Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton

Research Group: Marine Biogeochemistry

The Marine Biogeochemistry Group is a large and active international multidisciplinary research team studying the biogeochemistry of marine systems, both in the open ocean and in shelf seas. Our research contributes at the highest level to understanding of the ocean's role in global carbon, nutrient and other chemical cycles, anthropogenic effects on ocean function, and the ocean's role as a sponge for fossil fuel carbon dioxide.

Currently Active: Yes

Group Overview

Marine Biogeochemistry scientists work closely with colleagues in the Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems group of the NERC Strategic Research Division. Together and with other collaborators worldwide, we conduct innovative research to address major societal issues, including the role of the oceans in the carbon cycle, geoengineering solutions to climate change and the environmental management of the oceans. The Marine Biogeochemistry group includes some 50 staff and PhD students from all around the world.

Our Specific research foci include:

  • Chemical, biological and physical controls on primary production in the surface ocean, including the effects of natural iron fertilization, mesoscale mixing and ocean acidification.
  • Plankton and microbial dynamics, and biogeochemical cycling of key elements in the ocean water column (C, Fe, N, P, Si).
  • Vertical export of materials into the ocean's interior and processes in the 'twilight zone'.
  • Long-term change in marine ecosystems in relation to climate.
  • Assessing man's impact on ocean ecosystems.
  • Modelling key processes for improved understanding and prediction of ocean biogeochemistry and productivity.

Our research is underpinned by world-class technology including novel in situ chemical and biological sensors, ocean observatories, towed undulating platforms, profiling mooring arrays, bioassay incubation facilities, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and free floating sediment traps (PELAGRA). The group works with industry, for instance in the use of 'Ships of Opportunity' for global oceanography (SNOMS). We lead and participate in many research cruises every year.


Prof. Toby Tyrrell


Selected publications associated with this group from the University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints):


Annett, Amber L., Skiba, Marta, Henley, Sian F., Venables, Hugh J., Meredith, Michael P., Statham, Peter J. and Ganeshram, Raja S. (2015) Comparative roles of upwelling and glacial iron sources in Ryder Bay, coastal western Antarctic Peninsula. Marine Chemistry, 176, 21-33. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.06.017).
Fry, Claudia H., Tyrrell, Toby, Hain, Mathis P., Bates, Nicholas R. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2015) Analysis of global surface ocean alkalinity to determine controlling processes. Marine Chemistry, 174, 46-57. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.05.003).
Patey, Matthew D., Achterberg, Eric P., Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. and Pearce, Richard (2015) Aerosol time-series measurements over the tropical Northeast Atlantic Ocean: Dust sources, elemental composition and mineralogy. Marine Chemistry, 174, 103-119. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.06.004).
Pižeta, I., Sander, S.G., Hudson, R.J.M., Omanović, D., Baars, O., Barbeau, K.A., Buck, K.N., Bundy, R.M., Carrasco, G., Croot, P.L., Garnier, C., Gerringa, L.J.A., Gledhill, M., Hirose, K., Kondo, Y., Laglera, L.M., Nuester, J., Rijkenberg, M.J.A., Takeda, S., Twining, B.S. and Wells, M. (2015) Interpretation of complexometric titration data: An intercomparison of methods for estimating models of trace metal complexation by natural organic ligands. Marine Chemistry, 173, 3-24. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.03.006).
Hopwood, M.J., Statham, P.J., Skrabal, S.A. and Willey, J.D. (2015) Dissolved iron(II) ligands in river and estuarine water. Marine Chemistry, 173, 173-182. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2014.11.004).
Cole, Harriet, Henson, Stephanie, Martin, Adrian and Yool, Andrew (2015) Basin-wide mechanisms for spring bloom initiation; how typical is the North Atlantic? ICES Journal of Marine Science, 72, (6), 2029-2040. (doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsu239).
Snow, J.T., Schlosser, C., Woodward, E.M.S., Mills, M.M., Achterberg, E.P., Mahaffey, C.A., Bibby, T.S. and Moore, C.M. (2015) Environmental controls on the biogeography of diazotrophy and Trichodesmiumin the Atlantic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, (6), 865-884. (doi:10.1002/2015GB005090).
Le Moigne, Frédéric A.C., Poulton, Alex J., Henson, Stephanie A., Daniels, Chris J., Fragoso, Glaucia M., Mitchell, Elaine, Richier, Sophie, Smith, Helen E.K., Russell, Benjamin C., Tarling, Geraint A., Young, Jeremy R. and Zubkov, Mike (2015) Carbon export efficiency and phytoplankton community composition in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, (6), 3896-3912. (doi:10.1002/2015JC010700).
Milani, Ambra, Statham, Peter J., Mowlem, Matt C. and Connelly, Douglas P. (2015) Development and application of a microfluidic in-situ analyzer for dissolved Fe and Mn in natural waters. Talanta, 136, 15-22. (doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2014.12.045).
Hopwood, M.J., Bacon, S., Arendt, K., Connelly, D.P. and Statham, P.J. (2015) Glacial meltwater from Greenland is not likely to be an important source of Fe to the North Atlantic. Biogeochemistry, 124, (1-3), 1-11. (doi:10.1007/s10533-015-0091-6).
Delegrange, A., Vincent, D., Duret, M. and Amara, R. (2015) The use of mussels for mitigating the noxious effect of phytoplankton spring blooms on farmed fish. Aquacultural Engineering, 66, 52-61. (doi:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2015.03.001).
Duret, M.T., Pachiadaki, M.G., Stewart, F.J., Sarode, N., Christaki, U., Monchy, S. and Edgcomb, V.P. (2015) Size-fractionated diversity of eukaryotic microbial communities in the Eastern Tropical North Pacific oxygen minimum zone. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Early Online (doi:10.1093/femsec/fiv037).
Willey, Joan D., Kieber, Robert J., Humphreys, Joshua J., Rice, Briana C., Hopwood, Mark J., Avery, G. Brooks and Mead, Ralph N. (2015) The role of fossil fuel combustion on the stability of dissolved iron in rainwater. Atmospheric Environment, 107, 187-193. (doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.02.033).
Gledhill, Martha, Achterberg, Eric P., Li, Keqiang, Mohammed, Khairul N. and Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. (2015) Influence of ocean acidification on the complexation of iron and copper by organic ligands in estuarine waters. Marine Chemistry (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.03.016). (In Press).
Hopkins, Jason, Henson, Stephanie A., Painter, Stuart C., Tyrrell, Toby and Poulton, Alex J. (2015) Phenological characteristics of global coccolithophore blooms. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, (2), 239-253. (doi:10.1002/2014GB004919).
Milucka, Jana, Kirf, Mathias, Lu, Lu, Krupke, Andreas, Lam, Phyllis, Littmann, Sten, Kuypers, Marcel M.M. and Schubert, Carsten J. (2015) Methane oxidation coupled to oxygenic photosynthesis in anoxic waters. The ISME Journal, 9, 1991-2002. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2015.12).
Hayes, Philippa Alice, Vahur, Signe and Leito, Ivo (2014) ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and quantitative multivariate analysis of paints and coating materials. Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 133, 207-213. (doi:10.1016/j.saa.2014.05.058).
Hopwood, Mark J., Statham, Peter J. and Milani, Ambra (2014) Dissolved Fe(II) in a river-estuary system rich in dissolved organic matter. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 151, 1-9. (doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2014.09.015).
Guieu, C., Aumont, O., Paytan, A., Bopp, L., Law, C.S., Mahowald, N., Achterberg, E.P., Marañón, E., Salihoglu, B., Crise, A., Wagener, T., Herut, B., Desboeufs, K., Kanakidou, M., Olgun, N., Peters, F., Pulido-Villena, E., Tovar-Sanchez, A. and Völker, C. (2014) The significance of the episodic nature of atmospheric deposition to Low Nutrient Low Chlorophyll regions. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28, (11), 1179-1198. (doi:10.1002/2014GB004852).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T., Lomas, Michael W., Moran, S. Bradley, Baumann, Matthew S., Shull, David H., Mordy, Calvin W., Ostendorf, Morgan L., Bates, Nicholas R., Stabeno, Phyllis J. and Grebmeier, Jacqueline M. (2014) Integrated assessment of the carbon budget in the southeastern Bering Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 109, 112-124. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.03.003).
Macey, A.I., Ryan-Keogh, T., Richier, S., Moore, C.M. and Bibby, T.S. (2014) Photosynthetic protein stoichiometry and photophysiology in the high latitude North Atlantic. Limnology and Oceanography, 59, (6), 1853-1864. (doi:10.4319/lo.2014.59.6.1853).
Tagliabue, Alessandro, Williams, Richard G., Rogan, Nicholas, Achterberg, Eric P. and Boyd, P.W. (2014) A ventilation-based framework to explain the regeneration - scavenging balance of iron in the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (20), 7227-7236. (doi:10.1002/2014GL061066).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T., Frey, Karen E., Cosca, Catherine E., Danielson, Seth L., Bates, Nicholas R., Feely, Richard A., Takahashi, Taro and Evans, Wiley (2014) Annual sea-air CO2fluxes in the Bering Sea: insights from new autumn and winter observations of a seasonally ice-covered continental shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (10), 6693-6708. (doi:10.1002/2013JC009579).
Hickman, Anna E., Postlethwaite, Clare F., Woodworth, Philip L., McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail and Bryden, Harry L. (eds.) (2014) Theme issue: A Prospectus for UK Marine Sustained Observations. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2025)
Postlethwaite, Clare F., Hickman, Anna E., McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail, Bryden, Harry L. and Woodworth, Philip L. (2014) Preface: A Prospectus for UK Marine Sustained Observations. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2025), 20130341. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0341).
Richier, S., Achterberg, E.P., Dumousseaud, C., Poulton, A.J., Suggett, D.J., Tyrrell, T., Zubkov, M.V. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Phytoplankton responses and associated carbon cycling during shipboard carbonate chemistry manipulation experiments conducted around Northwest European shelf seas. Biogeosciences, 11, (17), 4733-4752. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-4733-2014).
Moore, C.M. (2014) Microbial proteins and oceanic nutrient cycles. Science, 345, (6201), 1120-1121. (doi:10.1126/science.1258133).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Rérolle, V.M.C., Bakker, D.C.E., Kitidis, V., Lee, G.A., Brown, I., Achterberg, E.P., Hardman-Mountford, N.J. and Tyrrell, T. (2014) Intercomparison of carbonate chemistry measurements on a cruise in northwestern European shelf seas. Biogeosciences, 11, (16), 4339-4355. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-4339-2014).
Poulton, A.J., Stinchcombe, M.C., Achterberg, E.P., Bakker, D.E., Dumousseaud, C., Lawson, H.E., Lee, G.A., Richier, S., Suggett, D.J. and Young, J.R. (2014) Coccolithophores on the North-West European Shelf: calcification rates and environmental controls. Biogeosciences, 11, (14), 3919-3940. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-3919-2014).
Le Moigne, Frédéric A.C., Moore, C. Mark, Sanders, Richard J., Villa-Alfageme, Maria, Steigenberger, Sebastian and Achterberg, Eric P. (2014) Sequestration efficiency in the iron limited North Atlantic: Implications for iron supply mode to fertilized blooms. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (13), 4619-4627. (doi:10.1002/2014GL060308).
MacGilchrist, G.A., Shi, T., Tyrrell, T., Richier, S., Moore, C.M., Dumousseaud, C. and Achterberg, E.P. (2014) Effect of enhanced pCO2 levels on the production of dissolved organic carbon and transparent exopolymer particles in short-term bioassay experiments. Biogeosciences, 11, (13), 3695-3706. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-3695-2014).
Jiang, Zong-Pei, Tyrrell, Toby, Hydes, David J., Dai, Minhan and Hartman, Susan E. (2014) Variability of alkalinity and the alkalinity-salinity relationship in the tropical and subtropical surface ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28, (7), 729-742. (doi:10.1002/2013GB004678).
Arrigo, Kevin R., Perovich, Donald K., Pickart, Robert S., Brown, Zachary W., van Dijken, Gert L., Lowry, Kate E., Mills, Matthew M., Palmer, Molly A., Balch, William M., Bates, Nicholas R., Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R., Brownlee, Emily, Frey, Karen E., Laney, Samuel R., Mathis, Jeremy, Matsuoka, Atsushi, Greg Mitchell, B., Moore, G.W.K., Reynolds, Rick A., Sosik, Heidi M. and Swift, James H. (2014) Phytoplankton blooms beneath the sea ice in the Chukchi Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 105, 1-16. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.03.018).
Fragoso, Glaucia M., Neale, Patrick J., Kana, Todd M. and Pritchard, Alicia L. (2014) Kinetics of Photosynthetic Response to Ultraviolet and Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Synechococcus WH8102 (CYANOBACTERIA). Photochemistry and Photobiology, 90, (3), 522-532. (doi:10.1111/php.12202).
Browning, T.J., Bouman, H.A., Henderson, G.M., Mather, T.A., Pyle, D.M., Schlosser, C., Woodward, E.M.S. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Strong responses of Southern Ocean phytoplankton communities to volcanic ash. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (8), 2851-2857. (doi:10.1002/2014GL059364).
Painter, S.C., Henson, S.A., Forryan, A., Steigenberger, S., Klar, J., Stinchcombe, M.C., Rogan, N., Baker, A.R., Achterberg, E.P. and Moore, C.M. (2014) An assessment of the vertical diffusive flux of iron and other nutrients to the surface waters of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 11, (8), 2113-2130. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-2113-2014).
Hopwood, Mark J., Statham, Peter J., Tranter, Martyn and Wadham, Jemma L. (2014) Glacial flours as a potential source of Fe(II) and Fe(III) to polar waters. Biogeochemistry, 118, (1-3), 443-452. (doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9945-y).
Cereda, Angelo, Hitchcock, Andrew, Symes, Mark D., Cronin, Leroy, Bibby, Thomas S. and Jones, Anne K. (2014) A bioelectrochemical approach to characterize extracellular electron transfer by Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. PLoS ONE, 9, (3), e91484. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091484).
Aldridge , David , Purdie , Duncan A. and Zubkov, M.V. (2014) Growth and survival of Neoceratium hexacanthum and Neoceratium candelabrum under simulated nutrient-depleted conditions. Journal of Plankton Research, 36, (2), 439-449. (doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt098).
Bates, Nicholas, Astor, Yrene, Church, Matthew, Currie, Kim, Dore, John, Gonaález-Dávila, Melchor, Lorenzoni, Laura, Muller-Karger, Frank, Olafsson, Jon and Santa-Casiano, Magdalena (2014) A Time-Series View of Changing Ocean Chemistry Due to Ocean Uptake of Anthropogenic CO2 and Ocean Acidification. Oceanography, 27, (1), 126-141. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2014.16).
Pan, Xi, Achterberg, Eric P., Sanders, Richard, Poulton, Alex J., Oliver, Kevin I.C. and Robinson, Carol (2014) Dissolved organic carbon and apparent oxygen utilization in the Atlantic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 85, 80-87. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2013.12.003).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Connelly, Douglas P., Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2014) The importance of shallow hydrothermal island arc systems in ocean biogeochemistry. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (3), 942-947. (doi:10.1002/2013GL058817).
Browning, T.J., Bouman, H.A., Moore, C.M., Schlosser, C., Tarran, G.A., Woodward, E.M.S. and Henderson, G.M. (2014) Nutrient regimes control phytoplankton ecophysiology in the South Atlantic. Biogeosciences, 11, (2), 463-479. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-463-2014).
Schlosser, C., Klar, J.K., Wake, B.D., Snow, J.T., Honey, D.J., Woodward, E.M.S., Lohan, M.C., Achterberg, E.P. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Seasonal ITCZ migration dynamically controls the location of the (sub)tropical Atlantic biogeochemical divide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, (4), 1438-1442. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1318670111).
Rérolle, V.M.C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Kitidis, V., Brown, I., Bakker, D.C.E., Lee, G.A., Shi, T., Mowlem, M.C. and Achterberg, E.P. (2014) Controls on pH in surface waters of northwestern European shelf seas. Biogeosciences Discussions, 11, (1), 943-974. (doi:10.5194/bgd-11-943-2014).
Wood, Christopher C., Statham, Peter J., Kelly-Gerreyn, Boris A. and Martin, Adrian P. (2014) Modelling macronutrients in shelf sea sediments: fitting model output to experimental data using a genetic algorithm. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 14, (1), 218-229. (doi:10.1007/s11368-013-0793-0).
Andersson, Andreas J., Yeakel, Kiley L., Bates, Nicholas R. and de Putron, Samantha J. (2014) Partial offsets in ocean acidification from future changes in coral reef biogeochemistry. Nature Climate Change, 4, 56-61. (doi:10.1038/nclimate2050).
Hogle, Shane L., Barbeau, Katherine A. and Gledhill, Martha (2014) Heme in the marine environment: from cells to the iron cycle. Metallomics, 6, (6), 1107-1120. (doi:10.1039/C4MT00031E).
Tyrrell, T. and Achterberg, E.P. (2014) Preface: Field investigation of ocean acidification effects in northwest European seas. Biogeosciences, 11, (24), 7269-7274. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-7269-2014).
Daniels, C.J., Tyrrell, Toby, Poulton, A.J. and Young, J.R. (2014) A mixed life-cycle stage bloom of Syracosphaera bannockii (Borsetti and Cati, 1976) Cros et al. 2000 (Bay of Biscay, April 2010). [in special issue: Coccolithophores 2014 Workshop Volume] Journal of Nannoplankton Research, 34, 31-35.
Sheik, Abdul R, Brussaard, Corina P.D., Lavik, Gaute, Lam, Phyllis, Musat, Niculina, Krupke, Andreas, Littmann, Sten, Strous, Marc and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2014) Responses of the coastal bacterial community to viral infection of the algae Phaeocystis globosa. The ISME Journal, 8, 212-225. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.135).
Assmy, P., Smetacek, V., Montresor, M., Klaas, C., Henjes, J., Strass, V.H., Arrieta, J.M., Bathmann, U., Berg, G.M., Breitbarth, E., Cisewski, B., Friedrichs, L., Fuchs, N., Herndl, G.J., Jansen, S., Kragefsky, S., Latasa, M., Peeken, I., Rottgers, R., Scharek, R., Schuller, S.E., Steigenberger, S., Webb, A. and Wolf-Gladrow, D. (2013) Thick-shelled, grazer-protected diatoms decouple ocean carbon and silicon cycles in the iron-limited Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (51), 20633-20638. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1309345110).
Poulton, Alex J., Painter, Stuart C., Young, Jeremy R., Bates, Nicholas R., Bowler, Bruce, Drapeau, Dave, Lyczsckowski, Emily and Balch, William M. (2013) The 2008 Emiliania huxleyi bloom along the Patagonian Shelf: Ecology, biogeochemistry, and cellular calcification. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1023-1033. (doi:10.1002/2013GB004641).
Gledhill, Martha, Achterberg, Eric P., Honey, David J., Nielsdottir, Maria C. and Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. (2013) Distributions of particulate Heme b in the Atlantic and Southern Oceans - implications for electron transport in phytoplankton. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1072-1082. (doi:10.1002/2013GB004639).
Ussher, Simon J., Achterberg, Eric P., Powell, Claire, Baker, Alex R., Jickells, Tim D., Torres, Ricardo and Worsfold, Paul J. (2013) Impact of atmospheric deposition on the contrasting iron biogeochemistry of the North and South Atlantic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1096-1107. (doi:10.1002/gbc.20056).
Legiret, François-Eric, Sieben, Vincent J., Woodward, E. Malcolm S., Abi Kaed Bey, Samer K., Mowlem, Matthew C., Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) A high performance microfluidic analyser for phosphate measurements in marine waters using the vanadomolybdate method. Talanta, 116, 382-387. (doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2013.05.004).
Andersson, A.J., Bates, N.R., Jeffries, M. and Mackenzie, F.T. (2013) Clues from current high CO2 environments on the effects of ocean acidification on CaCO3 preservation. Aquatic Geochemistry, 19, (5-6), 353-369. (doi:10.1007/s10498-013-9210-y).
Ward, Ben A., Dutkiewicz, Stephanie, Moore, C. Mark and Follows, Michael J. (2013) Iron, phosphorus, and nitrogen supply ratios define the biogeography of nitrogen fixation. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, (6), 2059-2075. (doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2059).
Savarino, J., Morin, S., Erbland, J., Grannec, F., Patey, M.D., Vicars, W., Alexander, B. and Achterberg, E.P. (2013) Isotopic composition of atmospheric nitrate in a tropical marine boundary layer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (44), 17668-17673. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1216639110).
Castrillejo, Maxi, Statham, Peter J., Fones, Gary R., Planquette, Hélène, Idrus, Farah and Roberts, Keiron (2013) Dissolved trace metals (Ni, Zn, Co, Cd, Pb, Al, and Mn) around the Crozet Islands, Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (10), 5188-5201. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20359).
Henson, Stephanie A., Painter, Stuart C., Holliday, N. Penny, Stinchcombe, Mark C. and Giering, Sarah L.C. (2013) Unusual subpolar North Atlantic phytoplankton bloom in 2010: Volcanic fertilisation or North Atlantic Oscillation? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (10), 4771-4780. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20363).
McKew, Boyd A., Lefebvre, Stephane C., Achterberg, Eric P., Metodieva, Gergana, Raines, Christine A., Metodiev, Metodi V. and Geider, Richard J. (2013) Plasticity in the proteome of Emiliania huxleyi CCMP 1516 to extremes of light is highly targeted. New Phytologist, 200, (1), 61-73. (doi:10.1111/nph.12352).
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Johnson, R.J., Knap, A.H., Steinberg, D.K. and Carlson, C.A. (2013) Two decades and counting: 24-years of sustained open ocean biogeochemical measurements in the Sargasso Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 93, 16-32. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.008).
Singh, Arvind, Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2013) Revisiting N2 fixation in the North Atlantic Ocean: Significance of deviations from the Redfield Ratio, atmospheric deposition and climate variability. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 93, 148-158. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.008).
Abed, Raeid M.M., Lam, Phyllis, de Beer, Dirk and Stief, Peter (2013) High rates of denitrification and nitrous oxide emission in arid biological soil crusts from the Sultanate of Oman. The ISME Journal, 7, 1862-1875. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.55).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T., Bates, Nicholas R. and Byrne, Robert H. (2013) Conservative and non-conservative variations of total alkalinity on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Marine Chemistry, 154, 100-112. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2013.05.012).
Bakker, D.C.E., Pfeil, B., Smith, K., Hankin, S., Olsen, A., Alin, S.R., Cosca, C., Harasawa, S., Kozyr, A., Nojiri, Y., O'Brien, K.M., Schuster, U., Telszewski, M., Tilbrook, B., Wada, C., Akl, J., Barbero, L., Bates, N., Boutin, J., Cai, W.-J., Castle, R.D., Chavez, F.P., Chen, L., Chierici, M., Currie, K., de Baar, H.J.W., Evans, W., Feely, R.A., Fransson, A., Gao, Z., Hales, B., Hardman-Mountford, N., Hoppema, M., Huang, W.-J., Hunt, C.W., Huss, B., Ichikawa, T., Johannessen, T., Jones, E.M., Jones, S.D., Jutterström, S., Kitidis, V., Körtzinger, A., Landschtzer, P., Lauvset, S.K., Lefèvre, N., Manke, A.B., Mathis, J.T., Merlivat, L., Metzl, N., Murata, A., Newberger, T., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Paterson, K., Pierrot, D., Ríos, A.F., Sabine, C.L., Saito, S., Salisbury, J., Sarma, V.V.S.S., Schlitzer, R., Sieger, R., Skjelvan, I., Steinhoff, T., Sullivan, K., Sun, H., Sutton, A.J., Suzuki, T., Sweeney, C., Takahashi, T., Tjiputra, J., Tsurushima, N., van Heuven, S.M.A.C., Vandemark, D., Vlahos, P., Wallace, D.W.R., Wanninkhof, R. and Watson, A.J. (2013) An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2). Earth System Science Data Discussions, 6, (2), 465-512. (doi:10.5194/essdd-6-465-2013).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Gledhill, Martha, Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) The stabilisation and transportation of dissolved iron from high temperature hydrothermal vent systems. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 375, 280-290. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.047).
Rérolle, Victoire M.C., Floquet, Cedric F.A., Harris, Andy J.K., Mowlem, Matt C., Bellerby, Richard R.G.J. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) Development of a colorimetric microfluidic pH sensor for autonomous seawater measurements. Analytica Chimica Acta, 786, 124-131. (doi:10.1016/j.aca.2013.05.008).
Andersson, Andreas J., Krug, Lilian A., Bates, Nicholas R. and Doney, Scott C. (2013) Sea–air CO2 flux in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre: Role and influence of Sub-Tropical Mode Water formation. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 91, 57-70. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.022).
Seeyave, Sophie, Probyn, Trevor, Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón, Figueiras, Francisco G., Purdie, Duncan A., Barton, Eric D. and Lucas, Michael (2013) Nitrogen uptake of phytoplankton assemblages under contrasting upwelling and downwelling conditions: The Ría de Vigo, NW Iberia. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 124, 1-12. (doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.03.004).
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van de Vossenberg, Jack, Woebken, Dagmar, Maalcke, Wouter J., Wessels, Hans J.C.T., Dutilh, Bas E., Kartal, Boran, Janssen-Megens, Eva M., Roeselers, Guus, Yan, Jia, Speth, Daan, Gloerich, Jolein, Geerts, Wim, van der Biezen, Erwin, Pluk, Wendy, Francoijs, Kees-Jan, Russ, Lina, Lam, Phyllis, Malfatti, Stefanie A., Tringe, Susannah Green, Haaijer, Suzanne C.M., Op den Camp, Huub J.M., Stunnenberg, Henk G., Amann, Rudi, Kuypers, Marcel M.M. and Jetten, Mike S.M. (2013) The metagenome of the marine anammox bacterium ‘Candidatus Scalindua profunda’ illustrates the versatility of this globally important nitrogen cycle bacterium. Environmental Microbiology, 15, (5), 1275-1289. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02774.x). (PMID:22568606).
Courceiro, F., Fones, G.R., Thompson, C.E.L., Statham, P.J., Sivyer, D.B., Parker, R., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A. and Amos, C.L. (2013) Impact of resuspension of cohesive sediments at the Oyster Grounds (North Sea) on nutrient exchange across the sediment-water interface. Biogeochemistry, 113, (1-3), 37-52. (doi:10.1007/s10533-012-9710-7).
Gledhill, Martha, Hassler, Christel S. and Schoemann, Veronique (2013) The environmental bioinorganic chemistry of aquatic microbial organisms. Frontiers in Microbiology, 4 (doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00100).
Achterberg, Eric P., Moore, C. Mark, Henson, Stephanie A., Steigenberger, Sebastian, Stohl, Andreas, Eckhardt, Sabine, Avendano, Lizeth C., Cassidy, Michael, Hembury, Debbie, Klar, Jessica K., Lucas, Michael I., Macey, Anna I., Marsay, Chris and Ryan-Keogh, Thomas J. (2013) Natural iron fertilization by the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (5), 921-926. (doi:10.1002/grl.50221).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Gledhill, Martha, Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) Characterisation of iron binding ligands in seawater by reverse titration. Analytica Chimica Acta, 766, 53-60. (doi:10.1016/j.aca.2012.12.048).
Le Moigne, F.A.C., Villa-Alfageme, M., Sanders, R.J., Marsay, C., Henson, S. and García-Tenorio, R. (2013) Export of organic carbon and biominerals derived from 234Th and 210Po at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 72, 88-101. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.10.010).
Jiang, Zong-Pei, Hydes, David J., Tyrrell, Toby, Hartman, Sue, Hartman, Mark C., Dumousseaud, Cynthia, Padin, Xose Antonio, Skjelvan, Ingunn and González-Pola, César (2013) Key controls on the seasonal and interannual variations of the carbonate system and air-sea CO2 flux in the Northeast Atlantic (Bay of Biscay). Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, (2), 785-800. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20087).
Schuster, U., McKinley, G.A., Bates, N., Chevallier, F., Doney, S.C., Fay, A.R., González-Dávila, M., Gruber, N., Jones, S., Krijnen, J., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Manizza, M., Mathis, J., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Rios, A.F., Rödenbeck, C., Santana-Casiano, J.M., Takahashi, T., Wanninkhof, R. and Watson, A.J. (2013) An assessment of the Atlantic and Arctic sea–air CO2 fluxes, 1990–2009. Biogeosciences, 10, (1), 607-627. (doi:10.5194/bg-10-607-2013).
Letscher, Robert T., Hansell, Dennis A., Kadko, David and Bates, Nicholas R. (2013) Dissolved organic nitrogen dynamics in the Arctic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 148, 1-9. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2012.10.002).
Ribas-Ribas, Mariana, Sobrino, Cristina, Debelius, Bibiana, Lubián, Luís M., Ponce, Rocio, Gómez-Parra, Abelardo and Forja, Jesús M. (2013) Picophytoplankton and carbon cycle on the northeastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (SW Iberian Peninsula). Scientia Marina, 77, (S1), 49-62. (doi:10.3989/scimar.03732.27D).
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Ribas-Ribas, M., Anfuso, E., Gómez-Parra, A. and Forja, J. M. (2013) Tidal and seasonal carbon and nutrient dynamics of the Guadalquivir estuary and the Bay of Cádiz (SW Iberian Peninsula). Biogeosciences, 10, (7), 4481-4491. (doi:10.5194/bg-10-4481-2013).
Bates, N.R., Garley, R., Frey, K., Shake, K. and Mathis, J.T. (2013) Seawater carbonate chemistry of sea-ice and melt ponds in the Arctic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography (Submitted).
Bakker, D.C.E., et al, . and Bates, N.R. (2013) An update to the surface ocean carbon atlas (SOCAT version 2). Earth System Science Data Discussions (Submitted).
Lawrenz, Evelyn, Silsbe, Greg, Capuzzo, Elisa, Ylöstalo, Pasi, Forster, Rodney M., Simis, Stefan G. H., Prášil, Ondřej, Kromkamp, Jacco C., Hickman, Anna E., Moore, C. Mark, Forget, Marie-Hélèn, Geider, Richard J. and Suggett, David J. (2013) Predicting the Electron Requirement for Carbon Fixation in Seas and Oceans. PLoS ONE, 8, (3), e58137. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058137).
Kalvelage, Tim, Lavik, Gaute, Lam, Phyllis, Contreras, Sergio, Arteaga, Lionel, Löscher, Carolin R., Oschlies, Andreas, Paulmier, Aurélien, Stramma, Lothar and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2013) Nitrogen cycling driven by organic matter export in the South Pacific oxygen minimum zone. Nature Geoscience, 6, (3), 228-234. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1739).
Schlosser, Christian, Streu, Peter and Croot, Peter L. (2013) Vivaspin ultrafiltration: A new approach for high resolution measurements of colloidal and soluble iron species. Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 11, 187-201. (doi:10.4319/lom.2013.11.187).
Bates, N.R., Lomas, M.W. and Johnson, R.J. (2013) The Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) enters its twenty-fifth year of ocean observations in the North Atlantic that illustrate change in ocean carbon. Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (OCB) News, 6, (2), Spring Issue, 7-11.
Bates, Nicholas R. and Merlivat, Liliane (2012) The influence of short-term wind variability on air-sea CO2 exchange. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, (17), 3281-3284. (doi:10.1029/2001GL012897).
Bates, N.R., Best, M.H.P., Neely, K., Garley, R., Dickson, A.G. and Johnson, R.J. (2012) Detecting anthropogenic carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, (7), 2509-2522. (doi:10.5194/bg-9-2509-2012).
Arrigo, Kevin R., Perovich, Donald K., Pickart, Robert S., Brown, Zachary W., van Dijken, Gert L., Lowry, Kate E., Mills, Matthew M., Palmer, Molly A., Balch, William M., Bahr, Frank, Bates, Nicholas R., Benitez-Nelson, Claudia, Bowler, Bruce, Brownlee, Emily, Ehn, Jens K., Frey, Karen E., Garley, Rebecca, Laney, Samuel R., Lubelczyk, Laura, Mathis, Jeremy, Matsuoka, Atsushi, Mitchell, B. Greg, Moore, G.W.K., Ortega-Retuerta, Eva, Pal, Sharmila, Polashenski, Chris M., Reynolds, Rick A., Schieber, Brian, Sosik, Heidi M., Stephens, Michael and Swift, James H. (2012) Massive phytoplankton blooms under Arctic sea ice. Science, 336, (6087), p1408. (doi:10.1126/science.1215065).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T. and Bates, Nicholas R. (2012) Hydrographic controls on net community production and total organic carbon distributions in the eastern Bering Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 65-70, 98-109. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.02.003).
Füssel, Jessika, Lam, Phyllis, Lavik, Gaute, Jensen, Marlene M., Holtappels, Moritz, Günter, Marcel and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2012) Nitrite oxidation in the Namibian oxygen minimum zone. The ISME Journal, 6, (6), 1200-1209. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.178). (PMID:22170426).
Halm, Hannah, Lam, Phyllis, Ferdelman, Timothy G., Lavik, Gaute, Dittmar, Thorsten, LaRoche, Julie, D'Hondt, Steven and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2012) Heterotrophic organisms dominate nitrogen fixation in the South Pacific Gyre. The ISME Journal, 6, (6), 1238-1249. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.182). (PMID:22170429).
Smith, H.E.K., Tyrrell, T., Charalampopoulou, A., Dumousseaud, C., Legge, O.J., Birchenough, S., Pettit, LR., Garley, R., Hartman, S.E., Hartman, M.C., Sagoo, N., Daniels, C.J., Achterberg, E.P. and Hydes, D.J. (2012) Predominance of heavily calcified coccolithophores at low CaCO3 saturation during winter in the Bay of Biscay. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, (23), 8845-8849. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1117508109).
Kawakami, Silvia K. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2012) Particulate thiol peptides along a salinity gradient of a metal-contaminated estuary. Estuaries and Coasts, 35, (2), 658-664. (doi:10.1007/s12237-011-9451-1).
Nielsdóttir, Maria C. , Bibby, Thomas S., Moore, C. Mark, Hinz, Daria J., Sanders, Richard, Whithouse, Michael, Korb, Rebecca and Achterberg, Eric P. (2012) Seasonal and spatial dynamics of iron availability in the Scotia Sea. Marine Chemistry, 130–131, 62-72. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2011.12.004).
Ryan-Keogh, Thomas J., Macey, Anna I., Cockshutt, Amanda M., Moore, C. Mark and Bibby, Thomas S. (2012) The cyanobacterial chlorophyll-binding-protein IsiA acts to increase the in vivo effective absorption cross-section of PSI under iron limitation. Journal of Phycology, 48, (1), 145-154. (doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01092.x).
Gledhill, Martha and Buck, Kristen N. (2012) The organic complexation of iron in the Marine Environment: A review. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3 (doi:10.3389/fmicb.2012.00069).
Hill, Polly G., Haywood , Jane L., Holland , Ross J., Purdie , Duncan A. , Fuchs , Bernard M. and Zubkov , Mikhail V. (2012) Internal and External Influences on Near-Surface microbial community structure in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands. Microbial Ecology, 63, (1), 139-148. (doi:10.1007/s00248-011-9952-2).
Davies, Neil, Field, Dawn, The Genomic Observatories Network, . and Bates, N. (2012) Sequencing data: A genomic network to monitor Earth. Nature, 481, (7380), p145. (doi:10.1038/481145a).
Friedrich, T., Timmermann, A., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bates, N.R., Chikamoto, M.O., Church, M.J., Dore, J.E., Gledhill, D.K., González-Dávila, M., Heinemann, M., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J.H., McLeod, E., Mouchet, A. and Santana-Casiano, J.M. (2012) Detecting regional anthropogenic trends in ocean acidification against natural variability. Nature Climate Change, 2, (3), 167-171. (doi:10.1038/nclimate1372).
Burton, Denis and Statham, Peter (2012) The origin and evolution of the UK's Marine Chemistry Discussion Group. Ocean Challenge, 19, Spring Issue, 12-14.
Cole, Harriet, Henson, Stephanie, Martin, Adrian and Yool, Andrew (2012) Mind the gap: The impact of missing data on the calculation of phytoplankton phenology metrics. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, (C8), C08030. (doi:10.1029/2012jc008249).
Xue, Zichen, Rehkämper, Mark, Schönbächler, Maria, Statham, Peter J. and Coles, Barry J. (2012) A new methodology for precise cadmium isotope analyses of seawater. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 402, (2), 883-893. (doi:10.1007/s00216-011-5487-0).
Statham, Peter J. (2012) Nutrients in estuaries — An overview and the potential impacts of climate change. Science of The Total Environment, 434, 213-227. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.09.088).
Schlosser, Christian, De La Rocha, Christina, Streu, Peter and Croot, Peter L. (2012) Solubility of iron in the Southern Ocean. Limnology and Oceanography, 57, (3), 684-697. (doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0684).
Richier, Sophie, Macey, Anna I., Pratt, Nicola J., Honey, David J., Moore, C. Mark and Bibby, Thomas S. (2012) Abundances of Iron-Binding Photosynthetic and Nitrogen-Fixing Proteins of Trichodesmium Both in Culture and In Situ from the North Atlantic. PLoS ONE, 7, (5), e35571. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035571).
Rérolle, Victoire M.C., Floquet, Cedric F.A., Mowlem, Matt C., Connelly, Douglas P., Achterberg, Eric P. and Bellerby, Richard R.G.J. (2012) Seawater-pH measurements for ocean-acidification observations. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 40, 146-157. (doi:10.1016/j.trac.2012.07.016).
Boye, M., Wake, B.D., Lopez Garcia, P., Bown, J., Baker, A.R. and Achterberg, E.P. (2012) Distributions of dissolved trace metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, Ag) in the southeastern Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, (8), 3231-3246. (doi:10.5194/bg-9-3231-2012).
Giering, Sari L.C., Steigenberger, Sebastian, Achterberg, Eric P., Sanders, Richard and Mayor, Daniel J, (2012) Elevated iron to nitrogen recycling by mesozooplankton in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, (12), L12608. (doi:10.1029/2012GL051776).
Statham, Peter J., Jacobson, Yitzhak and van den Berg, C.M.G. (2012) The measurement of organically complexed Fe(II) in natural waters using competitive ligand reverse titration. Analytica Chimica Acta, 743, 111-116. (doi:10.1016/j.aca.2012.07.014).
Sokoll, Sarah, Holtappels, Moritz, Lam, Phyllis, Collins, Gavin, Schlüter, Michael, Lavik, Gaute and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2012) Benthic nitrogen loss in the Arabian Sea off Pakistan. Frontiers in Microbiology, 3, 395-[17pp]. (doi:10.3389/fmicb.2012.00395). (PMID:23226143).
Riley, J.S., Sanders, R., Marsay, C., Le Moigne, F.A.C., Achterberg, E.P. and Poulton, A.J. (2012) The relative contribution of fast and slow sinking particles to ocean carbon export. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, (1), GB1026. (doi:10.1029/2011GB004085).
Venti, A., Kadko, D., Andersson, A.J., Langdon, C. and Bates, N.R. (2012) A multi-tracer model approach to estimate reef water residence times. Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 10, 1078-1095. (doi:10.4319/lom.2012.10.1078).
Shelley, R.U., Sedwick, P.N., Bibby, T.S., Cabedo-Sanz, P., Church, T.M., Johnson, R.J., Macey, A.I., Marsay, C.M., Sholkovitz, E.R., Ussher, S.J., Worsfold, P.J. and Lohan, M.C. (2012) Controls on dissolved cobalt in surface waters of the Sargasso Sea: Comparisons with iron and aluminum. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, (2), GB2020. (doi:10.1029/2011GB004155).
Salter, Ian, Kemp, Alan E.S., Moore, C. Mark, Lampitt, Richard S., Wolff, George A. and Holtvoeth, Jens (2012) Diatom resting spore ecology drives enhanced carbon export from a naturally iron-fertilized bloom in the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, (1), GB1014. (doi:10.1029/2010GB003977).
Daniels, Chris J., Tyrrell, Toby, Poulton, Alex J. and Pettit, Laura (2012) The influence of lithogenic material on particulate inorganic carbon measurements of coccolithophores in the Bay of Biscay. Limnology and Oceanography, 57, (1), 145-153. (doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.1.0145).
Sands, C.M., Connelly, D.P., Statham, P.J. and German, C.R. (2012) Size fractionation of trace metals in the Edmond hydrothermal plume, Central Indian Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 319-320, 15-22. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.12.031).
Beaton, Alexander D., Cardwell, Christopher L., Thomas, Rupert S., Sieben, Vincent J., Legiret, François-Eric, Waugh, Edward M., Statham, Peter J., Mowlem, Matthew C. and Morgan, Hywel (2012) Lab-on-Chip Measurement of Nitrate and Nitrite for In Situ Analysis of Natural Waters. Environmental Science & Technology, 46, (17), 9548-9556. (doi:10.1021/es300419u).
Loucaides, Socratis, Tyrrell, Toby, Achterberg, Eric P., Torres, Ricardo, Nightingale, Philip D., Kitidis, Vassilis, Serret, Pablo, Woodward, Malcolm and Robinson, Carol (2012) Biological and physical forcing of carbonate chemistry in an upwelling filament off northwest Africa: Results from a Lagrangian study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, (3), GB3008. (doi:10.1029/2011GB004216).
Fragoso, Glaucia M. and Smith, Walker O. (2012) Influence of hydrography on phytoplankton distribution in the Amundsen and Ross Seas, Antarctica. Journal of Marine Systems, 89, (1), 19-29. (doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.07.008).
Oxborough, Kevin, Moore, C. Mark, Suggett, David J., Lawson, Tracy, Chan, Hoi Ga and Geider, Richard J. (2012) Direct estimation of functional PSII reaction center concentration and PSII electron flux on a volume basis: a new approach to the analysis of Fast Repetition Rate fluorometry (FRRf) data. Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 10, 142-154. (doi:10.4319/lom.2012.10.142).
Loucaides, Socratis, Cappellen, Philippe, Roubeix, Vincent, Moriceau, Brivaela and Ragueneau, Olivier (2012) Controls on the Recycling and Preservation of Biogenic Silica from Biomineralization to Burial. Silicon, 4, (1), 7-22. (doi:10.1007/s12633-011-9092-9).
Hickman, A.E., Moore, C.M., Sharples, J., Lucas, M.I., Tilstone, G.H., Krivtsov, V. and Holligan, P.M. (2012) Primary production and nitrate uptake within the seasonal thermocline of a stratified shelf sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 463, 39-57. (doi:10.3354/meps09836).
Kalvelage, Tim, Jensen, Marlene M., Contreras, Sergio, Revsbech, Niels Peter, Lam, Phyllis, Günter, Marcel, LaRoche, Julie, Lavik, Gaute and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2011) Oxygen sensitivity of anammox and coupled N-cycle processes in oxygen minimum zones. PLoS ONE, 6, (12), e29299. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029299).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Hernández-Ayón, J.M., Camacho-Ibar, V.F., Cabello-Pasini, A., Mejia-Trejo, A., Durazo, R., Galindo-Bect, S., Souza, A.J., Forja, J.M. and Siqueiros-Valencia, A. (2011) Effects of upwelling, tides and biological processes on the inorganic carbon system of a coastal lagoon in Baja California. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 95, (4), 367-376. (doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2011.09.017).
Schlosser, C., De La Rocha, C.L. and Croot, P.L. (2011) Effects of iron surface adsorption and sample handling on iron solubility measurements. Marine Chemistry, 127, (1-4), 48-55. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2011.07.008).
Stephenson, Patrick G., Moore, C. Mark, Terry, Matthew J., Zubkov, Mikhail V. and Bibby, Thomas S. (2011) Improving photosynthesis for algal biofuels - toward a green revolution. Trends in Biotechnology, 29, (12), 615-623. (doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2011.06.005).
Hill, Polly G., Mary, Isabelle, Purdie, Duncan A. and Zubkov, Mikhail V. (2011) Similarity in microbial amino acid uptake in surface waters of the North and South Atlantic (sub-)tropical gyres. Progress in Oceanography, 91, (4), 437-446. (doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2011.05.006).
Ribas-Ribas, Mariana, Gómez-Parra, Abelardo and Forja, Jesús M. (2011) Seasonal distribution of the inorganic carbon system and net ecosystem production in the north eastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (Southwest Iberian Peninsula). Continental Shelf Research, 31, (18), 1931-1942. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2011.09.003).
Mohamed, Khairul N., Steigenberger, Sebastian, Nielsdottir, Maria C., Gledhill, Martha and Achterberg, Eric P. (2011) Dissolved iron(III) speciation in the high latitude North Atlantic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, (11), 1049-1059. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.08.011).
Zablocki, John A., Andersson, Andreas J. and Bates, Nicholas R. (2011) Diel Aquatic CO2 System Dynamics of a Bermudian Mangrove Environment. Aquatic Geochemistry, 17, (6), 841-859. (doi:10.1007/s10498-011-9142-3).
Sarthou, G., Bucciarelli, E., Chever, F., Hansard, S.P., González-Dávila, M., Santana-Casiano, J.M., Planchon, F. and Speich, S. (2011) Labile Fe(II) concentrations in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean along a transect from the subtropical domain to the Weddell Sea Gyre. Biogeosciences, 8, (9), 2461-2479. (doi:10.5194/bg-8-2461-2011).
Birdsey, Richard, Bates, Nick, Behrenfeld, Mike, Davis, Kenneth, Doney, Scott C., Feely, Richard, Hansell, Dennis, Heath, Linda, Kasischke, Eric, Kheshgi, Haroon, Law, Beverly, Lee, Cindy, McGuire, A. David, Raymond, Peter and Tucker, Compton J. (2011) Carbon Cycle Observations: Gaps Threaten Climate Mitigation Policies. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 90, (34), 292-292. (doi:10.1029/2009EO340005).
Schroth, Andrew W., Crusius, John, Chever, Fanny, Bostick, Benjamin C. and Rouxel, Olivier J. (2011) Glacial influence on the geochemistry of riverine iron fluxes to the Gulf of Alaska and effects of deglaciation. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, (16), L16605. (doi:10.1029/2011GL048367).
Sparks, Tim H., Butchart, Stuart H.M., Balmford, Andrew, Bennun, Leon, Stanwell-Smith, Damon, Walpole, Matt, Bates, Nicholas R., Bomhard, Bastian, Buchanan, Graeme M., Chenery, Anna M., Collen, Ben, Csirke, Jorge, Diaz, Robert J., Dulvy, Nicholas K., Fitzgerald, Claire, Kapos, Valerie, Mayaux, Philippe, Tierney, Megan, Waycott, Michelle, Wood, Louisa and Green, Rhys E. (2011) Linked indicator sets for addressing biodiversity loss. Oryx, 45, (03), 411-419. (doi:10.1017/S003060531100024X).
Busman-Sahay, Kathleen, Sargent, Elizabeth, Harton, Jonathan A. and Drake, James R. (2011) The Ia.2 Epitope Defines a Subset of Lipid Raft-Resident MHC Class II Molecules Crucial to Effective Antigen Presentation. The Journal of Immunology, 186, (12), 6710-6717. (doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1100336).
Sarthou, G., Bucciarelli, E., Chever, F., Hansard, S.P., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Santana-Casiano, J.M., Planchon, F. and Speich, S. (2011) Labile Fe(II) concentrations in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean along a transect from the subtropical domain to the Weddell Sea Gyre. Biogeosciences Discussions, 8, (2), 4163-4208. (doi:10.5194/bgd-8-4163-2011).
Martin, Sophie, Richier, Sophie, Pedrotti, Maria-Luiza, Dupont, Sam, Castejon, Charlotte, Gerakis, Yannis, Kerros, Marie-Emmanuelle, Oberhänsli, François, Teyssié, Jean-Louis, Jeffree, Ross and Gattuso, Jean-Pierre (2011) Early development and molecular plasticity in the Mediterranean sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus exposed to CO2-driven acidification. Journal of Experimental Biology, 214, (8), 1357-1368. (doi:10.1242/jeb.051169). (PMID:21430213).
Ribas-Ribas, Mariana, Gómez-Parra, Abelardo and Forja, Jesús M. (2011) Air–sea CO2 fluxes in the north-eastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (southwest Iberian Peninsula). Marine Chemistry, 123, (1-4), 56-66. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2010.09.005).
Beman, J. Michael, Chow, Cheryl-Emiliane, King, Andrew L., Feng, Yuanyuan, Fuhrman, Jed A., Andersson, Andreas, Bates, Nicholas R., Popp, Brian and Hutchins, David A. (2011) Global declines in oceanic nitrification rates as a consequence of ocean acidification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, (1), 208-213. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1011053108).
Lam, Phyllis and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2011) Microbial nitrogen cycling processes in oxygen minimum zones. Annual Review of Marine Science, 3, (1), 317-345. (doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-120709-142814). (PMID:21329208).
Jensen, Marlene M., Lam, Phyllis, Revsbech, Niels Peter, Nagel, Birgit, Gaye, Birgit, Jetten, Mike S.M. and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2011) Intensive nitrogen loss over the Omani Shelf due to anammox coupled with dissimilatory nitrite reduction to ammonium. The ISME Journal, 5, (10), 1660-1670. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.44). (PMID:21509044).
Money, Cathryn, Braungardt, Charlotte B., Jha, Awadhesh N., Worsfold, Paul J. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2011) Metal speciation and toxicity of Tamar Estuary water to larvae of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Marine Environmental Research, 72, (1-2), 3-12. (doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2011.05.001).
Lam, P., Jensen, M.M., Kock, A., Lettmann, K.A., Plancherel, Y., Lavik, G., Bange, H.W. and Kuypers, M.M.M. (2011) Origin and fate of the secondary nitrite maximum in the Arabian Sea. Biogeosciences, 8, (6), 1565-1577. (doi:10.5194/bg-8-1565-2011).
Abi Kaed Bey, Samer K., Connelly, Douglas P., Legiret, François-Eric, Harris, Andy J.K. and Mowlem, Matthew C. (2011) A high-resolution analyser for the measurement of ammonium in oligotrophic seawater. Ocean Dynamics, 61, (10), 1555-1565. (doi:10.1007/s10236-011-0469-5).
Bennett, Sarah A., Statham, Peter J., Green, Darryl R.H., Le Bris, Nadine, McDermott, Jill M., Prado, Florencia, Rouxel, Olivier J., Von Damm, Karen and German, Christopher R. (2011) Dissolved and particulate organic carbon in hydrothermal plumes from the East Pacific Rise, 9°50′N. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, (9), 922-931. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.06.010).
Hood, Raleigh, Naqvi, Wajih, Wiggert, Jerry, Goes, Joaquim, Coles, Victoria, McCreary, Julian, Bates, Nicholas, Karuppasamy, P.K., Mahowald, Natalie, Seitzinger, Sybil and Meyers, Gary (2011) Research Opportunities and Challenges in the Indian Ocean. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, 89, (13), 125-126. (doi:10.1029/2008EO130001).
Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2011) 20-years of accomplishments at the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Station (BATS). Meridian (BIOS Publication), Spring Issue
Poulton, Alex J., Young, Jeremy R., Bates, Nicholas R. and Balch, William M. (2011) Biometry of detached Emiliania huxleyi coccoliths along the Patagonian Shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 443, 1-17. (doi:10.3354/meps09445).
Mathis, Jeremy T., Cross, Jessica N. and Bates, Nicholas R. (2011) Coupling primary production and terrestrial runoff to ocean acidification and carbonate mineral suppression in the eastern Bering Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 116, (C2), C02030. (doi:10.1029/2010JC006453).
Levine, Naomi Marcil, Doney, Scott C., Lima, Ivan, Wanninkhof, Rik, Bates, Nicholas R. and Feely, Richard A. (2011) The impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the uptake and accumulation of anthropogenic CO2by North Atlantic Ocean mode waters. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, (3), GB3022. (doi:10.1029/2010GB003892).
Rijkenberg, Micha J.A., Langlois, Rebecca J., Mills, Matthew M., Patey, Matthew D., Hill, Polly G., Nielsdóttir, Maria Chun, Compton, Tanya J., LaRoche, Julie and Achterberg, Eric P. (2011) Environmental Forcing of Nitrogen Fixation in the Eastern Tropical and Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Ocean. PLoS ONE, 6, (12), e28989. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028989).
Bates, Nicholas R., Cai, Wei-Jun and Mathis, Jeremy (2011) The Ocean Carbon Cycle in the Western Arctic Ocean: Distributions and Air-Sea Fluxes of Carbon Dioxide. Oceanography, 24, (3), 186-201. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.71).
Mathis, Jeremy T., Cross, Jessica N. and Bates, Nicholas R. (2011) The role of ocean acidification in systemic carbonate mineral suppression in the Bering Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, (19), L19602. (doi:10.1029/2011GL048884).
Bates, N.R., Mathis, J.T. and Jeffries, M.A. (2011) Air-sea CO2 fluxes on the Bering Sea shelf. Biogeosciences, 8, (5), 1237-1253. (doi:10.5194/bg-8-1237-2011).
Moraru, Cristina, Lam, Phyllis, Fuchs, Bernhard M., Kuypers, Marcel M.M. and Amann, Rudolf (2010) GeneFISH - an in situ technique for linking gene presence and cell identity in environmental microorganisms. Environmental Microbiology, 12, (11), 3057-3073. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02281.x). (PMID:20629705).
Chever, F., Bucciarelli, E., Sarthou, G., Speich, S., Arhan, M., Penven, P. and Tagliabue, A. (2010) Physical speciation of iron in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean along a transect from the subtropical domain to the Weddell Sea Gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, (C10), C10059. (doi:10.1029/2009JC005880).
Tagliabue, Alessandro, Bopp, Laurent, Dutay, Jean-Claude, Bowie, Andrew R., Chever, Fanny, Jean-Baptiste, Philippe, Bucciarelli, Eva, Lannuzel, Delphine, Remenyi, Tomas, Sarthou, Géraldine, Aumont, Olivier, Gehlen, Marion and Jeandel, Catherine (2010) Hydrothermal contribution to the oceanic dissolved iron inventory. Nature Geoscience, 3, (4), 252-256. (doi:10.1038/ngeo818).
Jutterström, S., Anderson, L.G., Bates, N.R., Bellerby, R., Johannessen, T., Jones, E.P., Key, R.M., Lin, X., Olsen, A. and Omar, A.M. (2010) Arctic Ocean data in CARINA. Earth System Science Data, 2, (1), 71-78. (doi:10.5194/essd-2-71-2010).
Chever, F., Sarthou, G., Bucciarelli, E., Blain, S. and Bowie, A.R. (2010) An iron budget during the natural iron fertilisation experiment KEOPS (Kerguelen Islands, Southern Ocean). Biogeosciences, 7, (2), 455-468. (doi:10.5194/bg-7-455-2010).
Lomas, M.W., Steinberg, D.K., Dickey, T., Carlson, C.A., Nelson, N.B., Condon, R.H. and Bates, N.R. (2010) Increased ocean carbon export in the Sargasso Sea linked to climate variability is countered by its enhanced mesopelagic attenuation. Biogeosciences, 7, (1), 57-70. (doi:10.5194/bg-7-57-2010).
Hickman, A.E., Dutkiewicz, S., Williams, R.G. and Follows, M.J. (2010) Modelling the effects of chromatic adaptation on phytoplankton community structure in the oligotrophic ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, 1-17. (doi:10.3354/meps08588).
Mathis, J.T., Cross, J.N., Bates, N.R., Bradley Moran, S., Lomas, M.W., Mordy, C.W. and Stabeno, P.J. (2010) Seasonal distribution of dissolved inorganic carbon and net community production on the Bering Sea shelf. Biogeosciences, 7, (5), 1769-1787. (doi:10.5194/bg-7-1769-2010).
Watson, Andrew J., Schuster, Ute, Bakker, Dorothee C.E., Bates, Nicholas R., Corbiere, Antoine, Gonzalez-Davila, Melchor, Friedrich, Tobias, Hauck, Judith, Heinze, Christoph, Johannessen, Truls, Kortzinger, Arne, Metzl, Nicolas, Olafsson, Jon, Olsen, Are, Oschlies, Andreas, Padin, X. Antonio, Pfeil, Benjamin, Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena, Steinhoff, Tobias, Telszewski, Maciej, Rios, Aida F., Wallace, Douglas W.R. and Wanninkhof, Rik (2009) Tracking the variable North Atlantic sink for atmospheric CO2. Science, 326, (5958), 1391-1393. (doi:10.1126/science.1177394). (PMID:19965756).
Bates, Nicholas R., Mathis, Jeremy T. and Cooper, Lee W. (2009) Ocean acidification and biologically induced seasonality of carbonate mineral saturation states in the western Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 114, (C11), C11007. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004862).
Halm, Hannah, Musat, Niculina, Lam, Phyllis, Langlois, Rebecca, Musat, Florin, Peduzzi, Sandro, Lavik, Gaute, Schubert, Carsten J., Singha, Bärbel, LaRoche, Julie and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Co-occurrence of denitrification and nitrogen fixation in a meromictic lake, Lake Cadagno (Switzerland). Environmental Microbiology, 11, (8), 1945-1958. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01917.x). (PMID:19397681).
Lomas, M.W., Roberts, N., Lipschultz, F., Krause, J.W., Nelson, D.M. and Bates, N.R. (2009) Biogeochemical responses to late-winter storms in the Sargasso Sea. IV. Rapid succession of major phytoplankton groups. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 56, (6), 892-908. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.03.004).
Lomas, M.W., Lipschultz, F., Nelson, D.M., Krause, J.W. and Bates, N.R. (2009) Biogeochemical responses to late-winter storms in the Sargasso Sea, I — Pulses of primary and new production. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 56, (6), 843-860. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.09.002).
Richier, Sophie, Kerros, Marie-Emmanuelle, de Vargas, Colomban, Haramaty, Liti, Falkowski, Paul G and Gattuso, Jean-Pierre (2009) Light-dependent transcriptional regulation of genes of biogeochemical interest in the diploid and haploid life cycle stages of Emiliania huxleyi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75, (10), 3366-3369. (doi:10.1128/AEM.02737-08). (PMID:12413463).
Takahashi, Taro, Sutherland, Stewart C., Wanninkhof, Rik, Sweeney, Colm, Feely, Richard A., Chipman, David W., Hales, Burke, Friederich, Gernot, Chavez, Francisco, Sabine, Christopher, Watson, Andrew, Bakker, Dorothee C.E., Schuster, Ute, Metzl, Nicolas, Yoshikawa-Inoue, Hisayuki, Ishii, Masao, Midorikawa, Takashi, Nojiri, Yukihiro, Körtzinger, Arne, Steinhoff, Tobias, Hoppema, Mario, Olafsson, Jon, Arnarson, Thorarinn S., Tilbrook, Bronte, Johannessen, Truls, Olsen, Are, Bellerby, Richard, Wong, C.S., Delille, Bruno, Bates, N.R. and de Baar, Hein J.W. (2009) Climatological mean and decadal change in surface ocean pCO2, and net sea–air CO2 flux over the global oceans. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (8-10), 554-577. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.009).
Schuster, U., Watson, A.J., Bates, N.R., Corbiere, A., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Metzl, N., Pierrot, D. and Santana-Casiano, M. (2009) Trends in North Atlantic sea-surface fCO2 from 1990 to 2006. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (8-10), 620-629. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.011).
Lam, Phyllis, Lavik, Gaute, Jensen, Marlene M., van de Vossenberg, Jack, Schmid, Markus, Woebken, Dagmar, Gutierrez, Dimitri, Amann, Rudolf, Jetten, Mike S.M. and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Revising the nitrogen cycle in the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, (12), 4752-4757. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0812444106). (PMID:19255441).
Lavik, Gaute, Stührmann, Torben, Brüchert, Volker, Van der Plas, Anja, Mohrholz, Volker, Lam, Phyllis, Mußmann, Marc, Fuchs, Bernhard M., Amann, Rudolf, Lass, Ulrich and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Detoxification of sulphidic African shelf waters by blooming chemolithotrophs. Nature, 457, (7229), 581-584. (doi:10.1038/nature07588). (PMID:19078958).
The Climode Group, ., Marshall, J., Ferrari, R., Forget, G., Maze, G., Andersson, A., Bates, N., Dewar, W., Doney, S., Fratantoni, D., Joyce, T., Straneo, F., Toole, J., Weller, R., Edson, J., Gregg, M., Kelly, K., Lozier, S., Palter, J., Lumpkin, R., Samelson, R., Skyllingstad, E., Silverthorne, K., Talley, L. and Thomas, L. (2009) The Climode Field Campaign: Observing the Cycle of Convection and Restratification over the Gulf Stream. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, (9), 1337-1350. (doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2706.1).
Dickey, Tommy, Bates, Nick, Byrne, Robert, Chang, Grace, Chavez, Francisco, Feely, Richard, Hanson, Alfred, Karl, David, Manov, Derek, Moore, Casey, Sabine, Christopher and Wanninkhof, Rik (2009) The NOPP O-SCOPE and MOSEAN Projects: Advanced Sensing for Ocean Observing Systems. Oceanography, 22, (2), 168-181. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2009.47).
Achterberg, E.P., Patey, M., Rijkenberg, M., Moore, C.M., Hill, P., Powell, C., Mahaffey, C., Statham, P.J., Purdie, D.A. and Zubkov, M. (2009) Dust inputs to the sub-tropical North Atlantic Ocean; Influence on ocean biogeochemistry (abstract of paper presented at: 19th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Davos, Switzerland, 21-26 June 2009). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, (13, Suppl.), pA47.
Bates, N.R. (2009) Sensitive to climate change. The Circle (Quarterly magazine of the WWF Global Arctic Programme), (3), 17-18.
Holtappels, Moritz, Lam, Phyllis and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Der Stickstoffkreislauf im ozean. BIOspektrum, (4), 368-[4pp].
Mathis, Jeremy T., Bates, Nicholas R., Hansell, Dennis A. and Babila, Tali (2009) Net community production in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (17), 1213-1222. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.10.017).
Richier, Sophie, Rodriguez-Lanetty, Mauricio, Schnitzler, Christine E. and Weis, Virginia M. (2008) Response of the symbiotic cnidarian Anthopleura elegantissima transcriptome to temperature and UV increase. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D Genomics and Proteomics, 3, (4), 283-289. (doi:10.1016/j.cbd.2008.08.001). (PMID:20494848).
Woebken, Dagmar, Lam, Phyllis, Kuypers, Marcel M.M., Naqvi, S. Wajih A., Kartal, Boran, Strous, Marc, Jetten, Mike S.M., Fuchs, Bernhard M. and Amann, Rudolf (2008) A microdiversity study of anammox bacteria reveals a novel Candidatus Scalindua phylotype in marine oxygen minimum zones. Environmental Microbiology, 10, (11), 3106-3119. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01640.x). (PMID:18510553).
Schmid, Markus C., Hooper, Alan B., Klotz, Martin G., Woebken, Dagmar, Lam, Phyllis, Kuypers, Marcel M.M., Pommerening-Roeser, Andreas, op den Camp, Huub J.M. and Jetten, Mike S.M. (2008) Environmental detection of octahaem cytochromechydroxylamine/hydrazine oxidoreductase genes of aerobic and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria. Environmental Microbiology, 10, (11), 3140-3149. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01732.x). (PMID:18973625).
Li, Qian P., Hansell, Dennis A., McGillicuddy, Dennis J., Bates, Nicholas R. and Johnson, Rodney J. (2008) Tracer-based assessment of the origin and biogeochemical transformation of a cyclonic eddy in the Sargasso Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 113, (C10), C10006. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004840).
Lam, Phyllis, Cowen, James P., Popp, Brian N. and Jones, Ronald D. (2008) Microbial ammonia oxidation and enhanced nitrogen cycling in the Endeavour hydrothermal plume. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, (9), 2268-2286. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.01.033).
Richier, Sophie, Cottalorda, Jean-Michel, Guillaume, Mireille M.M., Fernandez, Cyril, Allemand, Denis and Furla, Paola (2008) Depth-dependant response to light of the reef building coral, Pocillopora verrucosa: implication of oxidative stress. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 357, (1), 48-56. (doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2007.12.026).
Andersson, A.J., Mackenzie, F.T. and Bates, N.R. (2008) Life on the margin: implications of ocean acidification on Mg-calcite, high latitude and cold-water marine calcifiers. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373, 265-273. (doi:10.3354/meps07639).
Andersson, A.J., Bates, N.R. and Mackenzie, F.T. (2007) Devil’s Hole as a natural laboratory. Meridian (BIOS Publication), Autumn Issue
Bates, N.R. (2007) An introduction to ocean acidification. Meridian (BIOS Publication), Autumn Issue
Achterberg, Eric P., Colombo, Carlo and van den Berg, Constant M.G. (1999) The distribution of dissolved Cu, Zn, Ni, Co and Cr in English coastal surface waters. Continental Shelf Research, 19, (4), 537-558. (doi:10.1016/S0278-4343(98)00093-4).

Book Section

Cai, W.J., Bates, N.R., Guo, L., Anderson, L.G., Mathis, J., Wanninkhof, R., Hansell, D.A., Chen, L. and Semiletov, I. (2014) Carbon Fluxes across Boundaries in the Pacific Sector of the Arctic Ocean in a Changing Environment. In, Grebmeier, J.M. and Maslowski , W. (eds.) The Pacific Arctic Sector: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a rapidly changing environment. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 199-222.
Mathis, J.T., Grebmeier, J.M., Hansell, D.A., Hopcroft, R.R., Kirchman, D.L., Lee, S.H., Moran, S.B. and Bates, N.R. (2014) Carbon biogeochemistry of the western Arctic: production, export, and ocean acidification. In, Grebmeier, J.M. and Maslowski , W. (eds.) The Pacific-Arctic Region: ecosystem status and trends in a rapidly changing environment. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 223-268.
Tanhua, T., Bates, N.R. and Kortzinger, A. (2013) The Marine Carbon Cycle and Ocean Anthropogenic CO2 Inventories. In, Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (eds.) Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, GB, Academic Press, 787-816. (International Geophysics, 103).
Bell, T., Garçon, V., Shital, R., Wallace, D.W.R., Bakker, D.C.E., Bates, N.R., Baker, A., Bange, H., Boyd, B., Carpenter, L., Lana, A., Le Traon, P., Olsen, A., Pfeil, B., Quack, B. and Wittke, F. (2013) In situ observations and synthesis. In, COST/SOLAS book. , . (In Press).
Smith, Struan R., Sarkis, Samia, Murdoch, Thad J.T., Weil, Ernesto, Croquer, Aldo, Bates, Nicholas R., Johnson, Rodney J., de Putron, Samantha and Andersson, Andreas J. (2013) Threats to coral reefs of Bermuda. In, Sheppard, Charles R.C. (ed.) Coral Reefs of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 173-188. (Coral Reefs of the World, 4). (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5965-7_13).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Air-sea gas exchange, CO2 and DMS. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 55,56-60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2011) Food web overview. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 28,37-42. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Climate change and ocean acidification. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 61-67. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Climate variability, NAO/ENSO influences on the subtropical gyre. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 53,56-60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (2011) Microbial productivity of the Sargasso Sea and how it compares to elsewhere, and the role of the Sargasso Sea in carbon sequestration – better than carbon neutral? In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) The global carbon cycle and observations in the Sargasso Sea. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 45/47-48/52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Atmospheric deposition and acid precipitation, NAO/ENSO influences on the subtropical gyre. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 53/55-56/60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. and Lomas, M.W. (2011) Marine biogeochemical cycles in the Sargasso Sea. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 43/45-48/52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Gómez-Parra, A. and Forja, J.M. (2011) Seasonal sea- surface CO2 fugacity in the north-eastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (southwest Iberian Peninsula). In, Komori, S., McGillis, W.R. and Kurose, R. (eds.) Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces 2010. Kyoto, JP, Kyoto University Press, 394-405.
Bates, N.R. (2011) Calcium carbonate production. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 47,48-52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2011) Phytoplankton research. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 28/31-37/42. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Feely, R.A., Fabry, V.J., Dickson, A.J., Gattuso, J.-P., Bijma, J., Riebesell, U., Doney, S., Turley, C., Saino, T., Lee, K. and Bates, N.R. (2010) An International Observational Network for Ocean Acidification. In, Anthony, K., Kleypas, J. and et al, . (eds.) Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency. (ESA Special Publication WPP-306). (doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.29).
Borges, A.V., Alin, S.R., Chavez, F.P., Vlahos, P., Johnson, K.S., Holt, J.T., Balch, W.M., Bates, N., Brainard, R., Cai, W-J., Chen, C.T.A., Currie, K., Dai, M., Degrandpre, M., Delille, B., Dickson, A., Evans, W., Feely, R.A., Friederich, G.E., Gong, G-C., Hales, B., Hardman-Mountford, N., Hendee, J., Hernandez-Ayon, J.M., Hood, M., Huertas, E., Hydes, D.J., Ianson, D., Krasakopoulou, E., Litt, E., Luchetta, A., Mathis, J., McGillis, W.R., Murata, A., Newton, J., Olafsson, J., Omar, A., Perez, F.F., Sabine, C., Salisbury, J.E., Salm, R., Sarma, V.V.S.S., Schneider, B., Sigler, M., Thomas, H., Turk, D., Vandermark, D., Wanninkhof, R. and Ward, B. (2010) A global sea surface carbon observing system: inorganic and organic carbon dynamics in coastal oceans. In, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. and Stammer, D. (eds.) Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 67-88. (ESA Special Publication WPP-306). (doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.07).
Bates, Nicholas and Yool, Andrew (2010) [Data providers and indicator reviewers]. In, Environmental Protection Agency, . (ed.) Climate Change Indicators in the United States. Washington, US, Environmental Protection Agency.
Bates, Nicholas R. (2009) Marine carbon cycle feedbacks. In, Sommerkorn, M. and Hassol, S.J. (eds.) Arctic Climate Feedbacks: Global Implications. Oslo, NO, WWF International Arctic Programme, 54-68.
Reid, Philip C., Fischer, Astrid C., Lewis-Brown, Emily, Meredith, Michael P., Sparrow, Mike, Andersson, Andreas J., Antia, Avan, Bates, Nicholas R., Bathmann, Ulrich, Beaugrand, Gregory, Brix, Holger, Dye, Stephen, Edwards, Martin, Furevik, Tore, Gangsto, Reidun, Hatun, Hjalmar, Hopcroft, Russell R., Kendall, Mike, Kasten, Sabine, Keeling, Ralph, Le Quere, Corinne, Mackenzie, Fred T., Malin, Gill, Mauritzen, Cecilie, Olafsson, Jon, Paull, Charlie, Rignot, Eric, Shimada, Koji, Vogt, Meike, Wallace, Craig, Wang, Zhaomin and Washington, Richard (2009) Impacts of the oceans on climate change. In, Sims, David W. (ed.) Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 56. London, UK, Academic Press, 1-150. (doi:10.1016/S0065-2881(09)56001-4).
Grebmeier, J.M., Bates, N.R. and Devol, A. (2008) Continental Margins of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. In, Hales, B., Cai, W-J., Mitchell, G., Sabine, C.L. and Schofield, O. (eds.) North American Continental Margins: A Synthesis and Planning Workshop: Report of the North American Continental Margins Working Group for the U.S. Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group and Interagency Working Group. Washington, US, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program, 61-72.

Conference or Workshop Item

Wood, C.C., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A., Statham, P.J., Aldridge, J.N., Fones, G.R., Couceiro, F and Thompson, C.E.L. (2010) Modelling macro-nutrient release and fate resulting from sediment resuspension in shelf seas. In, 14th Biennial Challenger Conference for Marine Science, Southampton, GB, 06 - 09 Sep 2010.


Wanninkhof, R., Bakker, D., Bates, N., Olsen, A., Steinhoff, T. and Sutton, A. (2013) Incorporation of alternative sensors into the SOCAT database and adjustments to dataset quality control flags. (NOAA Report). (In Press)
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) (2011) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 94pp. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Laffoley, D.d’A, Roe, H.S.J., Angel, M.V., Ardron, J., Bates, N.R., Boyd, L.L., Brooke, S., Buck, K.N., Carlson, C.A., Causey, B., Conte, M.H., Christiansen, S., Cleary, J., Donnelly, J., Earle, S.A., Edwards, R., Gjerde, K.M., Giovannoni, S.J., Gulick, S., Gollock, M., Hallet, J., Halpin, P., Hanel, R., Hemphill, A., Johnson, R.J., Knap, A.H., Lomas, M.W., McKenna, S.A., Miller, M.J., Miller, P.I., Ming, F.W., Moffitt, R., Nelson, N.B., Parson, L., Peters, A.J., Pitt, J., Rouja, P., Roberts, J., Roberts, J., Seigel, D.A., Siuda, A., Steinberg, D.K., Stevenson, A., Sumaila, V.R., Swartz, W., Trott, T.M. and Vats, V. (2011) The protection and management of the Sargasso Sea: The golden floating rainforest of the Atlantic Ocean: Summary Science and Supporting Evidence Case. Bermuda, BM, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 44pp.
Tanhua, T., Olsen, A., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Schirnick, C., van Heuven, S., Velo, A., Lin, X., Kozyr, A., Alvarez, M., Bakker, D.C.E., Brown, P., Falck, E., Jeansson, E., Lo Monaco, C., Olafsson, J., Perez, F.F., Pierrot, D., Rios, A.F., Sabine, C.L., Shuster, U., Steinfeldt, R., Stendardo, I., Andreson, L.G., Bates, N.R., Bellerby, R.G.J., Blindheim, J., Bullister, J.L., Gruber, N., Ishii, M., Johannessen, T., Jones, E.P., Köhler, J., Körtzinger, A., Metzl, N., Murata, A., Musielewicz, S., Omar, A.M., Olsson, K.A., de la Paz, M., Pfeil, B., Rey, F., Rhein, M., Skjelvan, I., Tilbrook, B., Wanninkhof, R., Mintrop, L., Wallace, D.W.R. and Key, R.M. (2009) CARINA data Synthesis Project. , Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC Numeric Data Package, NDP-091).


Hopkins, Jason (2014) A satellite perspective on global blooms of coccolithophores. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis , 170pp.
Snow, J.T. (2014) The environmental, elemental and proteomic plasticity of Trichodesmium in the (sub) tropical atlantic. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis , 218pp.
Jiang, Zong-Pei (2014) Variability and control of the surface ocean carbonate system observed from ships of opportunity. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Sciences, Doctoral Thesis , 165pp.
Ribas-Ribas, M. (2011) Carbon dynamic in coastal zones. Universidad Cadiz, Physical Chemistry , Doctoral Thesis .


Members of staff associated with this group:


Facilities linked to Marine Biogeochemistry include:

Research Vessels

We have two vessels based at NOCS that are available to staff and students of Ocean and Earth Science. R.V. Callista and R.V. Bill Conway.

Coral Reef Laboratory

The Coral Reef Laboratory propagates and studies more than 40 species of cnidarians in a multi-compartment aquarium system circulating more than 4200 litres of artificial seawater.

Scanning Electron Microscope Facility

This facility provides a range of services including, secondary electron and backscattered electron imaging, automated image acquisition, qualitative and quantitative elemental spot analysis and elemental mapping.

Stable Isotope Mass-spectrometry

The SIRMS laboratory is a research and teaching facility available for use by staff and students. Stable isotopes of various materials including carbonates, organic materials, water samples are measured.


The Thermo Scientific NEPTUNE Multi-Collector (MC) ICP-MS provides high precision measurement of isotopic ratios across a wide range of elements.

Carbonate Chemistry Facility

The NERC funded facility analyses seawater samples for carbonate variable, and has state-of-the-art instrumentation. We also undertake carbonate chemistry calculations following total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon analysis, providing pCO2, pH and other carbonate chemistry variables.

Dissolved Organic Carbon and Total Dissolved Nitrogen Facility

This facility is used to analyse dissolves organic carbon and total dissolved nitrogen in seawater and freshwater samples. The NERC facility analyses seawater samples using state-of-the-art instrumentation (Shimadzu TOV V CPN-TN).