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The University of Southampton
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Southampton Stonewall Lectures

The annual Southampton Stonewall Lecture explores the rich heritage that is lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) history. It has been organized since 2012 by Professor Mark Cornwall from the History Department as a way to show-case the latest cutting-edge historical research on this theme. The lecture has attracted international speakers covering a wide range of topics, periods and disciplinary approaches. They have included Professors George Chauncey, Laura Doan, Dagmar Herzog and Bruce Smith.

Each lecture has offered an academic approach but one geared too to a broader public. A key purpose is to educate contemporary audiences, academic and public, about the past while also promoting the University of Southampton’s commitment to the principles of equality, diversity and inclusivity. The lecture has become the major event in the University’s celebration of LGBTQ History month each February. It also builds on fruitful cooperation between the Stonewall charity and the University in terms of our shared values and educational engagement with the wider community. In recognition of this work, the Stonewall lecture series was short-listed in 2020 for a University of Southampton Vice-Chancellor’s award. Through a greater understanding of discrimination and tolerance through the centuries, we can help to promote tolerance and inclusivity in contemporary British society. For more information visit the university’s LGBT Research Community website.

Annual Lectures:

2020, Jill Liddington: ‘Writing Anne Lister: The Real Gentleman Jack’ 

Writing Anne Lister: The Real Gentleman Jack

Dr Liddington (University of Leeds) has been a major interpreter of the secret diaries of Anne Lister. Sometimes called the ‘first British lesbian’, Lister (1791-1840) was a true Renaissance woman: Yorkshire landowner, coal mine exploiter, mountaineer, scientist, polyglot, European traveller, trained in the classics as well as being a high Anglican and staunch Tory. Her colourful exploits have been shared with many through the BBC drama series Gentleman Jack. In the lecture Dr Liddington explained the complex task of deciphering the diaries – long passages in code alongside impenetrable handwriting – and their subsequent history and significance for queer heritage. While the diaries were suppressed for 150 years, deemed too shocking for the public gaze, an extra blow came with the Thatcher government’s Clause 28 since this had the effect of silencing publicity about Anne Lister’s homosexuality.

Listen to the recording of her lecture here.

2019, Bruce R. Smith: ‘To Queer or Not to Queer Shakespeare?

Shakespeare

‘Queer Shakespeare’? At the time of the Stonewall Riots in 1969 most people would have answered such a question with an astonished ‘What?’ ‘Queer’ was a slur, and Britain’s national bard could not possibly have been one. Fifty years on, the term ‘queer’ has taken on personal, political, and analytical power. From an adjective with a broad meaning, and a noun with a quite specific meaning, ‘queer’ is now a verb. ‘To queer’ something is to question its status, to probe, to reevaluate. In his lecture Professor Smith (U. of Southern California) explored the stages of this transition in the meanings of ‘queer’, giving special attention to the ambiguous status of ‘Shakespeare’. That word could refer to four things: (1) the historical person in Stratford-upon-Avon; (2) the work he produced as a playwright and poet; (3) the author that we imagine from the plays and poems; and (4) the cultural icon that he has become. Each of these entities can be the object of the verb ‘to queer’.

2018, Alison Oram: ‘Queer Beyond London: Culture and Place in English Cities, 1970s-1990s’

Alison Oram

This lecture drew on research from an AHRC funded project, ‘Queer Beyond London’, which explores LGBTQ life in four provincial cities (Manchester, Brighton, Leeds and Plymouth) to challenge the London-centric history of queer life. Alison Oram (Leeds Beckett University) analyzed why queer migration occurred in these cities, the private and public queer culture which developed, and how distinct trajectories of queer life and history evolved. Alison drew on oral history, sociology, and urban geography, complimenting George Chauncey’s lecture in 2013. She especially highlighted: Brighton’s political radicalism; Leeds’ lesbian feminism; and the tolerance which often prevailed in Plymouth due to the city’s links with the military.

2017, Dagmar Herzog: ‘Love and Perversion – The Modern History of Homophobia’

Dagmar Herzog.jpg

In this lecture Dagmar Herzog (City University of New York) took themes from her latest monograph Cold War Freud (2016) to explore how American psychoanalysts after 1945 did their utmost to stigmatise homosexuality and perpetuate homophobia in the USA. The movement particularly challenged the work of Alfred Kinsey, asserting that his findings on sexuality had nothing to do with love. Only by the 1970s were the psychoanalysts finally in retreat, but by that time many lives had been ruined through their influence in the medical profession. For an interview with Prof Herzog, see LGBT Research Community.

 2016, Elise Chenier: ‘Lesbian Life Stories – Stuck in the Past’

Elise Chenier

This lecture explored lesbian experience as captured in four decades of oral histories. Prof Chenier (Simon Fraser University, BC) drew on her great expertise as an oral historian, having created her own lesbian archive website (ALOT). The lecture assessed the position of lesbianism and women’s sexuality over the past forty years, drawing on her own life as well as her digital archive in order to show both continuities and breaks with the present. In the Q&A she pressed the highly diverse audience to question their own sexual stereotypes. The Vice-Chancellor also sent a special message of support for Prof Chenier’s lecture as a key display of the university’s commitment to Equality and Diversity.

2015, Richard Parkinson: ‘Glimpses of a Gay World History: From Ancient Egypt to the Modern Museum’

Richard Parkinson

Professor Parkinson (University of Oxford) has worked on same-sex desire in ancient Egyptian culture and literature, exploring the possibilities of a ‘queer philology’. This year’s Stonewall lecture discussed his research on this topic and the wider issue of how and why museums can represent same-sex experiences as integral parts of world cultures. He assessed his own experience in curating a ground-breaking LGBTQ history project at the British Museum, which drew on objects ranging from ancient Egyptian papyri, German ceramics,  images by modern artists such as David Hockney and Bhupen Khakhar, and the Merchant Ivory film ‘Maurice’. It resulted in a ‘Little Gay History’ of the world in forty or so objects from a single museum collection.

2014, Laura Doan: ‘On the Entanglements of Queer Memory and History: The Case of Alan Turing’

For LGBTQ and queer-identified people aware of Alan Turing’s sexuality, his arrest in 1952 on charges of ‘gross indecency’ and his barbaric punishment (chemical castration in lieu of prison), the spaces of commemoration take on added resonance, an encounter with the past which historians associate with memory.  Not individual memory, but collective memory, the social phenomenon or cultural dimension of what groups remember.  In this lecture Professor Laura Doan (University of Manchester) used Turing, recently pardoned by the British government, as a case study to prise memory, time and history apart, while also leaving them intertwined and messy.

2013, George Chauncey: ‘Gay Culture in Postwar New York – Community Creation and Conflict’

In this lecture George Chauncey (Yale University) presented his latest research, arguing for the importance of the creative arts in developing New York City’s postwar gay culture. He explored how the involvement of thousands of gay men in fashion, design, theatre, music, and retail influenced the location of gay neighborhoods as well as the tenor of gay bar culture; how gay culture shaped the literary and consumer tastes of many gay men; and how the idea that gay men bore a special relationship to the creative arts shaped their attitude toward themselves at a time when homosexuals were often demonized by the press and public officials.     

The Stonewall Lecture was created by Mark Cornwall in 2012 in the wake of his professorial inaugural lecture at Southampton in 2010:

‘Youth, Eros and Regeneration – A National Revolution for Central Europe’.

This lecture explored the youth mission and homosexuality of the Sudeten German Heinrich Rutha in interwar Czechoslovakia. Rutha had a radical German nationalist agenda for the region, based on male bonding and education. In 1937 however he would die as a result of one of the major homosexual scandals of the 1930s. See the interview with Mark Cornwall.

The research from the lecture was subsequently published as The Devil’s Wall: The Nationalist Youth Mission of Heinz Rutha (Harvard UP, 2012).

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