, GB, University of Southampton, 48pp. (ISVR Technical Report 330).
Ainslie, Michael A. and Leighton, Timothy G. (2010) Models for the scattering cross-section of a single gas bubble: a critical review. Netherlands, TNO: Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, 118pp. (TNO Technical Reports, TNO-DV 2010 A316).
Baik, K., Jiang, J. and Leighton, T.G. (2009) Theoretical investigation of phase velocity, group velocity and attenuation of acoustic waves in a liquid-filled cylinder. Southampton, University of Southampton, 48pp. (ISVR Technical Report 329).
Baik, K., Jiang, J. and Leighton, T.G. (2009) First stage investigations of acoustic wave propagation in a liquid-filled cylindrical tube with and without bubbles. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 119pp. (ISVR Technical Reports, (328) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2008) The effect of fluid loading on the generation of extraterrestrial sound. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton (ISVR Technical Report, (325) ).
Mantouka, A. and Leighton, T.G. (2008) Theory for the dynamics of acoustically-excited gas bubbles in porous media (with specific application to marine sediment). , University of Southampton (ISVR Technical Report, (324) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2007) A method for estimating sound speed and the void fraction of bubbles from sub-bottom sonar images of gassy seabeds. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 21pp. (ISVR Technical Reports, (320) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2007) Preliminary considerations on principles for the determination of difficult bubble parameters in situ through Megafrexel high speed photographic observation. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 27pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (321) ).
Leighton, T.G., Finfer, D.C. and White, P.R. (2007) Ocean acoustic circumpropagation in the ice seas of Europa. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 22pp. (ISVR Technical Reports, (319) ).
White, P.R., Leighton, T.G., Saunders, K. and Jepson, P. (2007) Review of the mechanisms by which anthropogenic noise may cause cetacean strandings. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 20pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (316) ).
Robb, G.B.N., Leighton, T.G., Humphrey, V.F., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K. and Klusek, Z. (2007) Investigating acoustic propagation in gassy marine sediments using a bubbly gel mimic. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 22pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (315) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2007) The use of acoustics in space exploration. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 36pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (314) ).
Evans, R.C.P. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) Studies into the detection of buried objects (particularly optical fibres) in saturated sediment. Part 3: experimental investigation of acoustic penetration of saturated sediment. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 45pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (311) ).
Leighton, T.G. and Evans, R.C.P. (2007) Studies into the detection of buried objects (particularly optical fibres) in saturated sediment. Part 1: background. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 42pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (309) ).
Leighton, T.G. and Evans, R.C.P. (2007) Studies into the detection of buried objects (particularly optical fibres) in saturated sediment. Part 2: design and commissioning of test tank. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 70pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (310) ).
Evans, R.C.P. and Leighton, T.G. (2007) Studies into the detection of buried objects (particularly optical fibres) in saturated sediment. Part 5: an acousto-optic detection system. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 52pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (313) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2007) Theory for acoustic propagation in solid containing gas bubbles, with applications to marine sediment and tissue. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 17pp. (ISVR Technical Reports, (318) ).
Leighton, T.G. (2007) Derivation of the Rayleigh-Plesset equation in terms of volume. Southampton, UK, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, 26pp. (ISVR Technical Reports, (308) ).
Brown, N.R., Leighton, T.G. and Richards, S.D. (2003) Experimental procedures for measuring the viscous sound absorption of suspended particles via a reverberation technique. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR Technical Memorandum, (916) ).
Leighton, T.G., Brown, N.R. and Richards, S.D. (2002) Effect of acoustic absorption by hydrophone and cable on a reverberation technique for measuring sound absorption coefficient of particulate suspensions. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 11pp. (ISVR Technical Report, (299) ).
Robb, G.B.N., White, P.R., Bull, J.M., Best, A.I., Leighton, T.G. and Dix, J.K. (2002) The estimation of geoacoustic properties from broadband acoustic data, focusing on instantaneous frequency techniques. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, 40pp. (ISVR Technical Report, 298).
Leighton, T.G., Farhat, M., Field, J.E. and Avellan, F. (2001) Luminescence from hydrodynamic cavitation: Method and preliminary analysis. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, ISVR (ISVR Technical Report 294).
Hughes, E.R., Leighton, T.G., Petley, G.W. and White, P.R. (2001) A review of scattering models for ultrasonic propagation in the trabecular bone. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR Technical Report, (293) ).

Patent

 

Research

Research Interests

Professor Leighton is interested in the way sound travels through liquids (and liquid-like materials, such as human tissues, and the atmosphere of Venus). Consequently his research covers: Acoustical Oceanography (how we can measure ocean properties by sound); Biomedical Ultrasonics (how to ensure ultrasound does not change tissue when it should not – e.g. during foetal scanning; and ensuring that it does change tissue in a controlled way when it should – e.g. during tumour therapy); Marine Zoological Acoustics (how sea creatures use and respond to sound); Sonochemistry (how to produce chemical reactions in liquid using ultrasound). He likes to cover a project from the fundamental science through to application in industry, hospitals, or at sea. Details of the impact of his work can be found here.

Primary research group:  Acoustics Group

Research projects

Do dolphins think nonlinearly?

The sounds of voices and waterfalls on other planets

Invention outperforms clinicians monitoring kidney treatment in patients

StarStream - Cleaning with low volumes of cold water

Detecting leaks from undersea gas pipelines, seabed methane reserves, and carbon capture and storage facilities

Whales hunt with wall of sound

Bubble detectors invented for the USA's Oak Ridge National Laboratory $1.4 billion Spallation Neutron Source

Order to chaos and back again

Dolphin-inspired radar for finding bombs, bugs and catastrophe victims

Consideration of how dolphins hunt with bubble nets, has led to a new radar to detect hidden bugging/surveillance equipment and covert explosives. In particular it allows a buried target to be distinguished from buried trash (drinks cans, nails etc.). Moreover it allows the manufacture of small, lightweight and inexpensive personal identification tags that do not require batteries, for animal tagging, or to allow the location and identification of buried personnel who opt to carry them (rescue workers, skiers in avalanche areas). Buried catastrophe victims not carrying such tags might still be located by scattering this radar from their mobile phones.

Do dolphins think nonlinearly?

How do they blow those bubble rings?

Do dolphins think nonlinearly?

The sounds on other planets

waterfalls and voices

The sounds on other planets

Invention to monitor kidney stones

Patients benefit from 94.7% success rate for monitoring therapy

Invention to monitor kidney stones

StarStream

An invention that cleans with low volumes of low water and few (or no) additives

StarStream

Detecting leaks from undersea gas..

pipelines which is 100x more sensitive than current commercial methods

Detecting leaks from undersea gas..

Whales hunting with a wall of sound

Whales hunting with a wall of sound

Inventing bubble detectors

for a $1.4 billion facility

Inventing bubble detectors

Order to chaos and back again

How stars and viruses form

Order to chaos and back again

Teaching Responsibilities

Title Module Code Programme Roe
Underwater Acoustics¹ ISVR3005 Acoustical Engineering Acoustics & Module Coordinator
Underwater Acoustics¹ ISVR6037 MSc Sound & Vibration Studies Coordinator

Tim’s lecturing varies in style from formal lectures, to discussions exploring particular questions amongst groups containing class members as diverse as medics, engineers, zoologists, chemists and physicists.

Tim’s lecturing varies in style form formal lectures, to discussions exploring particular questions amongst groups containing class members as diverse as medics, engineers, zoologists, chemists and physicists. The two example videos below show (top panel) a formal lecture, and (lower/left panel) a discussion to teach some basic principles of ocean acoustics by enabling to group of students to work out why an assassin duck would fail in certain weather conditions.

Contact

Professor Timothy Leighton FREng FRS
Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 13/2007