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The University of Southampton
Southampton Neuroscience Group

The Brain in Motion: Visualizing Brain Biomechanics and Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury Event

11 April 2013
Building 85, Room 2207 - Highfield Campus

For more information regarding this event, please email Beatrice Murphy at .

Event details

Presented by Professor Philip V. Bayly, Washington University in Saint Louis, USA

High linear and angular accelerations of the skull can lead to rapid deformation of brain tissue and subsequent traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the precise mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Computer simulations of head-brain biomechanics offer enormous potential for improved understanding and prevention of TBI. However simulations must be complemented by biomechanical measurements to parameterize and validate the underlying mathematical models. The nonlinear, anisotropic, viscoelastic, heterogeneous character of brain tissue, and the intricate connections between the brain and skull all play important roles in the brain's response to skull acceleration. Studies of animal brains and ex vivo brain tissue have led to useful advances, but these models provide only limited insight into the response of the intact human brain.  On the other hand, efforts to understand the motion of the human brain in vivo are complicated by the fact that it is delicate, hidden, and well-protected by the skull. I will describe MR imaging techniques to characterize brain deformation, estimate brain material properties, and illuminate the boundary conditions between brain and skull, with the objective of improving the ability to simulate TBI.

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