Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton

Research Group: Marine Biogeochemistry

The Marine Biogeochemistry Group is a large and active international multidisciplinary research team studying the biogeochemistry of marine systems, both in the open ocean and in shelf seas. Our research contributes at the highest level to understanding of the ocean's role in global carbon, nutrient and other chemical cycles, anthropogenic effects on ocean function, and the ocean's role as a sponge for fossil fuel carbon dioxide.

Currently Active: Yes

Group Overview

Marine Biogeochemistry scientists work closely with colleagues in the Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems group of the NERC Strategic Research Division. Together and with other collaborators worldwide, we conduct innovative research to address major societal issues, including the role of the oceans in the carbon cycle, geoengineering solutions to climate change and the environmental management of the oceans. The Marine Biogeochemistry group includes some 50 staff and PhD students from all around the world.

Our Specific research foci include:

  • Chemical, biological and physical controls on primary production in the surface ocean, including the effects of natural iron fertilization, mesoscale mixing and ocean acidification.
  • Plankton and microbial dynamics, and biogeochemical cycling of key elements in the ocean water column (C, Fe, N, P, Si).
  • Vertical export of materials into the ocean's interior and processes in the 'twilight zone'.
  • Long-term change in marine ecosystems in relation to climate.
  • Assessing man's impact on ocean ecosystems.
  • Modelling key processes for improved understanding and prediction of ocean biogeochemistry and productivity.

Our research is underpinned by world-class technology including novel in situ chemical and biological sensors, ocean observatories, towed undulating platforms, profiling mooring arrays, bioassay incubation facilities, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and free floating sediment traps (PELAGRA). The group works with industry, for instance in the use of 'Ships of Opportunity' for global oceanography (SNOMS). We lead and participate in many research cruises every year.


Prof. Toby Tyrrell

Other University of Southampton sites

Water Sampling in the North Sea

Collecting water from a pre-dawn CTD in the North Sea (RRS Discovery)

Water Sampling in the North Sea

Carbonate Chemistry equipment

Carbonate chemistry equipment on a cruise in the Southern Ocean (RRS James Clark Ross)

Carbonate Chemistry equipment


Selected publications associated with this group from the University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints):


Hayes, Philippa Alice, Vahur, Signe and Leito, Ivo (2014) ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and quantitative multivariate analysis of paints and coating materials. Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 133, 207-213. (doi:10.1016/j.saa.2014.05.058).
Hickman, Anna E., Postlethwaite, Clare F., Woodworth, Philip L., McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail and Bryden, Harry L. (eds.) (2014) Theme issue: A Prospectus for UK Marine Sustained Observations. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2025)
Postlethwaite, Clare F., Hickman, Anna E., McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail, Bryden, Harry L. and Woodworth, Philip L. (2014) Preface: A Prospectus for UK Marine Sustained Observations. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2025), 20130341. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0341).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Rérolle, V.M.C., Bakker, D.C.E., Kitidis, V., Lee, G.A., Brown, I., Achterberg, E.P., Hardman-Mountford, N.J. and Tyrrell, T. (2014) Intercomparison of carbonate chemistry measurements on a cruise in northwestern European shelf seas. Biogeosciences, 11, (16), 4339-4355. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-4339-2014).
Poulton, A.J., Stinchcombe, M.C., Achterberg, E.P., Bakker, D.E., Dumousseaud, C., Lawson, H.E., Lee, G.A., Richier, S., Suggett, D.J. and Young, J.R. (2014) Coccolithophores on the North-West European Shelf: calcification rates and environmental controls. Biogeosciences, 11, (14), 3919-3940. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-3919-2014).
Jiang, Zong-Pei, Tyrrell, Toby, Hydes, David J., Dai, Minhan and Hartman, Susan E. (2014) Variability of alkalinity and the alkalinity-salinity relationship in the tropical and subtropical surface ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Early View (doi:10.1002/2013GB004678).
Le Moigne, Frédéric A.C., Moore, C. Mark, Sanders, Richard J., Villa-Alfageme, Maria, Steigenberger, Sebastian and Achterberg, Eric P. (2014) Sequestration efficiency in the iron limited North Atlantic: Implications for iron supply mode to fertilized blooms. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (13), 4619-4627. (doi:10.1002/2014GL060308).
MacGilchrist, G.A., Shi, T., Tyrrell, T., Richier, S., Moore, C.M., Dumousseaud, C. and Achterberg, E.P. (2014) Effect of enhanced pCO2 levels on the production of dissolved organic carbon and transparent exopolymer particles in short-term bioassay experiments. Biogeosciences, 11, (13), 3695-3706. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-3695-2014).
Arrigo, Kevin R., Perovich, Donald K., Pickart, Robert S., Brown, Zachary W., van Dijken, Gert L., Lowry, Kate E., Mills, Matthew M., Palmer, Molly A., Balch, William M., Bates, Nicholas R., Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R., Brownlee, Emily, Frey, Karen E., Laney, Samuel R., Mathis, Jeremy, Matsuoka, Atsushi, Greg Mitchell, B., Moore, G.W.K., Reynolds, Rick A., Sosik, Heidi M. and Swift, James H. (2014) Phytoplankton blooms beneath the sea ice in the Chukchi Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 105, 1-16. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.03.018).
Fragoso, Glaucia M., Neale, Patrick J., Kana, Todd M. and Pritchard, Alicia L. (2014) Kinetics of Photosynthetic Response to Ultraviolet and Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Synechococcus WH8102 (CYANOBACTERIA). Photochemistry and Photobiology, 90, (3), 522-532. (doi:10.1111/php.12202).
Browning, T.J., Bouman, H.A., Henderson, G.M., Mather, T.A., Pyle, D.M., Schlosser, C., Woodward, E.M.S. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Strong responses of Southern Ocean phytoplankton communities to volcanic ash. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (8), 2851-2857. (doi:10.1002/2014GL059364).
Painter, S.C., Henson, S.A., Forryan, A., Steigenberger, S., Klar, J., Stinchcombe, M.C., Rogan, N., Baker, A.R., Achterberg, E.P. and Moore, C.M. (2014) An assessment of the vertical diffusive flux of iron and other nutrients to the surface waters of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 11, (8), 2113-2130. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-2113-2014).
Hopwood, Mark J., Statham, Peter J., Tranter, Martyn and Wadham, Jemma L. (2014) Glacial flours as a potential source of Fe(II) and Fe(III) to polar waters. Biogeochemistry, 118, (1-3), 443-452. (doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9945-y).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T., Lomas, Michael W., Moran, S. Bradley, Baumann, Matthew S., Shull, David H., Mordy, Calvin W., Ostendorf, Morgan L., Bates, Nicholas R., Stabeno, Phyllis J. and Grebmeier, Jacqueline M. (2014) Integrated assessment of the carbon budget in the southeastern Bering Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.03.003). (In Press).
Richier, S., Achterberg, E.P., Dumousseaud, C., Poulton, A.J., Suggett, D.J., Tyrrell, T., Zubkov, M.V. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Carbon cycling and phytoplankton responses within highly-replicated shipboard carbonate chemistry manipulation experiments conducted around Northwest European Shelf Seas. Biogeosciences Discussions, 11, (3), 3489-3534. (doi:10.5194/bgd-11-3489-2014).
Aldridge , David , Purdie , Duncan A. and Zubkov, M.V. (2014) Growth and survival of Neoceratium hexacanthum and Neoceratium candelabrum under simulated nutrient-depleted conditions. Journal of Plankton Research, 36, (2), 439-449. (doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt098).
Bates, Nicholas, Astor, Yrene, Church, Matthew, Currie, Kim, Dore, John, Gonaález-Dávila, Melchor, Lorenzoni, Laura, Muller-Karger, Frank, Olafsson, Jon and Santa-Casiano, Magdalena (2014) A Time-Series View of Changing Ocean Chemistry Due to Ocean Uptake of Anthropogenic CO2 and Ocean Acidification. Oceanography, 27, (1), 126-141. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2014.16).
Pan, Xi, Achterberg, Eric P., Sanders, Richard, Poulton, Alex J., Oliver, Kevin I.C. and Robinson, Carol (2014) Dissolved organic carbon and apparent oxygen utilization in the Atlantic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 85, 80-87. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2013.12.003).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Connelly, Douglas P., Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2014) The importance of shallow hydrothermal island arc systems in ocean biogeochemistry. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (3), 942-947. (doi:10.1002/2013GL058817).
Schlosser, C., Klar, J.K., Wake, B.D., Snow, J.T., Honey, D.J., Woodward, E.M.S., Lohan, M.C., Achterberg, E.P. and Moore, C.M. (2014) Seasonal ITCZ migration dynamically controls the location of the (sub)tropical Atlantic biogeochemical divide. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, (4), 1438-1442. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1318670111).
Wood, Christopher C., Statham, Peter J., Kelly-Gerreyn, Boris A. and Martin, Adrian P. (2014) Modelling macronutrients in shelf sea sediments: fitting model output to experimental data using a genetic algorithm. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 14, (1), 218-229. (doi:10.1007/s11368-013-0793-0).
Andersson, Andreas J., Yeakel, Kiley L., Bates, Nicholas R. and de Putron, Samantha J. (2014) Partial offsets in ocean acidification from future changes in coral reef biogeochemistry. Nature Climate Change, 4, 56-61. (doi:10.1038/nclimate2050).
Hogle, Shane L., Barbeau, Katherine A. and Gledhill, Martha (2014) Heme in the marine environment: from cells to the iron cycle. Metallomics, 6, (6), 1107-1120. (doi:10.1039/C4MT00031E).
Sheik, Abdul R, Brussaard, Corina P.D., Lavik, Gaute, Lam, Phyllis, Musat, Niculina, Krupke, Andreas, Littmann, Sten, Strous, Marc and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2014) Responses of the coastal bacterial community to viral infection of the algae Phaeocystis globosa. The ISME Journal, 8, 212-225. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.135).
Cereda, Angelo, Hitchcock, Andrew, Symes, Mark D., Cronin, Leroy, Bibby, Thomas S. and Jones, Anne K. (2014) A bioelectrochemical approach to characterize extracellular electron transfer by Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. PLoS ONE, 9, (3), e91484. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091484).
Assmy, P., Smetacek, V., Montresor, M., Klaas, C., Henjes, J., Strass, V.H., Arrieta, J.M., Bathmann, U., Berg, G.M., Breitbarth, E., Cisewski, B., Friedrichs, L., Fuchs, N., Herndl, G.J., Jansen, S., Kragefsky, S., Latasa, M., Peeken, I., Rottgers, R., Scharek, R., Schuller, S.E., Steigenberger, S., Webb, A. and Wolf-Gladrow, D. (2013) Thick-shelled, grazer-protected diatoms decouple ocean carbon and silicon cycles in the iron-limited Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (51), 20633-20638. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1309345110).
Poulton, Alex J., Painter, Stuart C., Young, Jeremy R., Bates, Nicholas R., Bowler, Bruce, Drapeau, Dave, Lyczsckowski, Emily and Balch, William M. (2013) The 2008 Emiliania huxleyi bloom along the Patagonian Shelf: Ecology, biogeochemistry, and cellular calcification. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1023-1033. (doi:10.1002/2013GB004641).
Gledhill, Martha, Achterberg, Eric P., Honey, David J., Nielsdottir, Maria C. and Rijkenberg, Micha J.A. (2013) Distributions of particulate Heme b in the Atlantic and Southern Oceans - implications for electron transport in phytoplankton. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1072-1082. (doi:10.1002/2013GB004639).
Ussher, Simon J., Achterberg, Eric P., Powell, Claire, Baker, Alex R., Jickells, Tim D., Torres, Ricardo and Worsfold, Paul J. (2013) Impact of atmospheric deposition on the contrasting iron biogeochemistry of the North and South Atlantic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, (4), 1096-1107. (doi:10.1002/gbc.20056).
Legiret, François-Eric, Sieben, Vincent J., Woodward, E. Malcolm S., Abi Kaed Bey, Samer K., Mowlem, Matthew C., Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) A high performance microfluidic analyser for phosphate measurements in marine waters using the vanadomolybdate method. Talanta, 116, 382-387. (doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2013.05.004).
Andersson, A.J., Bates, N.R., Jeffries, M. and Mackenzie, F.T. (2013) Clues from current high CO2 environments on the effects of ocean acidification on CaCO3 preservation. Aquatic Geochemistry, 19, (5-6), 353-369. (doi:10.1007/s10498-013-9210-y).
Ward, Ben A., Dutkiewicz, Stephanie, Moore, C. Mark and Follows, Michael J. (2013) Iron, phosphorus, and nitrogen supply ratios define the biogeography of nitrogen fixation. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, (6), 2059-2075. (doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2059).
Savarino, J., Morin, S., Erbland, J., Grannec, F., Patey, M.D., Vicars, W., Alexander, B. and Achterberg, E.P. (2013) Isotopic composition of atmospheric nitrate in a tropical marine boundary layer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (44), 17668-17673. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1216639110).
Castrillejo, Maxi, Statham, Peter J., Fones, Gary R., Planquette, Hélène, Idrus, Farah and Roberts, Keiron (2013) Dissolved trace metals (Ni, Zn, Co, Cd, Pb, Al, and Mn) around the Crozet Islands, Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (10), 5188-5201. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20359).
Henson, Stephanie A., Painter, Stuart C., Holliday, N. Penny, Stinchcombe, Mark C. and Giering, Sarah L.C. (2013) Unusual subpolar North Atlantic phytoplankton bloom in 2010: Volcanic fertilisation or North Atlantic Oscillation? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (10), 4771-4780. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20363).
McKew, Boyd A., Lefebvre, Stephane C., Achterberg, Eric P., Metodieva, Gergana, Raines, Christine A., Metodiev, Metodi V. and Geider, Richard J. (2013) Plasticity in the proteome of Emiliania huxleyi CCMP 1516 to extremes of light is highly targeted. New Phytologist, 200, (1), 61-73. (doi:10.1111/nph.12352).
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Johnson, R.J., Knap, A.H., Steinberg, D.K. and Carlson, C.A. (2013) Two decades and counting: 24-years of sustained open ocean biogeochemical measurements in the Sargasso Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 93, 16-32. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.008).
Singh, Arvind, Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2013) Revisiting N2 fixation in the North Atlantic Ocean: Significance of deviations from the Redfield Ratio, atmospheric deposition and climate variability. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 93, 148-158. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.008).
Abed, Raeid M.M., Lam, Phyllis, de Beer, Dirk and Stief, Peter (2013) High rates of denitrification and nitrous oxide emission in arid biological soil crusts from the Sultanate of Oman. The ISME Journal, 7, 1862-1875. (doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.55).
Cross, Jessica N., Mathis, Jeremy T., Bates, Nicholas R. and Byrne, Robert H. (2013) Conservative and non-conservative variations of total alkalinity on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Marine Chemistry, 154, 100-112. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2013.05.012).
Bakker, D.C.E., Pfeil, B., Smith, K., Hankin, S., Olsen, A., Alin, S.R., Cosca, C., Harasawa, S., Kozyr, A., Nojiri, Y., O'Brien, K.M., Schuster, U., Telszewski, M., Tilbrook, B., Wada, C., Akl, J., Barbero, L., Bates, N., Boutin, J., Cai, W.-J., Castle, R.D., Chavez, F.P., Chen, L., Chierici, M., Currie, K., de Baar, H.J.W., Evans, W., Feely, R.A., Fransson, A., Gao, Z., Hales, B., Hardman-Mountford, N., Hoppema, M., Huang, W.-J., Hunt, C.W., Huss, B., Ichikawa, T., Johannessen, T., Jones, E.M., Jones, S.D., Jutterström, S., Kitidis, V., Körtzinger, A., Landschtzer, P., Lauvset, S.K., Lefèvre, N., Manke, A.B., Mathis, J.T., Merlivat, L., Metzl, N., Murata, A., Newberger, T., Ono, T., Park, G.-H., Paterson, K., Pierrot, D., Ríos, A.F., Sabine, C.L., Saito, S., Salisbury, J., Sarma, V.V.S.S., Schlitzer, R., Sieger, R., Skjelvan, I., Steinhoff, T., Sullivan, K., Sun, H., Sutton, A.J., Suzuki, T., Sweeney, C., Takahashi, T., Tjiputra, J., Tsurushima, N., van Heuven, S.M.A.C., Vandemark, D., Vlahos, P., Wallace, D.W.R., Wanninkhof, R. and Watson, A.J. (2013) An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2). Earth System Science Data Discussions, 6, (2), 465-512. (doi:10.5194/essdd-6-465-2013).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Gledhill, Martha, Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) The stabilisation and transportation of dissolved iron from high temperature hydrothermal vent systems. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 375, 280-290. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.047).
Rérolle, Victoire M.C., Floquet, Cedric F.A., Harris, Andy J.K., Mowlem, Matt C., Bellerby, Richard R.G.J. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) Development of a colorimetric microfluidic pH sensor for autonomous seawater measurements. Analytica Chimica Acta, 786, 124-131. (doi:10.1016/j.aca.2013.05.008).
Andersson, Andreas J., Krug, Lilian A., Bates, Nicholas R. and Doney, Scott C. (2013) Sea–air CO2 flux in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre: Role and influence of Sub-Tropical Mode Water formation. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 91, 57-70. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.022).
Seeyave, Sophie, Probyn, Trevor, Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón, Figueiras, Francisco G., Purdie, Duncan A., Barton, Eric D. and Lucas, Michael (2013) Nitrogen uptake of phytoplankton assemblages under contrasting upwelling and downwelling conditions: The Ría de Vigo, NW Iberia. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 124, 1-12. (doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.03.004).
Honey , David J., Gledhill, Martha, Bibby , Thomas S., Legiret, François-Eric, Pratt , Nicola J., Hickman, Anna E., Lawson, Tracy and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) Heme b in marine phytoplankton and particulate material from the North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 483, 1-17. (doi:10.3354/meps10367).
van de Vossenberg, Jack, Woebken, Dagmar, Maalcke, Wouter J., Wessels, Hans J.C.T., Dutilh, Bas E., Kartal, Boran, Janssen-Megens, Eva M., Roeselers, Guus, Yan, Jia, Speth, Daan, Gloerich, Jolein, Geerts, Wim, van der Biezen, Erwin, Pluk, Wendy, Francoijs, Kees-Jan, Russ, Lina, Lam, Phyllis, Malfatti, Stefanie A., Tringe, Susannah Green, Haaijer, Suzanne C.M., Op den Camp, Huub J.M., Stunnenberg, Henk G., Amann, Rudi, Kuypers, Marcel M.M. and Jetten, Mike S.M. (2013) The metagenome of the marine anammox bacterium ‘Candidatus Scalindua profunda’ illustrates the versatility of this globally important nitrogen cycle bacterium. Environmental Microbiology, 15, (5), 1275-1289. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02774.x). (PMID:22568606).
Courceiro, F., Fones, G.R., Thompson, C.E.L., Statham, P.J., Sivyer, D.B., Parker, R., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A. and Amos, C.L. (2013) Impact of resuspension of cohesive sediments at the Oyster Grounds (North Sea) on nutrient exchange across the sediment-water interface. Biogeochemistry, 113, (1-3), 37-52. (doi:10.1007/s10533-012-9710-7).
Gledhill, Martha, Hassler, Christel S. and Schoemann, Veronique (2013) The environmental bioinorganic chemistry of aquatic microbial organisms. Frontiers in Microbiology, 4 (doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00100).
Achterberg, Eric P., Moore, C. Mark, Henson, Stephanie A., Steigenberger, Sebastian, Stohl, Andreas, Eckhardt, Sabine, Avendano, Lizeth C., Cassidy, Michael, Hembury, Debbie, Klar, Jessica K., Lucas, Michael I., Macey, Anna I., Marsay, Chris and Ryan-Keogh, Thomas J. (2013) Natural iron fertilization by the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (5), 921-926. (doi:10.1002/grl.50221).
Hawkes, Jeffrey A., Gledhill, Martha, Connelly, Douglas P. and Achterberg, Eric P. (2013) Characterisation of iron binding ligands in seawater by reverse titration. Analytica Chimica Acta, 766, 53-60. (doi:10.1016/j.aca.2012.12.048).
Le Moigne, F.A.C., Villa-Alfageme, M., Sanders, R.J., Marsay, C., Henson, S. and García-Tenorio, R. (2013) Export of organic carbon and biominerals derived from 234Th and 210Po at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 72, 88-101. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.10.010).
Jiang, Zong-Pei, Hydes, David J., Tyrrell, Toby, Hartman, Sue, Hartman, Mark C., Dumousseaud, Cynthia, Padin, Xose Antonio, Skjelvan, Ingunn and González-Pola, César (2013) Key controls on the seasonal and interannual variations of the carbonate system and air-sea CO2 flux in the Northeast Atlantic (Bay of Biscay). Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, (2), 785-800. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20087).
Schuster, U., McKinley, G.A., Bates, N., Chevallier, F., Doney, S.C., Fay, A.R., González-Dávila, M., Gruber, N., Jones, S., Krijnen, J., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Manizza, M., Mathis, J., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Rios, A.F., Rödenbeck, C., Santana-Casiano, J.M., Takahashi, T., Wanninkhof, R. and Watson, A.J. (2013) An assessment of the Atlantic and Arctic sea–air CO2 fluxes, 1990–2009. Biogeosciences, 10, (1), 607-627. (doi:10.5194/bg-10-607-2013).
Letscher, Robert T., Hansell, Dennis A., Kadko, David and Bates, Nicholas R. (2013) Dissolved organic nitrogen dynamics in the Arctic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 148, 1-9. (doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2012.10.002).
Ribas-Ribas, Mariana, Sobrino, Cristina, Debelius, Bibiana, Lubián, Luís M., Ponce, Rocio, Gómez-Parra, Abelardo and Forja, Jesús M. (2013) Picophytoplankton and carbon cycle on the northeastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (SW Iberian Peninsula). Scientia Marina, 77, (S1), 49-62. (doi:10.3989/scimar.03732.27D).
Moore, C.M., Mills, M.M., Arrigo, K.R., Berman-Frank, I., Bopp, L., Boyd, P.W., Galbraith, E.D., Geider, R.J., Guieu, C., Jaccard, S.L., Jickells, T.D., La Roche, J., Lenton, T.M., Mahowald, N.M., Marañón, E., Marinov, I., Moore, J.K., Nakatsuka, T., Oschlies, A., Saito, M.A., Thingstad, T.F., Tsuda, A. and Ulloa, O. (2013) Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. Nature Geoscience, 6, 701-710. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1765).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Anfuso, E., Gómez-Parra, A. and Forja, J. M. (2013) Tidal and seasonal carbon and nutrient dynamics of the Guadalquivir estuary and the Bay of Cádiz (SW Iberian Peninsula). Biogeosciences, 10, (7), 4481-4491. (doi:10.5194/bg-10-4481-2013).
Bates, N.R., Garley, R., Frey, K., Shake, K. and Mathis, J.T. (2013) Seawater carbonate chemistry of sea-ice and melt ponds in the Arctic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography (Submitted).
Bakker, D.C.E., et al, . and Bates, N.R. (2013) An update to the surface ocean carbon atlas (SOCAT version 2). Earth System Science Data Discussions (Submitted).
Lawrenz, Evelyn, Silsbe, Greg, Capuzzo, Elisa, Ylöstalo, Pasi, Forster, Rodney M., Simis, Stefan G. H., Prášil, Ondřej, Kromkamp, Jacco C., Hickman, Anna E., Moore, C. Mark, Forget, Marie-Hélèn, Geider, Richard J. and Suggett, David J. (2013) Predicting the Electron Requirement for Carbon Fixation in Seas and Oceans. PLoS ONE, 8, (3), e58137. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058137).
Kalvelage, Tim, Lavik, Gaute, Lam, Phyllis, Contreras, Sergio, Arteaga, Lionel, Löscher, Carolin R., Oschlies, Andreas, Paulmier, Aurélien, Stramma, Lothar and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2013) Nitrogen cycling driven by organic matter export in the South Pacific oxygen minimum zone. Nature Geoscience, 6, (3), 228-234. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1739).
Cross, J.N., Mathis, J.T., Frey, K.E., Cosca, C.E., Danielson, S.L., Bates, N.R., Takahashi, T. and Evans, W. (2013) Sea-air CO2 Fluxes in the Bering Sea: New insights into late-season dynamics on an ice-covered continental shelf. Geophysical Research Letters (Submitted).
Schlosser, Christian, Streu, Peter and Croot, Peter L. (2013) Vivaspin ultrafiltration: A new approach for high resolution measurements of colloidal and soluble iron species. Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 11, 187-201. (doi:10.4319/lom.2013.11.187).
Bates, N.R., Lomas, M.W. and Johnson, R.J. (2013) The Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) enters its twenty-fifth year of ocean observations in the North Atlantic that illustrate change in ocean carbon. Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (OCB) News, 6, (2), Spring Issue, 7-11.
Bates, Nicholas R. and Merlivat, Liliane (2012) The influence of short-term wind variability on air-sea CO2 exchange. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, (17), 3281-3284. (doi:10.1029/2001GL012897).
Bates, N.R., Best, M.H.P., Neely, K., Garley, R., Dickson, A.G. and Johnson, R.J. (2012) Detecting anthropogenic carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, (7), 2509-2522. (doi:10.5194/bg-9-2509-2012).
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Bates, Nicholas R., Mathis, Jeremy T. and Cooper, Lee W. (2009) Ocean acidification and biologically induced seasonality of carbonate mineral saturation states in the western Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 114, (C11), C11007. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004862).
Halm, Hannah, Musat, Niculina, Lam, Phyllis, Langlois, Rebecca, Musat, Florin, Peduzzi, Sandro, Lavik, Gaute, Schubert, Carsten J., Singha, Bärbel, LaRoche, Julie and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Co-occurrence of denitrification and nitrogen fixation in a meromictic lake, Lake Cadagno (Switzerland). Environmental Microbiology, 11, (8), 1945-1958. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01917.x). (PMID:19397681).
Lomas, M.W., Roberts, N., Lipschultz, F., Krause, J.W., Nelson, D.M. and Bates, N.R. (2009) Biogeochemical responses to late-winter storms in the Sargasso Sea. IV. Rapid succession of major phytoplankton groups. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 56, (6), 892-908. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.03.004).
Lomas, M.W., Lipschultz, F., Nelson, D.M., Krause, J.W. and Bates, N.R. (2009) Biogeochemical responses to late-winter storms in the Sargasso Sea, I — Pulses of primary and new production. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 56, (6), 843-860. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.09.002).
Richier, Sophie, Kerros, Marie-Emmanuelle, de Vargas, Colomban, Haramaty, Liti, Falkowski, Paul G and Gattuso, Jean-Pierre (2009) Light-dependent transcriptional regulation of genes of biogeochemical interest in the diploid and haploid life cycle stages of Emiliania huxleyi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75, (10), 3366-3369. (doi:10.1128/AEM.02737-08). (PMID:12413463).
Takahashi, Taro, Sutherland, Stewart C., Wanninkhof, Rik, Sweeney, Colm, Feely, Richard A., Chipman, David W., Hales, Burke, Friederich, Gernot, Chavez, Francisco, Sabine, Christopher, Watson, Andrew, Bakker, Dorothee C.E., Schuster, Ute, Metzl, Nicolas, Yoshikawa-Inoue, Hisayuki, Ishii, Masao, Midorikawa, Takashi, Nojiri, Yukihiro, Körtzinger, Arne, Steinhoff, Tobias, Hoppema, Mario, Olafsson, Jon, Arnarson, Thorarinn S., Tilbrook, Bronte, Johannessen, Truls, Olsen, Are, Bellerby, Richard, Wong, C.S., Delille, Bruno, Bates, N.R. and de Baar, Hein J.W. (2009) Climatological mean and decadal change in surface ocean pCO2, and net sea–air CO2 flux over the global oceans. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (8-10), 554-577. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.009).
Schuster, U., Watson, A.J., Bates, N.R., Corbiere, A., Gonzalez-Davila, M., Metzl, N., Pierrot, D. and Santana-Casiano, M. (2009) Trends in North Atlantic sea-surface fCO2 from 1990 to 2006. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (8-10), 620-629. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.011).
Lam, Phyllis, Lavik, Gaute, Jensen, Marlene M., van de Vossenberg, Jack, Schmid, Markus, Woebken, Dagmar, Gutierrez, Dimitri, Amann, Rudolf, Jetten, Mike S.M. and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Revising the nitrogen cycle in the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, (12), 4752-4757. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0812444106). (PMID:19255441).
Lavik, Gaute, Stührmann, Torben, Brüchert, Volker, Van der Plas, Anja, Mohrholz, Volker, Lam, Phyllis, Mußmann, Marc, Fuchs, Bernhard M., Amann, Rudolf, Lass, Ulrich and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Detoxification of sulphidic African shelf waters by blooming chemolithotrophs. Nature, 457, (7229), 581-584. (doi:10.1038/nature07588). (PMID:19078958).
The Climode Group, ., Marshall, J., Ferrari, R., Forget, G., Maze, G., Andersson, A., Bates, N., Dewar, W., Doney, S., Fratantoni, D., Joyce, T., Straneo, F., Toole, J., Weller, R., Edson, J., Gregg, M., Kelly, K., Lozier, S., Palter, J., Lumpkin, R., Samelson, R., Skyllingstad, E., Silverthorne, K., Talley, L. and Thomas, L. (2009) The Climode Field Campaign: Observing the Cycle of Convection and Restratification over the Gulf Stream. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, (9), 1337-1350. (doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2706.1).
Dickey, Tommy, Bates, Nick, Byrne, Robert, Chang, Grace, Chavez, Francisco, Feely, Richard, Hanson, Alfred, Karl, David, Manov, Derek, Moore, Casey, Sabine, Christopher and Wanninkhof, Rik (2009) The NOPP O-SCOPE and MOSEAN Projects: Advanced Sensing for Ocean Observing Systems. Oceanography, 22, (2), 168-181. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2009.47).
Achterberg, E.P., Patey, M., Rijkenberg, M., Moore, C.M., Hill, P., Powell, C., Mahaffey, C., Statham, P.J., Purdie, D.A. and Zubkov, M. (2009) Dust inputs to the sub-tropical North Atlantic Ocean; Influence on ocean biogeochemistry (abstract of paper presented at: 19th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Davos, Switzerland, 21-26 June 2009). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, (13, Suppl.), pA47.
Bates, N.R. (2009) Sensitive to climate change. The Circle (Quarterly magazine of the WWF Global Arctic Programme), (3), 17-18.
Holtappels, Moritz, Lam, Phyllis and Kuypers, Marcel M.M. (2009) Der Stickstoffkreislauf im ozean. BIOspektrum, (4), 368-[4pp].
Mathis, Jeremy T., Bates, Nicholas R., Hansell, Dennis A. and Babila, Tali (2009) Net community production in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, (17), 1213-1222. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.10.017).
Richier, Sophie, Rodriguez-Lanetty, Mauricio, Schnitzler, Christine E. and Weis, Virginia M. (2008) Response of the symbiotic cnidarian Anthopleura elegantissima transcriptome to temperature and UV increase. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D Genomics and Proteomics, 3, (4), 283-289. (doi:10.1016/j.cbd.2008.08.001). (PMID:20494848).
Woebken, Dagmar, Lam, Phyllis, Kuypers, Marcel M.M., Naqvi, S. Wajih A., Kartal, Boran, Strous, Marc, Jetten, Mike S.M., Fuchs, Bernhard M. and Amann, Rudolf (2008) A microdiversity study of anammox bacteria reveals a novel Candidatus Scalindua phylotype in marine oxygen minimum zones. Environmental Microbiology, 10, (11), 3106-3119. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01640.x). (PMID:18510553).
Schmid, Markus C., Hooper, Alan B., Klotz, Martin G., Woebken, Dagmar, Lam, Phyllis, Kuypers, Marcel M.M., Pommerening-Roeser, Andreas, op den Camp, Huub J.M. and Jetten, Mike S.M. (2008) Environmental detection of octahaem cytochromechydroxylamine/hydrazine oxidoreductase genes of aerobic and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria. Environmental Microbiology, 10, (11), 3140-3149. (doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01732.x). (PMID:18973625).
Li, Qian P., Hansell, Dennis A., McGillicuddy, Dennis J., Bates, Nicholas R. and Johnson, Rodney J. (2008) Tracer-based assessment of the origin and biogeochemical transformation of a cyclonic eddy in the Sargasso Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 113, (C10), C10006. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004840).
Lam, Phyllis, Cowen, James P., Popp, Brian N. and Jones, Ronald D. (2008) Microbial ammonia oxidation and enhanced nitrogen cycling in the Endeavour hydrothermal plume. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, (9), 2268-2286. (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.01.033).
Richier, Sophie, Cottalorda, Jean-Michel, Guillaume, Mireille M.M., Fernandez, Cyril, Allemand, Denis and Furla, Paola (2008) Depth-dependant response to light of the reef building coral, Pocillopora verrucosa: implication of oxidative stress. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 357, (1), 48-56. (doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2007.12.026).
Andersson, A.J., Mackenzie, F.T. and Bates, N.R. (2008) Life on the margin: implications of ocean acidification on Mg-calcite, high latitude and cold-water marine calcifiers. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373, 265-273. (doi:10.3354/meps07639).
Andersson, A.J., Bates, N.R. and Mackenzie, F.T. (2007) Devil’s Hole as a natural laboratory. Meridian (BIOS Publication), Autumn Issue
Bates, N.R. (2007) An introduction to ocean acidification. Meridian (BIOS Publication), Autumn Issue

Book Section

Cai, W.J., Bates, N.R., Guo, L., Anderson, L.G., Mathis, J., Wanninkhof, R., Hansell, D.A., Chen, L. and Semiletov, I. (2014) Carbon Fluxes across Boundaries in the Pacific Sector of the Arctic Ocean in a Changing Environment. In, Grebmeier, J.M. and Maslowski , W. (eds.) The Pacific Arctic Sector: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a rapidly changing environment. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 199-222.
Mathis, J.T., Grebmeier, J.M., Hansell, D.A., Hopcroft, R.R., Kirchman, D.L., Lee, S.H., Moran, S.B. and Bates, N.R. (2014) Carbon biogeochemistry of the western Arctic: production, export, and ocean acidification. In, Grebmeier, J.M. and Maslowski , W. (eds.) The Pacific-Arctic Region: ecosystem status and trends in a rapidly changing environment. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 223-268.
Tanhua, T., Bates, N.R. and Kortzinger, A. (2013) The Marine Carbon Cycle and Ocean Anthropogenic CO2 Inventories. In, Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (eds.) Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, GB, Academic Press, 787-816. (International Geophysics, 103).
Bell, T., Garçon, V., Shital, R., Wallace, D.W.R., Bakker, D.C.E., Bates, N.R., Baker, A., Bange, H., Boyd, B., Carpenter, L., Lana, A., Le Traon, P., Olsen, A., Pfeil, B., Quack, B. and Wittke, F. (2013) In situ observations and synthesis. In, COST/SOLAS book. , . (In Press).
Smith, S.R., Sarkis, S., Murdoch, T.J.T., Weil, E.A., Croquer, A., Bates, N.R., Johnson, R.J., de Putron, S.J. and Andersson, A.J. (2013) Threats to coral reefs in Bermuda. In, Shepard, C. (ed.) Environmental Threats to Coral Reefs. Berlin, DE, Springer-Verlag. (In Press).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Air-sea gas exchange, CO2 and DMS. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 55,56-60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2011) Food web overview. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 28,37-42. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Climate change and ocean acidification. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 61-67. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Climate variability, NAO/ENSO influences on the subtropical gyre. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 53,56-60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (2011) Microbial productivity of the Sargasso Sea and how it compares to elsewhere, and the role of the Sargasso Sea in carbon sequestration – better than carbon neutral? In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) The global carbon cycle and observations in the Sargasso Sea. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 45/47-48/52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. (2011) Atmospheric deposition and acid precipitation, NAO/ENSO influences on the subtropical gyre. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 53/55-56/60. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Bates, N.R. and Lomas, M.W. (2011) Marine biogeochemical cycles in the Sargasso Sea. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 43/45-48/52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Ribas-Ribas, M., Gómez-Parra, A. and Forja, J.M. (2011) Seasonal sea- surface CO2 fugacity in the north-eastern shelf of the Gulf of Cádiz (southwest Iberian Peninsula). In, Komori, S., McGillis, W.R. and Kurose, R. (eds.) Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces 2010. Kyoto, JP, Kyoto University Press, 394-405.
Bates, N.R. (2011) Calcium carbonate production. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 47,48-52. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Lomas, M.W. and Bates, N.R. (2011) Phytoplankton research. In, Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 28/31-37/42. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Feely, R.A., Fabry, V.J., Dickson, A.J., Gattuso, J.-P., Bijma, J., Riebesell, U., Doney, S., Turley, C., Saino, T., Lee, K. and Bates, N.R. (2010) An International Observational Network for Ocean Acidification. In, Anthony, K., Kleypas, J. and et al, . (eds.) Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency. (ESA Special Publication WPP-306). (doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.29).
Borges, A.V., Alin, S.R., Chavez, F.P., Vlahos, P., Johnson, K.S., Holt, J.T., Balch, W.M., Bates, N., Brainard, R., Cai, W-J., Chen, C.T.A., Currie, K., Dai, M., Degrandpre, M., Delille, B., Dickson, A., Evans, W., Feely, R.A., Friederich, G.E., Gong, G-C., Hales, B., Hardman-Mountford, N., Hendee, J., Hernandez-Ayon, J.M., Hood, M., Huertas, E., Hydes, D.J., Ianson, D., Krasakopoulou, E., Litt, E., Luchetta, A., Mathis, J., McGillis, W.R., Murata, A., Newton, J., Olafsson, J., Omar, A., Perez, F.F., Sabine, C., Salisbury, J.E., Salm, R., Sarma, V.V.S.S., Schneider, B., Sigler, M., Thomas, H., Turk, D., Vandermark, D., Wanninkhof, R. and Ward, B. (2010) A global sea surface carbon observing system: inorganic and organic carbon dynamics in coastal oceans. In, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. and Stammer, D. (eds.) Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 67-88. (ESA Special Publication WPP-306). (doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.07).
Bates, Nicholas and Yool, Andrew (2010) [Data providers and indicator reviewers]. In, Environmental Protection Agency, . (ed.) Climate Change Indicators in the United States. Washington, US, Environmental Protection Agency.
Bates, Nicholas R. (2009) Marine carbon cycle feedbacks. In, Sommerkorn, M. and Hassol, S.J. (eds.) Arctic Climate Feedbacks: Global Implications. Oslo, NO, WWF International Arctic Programme, 54-68.
Reid, Philip C., Fischer, Astrid C., Lewis-Brown, Emily, Meredith, Michael P., Sparrow, Mike, Andersson, Andreas J., Antia, Avan, Bates, Nicholas R., Bathmann, Ulrich, Beaugrand, Gregory, Brix, Holger, Dye, Stephen, Edwards, Martin, Furevik, Tore, Gangsto, Reidun, Hatun, Hjalmar, Hopcroft, Russell R., Kendall, Mike, Kasten, Sabine, Keeling, Ralph, Le Quere, Corinne, Mackenzie, Fred T., Malin, Gill, Mauritzen, Cecilie, Olafsson, Jon, Paull, Charlie, Rignot, Eric, Shimada, Koji, Vogt, Meike, Wallace, Craig, Wang, Zhaomin and Washington, Richard (2009) Impacts of the oceans on climate change. In, Sims, David W. (ed.) Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 56. London, UK, Academic Press, 1-150. (doi:10.1016/S0065-2881(09)56001-4).
Grebmeier, J.M., Bates, N.R. and Devol, A. (2008) Continental Margins of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. In, Hales, B., Cai, W-J., Mitchell, G., Sabine, C.L. and Schofield, O. (eds.) North American Continental Margins: A Synthesis and Planning Workshop: Report of the North American Continental Margins Working Group for the U.S. Carbon Cycle Scientific Steering Group and Interagency Working Group. Washington, US, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program, 61-72.

Conference or Workshop Item

Wood, C.C., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A., Statham, P.J., Aldridge, J.N., Fones, G.R., Couceiro, F and Thompson, C.E.L. (2010) Modelling macro-nutrient release and fate resulting from sediment resuspension in shelf seas. In, 14th Biennial Challenger Conference for Marine Science, Southampton, GB, 06 - 09 Sep 2010.


Wanninkhof, R., Bakker, D., Bates, N., Olsen, A., Steinhoff, T. and Sutton, A. (2013) Incorporation of alternative sensors into the SOCAT database and adjustments to dataset quality control flags. (NOAA Report). (In Press)
Lomas, M.W., Bates, N.R., Buck, K.N. and Knap, A.H. (eds.) (2011) Oceanography of the Sargasso Sea: Overview of Scientific Studies. Washington, US, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 94pp. (Sargasso Sea Alliance Report Series, 6).
Laffoley, D.d’A, Roe, H.S.J., Angel, M.V., Ardron, J., Bates, N.R., Boyd, L.L., Brooke, S., Buck, K.N., Carlson, C.A., Causey, B., Conte, M.H., Christiansen, S., Cleary, J., Donnelly, J., Earle, S.A., Edwards, R., Gjerde, K.M., Giovannoni, S.J., Gulick, S., Gollock, M., Hallet, J., Halpin, P., Hanel, R., Hemphill, A., Johnson, R.J., Knap, A.H., Lomas, M.W., McKenna, S.A., Miller, M.J., Miller, P.I., Ming, F.W., Moffitt, R., Nelson, N.B., Parson, L., Peters, A.J., Pitt, J., Rouja, P., Roberts, J., Roberts, J., Seigel, D.A., Siuda, A., Steinberg, D.K., Stevenson, A., Sumaila, V.R., Swartz, W., Trott, T.M. and Vats, V. (2011) The protection and management of the Sargasso Sea: The golden floating rainforest of the Atlantic Ocean: Summary Science and Supporting Evidence Case. Bermuda, BM, Sargasso Sea Alliance, 44pp.
Tanhua, T., Olsen, A., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Schirnick, C., van Heuven, S., Velo, A., Lin, X., Kozyr, A., Alvarez, M., Bakker, D.C.E., Brown, P., Falck, E., Jeansson, E., Lo Monaco, C., Olafsson, J., Perez, F.F., Pierrot, D., Rios, A.F., Sabine, C.L., Shuster, U., Steinfeldt, R., Stendardo, I., Andreson, L.G., Bates, N.R., Bellerby, R.G.J., Blindheim, J., Bullister, J.L., Gruber, N., Ishii, M., Johannessen, T., Jones, E.P., Köhler, J., Körtzinger, A., Metzl, N., Murata, A., Musielewicz, S., Omar, A.M., Olsson, K.A., de la Paz, M., Pfeil, B., Rey, F., Rhein, M., Skjelvan, I., Tilbrook, B., Wanninkhof, R., Mintrop, L., Wallace, D.W.R. and Key, R.M. (2009) CARINA data Synthesis Project. , Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC Numeric Data Package, NDP-091).


Jiang, Zong-Pei (2014) Variability and control of the surface ocean carbonate system observed from ships of opportunity. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Sciences, Doctoral Thesis , 165pp.
Ribas-Ribas, M. (2011) Carbon dynamic in coastal zones. Universidad Cadiz, Physical Chemistry , Doctoral Thesis .


Members of staff associated with this group:


Facilities linked to Marine Biogeochemistry include:

Research Vessels

We have two vessels based at NOCS that are available to staff and students of Ocean and Earth Science. R.V. Callista and R.V. Bill Conway.

Coral Reef Laboratory

The Coral Reef Laboratory propagates and studies more than 40 species of cnidarians in a multi-compartment aquarium system circulating more than 4200 litres of artificial seawater.

Scanning Electron Microscope Facility

This facility provides a range of services including, secondary electron and backscattered electron imaging, automated image acquisition, qualitative and quantitative elemental spot analysis and elemental mapping.

Stable Isotope Mass-spectrometry

The SIRMS laboratory is a research and teaching facility available for use by staff and students. Stable isotopes of various materials including carbonates, organic materials, water samples are measured.


The Thermo Scientific NEPTUNE Multi-Collector (MC) ICP-MS provides high precision measurement of isotopic ratios across a wide range of elements.

Carbonate Chemistry Facility

The NERC funded facility analyses seawater samples for carbonate variable, and has state-of-the-art instrumentation. We also undertake carbonate chemistry calculations following total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon analysis, providing pCO2, pH and other carbonate chemistry variables.

Dissolved Organic Carbon and Total Dissolved Nitrogen Facility

This facility is used to analyse dissolves organic carbon and total dissolved nitrogen in seawater and freshwater samples. The NERC facility analyses seawater samples using state-of-the-art instrumentation (Shimadzu TOV V CPN-TN).