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The University of Southampton
EconomicsPart of Economic, Social and Political Science

0904 Consumption, Income, and Wealth Inequality in Canada (M. Gervais, P. Klein, M. Brozozowski & M. Suzuki)

Discussion Paper 0904, "Consumption, Income, and Wealth Inequality in Canada", by Martin Gervais, Paul Klein, Matthew Brozozowski & Micho Suzuki

In this paper we document some features of the distribution of income, consumption and wealth in Canada using survey data from many different sources. We find that wage and income inequality have increased substantially over the last 30 years, but that much of this rise was offset by the tax and transfer system. As a result, the rise in consumption inequality has been relatively mild. We also document that wealth inequality has remained fairly stable since 1999. Using both confidential data and publicly available data, we are able to gauge the extent to which the publicly available data conceals aspects of inequality that confidential data reveals.

Keywords: Income Inequality, Consumption Inequality, Wealth Inequality

JEL Classification: D12, D31

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