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The University of Southampton
EconomicsPart of Economic, Social and Political Science

1301 In Work Benefits and the Nordic Model (A. Kolm & M. Tonin)

Authors: Ann-Sofie Kolm (Stockholm University) and Mirco Tonin (University of Southampton).

Paper number:1301


Welfare benefits in the Nordic countries are often tied to employment. We argue that this is one of the factors behind the success of the Nordic model, where a comprehensive welfare state is associated with high employment. In a general equilibrium setting, the underlining mechanism works through wage moderation and job creation. The benefits make it more important to hold a job, thus lower wages will be accepted, and more jobs created. Moreover, we show that the incentive to acquire higher education improves, further boosting employment in the long run. These positive effects help counteracting the negative impact of taxation.

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