The Water and Environmental Engineering Group consists of a multidisciplinary team of academics, research staff and postgraduates.The principle that underpins all our work is that of improving the world we live in through engineering solutions. We bring a variety of fundamental disciplines and skills to our work in the areas of water engineering and water resources management, eco-hydraulics, and bioenergy and organic resource utilisation.
The Water and Environmental Engineering Group has a wide range of research activities: further details of these can be found using the tabs on the right to access research themes and centres
Some key research highlights include:
- Low head hydropower: New hydropower converters are under development which can use head differences below 2.5 m as a source of renewable energy. Unlike conventional turbine technology, these systems can be used in a cost effective and ecologically acceptable way. Two prototypes built and monitored in the EU FP7-funded project Hylow have shown efficiencies from 75-85%. Tests show that the converters can be used successfully in conjunction with fish and sediment passages. Work to expand the area of application and to improve the technology is continuing.
- Environmental Fluid Mechanics: research areas include the interaction between Turbulent Boundary Layers with groups of fixed or moving bodies (e.g. wind farms or fish schools); prediction of local scour around bridge piers and off-shore structures; aerodynamic design of novel rain gauges; dispersion of methane emissions from landfills; flow resistance and sediment transport in geophysical flows; wall-turbulence and Lattice-Boltzmann simulations of laminar flows.
- Hydrology and water resources: EPSRC-funded research on surface zone infiltration into engineered clay slopes has shown that climate change will lead to increased risk of instability. Aquifer recharge modelling shows that water tables may fall between 1-2 m by the end of the century in the UK. Coastal flood risk is being evaluated for new nuclear power stations in the UK, and for Bangladesh as part of the NERC/DFID 'Ecosystems for Poverty Alleviation' programme. The first Windows version of CROPWAT was written in Southampton for the UN's Food and Agricultural Organisation. This software is being used worldwide for regional water resources evaluation.
- Wastewater treatment: current research includes anaerobic treatment of wastewater at ambient temperatures, using a variety of technologies from expanded beds to membrane systems; advanced wastewater treatment using aerobic granular systems up to demonstration scale; design and optimisation of waste stabilisation ponds to maximise wastewater reuse; and new methods for removal of trace pollutants using bio-sorbents and nano-adorbers.
- At the International Centre for Ecohydraulics Research (ICER), we conduct research to quantify the potential environmental impacts of energy and water resource infrastructure in aquatic habitats, focusing primarily on fish populations. The research provides the basic understanding needed to develop effective mitigation solutions.
- Projects have included assessment of traditional large-scale and novel small-scale hydropower installations and water control structures (e.g. tide-gates) in the UK, Europe, North and South America and Asia. Our research is funded by the EU FP7, the Environment Agency, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the US Army Corps of Engineers and Native American Tribes, the Swedish hydropower sector, and the Chinese Ministry of Water Resources. We have also investigated the resolution of socio-economic impediments and conflicts through associated EPSRC-ESRC funding.
- Research is conducted to quantify the fine-scale behavioural response of fish to hydrodynamic and acoustic stimuli created by anthropogenic structures / activities, in an effort to develop methods to mitigate for environmental impacts. The Environment Agency and CEFAS support work that aims to incorporate an understanding of fish behaviour to develop both traditional mechanical screening and novel behavioural devices that will protect fish at water off-take structures (e.g. at power stations or abstraction points).
- Algal biofuels: We are partners in an EU FP7 demonstration programme on algal biofuels, looking at the potential for bio-methane production from whole algal biomass and residues. Other research includes the engineering design of large-scale systems to optimise energy and other resource inputs using our raceways in Spain and large-scale hydraulics facilities in Southampton.
- Organic wastes: we lead an EU FP7 consortium of Universities and companies researching the production of energy from food waste by anaerobic digestion, and provide support to the UK biogas community. Industry-funded research includes the design of integrated processes for second generation production of biofuels from the organic fraction of municipal waste.
- Agricultural biomass: we are researching the optimisation of bioenergy production on farms through the use of agro-wastes, purpose-grown biomass and imported waste materials.
- Modelling: Comprehensive tools have been developed to assess the energy balance of crop based renewable energy in the UK and Europe. Integrated modelling systems are being developed for algal biofuels production and industrial waste treatment.
Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science Unit
Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton
Southampton SO17 1BJ
Senior administrative officer: Melanie Hallford
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 2192
Administrative officers: Sheila Stickland
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 8946
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 7745
Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 4914
For information on the Group's research facilities follow the links below:
You can find all of our projects with guaranteed funding here.
If you are considering doing a PhD in one of our research areas, please contact:
Water engineering: Dr Sonia Heaven: firstname.lastname@example.org
Eco-hydraulics: Dr Paul Kemp: email@example.com
Bioenergy and organic resources: Prof Charles Banks: firstname.lastname@example.org
We offer excellent Postgraduate Research programmes for students. These include opportunities for PhD research in all aspects of Environment as well as the 4 year Industry-sponsored Engineering Doctorate (EngD) Programme in Transport and Environment.
More generally, we offer excellent Postgraduate Research programmes for students. These include opportunities for PhD research in all aspects of Environment as well as the 4 year Industry-sponsored Engineering Doctorate (EngD) Programme in Transport and Environment.
|Staff Member||Primary Position|
|Arif Anwar||Principal Research and Head of Office, International Water Management Institute, Pakistan|
|Charles Banks||Emeritus Professor of Environmental Biotechnology|
|Tom Cherrett||Professor of Logistics and Transport Management|
|Michael Chesshire||Visiting Professor|
|Derek Clarke||Lecturer in Water Resources|
|Helen Currie||Postgraduate research student|
|Gustavo A. M. de Almeida||Lecturer in Civil Engineering|
|Jasper De Bie||Postgraduate Research Student|
|Craig Dolder||Research Fellow|
|Kirsty Everley||Postgraduate research student|
|Michael Olalekan Fagbohungbe||Research Fellow|
|Nicholas Flores Martin||CDT-SIS Research Student|
|Stefano Gandolfi||Research fellow|
|Ludwig Gredmaier||Visiting Research Fellow|
|James Heppell||Postdoc in Engineering and the Environment|
|Paul Kemp||Professor of Ecological Engineering|
|Jim Kerr||Research Fellow for AMBER project|
|Sigrid Kusch||Visiting Research Fellow|
|Yongqiang Liu||Lecturer in Environmental Engineering|
|Costantino Manes||Visiting Research Fellow|
|Dominic P Mann||Senior Research Technician|
|Chihiro Masusawa||Postgraduate research student|
|Daniella Montali-Ashworth||Postgraduate Researcher|
|Gerald Muller||Associate Professor|
|David Neylan||Research Fellow|
|William Nock||Experimental Research Officer|
|Athanasios Paschalis||New Frontiers Fellow|
|Dhivya J Puri||Visiting Researcher|
|Siti Safirah Rashid||Postgraduate research student|
|Stephen Robertson||Postgraduate research student|
|Alba Serna-Maza||Research Fellow|
|Alireza Shamkhalchian||Postgraduate research student|
|Matthew Short||Postgraduate Research Student|
|Trevor W Tanton||Emeritus|
|Nikolaos Venetsaneas||Research Fellow|
|Paolo Vezza||Research Fellow in Ecohydraulics|
|Andrew Vowles||Research Fellow|
|Zhengjian Wang||Visiting Research Fellow|
|Yue Zhang||Lecturer in Environmental Engineering|
|Advanced Waste Gasification/Pyrolysis for Bio-energy (Bio-syngas or Bio-oil) Production||Active|
|Aerobic granular sludge- formation mechanism, application and its scaling up||Active|
|All-Gas: Industrial scale demonstration of sustainable algae cultures for biofuel production||Active|
|AmbiGas - Biogas production from high volume industrial effluents at ambient temperatures||Active|
|Anaerobic degradation of renewable plastics||Active|
|Assessment of how landfilling could affect the ecology of the far-field aquatic environment||Active|
|Biocycle - Research, Monitoring and Evaluation of the South Shropshire Digester||Active|
|Bioganix Demonstrator Project - Research, Monitoring and Evaluation||Active|
|Biomethanisation of CO2 in Anaerobic Digestion Plants||Active|
|BV Dairies KTP||Active|
|Clean water and green energy from waste using bubble acoustics||Active|
|Comparative evaluation of mesophilic and thermophilic digestion of source segregated domestic food waste||Active|
|Creation of a network of scientists and engineers for sustainable management of the water resources of the Aral basin||Active|
|CROPGEN - Renewable Energy from Crops and Agro-wastes||Active|
|Development of anaerobic support particles for effective membrane cleaning for submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors, AnMBR||Active|
|Development of cost-effective methods for minimising risk from heavy metal pollution in industrial cities: A case study of mercury pollution in Pavlodar (TOXICMANAGEMENT)||Active|
|Development of low-cost methods for treatment and reuse of drainage and urban wastewater by adaptation of waste stabilisation ponds for extreme continental climates||Active|
|Development of options for damage limitation and environmental restoration of mercury-contaminated areas in north-central Kazakhstan||Active|
|Distribution and activity patterns of brown trout in a chalk river||Active|
|Effective mass transfer of hydrogen into digester mixed liquor for biomethanisation of biogas CO2||Active|
|Enhancing Mercury Capture by wet FGD Systems||Active|
|Environmental Optimisation of the Production of Bricks and Tiles at Honey Lane, Selborne||Active|
|EU - China Cooperation for Liquid Fuels||Active|
|Evaluation of a reticulated foam bioreactor||Active|
|FOUL-X-SPEL (Environmentally friendly antifouling technology to optimise the energy efficiency of ships)||Active|
|Hydrogen and methane production from wastewater with microbial granular sludge||Active|
|Improving fish passage at low-head river barriers||Active|
|Industrial Collaboration for Promoting Sustainability||Active|
|Integrated Systems for Farm Diversification into Energy Production by Anaerobic Digestion: Implications for Rural Development, Land Use & Environment||Active|
|Investigating the combined effects of environmental pollutants||Active|
|JAYHUN - Interstate water resource risk management: Towards a sustainable future for the Aral Basin||Active|
|Lockerley Water Farm - intermittent loading algal pond system||Active|
|Measuring stability of digestates from AD of source-segregated biodegradable waste and manures||Active|
|Optimising Inputs and Outputs from Anaerobic Digestion Processes||Active|
|Optimising processes for the stable operation of food waste digestion||Active|
|Production and extraction of C3 and C4 aliphatic carboxylic acids from the anaerobic digestion of waste blood as a model substrate||Active|
|Satellite image processing techniques for effective management of land use and irrigation demand in the Aral basin - INTAS Aral||Active|
|Spring ponds - algal biomass systems||Active|
|Study of the equilibrium and kinetics of mercury sorption and desorption by power station fly ash and assessment of the role of ash in limiting the bio-availability of mercury||Active|
|Study of the mercury of the River Nura||Active|
|Study of the parameters for optimisation of the design and performance of waste stabilisation ponds in extreme continental climates||Active|
|SUE Waste Project 3 - Appropriate scales and technologies for bioprocessing of organic urban wastes including energy production from anaerobic digestion||Active|
|System requirements for low-cost energy-efficient algal biomass cultivation for biofuel production||Active|
|The impact of tide gates on fish migration||Active|
|Treatment, Extraction and Reuse of Chemically Complex Alkaline Leachates from Landfills||Active|
|TRIF Auto - Evaluating the effect of autoclaving on the rate of bioprocessing of waste||Active|
|TRIF MBR - Anaerobic membrane reactor technology for biodegradable waste stabilisation||Active|
|TRIF PS - Particle size requirements for effective bioprocessing of biodegradable municipal waste||Active|
|TWINBAS - Twinning European and third countries river basins for development of integrated water resources management methods||Active|
|VALORGAS - Valorisation of food waste to biogas||Active|
|Water Availability and the Production of Biofuels - An Integrated Assessment||Active|