Field of interest: Carbon dioxide capture and storage via in situ mineral carbonation in basalt and peridotite; monitoring and accounting techniques for carbon management; climate change mitigation; solute and reactive transport in saturated media; tracer hydrology.
My recent research interests in carbon capture and storage as a climate change mitigation technolgy. Much of my current research effort is focused on developing in situ mineral carbonation. The process transforms carbon dioxide into solid, inert and environmentally benign carbonate minerals. I am focusing on understanding mineral carbonation processes in natural systems, such as in basaltic and peridotitic rocks with particular focus on CO2-water-rock interactions. This is not only important with regard to geologic carbon capture and storage but also to waste storage, extraction of unconventional hydrocarbons, and groundwater contamination. The data for this research are obtained by field and laboratory based research. There are amazing field areas (e.g. Sultanate of Oman) where active, ongoing natural mineral carbonation can be studied. Back in the laboratory, fluid and rock samples are physically and chemically analysed to understand key processes that control mineral carbonation, and to find ways to engineer them for CO2 capture and storage.
I am also interested in the development and application of new monitoring and accounting techniques for carbon management, which is key for the commercialization of carbon capture and storage. Currently I am using natural and introduced tracers to monitor the transport and reactivity of CO2 in geologic storage reservoirs. We are developing a radiocarbon tracer technique for quantitative accounting of carbon storage. Our tracer techniques are applied and tested in small and larger scale CO2 storage pilot projects.
Current projects that we are involved in:
Affiliate research group: Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute
Understanding the pathways to and impacts of a 1·5°C rise in global temperature is internationally important to "strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change…. and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1·5°C above pre-industrial levels….". Our research will evaluate adjustable pathways to 1.5 °C, in which the emissions pathway responds to climate observations over the 21st century to maximise the likelihood of delivering the final warming target. We assess the consequences for temperature, sea-level, ocean pH, and societal consequences in the 2100 and beyond.
Dr Juerg Michael Matter
Student Office, Room 566/03 University of Southampton Waterfront Campus National Oceanography Centre European Way Southampton SO14 3ZH
Room Number: NOCS/186/11
Telephone: (023) 8059 3042
Facsimile: (023) 8059 3059