Engineering and the Environment

Tiina Roose

Diploma Engineer, MSc (Oxon), DPhil (Oxon)

Primary position:
Professor of Biological and Environmental Modelling
Other positions:
Royal Society University Research Fellow

Background

The University of Southampton

Education:

1993: Diploma in Systems Engineering, Tallinn Technical University, Estonia

1995: MSc in Mathematical modelling and numerical analysis, Oxford, UK

2001: DPhil in Applied Mathematics, Oxford,UK

Employment:

2001-2003: Research Fellow at Harvard Medical School

2003-2004: Postdoc at Mathematical Institute, Oxford

2004-2013: Royal Society URF first in Oxford now in Southampton.

2013-present: Professor of Biological and Environmental Modelling, Southampton

My business is to develop modelling technologies and methodologies to deal with branched biological systems such as blood and lymph vessels, plant roots in soil and lung system. In all projects I collaborate with the leading experimentalists in their field across the world to ensure speedy uptake of my models by the user communities.

(Right): The first ever 3D image of live wheat root hairs in soil, imaged using synchrotron x-ray computer tomography (Keyes et al (2013)). Most/all studies of root hair morphology are carried out using transparent gels because it is difficult to see within real soil. However, since root hairs are thought to be very important for phosphate uptake, it is crucial to be able to see how they are arranged within the soil pore spaces. This advance is already unlocking the potential of modelling approaches, allowing quantification of sites within the soil matrix from which root hairs extract phosphate.

Professor Tiina Roose's photo
3D image of live wheat root hairs

3D image of live wheat root hairs

Publications

The University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints)

Article

Heppell, J., Payvandi, S., Zygalakis, K.C., Smethurst, J.A., Fliege, J. and Roose, T. (2014) Validation of a spatial-temporal soil water movement and plant water uptake model. Geotechnique (In Press).
Payvandi, Sevil, Daly, Keith R., Jones, David, Talboys, Peter, Zygalakis, K.C. and Roose, Tiina (2014) A mathematical model of water and nutrient transport in xylem vessels of a wheat plant. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 1-31. (doi:10.1007/s11538-013-9932-4).
Daly, Keith R. and Roose, Tiina (2014) Multiscale modelling of hydraulic conductivity in vuggy porous media. Proceedings of The Royal Society: A - Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 470, (2162), 1-22. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2013.0383).
Keyes, Samuel D., Daly, Keith R., Gostling, Neil J., Jones, Davey L., Talboys, Peter, Pinzer, B., Boardman, R., Sinclair, Ian, Marchant, Alan and Roose, Tiina (2013) High resolution synchrotron imaging of wheat root hairs growing in soil and image based modelling of phosphate uptake. New Phytologist, 198, (4), 1023-1029. (doi:10.1111/nph.12294). (PMID:23600607).
Keyes, Samuel, Boardman, R., Marchant, Alan, Roose, Tiina and Sinclair, I. (2013) A robust approach for determination of the macro-porous volume fraction of soils with X-ray computed tomography and an image processing protocol. European Journal of Soil Science, 64, (3), 298-307. (doi:10.1111/ejss.12019).
Heppell, Charles, Richardson, Giles and Roose, Tiina (2013) A model for fluid drainage by the lymphatic system. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 75, (1), 49-81. (doi:10.1007/s11538-012-9793-2).
MacLaurin, James, Chapman, S.J., Jones, G.W. and Roose, Tiina (2012) The study of asymptotically fine wrinkling in nonlinear elasticity using a boundary layer analysis. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids (Submitted).
Heppell, Charles, Richardson, Giles and Roose, Tiina (2012) A model for fluid drainage by the lymphatic system. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology (In Press).
MacLauring, J., Chapman, S.J., Jones, G.W. and Roose, Tiina (2012) The buckling of capillaries in solid tumours. Proceedings of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences (doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0418 ). (In Press).
Zygalakis, K.C. and Roose, T. (2012) A mathematical model for investigating the effect of cluster roots on plant nutrient uptake. The European Physical Journal Special Topics, 204, (1), 103-118. (doi:10.1140/epjst/e2012-01555-9).
Zygalakis, K.C., Kirk, G.J.D., Jones, D.L., Wissuwa, M. and Roose, T. (2011) A dual porosity model of nutrient uptake by root hairs. New Phytologist, 192, (3), 676-688. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03840.x). (PMID:21827499).
Roose, Tiina and Swartz, Melody A. (2011) Multiscale modeling of lymphatic drainage from tissues using homogenization theory. Journal of Biomechanics, 45, (1), 107-115. (doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.09.015). (PMID:22036032).
Oburger, E., Leitner, D., Jones, D.L., Zygalakis, K., Schnepf, A. and Roose, Tiina (2011) Fate of organic acid anions in soil: sorption dynamics of citric acid. European Journal of Soil Science, 62, (5), 733-742. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.2011.01384.x).
Thonar, Cécile, Schnepf, Andrea, Fossard, Emmanuel, Roose, Tiina and Jansa, Jan (2011) Traits related to differences in function among three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil, 339, (1-2), 231-245. (doi:10.1007/s11104-010-0571-3).
Ptashnyk, Mariya, Roose, Tiina, Jones, Davey L. and Kirk, Guy J.D. (2011) Enchanced zinc uptake by rice through phytosiderophore secretion: a modelling study. Plant Cell and Environment (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.2011.02401.x). (PMID:21777252).
de Planque, Maurits R.R., Aghdaei , Sara, Roose, Tiina and Morgan, Hywel (2011) Electrophysiological characterization of membrane disruption by nanoparticles. ACS Nano (doi:10.1021/nn103320j).
Schnepf, Andrea, Jones, Davey and Roose, Tiina (2011) Modelling nutrient uptake by individual hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: temporal and spatial scales for an experimental design. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology (doi:10.1007/s11538-010-9617-1). (PMID:21225357).
Leitner, D., Schnepf, A., Klepsch, S. and Roose, T. (2010) Comparison of nutrient uptake between true 3-dimensional simulation and an averaged root system model. Plant Biosystems, 144, (2), 443-447. (doi:10.1080/11263501003726334).
Ptashnyk, Mariya and Roose, Tiina (2010) Derivation of a macroscopic model for transport of strongly sorbed solutes in the soil using homogenization theory. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 70, (7), 2097-2118. (doi:10.1137/080729591).
Leitner, D., Klepsch, S., Ptashnyk, M., Marchant, A., Kirk, G.J.D., Schnepf, A. and Roose, T. (2010) A dynamic model of nutrient uptake by root hairs. New Phytologist, 185, (3), 792-802. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.03128.x).
Rosling, Anna, Roose, Tiina, Herrmann, Anke M., Davidson, Fordyce A., Finlay, Roger and Gadd, Geoffrey M. (2009) Approaches to modelling mineral weathering by fungi. Fungal Biology Reviews, 23, (4), 138-144. (doi:10.1016/j.fbr.2009.09.003).
Fowler, A.C., Clary, O. and Roose, T. (2009) A dynamic model of annual foliage growth and carbon uptake in trees. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 6, (40), 1087-1096. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2009.0010).
Roose, T. and Kirk, G.J.D. (2009) The solution of convection–diffusion equations for solute transport to plant roots. Plant and Soil, 316, (1-2), 257-264. (doi:10.1007/s11104-008-9777-z).
Roose, Tiina and Schnepf, Andrea (2008) Mathematical models of plant–soil interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 366, (1885), 4597-4611. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0198).
Roose, Tiina and Fowler, Andrew C. (2008) Network development in biological gels: role in lymphatic vessel development. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 70, (6), 1772-1789. (doi:10.1007/s11538-008-9324-3). (PMID:18622650).
Roose, T., Oswald, S.E., Schnepf, A., Szegedi, K. and Nowack, B. (2007) Verification and intercomparison of reactive transport codes to describe root-uptake. Plant and Soil, 301, (1-2), 327. (doi:10.1007/s11104-007-9419-x).
Modok, S., Scott, R., Alderden, R.A., Hall, M.D., Mellor, H.R., Bohic, S., Roose, Tina, Hambley, T.W. and Callaghan, R. (2007) Transport kinetics of four- and six-coordinate platinum compounds in the multicell layer tumour model. British Journal of Cancer, 97, (2), 194-200. (doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6603854).
Schnepf, A., Roose, T. and Schweiger, P. (2007) Growth model for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 5, (24), 773. (doi:10.1098/rsif.2007.1250).
Modok, Szabolcs, Hyde, Phillip, Mellor, Howard R., Roose, Tiina and Callaghan, Richard (2006) Diffusivity and distribution of vinblastine in three-dimensional tumour tissue: Experimental and mathematical modelling. European Journal of Cancer, 42, (14), 2404-2413. (doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2006.05.020).

Book Section

Roose, Tiina and Tabor, Gavin (2012) Multiscale modelling of lymphatic drainage. In, Gefen, Amit (ed.) Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials. New York, US, Springer. (In Press).
 

Research

Research Interests

My business is to develop modelling technologies and methodologies to deal with branched biological systems such as blood and lymph vessels, plant roots in soil and lung system. In all projects I collaborate with the leading experimentalists in their field across the world to ensure speedy uptake of my models by the user communities.

Current funded projects:

  • BBSRC Defra LINK BB/I024283/1 “Improving the sustainability of phosphorus use in arable farming”, PDRA Dr. Sevil Payvandi, Complexity DTC PhD student James Heppell
  • BBSRC BB/J000868/1 “Truly Predicting Root Water Uptake: Case Study with Wheat”, PDRA Dr. Keith Daly
  • BBSRC DFID Gates Foundation SCRIPT BB/J011460/1 “Rice germplasm for high grain Zn content and tolerance of Zn deficient soils”, PDRA to be recruited.
  • NERC NE/L000237/1 “Long-lived Radionuclides in the Surface Environment (LO-RISE) - Mechanistic Studies of Speciation, Environmental Transport and Transfer”, PDRA to be recruited

PhD supervision

  • Sam Keyes
  • Gwen Palmer
  • Berit Plumhoff
  • James Heppell
  • Charles Heppell
  • Laura Cooper

Primary research group:  Bioengineering Science

Affiliate research groups:  Computational Modelling Group, Institute for Complex Systems Simulation

Research projects

Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Lymphatic Fluid Flows and Immunology

Modelling the Lymphatic System

Optimising plant P use for arable farming

Validation of a spatial-temporal soil water movement and plant water uptake model

X-ray Computed Tomography and image-based modelling of plant roots and nutrient uptake

Opportunities

PhD Opportunities

Name of project    
Link
Mathematical Modelling of Blood and Lymphatic Vessel Development http://www.findaphd.com/search/ProjectDetails.aspx?PJID=34533
WebScience for Food Security http://www.findaphd.com/search/ProjectDetails.aspx?PJID=40482
Multiscale Mathematical Modelling of Water Movement in Ridged Plant Systems http://www.findaphd.com/search/ProjectDetails.aspx?PJID=46691

PostDoc Opportunities

Name of project    
Link
Research Fellow in Environmental Chemistry/Modelling  http://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/AHK961/research-fellow-in-environmental-chemistry-modelling/

Contact

Professor Tiina Roose
Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Highfield
Southampton
SO17 1BJ

Room Number: 7/4069