Understanding past changes in the Earth System provides the essential context for future climate prediction. Southampton’s Palaeoceanography and Palaeoclimate research group is big and active with a critical mass of around 60 academics, post-doctoral researchers and PhD students and a suite of state-of-the-art geochemical, micropalaeontological, core-processing and numerical modeling facilities. Our research is global in scope. We work in all ocean basins on key problems in Earth history spanning the Anthropocene to the Palaeozoic.
Our specific research strengths include:
Contact: Professor Paul Wilson
(i) A critical mass (~60) of staff, post-docs, PhD students
(ii) A world-class suite of stable isotope, trace metal and SEM laboratories
(iii) Organic Geochemistry and Superconducting Rock Magnetometry laboratories
The Palaeoceanography and Palaeoclimate Research Group is equipped with state-of-the-art research laboratories.
These laboratories are used for a wide range of research purposes and upper level project work.
The Palaeomagnetism and Environmental Magnetism Laboratory houses a list of state-of-the-art instrumentation as well as a shielded room to support palaeomagnetism, rock and mineral magnetism, magnetic stratigraphy and palaeoenvironmental-related research. With instruments including a Princeton Measurements Corporation MicroMag 3900 Vibrating Sample Magnetometer and an AGICO KLY4S Kappabridge, magnetic properties of samples can be studied in detail at a range of temperatures to determine the concentration, grain size and mineralogy of magnetic particles in samples. A 2G Enterprises Superconducting Rock Magnetometer provides the capability to rapidly and accurately measure the natural and various laboratory-induced magnetic remanence for continuous and discrete samples. For further information, contact Dr Chuang Xuan, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6401.
The SIRMS laboratory was established in 1998 with NERC, HEFCE-SRIF and ESSO funds. The facilities function is the measurement of stable isotope ratios of various materials including 13C and 18O in carbonates (sediments and foraminifera), 13C and 15N in organic materials (plankton and soils), 18O in water samples and deuterium in water samples. For further information, contact Professor Paul Wilson, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6164 or Dr Steven Bohaty, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 3040.
The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) facility was established in 2001, originally funded by NERC, the University of Southampton and Carl Zeiss SMT Ltd, to support high-resolution palaeoceanographical, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental research. The instrumentation includes a Leo 1450VP SEM and an Oxford Instruments X-Act 10mm2 area SDD EDS Detector, utilising the AZtecEnergy software system. A range of services are offered, including secondary electron and backscattered electron imaging, automated image acquisition, elemental mapping and qualitative and quantitative elemental spot analysis. Museum and other sensitive specimens can be safely imaged or chemically analysed using the SEM variable pressure (VP) mode.
The SEM facility is a research and teaching resource available for use by staff, postgraduate students and final year undergraduate students. The facility is also available for use by staff in other university departments and commercial clients. We have expertise in the examination of geological, metallurgical and some biological materials. For further information, contact Dr Richard Pearce, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6477/6518.
The X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) facility located at NOCS provides a service for the qualitative or quantitative analysis of rock samples to determine bulk mineralogy and/or clay mineralogy. Samples are run on a Philips X'Pert pro XRD machine with a Cu X-ray tube. Mineral identification is undertaken using the JC PDS (powder diffraction studies) database. For further information, contact Dr Richard Pearce, tel: +44 (0)23 8059 6477.
The new Organic Geochemistry Facility, part of the SEAPORT Carbon Laboratories, represents a major expansion of the geochemical capabilities at the University of Southampton. Led by Dr Jessica Whiteside the Facility is housed in new, purpose built laboratory spaces and hosts a variety of new instruments designed to comprehensively characterize organic matter from the environment and the geological record. The facility has dedicated sample preparation lab, wet chemistry lab space, and an instrumentation lab utilizing state of the art automated gas and liquid chromatographs linked to various mass spectrometers, including a GC-isotope ratio mass spectrometer. For further information please contact Dr Jessica Whiteside or Dr Sargent Bray.
PhD Project Titles
Abrupt marine ecosystem change across the end-Triassic mass extinction: Insights from molecular fossils
Dr Jessica Whiteside, Prof John Marshall
Aridity in Asia: What is the palaeoclimate record in ocean sediments trying to tell us?
Prof Paul Wilson, Dr Chuang Xuan, Dr Suzanne MacLachlan
A high-resolution investigation of the Eocene greenhouse climate state
Prof Paul Wilson, Dr Steve Bohaty, Dr Peter Lippert (University of Utah), Prof Dick Norris (Scripps, California)
A multi-proxy investigation of the last great tipping point in Earth’s climate history: Ocean circulation and the onset of a bipolar glacial world
Prof Paul Wilson, Prof Gavin Foster, Ian Bailey (University of Exeter, Camborne School of Mines)
A novel way to determine Earth’s sensitivity to greenhouse gas forcing using an ultra-fast climate model and the geological record
Dr Philip Goodwin, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof Gavin Foster
Causes and consequences of geomagnetic change: a well calibrated high-resolution study on East China Sea and Japan Sea sediments
Dr Chuang Xuan, Prof Alan Kemp, Prof Ryuji Tada (University of Tokyo)
Climate Change and Geomagnetic Field: New Insights from the West Iberian Margin
Dr Chuang Xuan, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof David Hodell (University of Cambridge)
Finding Earth’s thermostat: Testing the relationship between global climate, silicate weathering and marine carbonate production
Dr Christopher Pearce, Dr Steve Bohaty, Prof Paul Wilson
Global climate teleconnections and the onset of Antarctic glaciation
Prof Paul Wilson, Dr Steve Bohaty
Greenhouse Climate of the American West
Dr Jessica Whiteside, Dr Magdalena Rose Osburn (Northwestern University, USA), Dr Steve Bohaty
North American climate history of the early Icehouse
Dr Steve Bohaty, Prof. Paul Wilson, Dr Peter C. Lippert (University of Utah), & Dr Dennis O. Terry (Temple University) Collaborators: Dr Hemmo Abels (Utrecht University), Dr Chuang Xuan (University of Southampton), & Dr Diederik Liebrand (University of Southampton).
Predicting increased frequency of extreme sea-level flooding events from Monte Carlo simulations using a novel ultra-fast climate model
Dr Philip Goodwin, Dr Ivan Haigh, Prof Eelco Rohling
Rapid climate change and bacterial blooms in deep time
Dr Jessica Whiteside, Dr Phyllis Lam, Dr Steve Bohaty
Testing the “Iron Hypothesis” and determining the causes of glacial-interglacial CO2 change
Prof Gavin Foster, Dr Mathis Hain, Dr Jessica Whiteside
The role of CO2 in Plio-Pleistocene climate change; revealed by orbital resolution boron isotope records
Prof Gavin Foster, Prof Paul Wilson, Prof Eelco Rohling, Dr Ian Bailey (Exeter)
Unlocking the history of sea surface temperature using SST-proxies in corals from the Belize Barrier Reef
Prof Gavin Foster, Dr Elizabeth Kent, Dr David Berry
Sea Level, Marine Connectivity, and Climate History of the Southwestern Black Sea over the Past 20 Thousand Years
Dr Steve Bohaty, Dr Justin Dix, Professor Jon Adams (Archaeology), Dr Fraser Sturt (Archaeology).
|Staff Member||Primary Position|
|Shir Akbari||Research and Teaching Technician (Palynology)|
|Charlotte Emily Aldred||Postgraduate research student (NERC CDT in Oil and Gas)|
|Eleni Anagnostou||Postdoctoral Research Fellow|
|Rachael S Avery||Postgraduate research student|
|Steven Bohaty||SMMI Lecturer|
|Sargent Bray||Research Scientist|
|Anieke Brombacher||Postgraduate research student|
|David Carpenter||Postgraduate research student|
|Anya Crocker||Visiting Scientist|
|Elwyn De La Vega||Postgraduate research student|
|Hannah Donald||Postgraduate research student|
|Thomas H G Ezard||NERC Advanced Research Fellow|
|Thomas H G Ezard||NERC Advanced Senior Research Fellow|
|John James Fielding||Postgraduate research student|
|Gavin Foster||Professor of Isotope Geochemistry|
|David M Fries||Postgraduate research student, Marie Curie Initial Training Network|
|Samantha Gibbs||Royal Society University Research Fellow|
|Ian Harding||Senior Lecturer|
|Claire Huck||Postdoctoral Research Associate|
|Gabriella E Jardine||Postgraduate research student|
|Yuxi Jin||Visiting scholar|
|Wendy Kordesch||Postgraduate research student|
|Jens C Krüger||Postgraduate research student, Marie Curie Research Fellow|
|Diederik Liebrand||Postdoctoral Research Fellow|
|John Marshall||Professor of Earth Science|
|Doreen E Mkuu||Postgraduate research student|
|Harriet R Moore||Postgraduate research student|
|John Murray||Emeritus Professor of Geology|
|Sameer Patel||Postgraduate research student|
|Richard Pearce||Research Fellow|
|Emma Reeves||Research Assistant|
|Aubrey Jane Roberts||Postgraduate research student|
|EJ Rohling||Professor of Ocean and Climate Change|
|David Shaw||Postgraduate research student|
|Richard Smith||Postgraduate research student|
|Megan Spencer||Laboratory Technician|
|James F Spray||Postgraduate research student|
|Tim Van Peer||Postgraduate research student|
|Ross Whiteford||Postgraduate research student|
|Jessica H Whiteside||Associate Professor of Geochemistry|
|Paul Wilson||Head of Palaeoceanography and Palaeoclimate Research Group, Professor|
|Abrupt Ocean Acidification Events||Active|
|Descent into the Icehouse||Active|
|Evolution of Carbon Cycle Dynamics (eCCD)||Active|
|Quaternary sea-level changes||Active|
|RESET: Response of humans to abrupt Environmental Transitions||Active|
|Role of Ocean Biogeochemical Reorganisation in the Intensification of Northern Hemisphere Glaciation||Active|