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The University of Southampton
Geography and Environmental Science

Estimation of current and future greenhouse gas fluxes from the Arctic Seminar

18 March 2015
Shackleton Building, Lecture Theatre B

For more information regarding this seminar, please email Dr Nathaniel O'Grady at N.O' .

Event details

The hydrological, cryogenic, topographic, environmental, biotic, and metabolic heterogeneity of terrestrial ecosystems and landscapes can be large even despite a seemingly homogeneous landscape. The error of estimating and simulating fluxes due to the existing heterogeneity is commonly overlooked in regional and global estimates. Here we evaluate the pattern and controls on spatial heterogeneity on CH4 and CO2 fluxes over varying spatial scales. Data from the north slope of Alaska from chambers, up to a 16 year CO2 flux record from up to 7 permanent towers, over 20 portable tower locations, eddy covariance CH4 fluxes over several years and sites, new year-around CO2 and CH4 flux installations, hundreds of hours of aircraft concentration and fluxes, and terrestrial biosphere data driven models and flux inverse modelling, are used to evaluate the spatial variability of fluxes and to better estimate regional fluxes. Significant heterogeneity of fluxes is identified at varying scales from sub-meter scale to 100km. A careful consideration of the effect that heterogeneity has on estimating ecosystem fluxes is critical to reliable regional and global estimates. The combination of eddy covariance tower flux, aircraft, remote sensing, and modelling can be used to provide reliable, accurate, regional assessments of CH4 and CO2 fluxes from large areas of heterogeneous landscape.

Chair: Professor Steve Darby

Designing studies to measure greenhouse gas fluxes – from chambers to towers and aircraft

Prior to his seminar, Walt Oechel will hold a Masterclass for postgraduate students and Early Career Researchers on the design of greenhouse gas studies. The Master class will take the form of an introductory lecture, followed by a Q&A session

Building 44, room 3029


Chair: Professor Steve Darby

Speaker information

Professor Walt Oechel, San Diego State University. Professor of Biology and Director, Global Change Research Group

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