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Health Sciences

Multi-sensory environment research influences dementia care

Published: 23 October 2014
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Research being released this week at the Inside Out Festival in London is set to shed new light on the positive impact multi-sensory environments can have when caring for people living with dementia.

Academic experts Dr Anke Jakob, from Kingston University London, and Dr Lesley Collier, from the University of Southampton, are unveiling a new guide for care homes, How to make a sensory room for people living with dementia, during the festival which showcases the contributions universities make to the capital’s cultural life. The publication highlights the importance of having a space specifically designed to meet the needs of people living with the condition.

Sensory rooms provide gentle stimulation of sight, sound, touch, taste, smell and movement in a controlled way, Dr Jakob explained. “They are used to enhance feelings of comfort and well-being, relieve stress and pain and maximise a person's potential to focus, all of which help improve communication and memory,” she said.

“Traditionally, these spaces have been geared more towards younger adults and children with physical or learning disabilities, using elements such as LED lighting as a visual stimulant. However, our approach emphasises the benefits of addressing all the senses to support residents diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia in a care home environment. Soft textiles, familiar everyday objects, interesting things to smell and taste, sound and film can all have an important part to play in that process.”

The guide contains advice about the different materials and tools that can be used to stimulate senses, such as scents like lavender to relax and calm, sounds from the great outdoors and foods with specific flavours. These can all help to improve mood, evoke memories and engage people living with dementia.

The new research builds on previous studies undertaken at both Kingston University and the University of Southampton. Earlier work carried out by Kingston University’s Design Research Centre had noted that, while many care homes had multi-sensory rooms, they were often left unused, Dr Jakob said. “Reasons for this varied – some were not set up in a way that appealed to residents, some staff did not feel the spaces would benefit the people they looked after and sometimes care workers had not been shown how to use the equipment,” she added.

Meanwhile, research conducted by Dr Collier at the University of Southampton had found that, if a sensory environment was adapted to individual needs, improvement in performance, mood and behaviour could be achieved.

“Results showed that 74 per cent of people who took part in the study improved in motor performance – their ability to undertake everyday tasks – and 63 per cent improved in cognitive tasks – their ability to remember, problem solve and judge what to do in everyday activities,” Dr Collier said.

The new guide pulls together some of the best work already being done in care homes both in the United Kingdom and internationally and builds on it to create a framework for others to use.

“The role of a designer is to look at space as a whole and consider how aspects such as colour, lighting, materials, furniture and sound can best work together to produce an area that will give people with dementia a positive experience,” Dr Jakob said. “Providing a soft, warm, quiet space where residents can feel secure is vital. For example, flickering lights and shadows may be confusing and irritating, so soft lighting should be used along with plain fabrics covering walls and ceilings.”

People with dementia faced many challenges – one of which was being overloaded with sensory stimulation, Dr Collier added. “This can prevent them from carrying out normal everyday tasks to their full potential,” she said.

“We hope the guide will help care homes develop appropriate environments for their residents but also that other people who care for friends or relatives with dementia can draw inspiration from it so they can improve the lives of their loved ones.”

Maizie Mears-Owen, Head of Dementia at Care UK, acted as an advisor on the project and provided the researchers with access to homes and multi-sensory environments within the Care UK network.

“As a result of the research, Care UK will be embracing an integrated approach to creating multi-sensory environments in our homes,” she said. “We fully appreciate the need for meaningful stimulation and creating relaxing, calming spaces where people living with dementia can ‘just be’. Although LED lights have been shown to have a positive impact on residents’ mood and behaviour, we mustn’t forget the more subtle ways in which people are naturally stimulated through sounds, taste, scents and touch – all of which can have a more emotive impact than sight.”

Top tips from the guide, which is available to download free of charge from www.kingston.ac.uk/sensoryroom, include:

  • Create a space that is accessible and safe with and without supervision
  • Bring the outdoors inside with a water feature, plants, shells, conkers and stones
  • Old films with simpler plots can help prompt memories
  • Scents can help stimulate a mood, such as lavender to relax and calm
  • Introduce tactile stimulation through sensory cushions made from various materials, with buttons, pockets, ribbons and zips
  • Ensure multi-sensory tools are age appropriate and familiar
  • Music played in the background can improve mood and helps to engage care residents
  • Don’t forget taste as a sensory component as it can help provoke memories and emotion
  • Having familiar personal items on display can help an individual settle and relax before engaging in activity
  • Ensure the sensory room or space is a comfortable temperature and has good air quality through regular airing or using an air conditioning unit. 

The guide is being released in conjunction with an accompanying exhibition called Sensory Rooms, which will run at the Inside Out Festival at Somerset House, London from Tuesday 21 to Saturday 25 October. Drs Jakob and Collier and Ms Mears-Owen will also share their views during a panel discussion on the topic that runs between 2 and 4pm on Friday 24 October. Entry to the exhibition and panel discussion are free but booking is essential. Further information and tickets are available at www.insideoutfestival.org.uk.

http://www.insideoutfestival.org.uk/2014/events/sensory-rooms-designing-interventions-to-support-dementia-care/

Notes for editors

Inside Out Festival presents Sensory Rooms - Designing interventions to support dementia care

With approx. 800,000 people in the UK living with dementia, academic experts Dr. Anke Jakob and occupational therapist Dr. Lesley Collier will today unveil a new exhibition and accompanying guide book revealing results of new research that sheds real light on the positive impact multi-sensory environments can have when caring for people living with dementia. 

Launched today at Somerset House as part of this year’s Inside Out Festival, Sensory Rooms has been developed to provide new ideas on how thoughtful and innovative approaches to design could result in the creation of environments that would better suit the needs of people living with dementia. It showcases the results of a recently funded research enquiry into the current provision of multi sensory stimulation, in particular the design of multi sensory spaces (often referred to as ‘Sensory Rooms’). The purpose of the research has been to establish new knowledge from which coherent, user-centred design solutions can be developed, and to that end Sensory Rooms also launches a new guide book How to make a Sensory Room for people living with dementia offering useful advice and ideas on how to construct and design a multi sensory space tailored towards people with dementia.
 
Visiting the exhibition will be in itself a multi sensory experience featuring projections, textiles, sound and scent. Viewings will be guided and presented by the researchers Anke Jakob and Lesley Collier, authors of the guide book. Each viewing will last between 30 min to 1.5 hrs, depending on the particular interests of the visitors. 

To coincide with Sensory Rooms, a discussion event on Friday 24 Oct, will discuss the question of how multi-sensory stimulation and design can be delivered in an effective and successful way within a dementia care context, the challenges care homes are facing, and how the education and training needs of care workers in this area can be better addressed and tackled.

The exhibition and the event are the results of an interdisciplinary research project led by Dr Anke Jakob (design researcher, Kingston University London) in collaboration with Dr Lesley Collier (senior lecturer in Occupational Therapy, University of Southampton) and funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council UK (AHRC) and supported by Care UK.

Event details: Sensory Rooms: Designing Interventions to support dementia care


Date&Time: 21-25 October 2014. Daily viewing times/tours start at: 11.30am and 2pm (Tues, Wed, Thurs & Sat) 1pm and 4.30pm (Friday)
Tickets: FREE, viewings by appointment only. Book here: sensoryroom@kingston.ac.uk

Address:ultra-indigo showspace Somerset House, Southwing, Victoria Embankment, London WC2R 1LA/p>

For more information go to the Inside Out Festival website - www.insideoutfestival.org.uk

 

Kingston University London

With more than 21,000 students, Kingston University is the largest provider of higher education in south west London, offering an extensive range of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes both in the United Kingdom and overseas. The University is a growing force in research and a pioneer in e-learning.

Major developments in teaching, learning and facilities have all contributed to positioning Kingston University at the heart of education and economic development in the region. The Higher Education Business and Community Interaction Survey 2012-13 reported that, for the fifth year running, Kingston had the highest number of graduates starting up their own companies of any institution in the United Kingdom.

University of Southampton

Through world-leading research and enterprise activities, the University of Southampton connects with businesses to create real-world solutions to global issues. Through its educational offering, it works with partners around the world to offer relevant, flexible education, which trains students for jobs not even thought of. This connectivity is what sets Southampton apart from the rest; we make connections and change the world. https://www.southampton.ac.uk/

https://www.southampton.ac.uk/weareconnected

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Dr Lesley Collier’s published research is available here: http://aja.sagepub.com/content/25/8/698.full.pdf+html

Media Enquiries

For interviews with Dr Anke Jakob please contact Nicky Baird, N.Baird@kingston.ac.uk

For interviews with Dr Lesley Collier please contact Rebecca Attwood, r.attwood@soton.ac.uk

For comment from Care UK, please contact Zara Free at WPR Agency

0121 456 3004 / zara@wpragency.co.uk

For information about Inside Out Festival please contact Rebecca Ladbury, rebecca@ladburypr.com

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