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The University of Southampton

250,000 tonnes of shipping CO2 emissions saved thanks to machine learning insight

Published: 16 July 2020
LNG carrier
The JAWS app is spearheading technological advances for safer, cleaner and efficient shipping.

Maritime engineers have trained an energy shipping app to save over a quarter of a million tonnes of CO2 emissions by applying machine learning to its predictive system.

Researchers from the University of Southampton and Shell Shipping and Maritime have developed a digital dashboard that helps captains respond to changing sea conditions.

The Just Add Water, or JAWS, app interprets depths and angles of a ship known as the draught and trim to optimise the amount of fuel and power needed in any given situation.

A new machine learning model was introduced through the partners’ Centre for Maritime Futures, which is spearheading digital and technological advances for safer, cleaner and more efficient shipping.

Engineers trialled the system on a fleet of over a dozen 300m-long liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers for 12 months, cumulatively recording the saving of 250,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions, equivalent to a fuel saving of $90 million.

The new modelling technique was developed by postgraduate research student Amy Parkes during her PhD in the Maritime Engineering research group, where her time has been divided between Southampton and Shell.

“LNG carriers have a large surface area so wind, waves and current can make a huge difference to the amount of power required in a journey,” Amy says. “These ships can be high or low in the water, at different angles in the water and have different levels of fouling, which impacts the amount of energy used for them to move around.

“Shell collects an enormous amount of data from these vessels and this app is designed to monitor and adapt to these variables to save power without changing the ship’s overall speed.”

Early iterations of the app calculated heat maps using an averaging system before Amy automated and advanced the process using modelling techniques optimised during her PhD research.

“Through machine learning, it is now possible to analyse data from previous deployments and predict upcoming ones based on past settings, creating a process that is much more user friendly,” she says. “This is only possible because of the ability to gather more accurate data at a much faster rate.

“Once the technology has developed further, we intend for the dashboard to monitor the ship state alongside weather conditions and make adjustments autonomously.”

Amy presented findings from app research at the AI UK conference run by The Alan Turing Institute in June. Her PhD project, which is supervised by Professor Dominic Hudson and Dr Adam Sobey, is due to be completed in November.

The Centre for Maritime Futures was officially launched last autumn following a gift of £1.5m from Shell Shipping & Maritime, the largest corporate gift in the University’s history. It is building a sustainable programme of research in four key themes while developing the best engineers and technologists for the maritime industry, through MSc and PhD projects alongside continued professional development.

The Centre sits at the intersection of three of the University’s most successful institutes - the Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute, the Centre for Machine Intelligence and the Alan Turing Institute at Southampton.

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