Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton

Research Group: Physical Oceanography

In our research, we seek to understand, quantify and predict the physical character of the ocean, and the dynamic processes that control its circulation and mixing.

Currently Active: Yes

Group Overview

Participating in a wide variety of oceanographic cruises, we use shipboard instruments, moorings, floats and autonomous underwater vehicles to make in situ measurements of key ocean processes.

Of further vital importance are measurements that help us to accurately estimate air-sea exchanges of heat, momentum and gases throughout the world's oceana. Building on our expertise in ocean remote sensing, and with strong links to space agencies, we are exploring patterns of change and variability in satellite measurements of surface temperature, sea level and productivity. Aligned with this suite of observations, we develop and use a wide range of ocean and climate models, to test new hypotheses, to predict climate change, and to explore the role of the ocean in the wider Earth system.

The Physical Oceanography and Climate group of OES is also strongly involved in high-computing through its modeling activities

http://noc.ac.uk/science-technology/research-groups/msm/high-performance-computing

in particularly working together with the MSM group of NOC on the analysis of high-resolution ocean models

http://noc.ac.uk/science-technology/climate-sea-level/changing-circulation/high-resolution-global-modelling

and introducing the UK coupled climate model in Southampton, focusing on the role of the ocean in climate (change) together with the UK Met Office

http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/modelling-systems/unified-model/climate-models/hadgem3

Contact: Prof. Sybren Drijfhout

Associated research themes

RRS Discovery

RRS Discovery

Other University of Southampton sites

Publications

Selected publications associated with this group from the University of Southampton's electronic library (e-prints):

Article

Sheen, K.L., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Brearley, J.A., Meredith, M.P., Polzin, K.L., Smeed, D.A., Forryan, A., King, B.A., Sallée, J-B., St. Laurent, L., Thurnherr, A.M., Toole, J.M., Waterman, S.N. and Watson, A.J. (2014) Eddy-induced variability in Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Nature Geoscience, 7, 577-582. (doi:10.1038/ngeo2200).
Blaker, A.T., Hirschi, J.J.-M., McCarthy, G., Sinha, B., Taws, S., Marsh, R., de Cuevas, B.A., Alderson, S.G. and Coward, A.C. (2014) Historical analogues of the recent extreme minima observed in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N. Climate Dynamics (doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2274-6). (In Press).
Meredith, M.P., Jullion, L., Brown, P.J., Naveira Garabato, A.C. and Couldrey, M.P. (2014) Dense waters of the Weddell and Scotia Seas: recent changes in properties and circulation. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2019), 20130041. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0041).
Duchez, A., Hirschi, J.J.-M., Blaker, A.T., Bryden, H.L., de Cuevas, B., Atkinson, C.P., McCarthy, G.D., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Smeed, D., Cunningham, S.A. and Mizielinski, M.S. (2014) A new index for the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N. Journal of Climate, Early Online, 140519141100008. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1). (In Press).
Manucharyan, G.E., Moon, W., Sévellec, F., Wells, A.J., Zhong, J.-Q. and Wettlaufer, J.S. (2014) Steady turbulent density currents on a slope in a rotating fluid. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 746, 405-436. (doi:10.1017/jfm.2014.119).
Jullion, Loïc, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Bacon, Sheldon, Meredith, Michael P., Brown, Pete J., Torres-Valdés, Sinhué, Speer, Kevin G., Holland, Paul R., Dong, Jun, Bakker, Dorothée, Hoppema, Mario, Loose, Brice, Venables, Hugh J., Jenkins, William J., Messias, Marie-José and Fahrbach, Eberhard (2014) The contribution of the Weddell Gyre to the lower limb of the global overturning circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Early View (doi:10.1002/2013JC009725). (In Press).
Skliris, Nikolaos, Marsh, Robert, Josey, Simon A., Good, Simon A., Liu, Chunlei and Allan, Richard P. (2014) Salinity changes in the World Ocean since 1950 in relation to changing surface freshwater fluxes. Climate Dynamics, Early View (doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2131-7).
Waterman, Stephanie, Polzin, Kyrt K,, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Sheen, Katy L. and Forryan, Alexander (2014) Suppression of Internal Wave Breaking in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current near Topography. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, (5), 1466-1492. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0154.1).
Donlon, Craig J., Wimmer, W., Robinson, I., Fisher, G., Ferlet, M., Nightingale, T. and Bras, B. (2014) A Second-Generation Blackbody System for the Calibration and Verification of Seagoing Infrared Radiometers. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, (5), 1104-1127. (doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00151.1).
Sévellec, Florian and Fedorov, Alexey V. (2014) Millennial Variability in an Idealized Ocean Model: Predicting the AMOC Regime Shifts. Journal of Climate, 27, (10), 3551-3564. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00450.1).
Robinson, J., Popova, E.E., Yool, A., Srokosz, M., Lampitt, R.S. and Blundell, J.R. (2014) How deep is deep enough? Ocean iron fertilization and carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (7), 2489-2495. (doi:10.1002/2013GL058799).
Haigh, Ivan D., Wahl, Thomas, Rohling, Eelco J., Price, René M., Pattiaratchi, Charitha B., Calafat, Francisco M. and Dangendorf, Sönke (2014) Timescales for detecting a significant acceleration in sea level rise. Nature Communications, 5, 3635. (doi:10.1038/ncomms4635).
Passaro, Marcello, Cipollini, Paolo, Vignudelli, Stefano, Quartly, Graham D. and Snaith, Helen M. (2014) ALES: A multi-mission adaptive subwaveform retracker for coastal and open ocean altimetry. Remote Sensing of Environment, 145, 173-189. (doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.008).
MacGilchrist, G.A., Naveira Garabato, A., Tsubouchi, T., Bacon, S., Torres-Valdés, S. and Azetsu-Scott, K. (2014) The Arctic Ocean carbon sink. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 86, 39-55. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2014.01.002).
Ivchenko, V.O., Danilov, S., Sinha, B. and Schröter, J. (2014) Integral constraints for momentum and energy in zonal flows with parameterized potential vorticity fluxes: governing parameters. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, (3), 922-943. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-0173.1).
Eden, Jonathan M., Widmann, Martin and Evans, Gavin R. (2014) Pacific SST influence on spring precipitation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. International Journal of Climatology, 34, (4), 1223-1235. (doi:10.1002/joc.3759).
Duchez, Aurélie, Frajka-Williams, Eleanor, Castro, Natalia, Hirschi, Joël and Coward, Andrew (2014) Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26°N. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, (3), 1843-1860. (doi:10.1002/2013JC009416).
Feng, Xiangbo and Tsimplis, M.N. (2014) Sea level extremes at the coasts of China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, (3), 1593-1608. (doi:10.1002/2013JC009607).
Kjellsson, Joakim, Döös, Kristofer, Laliberté, Frédéric B. and Zika, Jan D. (2014) The Atmospheric General Circulation in Thermodynamical Coordinates. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71, (3), 916-928. (doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0173.1).
Feng, Xiangbo, Tsimplis, M.N., Yelland, M.J. and Quartly, G.D. (2014) Changes in significant and maximum wave heights in the Norwegian Sea. Global and Planetary Change, 113, 68-76. (doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.12.010).
Polzin, Kurt L., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Huussen, Tycho N., Sloyan, Bernadette M. and Waterman, Stephanie (2014) Finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119, (2), 1383-1419. (doi:10.1002/2013JC008979).
Smeed, D.A., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S.A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W.E., Meinen, C.S., Baringer, M.O., Moat, B.I., Duchez, A. and Bryden, H.L. (2014) Observed decline of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 2004–2012. Ocean Science, 10, (1), 29-38. (doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014).
Elipot, Shane, Frajka-Williams, Eleanor, Hughes, Chris and Willis, Joshua (2014) The observed North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, its Meridional Coherence and Ocean Bottom Pressure. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, (2), 517-537. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1).
Brearley, J. Alexander, Sheen, Katy L., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Smeed, David A., Speer, Kevin G., Thurnherr, Andeaus M., Meredith, Michael M. and Waterman, Stephanie N. (2014) Deep boundary current disintegration in Drake Passage. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, (1), 121-127. (doi:10.1002/2013GL058617).
Brown, Peter J., Meredith, Michael, Jullion, Loic , Naveira Garabato, Alberto, Torres-Valdes, Sinhue, Holland, Paul, Leng, Melanie J. and Venables, Hugh (2014) Freshwater fluxes in the Weddell Gyre: Results from δ18O. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372, (2019 ), 20130298. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0298).
Feng, Xiangbo, Tsimplis, Michael, Quartly, G.D. and Yelland, M. J. (2014) Wave height analysis from 10 years of observations in the Norwegian Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 72, 47-56. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.10.013).
Haigh, Ivan D., MacPherson, Leigh R., Mason, Matthew S., Wijeratne, E.M.S., Pattiaratchi, Charitha B., Crompton, Ryan P. and George, Steve (2014) Estimating present day extreme water level exceedance probabilities around the coastline of Australia: tropical cyclone-induced storm surges and mean sea level. Climate Dynamics, 42, (1-2), 121-138. (doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1652-1).
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Williams, Adam P. and Bacon, Sheldon (2014) The three-dimensional overturning circulation of the Southern Ocean during the WOCE era. Progress In Oceanography, 120, 41-78. (doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2013.07.018).
Haigh, Ivan D., MacPherson, Leigh R., Mason, Matthew S., Wijeratne, E.M.S., Pattiaratchi, Charitha B., Crompton, Ryan P. and George, Steve (2014) Estimating present day extreme water level exceedance probabilities around the coastline of Australia: tropical cyclone-induced storm surges. Climate Dynamics, 42, (1-2), 139-157. (doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1653-0).
Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P.B. and Eriksen, C.C. (2014) Horizontal Stratification during Deep Convection in the Labrador Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, (1), 220-228. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1).
Cunningham, Stuart A., Roberts, Christopher D., Frajka-Williams, Eleanor, Johns, William E., Hobbs, Will, Palmer, Matthew D., Rayner, Darren, Smeed, David A. and McCarthy, Gerard (2013) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (23), 6202-6207. (doi:10.1002/2013GL058464).
Wells, N.C., Couldrey, M. and Ivchenko, V.O. (2013) Comparison of N. Atlantic heat storage estimates during the Argo period (1999–2010). Ocean Science Discussions, 10, (6), 2363-2398. (doi:10.5194/osd-10-2363-2013).
Sonnewald, M., Hirschi, J.J.-M., Marsh, R., McDonagh, E.L. and King, B.A. (2013) Atlantic meridional ocean heat transport at 26N: impact on subtropical ocean heat content variability. Ocean Science, 9, (6), 1057-1069. (doi:10.5194/os-9-1057-2013).
Sévellec, Florian, Hirschi, Joël J.-M. and Blaker, Adam T. (2013) On the Near-Inertial Resonance of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (12), 2661-2672. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-092.1).
Zika, Jan D., Le Sommer, Julien, Dufour, Carolina O., Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C. and Blaker, Adam (2013) Acceleration of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by Wind Stress along the Coast of Antarctica. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (12), 2772-2784. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-091.1).
Brearley, J. Alexander, Sheen, K.L., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Smeed, D.A. and Waterman, Stephanie (2013) Eddy-induced modulation of turbulent dissipation over rough topography in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (11), 2288-2308. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0222.1).
Arns, A., Wahl, T., Haigh, I.D., Jensen, J. and Pattiaratchi, C. (2013) Estimating extreme water level probabilities: A comparison of the direct methods and recommendations for best practise. Coastal Engineering, 81, 51-66. (doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.07.003).
Butler, E.D., Oliver, K.I., Gregory, J.M. and Tailleux, R. (2013) The ocean's gravitational potential energy budget in a coupled climate model. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (20), 5417-5422. (doi:10.1002/2013GL057996).
Marsh, R., Sobester, Andras, Hart, Elizabeth E., Oliver, K.I.C., Edwards, Neil and Cox, S.J. (2013) An optimally tuned ensemble of the "eb_go_gs" configuration of GENIE: parameter sensitivity and bifurcations in the Atlantic overturning circulation. Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 1729-1744. (doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1729-2013).
Roberts, C.D., Waters, J., Peterson, K.A., Palmer, M.D., McCarthy, G.D., Frajka-Williams, E., Haines, K., Lea, D.J., Martin, M.J., Storkey, D., Blockley, E.W. and Zuo, H. (2013) Atmosphere drives recent interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (19), 5164-5170. (doi:10.1002/grl.50930).
Jullion, Loïc, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Meredith, Michael P., Holland, Paul R., Courtois, Peggy and King, Brian A. (2013) Decadal freshening of the Antarctic Bottom Water exported from the Weddell Sea. Journal of Climate, 26, (20), 8111-8125. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00765.1).
Zika, Jan D., Sijp, Willem P. and England, Matthew H. (2013) Vertical Heat Transport by Ocean Circulation and the Role of Mechanical and Haline Forcing. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (10), 2095-2112. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0179.1).
Lauderdale, Jonathan M., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Oliver, Kevin I.C., Follows, Michael J. and Williams, Richard G. (2013) Wind-driven changes in Southern Ocean residual circulation, ocean carbon reservoirs and atmospheric CO2. Climate Dynamics, 41, (7-8), 2145-2164. (doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1650-3).
Watson, Andrew J., Ledwell, James R., Messias, Marie-José, King, Brian A., Mackay, Neill, Meredith, Michael P., Mills, Benjamin and Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (2013) Rapid cross-density ocean mixing at mid-depths in the Drake Passage measured by tracer release. Nature, 501, (7467), 408-411. (doi:10.1038/nature12432).
Kent, E.C., Fangohr, S. and Berry, D.I. (2013) A comparative assessment of monthly mean wind speed products over the global ocean. International Journal of Climatology, 33, (11), 2520-2541. (doi:10.1002/joc.3606).
Mudersbach, Christoph, Wahl, Thomas, Haigh, Ivan D. and Jensen, Jürgen (2013) Trends in high sea levels of German North Sea gauges compared to regional mean sea level changes. Continental Shelf Research, 65, 111-120. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.06.016).
Baringer, M.O., Johns, W.E., McCarthy, G., Willis, G., Garzoli, S., Lankhorst, M., Meinen, C.S., Send, U., Hobbs, W.R., Cunningham, S.A., Rayner, D., Smeed, D.A., Kanzow, T., Heimbach, P., Frajka-Williams, E., Macdonald, A., Dong, S. and Marotzke, J. (2013) Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean. [in special issue: State of the Climate in 2012] Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, (8), S65-S68.
Berry, David I., Frajka-Williams, Eleanor, Holgate, Simon, McCarthy, Gerard, Rayner, Darren and Smeed, David A., Blunden, Jessica and Arndt, Derek S. (eds.) (2013) State of the climate in 2012. [in special issue: Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society] Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, (8), S1-S258. (doi:10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1).
Hunt, F.K., Hirschi, J.J-M., Sinha, Bablu, Oliver, Kevin and Wells, Neil (2013) Combining point correlation maps with self-organising maps to compare observed and simulated atmospheric teleconnection patterns. Tellus A, 65, 20822. (doi:10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.20822).
Close, Sally E., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., McDonagh, Elaine L., King, Brian A., Biuw, Martin and Boehme, Lars (2013) Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Mass Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate, 26, (14), 5102-5123. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00346.1).
Wouters, B., Hazeleger, W., Drijfhout, S.S., van Oldenborgh, G.J. and Guemas, V. (2013) Multiyear predictability of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (12), 3080-3084. (doi:10.1002/grl.50585).
Couldrey, Matthew P., Jullion, Loïc, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Rye, Craig, Herráiz-Borreguero, Laura, Brown, Peter J., Meredith, Michael P. and Speer, Kevin L. (2013) Remotely induced warming of Antarctic Bottom Water in the eastern Weddell gyre. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (11), 2755-2760. (doi:10.1002/grl.50526).
Wadey, Matthew P., Nicholls, Robert J. and Haigh, Ivan (2013) Understanding a coastal flood event: the 10th March 2008 storm surge event in the Solent, UK. Natural Hazards, 67, (2), 829-854. (doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0610-5).
Sévellec, Florian and Fedorov, Alexey V. (2013) Model Bias Reduction and the Limits of Oceanic Decadal Predictability: Importance of the Deep Ocean. Journal of Climate, 26, (11), 3688-3707. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00199.1).
Boxall, Simon (2013) The oceanography classroom: Time for time series. Oceanography, 26, (2), 182-183. (doi:10.5670/oceanog.2013.24).
Sheen, K.L., Brearley, J. A., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Waterman, S., Smeed, D.A., Ledwell, J.R., Meredith, M.P., St. Laurent, L., Thurnherr, A.M., Toole, J.M. and Watson, A.J. (2013) Rates and mechanisms of turbulent dissipation and mixing in the Southern Ocean: Results from the DIMES experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (6), 2774-2792. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20217).
Persechino, A., Mignot, J., Swingedouw, D., Labetoulle, S. and Guilyardi, E. (2013) Decadal predictability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and climate in the IPSL-CM5A-LR model. Climate Dynamics, 40, (9-10), 2359-2380. (doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1466-1).
Zika, Jan D., Le Sommer, Julien, Dufour, Carolina O., Molines, Jean-Marc, Barnier, Bernard, Brasseur, Pierre, Dussin, Raphaël, Penduff, Thierry, Iudicone, Daniele, Lenton, Andrew, Madec, Gurvan, Mathiot, Pierre, Orr, James, Shuckburgh, Emily and Vivier, Frederic (2013) Vertical Eddy Fluxes in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (5), 941-955. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0178.1).
Feng, Xiangbo, Shaw, A.G.P. and Zhang, Wei (2013) Study on reverse calculation for unidirectional waves from shallow water. Journal of Coastal Research, Spec. Issue 65, 219-224. (doi:10.2112/SI65-038.1).
Torres-Valdés, Sinhué, Tsubouchi, Takamasa, Bacon, Sheldon, Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C., Sanders, Richard, McLaughlin, Fiona A., Petrie, Brian, Kattner, Gerhard, Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko and Whitledge, Terry E. (2013) Export of nutrients from the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (4), 1625-1644. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20063).
Vervatis, Vassilios D., Sofianos, Sarantis S., Skliris, Nikolaos, Somot, Samuel, Lascaratos, Alex and Rixen, Michel (2013) Mechanisms controlling the thermohaline circulation pattern variability in the Aegean–Levantine region. A hindcast simulation (1960–2000) with an eddy resolving model. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 74, 82-97. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.12.011).
Bintanja, R., van Oldenborgh, G.J., Drijfhout, S.S., Wouters, B. and Katsman, C.A. (2013) Important role for ocean warming and increased ice-shelf melt in Antarctic sea-ice expansion. Nature Geoscience, 6, (5), 376-379. (doi:10.1038/ngeo1767).
Mielke, C., Frajka-Williams, E. and Baehr, J. (2013) Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26°N and 41°N. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (6), 1159-1164. (doi:10.1002/grl.50233).
Meredith, Michael P., Brown, Peter J., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Jullion, Loïc, Venables, Hugh J. and Messias, Marie-José (2013) Dense bottom layers in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean: Creation, lifespan, and destruction. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (5), 933-936. (doi:10.1002/grl.50260).
Forryan, Alexander, Martin, Adrian P., Srokosz, Meric A., Popova, Ekaterina E., Painter, Stuart C. and Renner, Angelika H. H. (2013) A new observationally motivated Richardson number based mixing parametrization for oceanic mesoscale flow. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (3), 1405-1419. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20108).
Lane-Serff, G.F. and Stansfield, K.L. (2013) Observations of mixed layer deepening during an Antarctic gale. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, (3), 1396-1404. (doi:10.1002/jgrc.20140).
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Nurser, A.J. George, Scott, Robert B. and Goff, John A. (2013) The Impact of Small-Scale Topography on the Dynamical Balance of the Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (3), 647-668. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-056.1).
Smith, Alan, Guastella, Lisa A., Mather, Andrew A., Bundy, Simon C. and Haigh, Ivan D. (2013) KwaZulu-Natal coastal erosion events of 2006/2007 and 2011: A predictive tool? South African Journal of Science, 109, (3/4), 72-75. (doi:10.1590/sajs.2013/20120025).
Ivchenko, V.O., Sinha, B., Zalesny, V.B., Marsh, R. and Blaker, A.T. (2013) Influence of bottom topography on integral constraints in zonal flows with parameterized potential vorticity fluxes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (2), 311-323. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0126.1).
Waterman, Stephanie, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. and Polzin, Kurt L. (2013) Internal Waves and Turbulence in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, (2), 259-282. (doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-0194.1).
Oliver, Kevin I.C. and Tailleux, Remi (2013) Thermobaric control of gravitational potential energy generation by diapycnal mixing in the deep ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (2), 327-331. (doi:10.1029/2012GL054235).
Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W.E., Meinen, C.S., Beal, L.M. and Cunningham, S.A. (2013) Eddy Impacts on the Florida Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (2), 349-353. (doi:10.1002/grl.50115).
Cimatoribus, Andrea A., Drijfhout, Sybren S. and Dijkstra, Henk A. (2013) Reconciling the north–south density difference scaling for the Meridional Overturning Circulation strength with geostrophy. Journal of Climate (Submitted).
Ballarotta, Maxime, Drijfhout, Sybren, Kuhlbrodt, Till and Döös, Kristofer (2013) The residual circulation of the Southern Ocean: Which spatio-temporal scales are needed? Ocean Modelling, 64, 46-55. (doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.01.005).
Roberts, Christopher D., Garry, Freya K. and Jackson, Laura C. (2013) A Multimodel Study of Sea Surface Temperature and Subsurface Density Fingerprints of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Climate, 26, (22), 9155-9174. (doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00762.1).
Dermody, B.J., van der Velde, Y., Bierkens, M.F.P., de Boer, H.J., Drijfhout, S.S., Donders, T.H., Wassen, M.J. and Dekker, S.C. (2013) The Tropical Pacific: an amendable communicator of Holocene solar forcing. Nature Communications (Submitted).
Sheen, K.L., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Brearley, J.C., Meredith, M.P., Polzin, K.L., Smeed, D.A., Forryan, A., King, B.A., Sallee, J-B., St Laurent, L., Ledwell, J.R., Thurnhurr, A.M., Toole, J.M., Waternan, S.N. and Watson, A.J. (2013) Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Nature (Submitted).
Drijfhout, S., Middelburg, J. and Meysman, F. (2013) Impact of carbon compensation dynamics on CO2 uptake after a pulse release. Global Biogeochemical Cycles (Submitted).
Drijfhout, S.S., Gleeson, E., Dijkstra, H.A. and Livina, A. (2013) A spontaneous, abrupt climate change event in the EC-Earth climate model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Submitted).
van Oldenborgh, G.J., Doblas Reyes, F.J., Drijfhout, S.S. and Hawkins, E. (2013) Reliability of regional climate model trends. Environmental Research Letters, 8, (1), 014055. (doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014055).
Bryden, Harry L., Robinson, Carol and Griffiths, Gwyn (2012) A strategy for UK marine science for the next 20 years. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 370, (1980), 5455-5456. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0403).
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Kanzow, T., Johnson, H.E., Marshall, D.P., Cunningham, S.A., Hirschi, J.J-M., Mujahid, A., Bryden, H.L. and Johns, W.E. (2009) Basinwide Integrated Volume Transports in an Eddy-Filled Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39, (12), 3091-3110. (doi:10.1175/2009JPO4185.1).
Sime, L.C., Wolff, E.W., Oliver, K.I.C. and Tindall, J.C. (2009) Evidence for warmer interglacials in East Antarctic ice cores. Nature, 462, (7271), 342-345. (doi:10.1038/nature08564).
Dodd, Paul A., Heywood, Karen J., Meredith, Michael P., Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C., Marca, Alina D. and Falkner, Kelly K. (2009) Sources and fate of freshwater exported in the East Greenland Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L19608. (doi:10.1029/2009GL039663).
Grist, Jeremy P., Marsh, Robert and Josey, Simon A. (2009) On the Relationship between the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and the Surface-Forced Overturning Streamfunction. Journal of Climate, 22, (19), 4989-5002. (doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2574.1).
Haigh, Ivan, Nicholls, Robert and Wells, Neil (2009) Mean sea level trends around the English Channel over the 20th century and their wider context. Continental Shelf Research, 29, (17), 2083-2098. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.07.013).
Josey, Simon A., Grist, Jeremy P. and Marsh, Robert (2009) Estimates of meridional overturning circulation variability in the North Atlantic from surface density flux fields. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, (C9), C09022. (doi:10.1029/2008JC005230).
Vaughan, Naomi E., Lenton, Timothy M. and Shepherd, John G. (2009) Climate change mitigation: trade-offs between delay and strength of action required. Climatic Change, 96, (1-2), 29-43. (doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9573-7).
Donlon, C.J., Casey, K.S., Robinson, I.S., Gentemann, C.L., Reynolds, R.W., Barton, I., Arino, O., Stark, J., Rayner, N., LeBorgne, P., Poulter, D., Vazquez-Cuervo, J., Armstrong, E., Beggs, H., Llewellyn-Jones, D., Minnett, P.J., Merchant, C.J. and Evans, R. (2009) The GODAE High-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project [In: Special Issue on the Revolution of Global Ocean Forecasting - GODAE: 10 Years of Achievement]. Oceanography, 22, (3), 34-45.
Yool, Andrew, Shepherd, John G., Bryden, Harry L. and Oschlies, Andreas (2009) Low efficiency of nutrient translocation for enhancing oceanic uptake of carbon dioxide. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, (C8), C08009. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004792).
Price, Andrew R., Myerscough, Richard J., Voutchkov, Ivan I., Marsh, Robert and Cox, Simon J. (2009) Multi-objective optimization of GENIE earth system models. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 367, (1898), 2623-2633. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2009.0039).
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Jullion, Loïc, Stevens, David P., Heywood, Karen J. and King, Brian A. (2009) Variability of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Drake Passage during the Late-Twentieth and Early-Twenty-First Centuries. Journal of Climate, 22, (13), 3661-3688. (doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2621.1).
Skliris, Nikolaos and Beckers, Jean-Marie (2009) Modelling the Gibraltar Strait/Western Alboran Sea ecohydrodynamics. Ocean Dynamics, 59, (3), 489-508. (doi:10.1007/s10236-009-0185-6).
Boxall, Simon (2009) The oceanography classroom: Working away from home - the longer-term option. Oceanography, 22, (2), 258-260.
Simonin, D., Tatnall, A.R. and Robinson, I.S. (2009) The automated detection and recognition of internal waves. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30, (17), 4581-4598. (doi:10.1080/01431160802621218).
Fairman, Matthew J., Price, Andrew R., Xue, Gang, Molinari, Marc, Nicole, Denis A., Lenton, Timothy M., Marsh, Robert, Takeda, Kenji and Cox, Simon J. (2009) Earth system modelling with Windows Workflow Foundation. Future Generation Computer Systems, 25, (5), 586-597. (doi:10.1016/j.future.2008.06.011).
Fontán, Almudena, González, Manuel, Wells, Neil, Collins, Michael, Mader, Julien, Ferrer, Luis, Esnaola, Ganix and Uriarte, Adolfo (2009) Tidal and wind-induced circulation within the Southeastern limit of the Bay of Biscay: Pasaia Bay, Basque Coast. Continental Shelf Research, 29, (8), 998-1007. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2008.12.013).
Atkinson, C.P., Wells, N.C., Blaker, A.T., Sinha, B. and Ivchenko, V.O. (2009) Rapid ocean wave teleconnections linking Antarctic salinity anomalies to the equatorial ocean‐atmosphere system. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L08603. (doi:10.1029/2008GL036976).
Lenton, Timothy M., Myerscough, Richard J., Marsh, Robert, Livina, Valerie N., Price, Andrew R., Cox, Simon J. and The GENIE Team (2009) Using GENIE to study a tipping point in the climate system. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A, 367, (1890), 871-884. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0171).
Oliver, K.I.C., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Crowhurst, S., Henderson, G.M., Rickaby, R.E.M., Edwards, N.R. and Elderfield, H. (2009) A synthesis of marine sediment core d13C data over the last 150 000 years. Climate of the Past Discussions, 5, 2497-2554. (doi:10.5194/cpd-5-2497-2009).
Wells, N.C., Josey, S.A. and Hadfield, R.E. (2009) Towards closure of regional heat budgets in the North Atlantic using Argo floats and surface flux datasets. Ocean Science, 5, (2), 59-72.
Marsh, Robert, de Cuevas, Beverly A., Coward, Andrew C., Jacquin, Julien, Hirschi, Joel J-M., Aksenov, Yevgeny, Nurser, A.J. George and Josey, Simon A. (2009) Recent changes in the North Atlantic circulation simulated with eddy-permitting and eddy-resolving ocean models. Ocean Modelling, 28, (4), 226-239. (doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.02.007).
Álvarez, M., Lo Monaco, C., Tanhua, T., Yool, A., Oschlies, A., Bullister, J.L., Goyet, C., Metzl, N., Touratier, F., McDonagh, E. and Bryden, H.L. (2009) Estimating the storage of anthropogenic carbon in the subtropical Indian Ocean: a comparison of five different approaches. Biogeosciences, 6, (4), 681-703. (doi:10.5194/bg-6-681-2009).
Boxall, Simon (2008) The oceanography classroom: Working away from home (the first installment). Oceanography, 21, (4), 202-204.
Oliver, K.I.C. and Edwards, N.R. (2008) Location of potential energy sources and the export of dense water from the Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L22604. (doi:10.1029/2008GL035537).
Ivchenko, V.O., Danilov, S., Sidorenko, D., Schroeter, J., Wenzel, M. and Aleynik, D.L. (2008) Steric height variability in the northern Atlantic on seasonal and interannual scales. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, (C11), C11007. (doi:10.1029/2008JC004836).
McDonagh, Elaine L., Bryden, Harry L., King, Brian A. and Sanders, Richard J. (2008) The circulation of the Indian Ocean at 32°S. Progress In Oceanography, 79, (1), 20-36. (doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2008.07.001).
Messias, M-J., Watson, A.J., Johannessen, T., Oliver, K.I.C., Olsson, K.A., Fogelqvist, E., Olafsson, J., Bacon, S., Balle, J., Bergman, N., Budéus, G., Danielsen, M., Gascard, J-C., Jeansson, E., Olafsdottir, S.R., Simonsen, K., Tanhua, T., Van Scoy, K. and Ledwell, J.R. (2008) The Greenland Sea tracer experiment 1996–2002: horizontal mixing and transport of Greenland Sea Intermediate Water. Progress in Oceanography, 78, (1), 85-105. (doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.06.005).
Whiting, Daniel (2008) Between old and new: Brandom's analytic pragmatism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 17 (In Press).
Marshall, David P. and Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (2008) A conjecture on the role of bottom-enhanced diapycnal mixing in the parameterization of geostrophic eddies. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, (7), 1607-1613. (doi:10.1175/2007JPO3619.1).
Meredith, Michael P., Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Gordon, Arnold L. and Johnson, Gregory C. (2008) Evolution of the deep and bottom waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995–2005. Journal of Climate, 21, (13), 3327-3343. (doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2238.1).
Mayewski, P.A., Meredith, M.P., Summerhayes, C.P., Turner, J., Worby, A., Barrett, P.J., Casassa, G., Bertler, N.A.N., Bracegirdle, T., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Bromwich, D., Campbell, H., Hamilton, G.S., Lyons, W.B., Maasch, K.A., Aoki, S., Xiao, C. and van Ommen, Tas (2008) State of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean climate system. Reviews of Geophysics, 47, RG1003-[38pp]. (doi:10.1029/2007RG000231).
Horwood, J. and Shepherd, J. (2008) Correspondence: Analyses support theory of stochastic regulation of fisheries. Nature, 453, (7195), p586. (doi:10.1038/453586d).
Marsh, R., Josey, S.A., de Cuevas, B.A., Redbourn, L.J. and Quartly, G.D. (2008) Mechanisms for recent warming of the North Atlantic: Insights gained with an eddy-permitting model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, (C4), C04031. (doi:10.1029/2007JC004096).
Park, Young-Hyang, Fuda, Jean-Luc, Durand, Isabelle and Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (2008) Internal tides and vertical mixing over the Kerguelen Plateau. Deep-Sea Research II, 55, (5-7), 582-593. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.12.027).
Booker, D.J., Wells, N.C. and Smith, I.P. (2008) Modelling the trajectories of migrating Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 65, (3), 352-361. (doi:10.1139/F07-173).
Lauderdale, Jonathan M., Bacon, Sheldon, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. and Holliday, N.Penny (2008) Intensified turbulent mixing in the boundary current system of southern Greenland. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L04611. (doi:10.1029/2007GL032785).
Drijfhout, Sybren S. and Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (2008) The zonal dimension of the Indian Ocean meridional overturning circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, (2), 359-379. (doi:10.1175/2007JPO3640.1).
Kanzow, T., Hirschi, J.J-M., Meinen, C.S., Rayner, D., Cunningham, S.A., Marotzke, J., Johns, W.E., Bryden, H.L., Beal, L.M. and Baringer, M.O. (2008) A prototype system of observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation - scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1, (1), 19-28.
Holliday, N.P., Kennedy, J., Kent, E.C., Marsh, R., Hughes, S.L., Sherwin, T. and Berry, D.I., Baxter, J.M., Buckley, P.J. and Wallace, C.J. (eds.) (2008) Scientific review - sea temperature. Marine Climate Changes Impact Annual Report Card 2008
Donlon, C., Robinson, I.S., Reynolds, M., Wimmer, W., Fisher, G., Edwards, R. and Nightingale, T.J. (2008) An infrared sea surface temperature autonomous radiometer (ISAR) for deployment aboard Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS). Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25, (1), 93-113. (doi: 10.1175/2007JTECHO505.1).
Jeffery, C.D., Robinson, I.S., Woolf, D.K. and Donlon, C.J. (2008) The response to phase-dependent wind stress and cloud fraction of the diurnal cycle of SST and air–sea CO2 exchange. Ocean Modelling, 23, (1-2), 33-48. (doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.03.003).
Smith, R.O., Bryden, H.L. and Stansfield, K. (2008) Observations of new western Mediterranean deep water formation using Argo floats 2004-2006. Ocean Science, 4, (2), 133-149.
Fangohr, Susanne, Woolf, David K., Jefferey, Christopher D. and Robinson, Ian S. (2008) Calculating long-term global air-sea flux of carbon dioxide using scatterometer, passive microwave, and model reanalysis wind data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, (C09032) (doi:10.1029/2005JC003376).
Lampitt, R.S., Achterberg, E.P., Anderson, T.R., Hughes, J.A., Iglesias-Rodriguez, M.D., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A., Lucas, M., Popova, E.E., Sanders, R., Shepherd, J.G., Smythe-Wright, D. and Yool, A. (2008) Ocean fertilization: a potential means of geoengineering? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A, 366, (1882), 3919-3945. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0139).
Cunningham, Stuart A., Kanzow, Torsten, Rayner, Darren, Baringer, Molly O., Johns, William E., Marotzke, Jochem, Longworth, Hannah R., Grant, Elizabeth M., Hirschi, Joël J.-M., Beal, Lisa M., Meinen, Christopher S. and Bryden, Harry L. (2007) Temporal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N. Science, 317, (5840), 935-938. (doi:10.1126/science.1141304).
Skliris, N., Sofianos, S. and Lascaratos, A. (2007) Hydrological changes in the Mediterranean Sea in relation to changes in the freshwater budget: A numerical modelling study. Journal of Marine Systems, 65, (1-4), 400-416. (doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2006.01.015).
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., Stevens, David P., Watson, Andrew J., Roether, Watson and Roether, Wolfgang (2007) Short-circuiting of the oceanic overturning circulation in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Nature, 447, (7141), 194-197. (doi:10.1038/nature05832).
Edwards, Neil R. and Marsh, Robert (2005) Uncertainties due to transport-parameter sensitivity in an efficient 3-D ocean-climate model. Climate Dynamics, 24, (4), 415-433. (doi:10.1007/s00382-004-0508-8).
Skliris, N., Lacroix, G. and Djenidi, S. (2004) Effects of extreme meteorological conditions on coastal dynamics near a submarine canyon. Continental Shelf Research, 24, (9), 1033-1045. (doi:10.1016/j.csr.2004.02.012).
Elkalay, Khalid, Frangoulis, Constantin, Skliris, Nikos, Goffart, Anne, Gobert, Sylvie, Lepoint, Gilles and Hecq, Jean-Henri (2003) A model of the seasonal dynamics of biomass and production of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica in the Bay of Calvi (Northwestern Mediterranean). Ecological Modelling, 167, (1-2), 1-18. (doi:10.1016/S0304-3800(03)00074-7).
Skliris, N., Hecq, J.H. and Djenidi, S. (2002) Water fluxes at an ocean margin in the presence of a submarine canyon. Journal of Marine Systems, 32, (1-3), 239-251. (doi:10.1016/S0924-7963(02)00036-2).
Skliris, N., Goffart, A., Hecq, J.H. and Djenidi, S. (2001) Shelf-slope exchanges associated with a steep submarine canyon off Calvi (Corsica, NW Mediterranean Sea): A modeling approach. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, (C9), 19883-19901. (doi:10.1029/2000JC000534).
Skliris, N., Elkalay, K., Goffart, A., Frangoulis, C. and Hecq, J.H. (2001) One-dimensional modelling of the plankton ecosystem of the north-western Corsican coastal area in relation to meteorological constraints. Journal of Marine Systems, 27, (4), 337-362. (doi:10.1016/S0924-7963(00)00078-6).

Book

Wells, Neil C. (2012) The Atmosphere and Ocean: a physical introduction. 3rd Edition., Chichester, GB, Wiley-Blackwell, 411pp.
Robinson, Ian S. (2010) Discovering the ocean from space: the unique applications of satellite oceanography, Berlin, Germany, Springer/Praxis Publishing, 638pp.

Book Section

Bryden, Harry, Schroeder, Katrin, Borghini, Mireno, Vetrano, Anna and Sparnocchia, Stefania (2014) Mixing in the Deep Waters of the Western Mediterranean. In, The Mediterranean Sea: Temporal Variability and Spatial Patterns. Chichester, GB, John Wiley & Sons, 49-56. (AGU Geophysical Monograph Series). (doi:10.1002/9781118847572.ch4).
Weaver, Iain S., Dyke, J.G. and Oliver, K.I.C. (2014) Can the principle of maximum entropy production be used to predict the steady states of a Rayleigh-Bernard convective system? In, Dewar, R.C., Lineweaver, C.H., Niven, R.K. and Regenauer-Lieb, Klaus (eds.) Beyond The Second Law: Entropy Production and Non-Equilibrium Systems. New York, US, Springer, 277-290.
MacKinnon, J., St Laurent, L. and Naveira Garabato, A.C. (2013) Diapycnal mixing processes in the ocean interior. In, Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (eds.) Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, GB, Academic Press, 159-184. (International Geophysics, 103).
Drijfhout, S.S., Marshall, D.P. and Dijkstra, H.A. (2013) Conceptual models of the wind-driven and thermohaline circulation. In, Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (eds.) Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, GB, Academic Press, 257-282. (International Geophysics, 103).
Rintoul, S.R. and Naveira Garabato, A.C. (2013) Dynamics of the Southern Ocean circulation. In, Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (eds.) Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, GB, Academic Press, 471-492. (International Geophysics, 103).
Johannessen, A., Chapron, B., Alpers, W., Collard, F., Cipollini, P., Liu, A., Horstmann, J., da Silva, J., Portabella, M., Robinson, I.S., Holt, B., Wackerman, C. and Vachon, P. (2013) Satellite Oceanography from the ERS Synthetic Aperture Radar and Radar Altimeter: A Brief Review. In, Fletcher, K. (ed.) ERS Missions: 20 years of observing Earth. Noordwijk, NL, European Space Agency, 199-224.
Byfield, Valborg, Bernard, Stewart, Dobson, Malcolm, Edwards , Alasdair J., Louw, Deon C., Oben, Benedicta M., Robinson, Ian S., Shaghude, Yohanna and Whittle, Christo (2012) BILKO and African capacity development in coastal and marine remote sensing. In, Proceedings of the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2012. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium United States, US, IEEE, 7369-7372.
Cipollini, Paolo, Sutcliffe, Anna C.S. and Robinson, Ian S. (2010) Oceanic planetary waves and eddies: a privileged view from satellite altimetry. In, Barale, V., Gower, J.F.R. and Alberotanza, L. (eds.) Oceanography from Space: revisited. Dordrecht, NL, Springer, 195-209.
Lampitt, R.S., Achterberg, E.P., Anderson, T.R., Hughes, J.A., Iglesias-Rodriguez, M.D., Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A., Lucas, M., Popova, E.E., Sanders, R., Shepherd, J.G., Smythe-Wright, D. and Yool, A. (2010) Ocean fertilisation: a potential means of geo-engineering? In, Thompson, J. Michael T. and Launder, Brian (eds.) Geo-Engineering Climate Change: Environmental Necessity or Pandora's Box? Cambridge, University of Cambridge, 149-180.
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (2009) Energetics of ocean mixing. In, Steele, J.H., Turekian, K.K. and Thorpe, S.A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd ed. San Diego, US, Academic Press, 261-270.
Haigh, I., Nicholls, R.J. and Wells, N.C. (2009) Twentieth-century changes in extreme still sea levels in the English Channel. In, Smith, Jane Mckee (ed.) Coastal Engineering 2008: Proceedings of the 31st International Conference. 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering New Jersey, USA, World Scientific Publishing Co , 1199-1209.
Wells, N.C. (2008) Ocean circulation. In, Steele, John H., Thorpe, Steve A. and Turekian, Karl K. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd ed. San Diego, USA, Academic Press, 115-125.
Ivchenko, V.O., Danilov, S. and Olbers, D. (2008) Eddies in numerical models of the Southern Ocean. In, Hecht, M.W. and Hasumi, H. (eds.) Ocean Modeling in an Eddying Regime. Washington DC, USA, American Geophysical Union, 177-198. (AGU Geophysical Monograph 177).

Conference or Workshop Item

Hunt, F.K., Hirschi, Joel, Oliver, Kevin and Wells, Neil (2013) Assessing teleconnections patterns in climate models using a combination of point correlation maps and self-organizing maps. In, 4th WGNE Workshop on Systematic Errors in Weather and Climate Models, Exeter, GB,
Hunt, F.K., Hirschi, Joel and Sinha, Bablu (2012) Combining point correlation maps with self-organizing maps to investigate atmospheric teleconnection patterns in climate model data. At IUGG Conference on Mathematical Geophysics, Edinburgh, GB, 18 - 22 Jun 2012. 1pp.
Price, Andrew R., Myerscough, Richard J., Voutchkov, Ivan I., Marsh, Robert and Cox, Simon J. (2008) Mutli-objective optimisation of GENIE Earth system models. At UK e-Science 2008 All Hands Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, 08 - 11 Sep 2008. 20pp.

Monograph

Naveira Garabato, A. and et al, . (2013) RRS James Cook Cruise 090, 30 Aug - 17 Sep 2013. Ocean Surface Mixing, Ocean Sub-mesoscale Interaction Study (OSMOSIS). Southampton, GB, National Oceanography Centre, 111pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 25).
Allen, J.T., Naveira-Garabato, A. and et al, . , Forryan, A. (ed.) (2013) RRS Discovery Cruise 381, 28 Aug - 03 Oct 2012. Ocean Surface Mixing, Ocean Submesoscale Interaction Study (OSMOSIS). Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 196pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report, 18).
Naveira Garabato, A. (2010) RRS James Cook Cruise 41, 05-21 Dec 2009. UK DIMES1 Cruise Report: Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 164pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report, 56).
Shepherd, J.G. Working Group on Geoengineering the Climate (2009) Geoengineering the climate: science, governance and uncertainty. London, GB, Royal Society, 98pp. (RS Policy document, 10/29).
Naveira Garabato, A. (2009) RRS James Cook Cruise 29, 01 Nov-22 Dec 2008. SOFine cruise report: Southern Ocean Finestructure. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 216pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report, (35) ).

Thesis

Alraddadi, Turki Metabe (2013) Temporal changes in the Red Sea circulation and associated water masses. University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science, Doctoral Thesis , 198pp.

Staff

Members of staff associated with this group:

Facilities

Research Vessels

We have two vessels based at NOCS that are available to staff and students of Ocean and Earth Science. R.V. Callista and R.V. Bill Conway