Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton

Research Group: Palaeoceanography and Palaeoclimate

Understanding past changes in the Earth System provides the essential context for future climate prediction. Southampton’s Palaeoceanography & Palaeoclimate research group is big and active with a critical mass of around 60 academics, post-doctoral researchers and PhD students and a suite of state-of-the-art geochemical, micropalaeontological, core-processing and numerical modeling facilities. Our research is global in scope. We work in all ocean basins on key problems in Earth history spanning the Anthropocene to the Palaeozoic.

Currently Active: Yes

Group Overview

Our specific research strengths include:

JOIDES Resolution

JOIDES Resolution

JOIDES Resolution

  • the development, calibration, and quantitative application of new research tools
  • past ocean circulation, temperature, and continental ice volume (sea level)
  • the history of biogeochemical cycling and global biodiversity
  • high frequency climate change on seasonal through centennial time scales
  • past changes in regional and global carbon cycling, including ocean acidity and atmospheric CO2 levels
  • ecological/palaeocological applications of foraminifera

Contact: Professor Paul Wilson

Key aspects of the Research Group

(i) A critical mass (~60) of staff, post-docs, PhD students
(ii) A world-class suite of stable isotope, trace metal and SEM laboratories
(iii) Organic Geochemistry and Superconducting Rock Magnetometry laboratories

Other University of Southampton sites

Useful downloads


Selected publications associated with this group from the University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints):


Morris, Jennifer L., Leake, Jonathan R., Stein, William E., Berry, Christopher M., Marshall, John E.A., Wellman, Charles H., Milton, J. Andrew, Hillier, Stephen, Mannolini, Frank, Quirk, Joe and Beerling, David J. (2015) Investigating Devonian trees as geo-engineers of past climates: linking palaeosols to palaeobotany and experimental geobiology. Palaeontology, 58, (5), 787-801. (doi:10.1111/pala.12185).
Gambacorta, G., Jenkyns, H.C., Russo, F., Tsikos, H., Wilson, P.A., Faucher, G. and Erba, E. (2015) Carbon- and oxygen-isotope records of mid-Cretaceous Tethyan pelagic sequences from the Umbria – Marche and Belluno Basins (Italy). Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 48, (3), 299-323. (doi:10.1127/nos/2015/0066).
Carpenter, David K., Falcon-Lang, Howard J., Benton, Michael J., Grey, Melissa and Johanson, Zerina (2015) Early Pennsylvanian (Langsettian) fish assemblages from the Joggins Formation, Canada, and their implications for palaeoecology and palaeogeography. Palaeontology, 58, (4), 661-690. (doi:10.1111/pala.12164).
Whiteside, Jessica H., Lindström, Sofie, Irmis, Randall B., Glasspool, Ian J., Schaller, Morgan F., Dunlavey, Maria, Nesbitt, Sterling J., Smith, Nathan D. and Turner, Alan H. (2015) Extreme ecosystem instability suppressed tropical dinosaur dominance for 30 million years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112, (26), 7909-7913. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1505252112).
Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D. and Yu, J. (2015) Bipolar seesaw control on last interglacial sea level. Nature, 522, (7555), 197-201. (doi:10.1038/nature14499).
Rohling, E.J., Marino, G. and Grant, K.M. (2015) Mediterranean climate and oceanography, and the periodic development of anoxic events (sapropels). Earth-Science Reviews, 143, 62-97. (doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.01.008).
Kasprak, A.H., Sepulveda, J., Price-Waldman, R., Williford, K.H., Schoepfer, S.D., Haggart, J.W., Ward, P.D., Summons, R.E. and Whiteside, J.H. (2015) Episodic photic zone euxinia in the northeastern Panthalassic Ocean during the end-Triassic extinction. Geology, 43, (4), 307-310. (doi:10.1130/G36371.1).
Galbraith, E.D., Kwon, E.-Y., Bianchi, D., Hain, M.P. and Sarmiento, J.L. (2015) The impact of atmospheric pCO2 on carbon isotope ratios of the atmosphere and ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, (3), 307-324. (doi:10.1002/2014GB004929).
Daniels, C.J., Sheward, R.M. and Poulton, A.J. (2014) Biogeochemical implications of comparative growth rates of Emiliania huxleyi and Coccolithus species. Biogeosciences, 11, (23), 6915-6925. (doi:10.5194/bg-11-6915-2014).
Goodwin, Philip, Williams, Richard G. and Ridgwell, Andy (2014) Letter. Sensitivity of climate to cumulative carbon emissions due to compensation of ocean heat and carbon uptake. Nature Geoscience, 8, 29-34. (doi:10.1038/ngeo2304).
Fitzpatrick, Joan J., Voigt, Donald E., Fegyveresi, John M., Stevens, Nathan T., Spencer, Matthew K., Cole-Dai, Jihong, Alley, Richard B., Jardine, Gabriella E., Cravens, Eric D., Wilen, Lawrence A., Fudge, T.J. and McConnell, Joseph R. (2014) Physical properties of the WAIS Divide ice core. Journal of Glaciology, 60, (224), 1181-1198. (doi:10.3189/2014JoG14J100).
Kocsis, László, Ounis, Anouar, Baumgartner, Claudia, Pirkenseer, Claudius, Harding, Ian C., Adatte, Thierry, Chaabani, Fredj and Neili, Salah Mohamed (2014) Paleocene-Eocene palaeoenvironmental conditions of the main phosphorite deposits (Chouabine Formation) in the Gafsa Basin, Tunisia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 100, 586-597. (doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.07.024).
O’Dea, Sarah A., Gibbs, Samantha J., Bown, Paul R., Young, Jeremy R., Poulton, Alex J., Newsam, Cherry and Wilson, Paul A. (2014) Coccolithophore calcification response to past ocean acidification and climate change. Nature Communications, 5, 5363. (doi:10.1038/ncomms6363).
Savian, Jairo F., Jovane, Luigi, Frontalini, Fabrizio, Trindade, Ricardo I.F., Coccioni, Rodolfo, Bohaty, Steven M., Wilson, Paul A., Florindo, Fabio, Roberts, Andrew P., Catanzariti, Rita and Iacoviello, Francesco (2014) Enhanced primary productivity and magnetotactic bacterial production in response to middle Eocene warming in the Neo-Tethys Ocean. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 414, 32-45. (doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.08.009).
Lang, David C., Bailey, Ian, Wilson, Paul A., Foster, Gavin L., Bolton, Clara T., Friedrich, Oliver and Gutjahr, Marcus (2014) Response to “Comment on ‘The transition on North America from the warm humid Pliocene to the glaciated Quaternary traced by eolian dust deposition at a benchmark North Atlantic Ocean drill site’, by David Lang et al.”. Quaternary Science Reviews, 103, 179-183. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.08.015).
Grigorov, Ivo, Rigual-Hernandez, Andrés S., Honjo, Susumu, Kemp, Alan E.S. and Armand, Leanne K. (2014) Settling fluxes of diatoms to the interior of the antarctic circumpolar current along 170°W. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 93, 1-13. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2014.07.008).
Armstrong McKay, David I., Tyrrell, Toby, Wilson, Paul A. and Foster, Gavin L. (2014) Estimating the impact of the cryptic degassing of Large Igneous Provinces: A mid-Miocene case-study. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 403, 254-262. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.06.040).
Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Ramsey, C. Bronk, Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Florindo, F., Heslop, D., Marra, F., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M.E. and Williams, F. (2014) Sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. Nature Communications, 5, 5076. (doi:10.1038/ncomms6076).
Bralower, Timothy J., Kelly, D. Clay, Gibbs, Samantha J., Farley, Kenneth, Eccles, Laurie, Lindemann, T. Logan and Smith, Gregory J. (2014) Impact of dissolution on the sedimentary record of the Paleocene–Eocene thermal maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 401, 70-82. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.05.055).
Greenop, Rosanna, Foster, Gavin L., Wilson, Paul A. and Lear, Caroline H. (2014) Middle Miocene climate instability associated with high-amplitude CO2 variability. Paleoceanography, 29, (6), 845-853. (doi:10.1002/2014PA002653).
Yu, Jimin, Elderfield, Henry, Jin, Zhangdong, Tomascak, Paul and Rohling, Eelco J. (2014) Controls on Sr/Ca in benthic foraminifera and implications for seawater Sr/Ca during the late Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 98, 1-6. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.018).
Davies-Walczak, Maureen, Mix, A.C., Stoner, J.S., Southon, J.R., Cheseby, M. and Xuan, C. (2014) Late Glacial to Holocene radiocarbon constraints on North Pacific Intermediate Water ventilation and deglacial atmospheric CO2 sources. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397, 57-66. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.004).
Xu, Hong-He, Marshall, John E.A., Wang, Yi, Zhu, Huai-Cheng, Berry, Christopher M. and Wellman, Charles H. (2014) Devonian spores from an intra-oceanic volcanic arc, West Junggar (Xinjiang, China) and the palaeogeographical significance of the associated fossil plant beds. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 206, 10-22. (doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.03.002).
Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M.E. and Williams, F. (2014) Corrigendum: Sea-level and deep-sea-temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature, 510, (7505), p432. (doi:10.1038/nature13488).
Hernandez-Molina, F.J., Stow, D.A.V., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Acton, G., Bahr, A., Balestra, B., Ducassou, E., Flood, R., Flores, J.-A., Furota, S., Grunert, P., Hodell, D., Jimenez-Espejo, F., Kim, J.K., Krissek, L., Kuroda, J., Li, B., Llave, E., Lofi, J., Lourens, L., Miller, M., Nanayama, F., Nishida, N., Richter, C., Roque, C., Pereira, H., Sanchez Goni, M.F., Sierro, F.J., Singh, A.D., Sloss, C., Takashimizu, Y., Tzanova, A., Voelker, A., Williams, T. and Xuan, C. (2014) Onset of Mediterranean outflow into the North Atlantic. Science, 344, (6189), 1244-1250. (doi:10.1126/science.1251306).
Scher, Howie D., Bohaty, Steven M., Smith, Brian W. and Munn, Gabrielle H. (2014) Isotopic interrogation of a suspected late Eocene glaciation. Paleoceanography, 29, (6), 628-644. (doi:10.1002/2014PA002648).
Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Pälike, H., Wilkens, R., Wilson, P.A. and Acton, G. (2014) Orbitally tuned timescale and astronomical forcing in the middle Eocene to early Oligocene. Climate of the Past, 10, (3), 955-973. (doi:10.5194/cp-10-955-2014).
Hain, Mathis P., Sigman, Daniel M. and Haug, Gerald H. (2014) Distinct roles of the Southern Ocean and North Atlantic in the deglacial atmospheric radiocarbon decline. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 394, 198-208. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.03.020).
Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M.E. and Williams, F. (2014) Sea-level and deep-sea-temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature, 508, (7497), 477-482. (doi:10.1038/nature13230).
Kemp, Alan E.S. (2014) Seasonal laminae in marine sediments: applications and potential. Past Global Changes Magazine, 22, (1), 14-15.
Bogus, Kara, Mertens, Kenneth Neil, Lauwaert, Johan, Harding, Ian C., Vrielinck, Henk, Zonneveld, Karin A.F. and Versteegh, Gerard J.M. (2014) Differences in the chemical composition of organic-walled dinoflagellate resting cysts from phototrophic and heterotrophic dinoflagellates. Journal of Phycology, 50, (2), 254-266. (doi:10.1111/jpy.12170).
Crouch, Erica M., Willumsen, Pi Suhr, Kulhanek, Denise K. and Gibbs, Samantha J. (2014) A revised Paleocene (Teurian) dinoflagellate cyst zonation from eastern New Zealand. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 202, 47-79. (doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2013.12.004).
Witkowski, Jakub, Bohaty, Steven M., Edgar, Kirsty M. and Harwood, David M. (2014) Rapid fluctuations in mid-latitude siliceous plankton production during the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (ODP Site 1051, western North Atlantic). Marine Micropaleontology, 106, 110-129. (doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2014.01.001).
Norris, R.D., Wilson, P.A., Blum, P. , Liebrand, D. and Expedition 342 Scientists (2014) Paleogene Newfoundland Sediment Drifts and MDHDS Test. Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 342 (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.342.2014).
Müller, M., Mills, R.A., Pearce, R.B., Milton, J.A., Statham, P.J., Lloyd, J.R., Mujahid, A. and Denuault, G. (2014) An electrochemical study of the influence of Marinobacter aquaeolei on the alteration of hydrothermal chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) and pyrite (FeS2) under circumneutral conditions. Geomicrobiology Journal, 31, (5), 373-382. (doi:10.1080/01490451.2012.711430).
Rohling, Eelco J., Haigh, Ivan D., Foster, Gavin L., Roberts, Andrew P. and Grant, Katharine M. (2013) A geological perspective on potential future sea-level rise. Scientific Reports, 3, (3461), 1-7. (doi:10.1038/srep03461).
Añel, Juan A., Hansen, James, Kharecha, Pushker, Sato, Makiko, Masson-Delmotte, Valerie, Ackerman, Frank, Beerling, David J., Hearty, Paul J., Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Hsu, Shi-Ling, Parmesan, Camille, Rockstrom, Johan, Rohling, Eelco J., Sachs, Jeffrey, Smith, Pete, Steffen, Konrad, Van Susteren, Lise, von Schuckmann, Karina and Zachos, James C. (2013) Assessing “dangerous climate change”: required reduction of carbon emissions to protect young people, future generations and nature. PLoS ONE, 8, (12), 1-26. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081648).
Bourne, M.D., Mac Niocaill, C., Thomas, A.L. and Henderson, G.M. (2013) High-resolution record of the Laschamp geomagnetic excursion at the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge. Geophysical Journal International, 195, (3), 1519-1533. (doi:10.1093/gji/ggt327).
Florindo, Fabio, Farmer, Ryan K., Harwood, David M., Cody, Rosemary D., Levy, Richard, Bohaty, Steven M., Carter, Lionel and Winkler, Aldo (2013) Paleomagnetism and biostratigraphy of sediments from Southern Ocean ODP Site 744 (southern Kerguelen Plateau): Implications for early-to-middle Miocene climate in Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change, 110, (C), 434-454. (doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.05.004).
Rogerson, Mike, Rohling, Eelco, Bigg, Grant and Ramirez, Jorge (2013) Correction to “Paleoceanography of the Atlantic-Mediterranean Exchange: Overview and first quantitative assessment of climatic forcing”. Reviews of Geophysics, 51, (3), 523-523. (doi:10.1002/rog.20016).
Sexton, P.F., Wilson, P.A., Bown, P.R. and Liebrand, D. (2013) Expedition 342: Paleogene Newfoundland Sediment Drifts; 1 June 2012 – 30 July 2012 Bermuda to St Johns. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program UK Newsletter, (38), 2-7.
Zhao, Cheng, Liu, Zhonghui, Rohling, Eelco J., Yu, Zicheng, Liu, Weiguo, He, Yuxin, Zhao, Yan and Chen, Fahu (2013) Holocene temperature fluctuations in the northern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Research, 80, (1), 55-65. (doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2013.05.001).
Bijl, P.K., Bendle, J.A.P., Bohaty, S.M., Pross, J., Schouten, S., Tauxe, L., Stickley, C.E., McKay, R.M., Rohl, U., Olney, M., Sluijs, A., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Klaus, A., Fehr, A., Williams, T., Carr, S.A., Dunbar, R.B., Gonzalez, J.J., Hayden, T.G., Iwai, M., Jimenez-Espejo, F.J., Katsuki, K., Kong, G.S., Nakai, M., Passchier, S., Pekar, S.F., Riesselman, C., Sakai, T., Shrivastava, P.K., Sugisaki, S., Tuo, S., van de Flierdt, T., Welsh, K. and Yamane, M. (2013) Eocene cooling linked to early flow across the Tasmanian Gateway. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (24), 9645-9650. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1220872110).
Marshall, Brittney J., Thunell, Robert C., Henehan, Michael J., Astor, Yrene and Wejnert, Katherine E. (2013) Planktonic foraminiferal area density as a proxy for carbonate ion concentration: A calibration study using the Cariaco Basin ocean time series. Paleoceanography, 28, (2), 363-376. (doi:10.1002/palo.20034).
Friedrich, Oliver, Wilson, Paul A., Bolton, Clara T., Beer, Christopher J. and Schiebel, Ralf (2013) Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene changes in the North Atlantic Current and suborbital-scale sea-surface temperature variability. Paleoceanography, 28, (2), 274-282. (doi:10.1002/palo.20029).
Sluijs, Appy, Zeebe, Richard E., Bijl, Peter K. and Bohaty, Steven M. (2013) A middle Eocene carbon cycle conundrum. Nature Geoscience, 6, (6), 429-434. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1807).
Passchier, S., Bohaty, S.M., Jiménez-Espejo, F., Pross, J., Röhl, U., van de Flierdt, T., Escutia, C. and Brinkhuis, H. (2013) Early Eocene to middle Miocene cooling and aridification of East Antarctica. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 14, (5), 1399-1410. (doi:10.1002/ggge.20106).
Houben, A.J.P., Bijl, P.K., Pross, J., Bohaty, S.M., Passchier, S., Stickley, C.E., Rohl, U., Sugisaki, S., Tauxe, L., van de Flierdt, T., Olney, M., Sangiorgi, F., Sluijs, A., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H. and Expedition 318 Scientists (2013) Reorganization of Southern Ocean Plankton Ecosystem at the Onset of Antarctic Glaciation. Science, 340, (6130), 341-344. (doi:10.1126/science.1223646).
Gooday, Andrew J., Rothe, Nina and Pearce, Richard B. (2013) New and poorly known benthic foraminifera (Protista, Rhizaria) inhabiting the shells of planktonic foraminifera on the bathyal Mid-Atlantic Ridge. [in special issue: Benthos of the Sub-Polar Front Area on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Results of the ECOMAR Project] Marine Biology Research, 9, (5-6), 447-461. (doi:10.1080/17451000.2012.750365).
Badger, Marcus P.S., Lear, Caroline H., Pancost, Richard D., Foster, Gavin L., Bailey, Trevor R., Leng, Melanie J. and Abels, Hemmo A. (2013) CO2drawdown following the middle Miocene expansion of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Paleoceanography, 28, (1), 42-53. (doi:10.1002/palo.20015).
Henehan, Michael J., Rae, James W. B., Foster, Gavin L., Erez, Jonathan, Prentice, Katherine C., Kucera, Michal, Bostock, Helen C., Martínez-Botí, M.A., Milton, J.A., Wilson, P.A., Marshall, Brittney J. and Elliott, Timothy (2013) Calibration of the boron isotope proxy in the planktonic foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber for use in palaeo-CO2 reconstruction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 364, 111-122. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.12.029).
Jiang, Zong-Pei, Hydes, David J., Tyrrell, Toby, Hartman, Sue, Hartman, Mark C., Dumousseaud, Cynthia, Padin, Xose Antonio, Skjelvan, Ingunn and González-Pola, César (2013) Key controls on the seasonal and interannual variations of the carbonate system and air-sea CO2 flux in the Northeast Atlantic (Bay of Biscay). Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, (2), 785-800. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20087).
Gibbs, Samantha J., Poulton, Alex J., Bown, Paul R., Daniels, Chris J., Hopkins, Jason, Young, Jeremy R., Jones, Heather L., Thiemann, Geoff J., O’Dea, Sarah A. and Newsam, Cherry (2013) Species-specific growth response of coccolithophores to Palaeocene–Eocene environmental change. Nature Geoscience, 6, 218-222. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1719).
Rabe, B., Dodd, P.A., Hansen, E., Falck, E., Schauer, U., Mackensen, A., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Kattner, G., Rohling, E.J. and Cox, K. (2013) Liquid export of Arctic freshwater components through the Fram Strait 1998-2011. Ocean Science, 9, (1), 91-109. (doi:10.5194/os-9-91-2013).
Foster, G.L. and Rohling, E.J. (2013) Relationship between sea level and climate forcing by CO2 on geological timescales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, (4), 1209-1214. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1216073110).
Miller, Helen, Bull, Jonathan M., Cotterill, Carol J., Dix, Justin K., Winfield, Ian J., Kemp, Alan E.S. and Pearce, Richard B. (2013) Lake bed geomorphology and sedimentary processes in glacial lake Windermere, UK. Journal of Maps, 9, (2), 299-312. (doi:10.1080/17445647.2013.780986).
Bailey, Ian, Hole, Georgia M., Foster, Gavin L., Wilson, Paul A., Storey, Craig D., Trueman, Clive N. and Raymo, Maureen E. (2013) An alternative suggestion for the Pliocene onset of major northern hemisphere glaciation based on the geochemical provenance of North Atlantic Ocean ice-rafted debris. Quaternary Science Reviews, 75, 181-194. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.004).
Edgar, K.M., Bohaty, S.M., Gibbs, S.J., Sexton, P.F., Norris, R.D. and Wilson, P.A. (2013) Symbiont 'bleaching' in planktic foraminifera during the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum. Geology, 41, (1), 15-18. (doi:10.1130/G33388.1).
Rohling, E.J., Sluijs, A., Dijkstra, H.A., Köhler, P., van de Wal, R.S.W., von der Heydt, A.S., Beerling, D.J., Berger, A., Bijl, P.K., Crucifix, M., DeConto, R., Drijfhout, S.S., Fedorov, A., Foster, G.L., Ganopolski, A., Hansen, J., Hönisch, B., Hooghiemstra, H., Huber, M., Huybers, P., Knutti, R., Lea, D.W., Lourens, L.J., Lunt, D., Masson-Demotte, V., Medina-Elizalde, M., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pagani, M., Pälike, H., Renssen, H., Royer, D.L., Siddall, M., Valdes, P., Zachos, J.C. and Zeebe, R.E. (2012) Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity. Nature, 491, (7426), 683-691. (doi:10.1038/nature11574).
Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Ramsey, C. Bronk, Satow, C. and Roberts, A.P. (2012) Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150,000 years. Nature, 491, 744-747. (doi:10.1038/nature11593).
Williams, Richard G., Goodwin, Philip, Ridgwell, Andy and Woodworth, Philip L. (2012) How warming and steric sea level rise relate to cumulative carbon emissions. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, (19), L19715-[6pp]. (doi:10.1029/2012GL052771).
Shevenell, Amelia and Bohaty, Steven (2012) Southern Exposure: New Paleoclimate Insights From Southern Ocean and Antarctic Margin Sediments. Oceanography, 25, (3), 106-117. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2012.82).
Bourne, Mark D., Thomas, Alex L., Mac Niocaill, Conall and Henderson, Gideon M. (2012) Improved determination of marine sedimentation rates using 230Thxs. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13, (9), Q09017. (doi:10.1029/2012GC004295).
Grelaud, Michaël, Marino, Gianluca, Ziveri, Patrizia and Rohling, Eelco J. (2012) Abrupt shoaling of the nutricline in response to massive freshwater flooding at the onset of the last interglacial sapropel event. Paleoceanography, 27, (3), PA3208. (doi:10.1029/2012PA002288).
Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V.L., Davies, William, Gamble, Clive, Grant, K., Hardiman, M., Housley, R., Lane, C.S., Lee, S, Lewis, M., MacLeod, A., Menzies, M.A., Mueller, W., Pollard, M., Price, C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Satow, C., Smith, V.C., Stringer, C., Tomlinson, E.L., White, D., Albert, P.G., Arienzo, I., Barker, G., Boric, D., Carendente, A., Civetta, L., Ferrier, C., Guadelli, J.-L., Karkanas, P., Koumouzelis, M., Mueller, U.C., Orsi, G., Pross, J., Rosi, M., Shalamanov-Korobar, L., Sirakov, N. and Tzedakis, P.C. Reset Team (2012) Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early Modern Humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, (34), 13532-13537. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1204579109).
Pross, Jörg, Contreras, Lineth, Bijl, Peter K., Greenwood, David R., Bohaty, Steven M., Schouten, Stefan, Bendle, James A., Röhl, Ursula, Tauxe, Lisa, Raine, J. Ian, Huck, Claire E., van de Flierdt, Tina, Jamieson, Stewart S.R., Stickley, Catherine E., van de Schootbrugge, Bas, Escutia, Carlota, Brinkhuis, Henk and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 318 Scientists, . (2012) Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epoch. Nature, 488, (7409), 73-77. (doi:10.1038/nature11300).
Foster, Gavin L., Lear, Caroline H. and Rae, James W.B. (2012) The evolution of pCO2, ice volume and climate during the middle Miocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 341-344, 243-254. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.007).
Rogerson, M., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J. and Ramirez, J. (2012) Vertical density gradient in the eastern North Atlantic during the last 30,000 years. Climate Dynamics, 39, (3-4), 589-598. (doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1148-4).
Stickley, C.E., Koc, N., Pearce, R.B., Kemp, A.E.S., Jordan, R.W., Sangiorgi, F. and St. John, K. (2012) Variability in the length of the sea ice season in the Middle Eocene Arctic. Geology, 40, (8), 727-730. (doi:10.1130/G32976.1).
Bourne, Mark, Mac Niocaill, Conall, Thomas, Alex L., Knudsen, Mads Faurschou and Henderson, Gideon M. (2012) Rapid directional changes associated with a 6.5kyr-long Blake geomagnetic excursion at the Blake–Bahama Outer Ridge. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 333-334, 21-34. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.04.017).
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Sangiorgi, F., van Soelen, E.E., Spofforth, D.J.A., Pälike, H., Stickley, C.E., St. John, K., Koç, N., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J. and Brinkhuis, H. (2008) Cyclicity in the middle Eocene central Arctic Ocean sediment record: Orbital forcing and environmental response. Paleoceanography, 23, PA1S08. (doi:10.1029/2007PA001487).
Larrasoana, J.C., Roberts, A.P. and Rohling, E.J. (2008) Magnetic susceptibility of eastern Mediterranean marine sediments as a proxy for Saharan dust supply? Marine Geology, 254, (3-4), 224-229. (doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2008.06.003).
Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, C., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Schmeltzer, I., Schulz, H., Siccha, M., Siddall, M. and Trommer, G. (2008) New constraints on the timing and amplitude of sea level fluctuations during early to middle Marine Isotope Stage 3. Paleoceanography, 23, PA3219. (doi:10.1029/2008PA001617).
O'Regan, M., King, J., Backman, J., Jakobsson, M., Pälike, H., Moran, K., Heil, C., Sakamoto, T., Cronin, T.M. and Jordan, R.W. (2008) Constraints on the Pleistocene chronology of sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge. Paleoceanography, 23, PA1S19. (doi:10.1029/2007PA001551).
Osborne, A.H., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., Barton, N., Rogerson, M. and Fello, N. (2008) A humid corridor across the Sahara for the migration "Out of Africa" of early modern humans 120,000 years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 16444-16447. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0804472105).
Backman, J., Jakobsson, M., Frank, M., Sangiorgi, F., Brinkhuis, H., Stickley, C., O'Regan, M., Løvlie, R., Pälike, H., Spofforth, D., Gattacecca, J., Moran, K., King, J. and Heil, C. (2008) Age model and core-seismic integration for the Cenozoic Arctic Coring Expedition sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge. Paleoceanography, 23, PA1S03. (doi:10.1029/2007PA001476).

Book Section

Crouch, Erica M., Willumsen, Pi Suhr, Kulhanek, Denise and Gibbs, Samantha (2014) A Revised Palaeocene (Teurian) Dinoflagellate Cyst Zonation from Eastern New Zealand. In, Rocha, R., Pais, J., Kullberg, J.C. and Finney, S. (eds.) STRATI 2013: First International Congress on Stratigraphy At the Cutting Edge of Stratigraphy. First International Congress on Stratigraphy (STRATI 2013) Cham, CH, Springer, 75-78. (Springer Geology). (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04364-7_15).
Hart, M.B., Haynes, J.R., Aldridge, R.J., Bailey, H.W., Gehrels, W.R., Gregory, F.J., Lord, A.R., Murray, J.W., Pearson, P.N. and Whittaker, J.E. (2013) A history of academic research on Foraminifera in the UK. In, Bowden, A.J., Gregory, F.J. and Henderson, A.S. (eds.) Landmarks in Foraminiferal Micropalaeontology: History and Development. London, GB, Geological Society of London for The Micropalaeontological Society, 285-303. (Micropaleaeontological Society Special Publications).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1338. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-148. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.110.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1336. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-83. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.108.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1332. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-116. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.104.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1331. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-123. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.103.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1334. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-116. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.106.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Methods. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-80. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.102.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali, Klaus, Adam and Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Expedition 320/321 summary. In, Pälike, Heiko, Lyle, Mitchell, Nishi, Hiroshi, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam (eds.) Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc., 141p. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.101.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1335. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-115. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.107.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1337. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-146. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.109.2010).
Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitchell, Raffi, Isabella, Gamage, Kusali and Klaus, Adam, Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2010) Site U1333. In, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 320/321. Austin, US, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc, 1-93. (doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.105.2010).
Grant, M.J., Barber, K.E. and Hughes, P.D.M. (2009) Early to mid-Holocene vegetation-fire interactions and responses to climatic change at Cranes Moor, New Forest. In, Briant, R.M., Bates, M.R. and Hosfield, R.T. (eds.) The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches: Field Guide. London, GB, Quaternary Research Association, 198-214.
Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A. and Hoogakker, B.A.A. (2009) The Marine Environment: Present and Past. In, Woodward, J.C. (ed.) The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 33-67.
Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Mayewski, P.A. and Kucera, M. (2009) Holocene climate variability in the eastern Mediterranean, and the end of the Bronze Age. In, Bachhuber, C. and Roberts, G. (eds.) Forces of Transformation: The End of the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean. Oxford, UK, Oxbow Press, 2-5. (BANEA Publication Series 1).
O'Brien, N.R., Meyer, H.W. and Harding, I.C. (2008) The role of biofilms in fossil preservation, Florissant Formation, Colorado. In, Meyer, H.W. and Smith, D.M. (eds.) Palaeontology of the Upper Florissant Formation, Colorado. Boulder CO, USA, Geological Society of America, 19-31. (Geological Society of America Special Paper 435). (doi:10.1130/2008.2435(02)).


Pälike, Heiko, Nishi, Hiroshi, Lyle, Mitch, Raffi, Isabella, Klaus, Adam, Gamage, Kusali and Expedition 320/321 Scientists (2009) Pacific Equatorial Transect. College Station TX, USA, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 175pp. (IODP Preliminary Report, 320).
Henderson, Gideon, Collins, Matt, Hall, Ian, Lockwood, Mike, Pälike, Heiko, Rickaby, Ros, Schmidt, Gavin, Turney, Chris and Wolff, Eric (2009) Improving Future Climate Prediction using Palaeoclimate Data (an outcome of The Leverhulme Climate Symposium 2008 - Earth's Climate: Past, Present and Future). Oxford, UK, The Leverhulme Trust, 28pp.


Liebrand, Diederik (2014) Astronomical climate forcing during the Oligo-Miocene. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis , 129pp.
Chalk, Thomas B. (2014) Boron based insights into Plio-Pleistocene carbon cycle changes and global climate evolution. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis , 229pp.
Zotzmann, Karin (2009) Investigación de clase y desarrollo profesional – El modelo de Walsh (2007). Universidad de Jaén, Spanish as a Foreign Language, Masters Thesis , 95pp.


Members of staff associated with this group:


The Palaeoceanography and palaeoclimate Research Group is equipped with state-of-the-art research laboratories.

These laboratories are used for a wide range of research purposes and upper level project work.

Palaeomagnetism and Environmental Magnetism Laboratory

The Palaeomagnetism and Environmental Magnetism Laboratory houses a list of state-of-the-art instrumentation as well as a shielded room to support palaeomagnetism, rock and mineral magnetism, magnetic stratigraphy and palaeoenvironmental-related research. With instruments including a Princeton Measurements Corporation MicroMag 3900 Vibrating Sample Magnetometer and an AGICO KLY4S Kappabridge, magnetic properties of samples can be studied in detail at a range of temperatures to determine the concentration, grain size and mineralogy of magnetic particles in samples. A 2G Enterprises Superconducting Rock Magnetometer provides the capability to rapidly and accurately measure the natural and various laboratory-induced magnetic remanence for continuous and discrete samples. For further information, contact Dr Chuang Xuan, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6401.

Stable Isotope Ratio Mass-Spectrometry (SIRMS) Laboratory

The SIRMS laboratory was established in 1998 with NERC, HEFCE-SRIF and ESSO funds. The facilities function is the measurement of stable isotope ratios of various materials including 13C and 18O in carbonates (sediments and foraminifera), 13C and 15N in organic materials (plankton and soils), 18O in water samples and deuterium in water samples. For further information, contact Professor Paul Wilson, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6164 or  Dr Steven Bohaty, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 3040.

Scanning Electron Microscope Laboratory

The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) facility was established in 2001, originally funded by NERC, the University of Southampton and Carl Zeiss SMT Ltd, to support high-resolution palaeoceanographical, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental research. The instrumentation includes a Leo 1450VP SEM and an Oxford Instruments X-Act 10mm2 area SDD EDS Detector, utilising the AZtecEnergy software system. A range of services are offered, including secondary electron and backscattered electron imaging, automated image acquisition, elemental mapping and qualitative and quantitative elemental spot analysis. Museum and other sensitive specimens can be safely imaged or chemically analysed using the SEM variable pressure (VP) mode.

The SEM facility is a research and teaching resource available for use by staff, postgraduate students and final year undergraduate students. The facility is also available for use by staff in other university departments and commercial clients. We have expertise in the examination of geological, metallurgical and some biological materials. For further information, contact Dr Richard Pearce, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6477/6518.

X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory

The X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) facility located at NOCS provides a service for the qualitative or quantitative analysis of rock samples to determine bulk mineralogy and/or clay mineralogy. Samples are run on a Philips X'Pert pro XRD machine with a Cu X-ray tube. Mineral identification is undertaken using the JC PDS (powder diffraction studies) database. For further information, contact Dr Richard Pearce, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6477.

Postgraduate opportunities

PhD Project Titles

A multi-proxy investigation of the last great tipping point in Earth’s climate history: Ocean circulation and the onset of a bipolar glacial world
Prof. Paul Wilson, Prof Gavin Foster, Ian Bailey (University of Exeter, Camborne School of Mines)

A novel way to determine Earth’s sensitivity to greenhouse gas forcing using an ultra-fast climate model and the geological record
Dr Philip Goodwin, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof Gavin Foster

Causes and consequences of geomagnetic change: a well calibrated high-resolution study on East China Sea and Japan Sea sediments
Dr Chuang Xuan, Prof Alan Kemp, Prof Ryuji Tada (University of Tokyo)

The role of CO2 in Plio-Pleistocene climate change; revealed by orbital resolution boron isotope records
Prof Gavin Foster, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof Eelco Rohling, Dr Ian Bailey (Exeter)

Abrupt marine ecosystem change across the end-Triassic mass extinction: Insights from molecular fossils
Dr Jessica Whiteside, Prof John Marshall

Climate Change and Geomagnetic Field: New Insights from the West Iberian Margin
Dr Chuang Xuan, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof David Hodell (University of Cambridge)

Finding Earth’s thermostat: Testing the relationship between global climate, silicate weathering and marine carbonate production
Dr Christopher Pearce, Dr Steve Bohaty, Prof Paul Wilson

Global climate teleconnections and the onset of Antarctic glaciation
Prof Paul Wilson, Dr Steve Bohaty

North American climate history of the early Icehouse
Dr Steve Bohaty, Prof. Paul Wilson, Dr Peter C. Lippert (University of Utah), & Dr Dennis O. Terry (Temple University) Collaborators: Dr Hemmo Abels (Utrecht University), Dr Chuang Xuan (University of Southampton), & Dr Diederik Liebrand (University of Southampton).

Tracking changes in seasonal to millennial scale climate variability through the Eocene transition from an ice-free to ice-covered Arctic Ocean
Prof Alan Kemp, Dr Ian Harding

Testing the “Iron Hypothesis” and determining the causes of glacial-interglacial CO2 change
Prof Gavin Foster, Dr Mathis Hain, Dr Jessica Whiteside

Predicting increased frequency of extreme sea-level flooding events from Monte Carlo simulations using a novel ultra-fast climate model
Dr Philip Goodwin, Dr Ivan Haigh, Prof Eelco Rohling